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Ha paax pyoc EAH AHA BAHOBHA OCEHE CTAA EHX TOB C HM COEPAHEM CEP Ceaoc 02.00.13 Heex ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa xecx ay a 2002 Paoa oea coo ocyapceo eo execo yepcee Hay pyooe: oop xecx ay, peccop ypa c Myapao Oae ooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop oc Cee Coooo;

oop xecx ay, cap ay copy aaoa Haa Hypyoa.

Beyee pepe: ocyapceoe yapoe pepe cy eexepepao aa ccepa cococ 27 eap 2002 oa 1030 aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.01 co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy:

450062, Pecya aopoca, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca 26 op 2002 oa.

e cepeap ccepaooo coea Cp A.M.

3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc e. Copeee ee oa (T) oya cec poox ex pa pooex ooeo. B pe cyae ceceoe oo oeac ao aaecoo pea popea. B ycox xpae cyaa p ec pacopeoo copoa oe aaac ooeype poy (poepoc, cp, apooe co p.), cyae pea yoe (epa, oeca, oepa) c opaoae coooeypx coee, ac oopx eeo oaypye epacope coee, a ocao- cooopaoae. Oca ap oe p opaeo a paoy ox acoco cooo ae. p paoe ae co oaac a ope oepxoc pacee opcyo ycx aao, o po epaoepo oae oa , cece oo, yee oc ococ opaoax ao.

p paoe c aocoa opcya coepae yeoopoo opaoax aax yeaec 2 paa, oca yepoa a 30%, epx ac 1,5 paa.

B poecce pooc eo pa yaec cepa aocoepae eepoece coee, oaae capy ece. Ha poe ocex e eco eyc cceoa epoocex pepae T oc ex cocoo x caa. cpaeo oe cooc T oce paoo coyc aecee eo, ocoae a opeee o-xecx cyaaox xapaepc o: coepa oe ocaa aecx co, cooc oeco ooc. C cooae oo aopa eoo eooo cceoa aooepoc oce oa a aax cax, o cyeceo ocoe ayo oocoa op caaopo T. B c c ec aya cceoae aooepoce oce o c cooae eecx eoo, oope c aoee opa p ye aax ca oceoo poecca.

e pao:

cceoae ox aooepoce poaoo aooce aocepcoo eoo oa ocyc pcyc apyx oao (eaeco e, epoca ya);

opeeee eoc pyeo eapyeo ec coee eooo a oooc cooa eoa acopoo oc aocepcx ex o c e oe x epooceo caoc.

Haya oa. B peyae poeex cceoa epe oye opoe eece xapaepc aax ca oce aocepcoo eoo oa pcyc aopa epoca ya eo ocyce. cceoa aooepoc oce oa, aapoaoo eaeco e. Ha ocoe cceaecoo ye aooepoce paccopex apao oce aocepcoo eoo oa pcyc aocee eooo a ea eoc x ec.

Bepe ycaoeo, o acopoa oca a caee oce a yeae coepae eoocxc apoaecx coee poepoco, cece eo oaec oceoc o.

paeca eoc. yee poaoo oce aocepcoo eoo oa pcyc eox opo ooo oapy coeee, oopoe oe paccapac aece epceoo ooea aoceo oo, peaaeo caa aocepcx ex o Ao-5. aopaope cceoa oaa, o peee acopoo oc oae epoocey caoc aocepcx ex o oae cooopaoae ccee.

Apoa pao. Ocoe peya ccepaoo pao oaac a pecyaco ayo-paeco oepe oox yex coo exooecoo cya cepca (TC, 2002); XIV-XV oepex o xec peaa Pea 20012002 ; 53- cyeeco ayo oepe coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea (HT, 2001).

ya. o aepaa ccepaoo pao oyoao ca 7 eco oao a oepex.

Oe pao. ccepa oea a 109 cpaax coco ee, pex a, ax oop epayp, cepeay ac, ocyee peyao oo. Paoa coep 29 pcyo, a 96 cco a ya.

COEPAHE PAOT Hapeae eoo oa (T) p 120oC eee 5 aco pcyc eaeco e po opaoa cec copocoepax coee. -cep ocaa T ec cepo coo cec copocoepax apoaecx cpyyp, o e ceecy ooc ooe C=O-py (1720 c-1) py OH (3400-3500 c-1, 1030-1250 c-1), a ae ooca p 3380 c-1, oycoea ae oea paea O-H accopoao poepoco py. poa ooca p 800-1450 c-1 yaae ae a aeoe coepae ocae copocoepax cpyyp. B o oac poc aee oea C=O-py cox po apoaecx co (1300-1250 c-1, 1150-1100 c-1), eoo (1220-1200 c-1), apoaecx apapoaecx po (1270-1230 c-1), a ae ococe eopaoe oea OH-py epx, opx, pex cpo eoo.

1. ea poaoo oce eoo oa c coepae cep ea oce eoo oa c coepae cep oeyp copoo o ae pcyc aopa epoca ya () epae 110-130oC ocaec aooepoc, xapaep oce yax yeoopoo peax o.

cceoae e oce aocepcoo eoo oa a aoepeco ycaoe oaao, o ocee eoo oa pcyc aopa p 110-130oC ocyecec e yooo epoa. ea ooe copoa o pee [O2] t, e [O2] - oepa ooeoo copoa, o/, ee e xapaep (pc.1). p 120oC copoc poa Wi=0,510-6 o/(c) a e oce T-2 T-24 cocae 18 40, cooeceo (a.1). opeee apaepa a, xapaepyeo oceoc eoo oa ( a = kp[T]/ 2kt1 / 2 ), cooa eo ceaoo poa.

Coaco oy eoy eoe oo, oopo e eeppyc c eeco Wi,T, oc pcyc aopa , oopoo eca ocaa copoc poa ki. C o e poo cep oo c pa oepa ep aay copoc oce WO cooec c paee WO = a2 /Wi, T + a2 ki[]. o aoy po WO -[] opee aee apaepa a, a ocee po a oc opa - a2 Wi, T (c. pc.1). caoeo, o eepayp xo ae a cceoax opao ex o oec eco E.T., oae.. Ocee caa peax o. M.: X, 1983, 272c.

ypae Appeyca (lga = lga - E / 2,3RT ). B a. 1 pee o a eece ( a, ) aaoe apaep poaoo oce aocepcoo T cpae pecae aaoe xapaepc poooo eoo oa (T) poeaooo peaoo oa (PT), ece epayp.

Taa eece aaoe apaep poaoo oce o (opeoc epe e peae 10 %) CS, W106, a102, Ea, Too T,oC lg ao % acc. /o o/(c) (o/(c))1/T-2 0,02 110 3,4 7 0,120 9,2 18 1,1 15,2 128,130 22,0 44 3,T-24 0,1 110 9,0 18 1,120 20,0 40 3,2 11,7 99,130 39,0 78 7,0,2 120 0,12 2 0,T 130 1,50 2 0,14 1,20 31,140 3,70 1 0,0,01 120 9,0 18 1,PT 125 14,4 18 1,64 6,51 63,130 23,1 18 2, cpae ax, pecaex ae ceye, o p 120oC pcyc aopa epoocea caoc pooex o (T-2 T-24) aeo ( 9-27 pa) ycyae aoo poox aaoo (T), coepax ppoe op.

Haee ae ep aa oce pooex ex o T-2 T-24 (128 99 /o, cooeceo) aeo peocxo aoe, xapaepe poox o T PT (31 63 /o, cooeceo). o opeee oee co e oce aocepcx o c poco eepayp.

2. ea aooce ex o c coepae cep ee oa occ copoo p 110-130oC e ee aopa, .e. oepac aooce.

eece pe oce ex o e 1/ aoaaec xapaep cpc oopaax [O2] - t, ooy ey poecca xapaepoa e copoc, oopa eec o pee, a oeo b ypae [O2]= b2 t2. a acoc xapaepa ex paax pea, oa oco coo paao ec poepoc, a e opac oeypo:

O O RH R RO2 RH ROOH RH R. eece aaoe apaep aooce ex o (lgb = lgb - Eb / 2,3RT ) o cooca c ao T PT (a.2). ax ax ceye, o ae apaepa b T-2 T-24 cyeceo ( 6-7 pa) pea ae b peax o (130oC). Oca ceye, o pooee T-2 T-24 oaa oee coo aooceo aoc o cpae c PT, ceoaeo, c aeee ca. ex o c oee co coepae cep (T20, T-8) apaep b cooeceo pae (1,6-6,7)10-5 o1/2/(1/2c).

ocoy apaep b ec oeco eo (b = 0,5 a ki1 / 2 ), .. ae apaep a, opee copoc eoo oce p aao copoc poa ey copoc aopoa ki, o xapaep ee e a b, a ae cooecyx aaox apaepo p epexoe o poooo T pooeoy aaoy o oo ee.

Ta opao, oece copoa p oex eepaypax ae ecoe ocee aocepcx T , ceoaeo, yxyee x cyaaox coc.

Taa eece aaoe apaep aooce o (opeoc epe e peae 10 %) CS, b105, Too T,oC lg b0 Eb, /o % acc o1/2/(1/2c) 100 0,110 1,T-2 0,02 10,93 116,120 2,130 4,110 1,T-24 0,10 120 3,6 6,43 83,130 4,110 0,T-20 0,15 120 1,0 3,30 62,130 1,110 0,T-8 0,6 120 1,7 13,78 139,130 6,120 0,130 0,T* 0,20 2,70 61,140 1,150 1,130 2,PT* 0,01 135 3,0 11,04 121,140 4,3. aaecoe ece eaeco e a ocee eoo oa c coepae cep B oo ccee ae eoe oo cae oece pax eao, oao ao e oaae e. eece pe oce aocepcx ex o pcyc eaeco e xopoo cpc oopaax 1/ [O2] - t. ocoy apaoeca acoc [O2] o t ec cece apaoo opa ee x poeoo paee o pea epoo opa ooceo poepoca, o peya a ocoae ca, o pcyc eaeco e oco aopo oce oa c poepoc, paca oopx ycopec oepxoc eaa, cece eo aaec yeee e b apaepa aooce (b = 0,5 a ki1/ 2 ; a = kp /(2kt )1 / 2[RH ]).

Taa aaecoe ece eaeco e a ocee ex o (120oC) nkt = bCu /bo Too H S, % acc apaep aooce bCu105 b0T-2 HX 0,02 6,5 2,2 3,T-24 HH 0,10 10,1 3,6 2,T-20 HX 0,15 2,8 1,2 2,T-8 H 0,6 2,6 1,7 1,cceoae ec eaeco e a cooc o aooce oaao, o apaep nkt, xapaepy aaecy aoc eaeco e p aooce T, opacae epae 1,5-3,0 (a.3). Mea oepxoc ycope ocee, papya poepoc a paa. a pea caoc ocoo peae poa ye p oepa poepoca e 6,510-4o/.

Haaec ycee aaecoo ea p epexoe oa c a coepae cep. Ta opao, eee oceec T eaeco e aeo ycope poecc.

cceoae eepayp epae 110-130oC a oceoc oa pcyc eaeco e opeee appeycoce apaep poecca:

ypa .M., ae .. Ocee caa ex o.

M.: HTeex, 1995. 141c.

lgbCu = lgbo - ECu / 2,3RT =7,90-91400/2,3RT T-2;

lgbCu = lgbo - ECu / 2,3RT =6,40-77000/2,3RT T-24, e R=8,31 /(o) (a.4).

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