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HSO3Cl C6H1.Cyoxoppo- ae eoa C6H5SO2Cl NH4OH 2.Apoae eocyo- xopa C6H5SO2NH3.pooee NaOH apeo co H2O eocya- a C6H5SO2NHNa 4.Bcooeepaypoe Cl2 xoppoae apeo NaOH co eocyaa C6H5SO2NClNa (MXA) Bo p-p, coepa 5.pcaa MXA pec o ooxopaa oap 8% MXA Pc.6. o-cxea oye ooxopaa.

C6H6 + HOSO2Cl C6H5SO2Cl + H2O C6H5SO2Cl + 2NH4OH C6H5SO2NH2 + NH4Cl + 2H2O C6H5SO2NH2 + NaOH C6H5SO2NHNa + H2O C6H5SO2NHNa + Cl2 + NaOH C6H5SO2NClNa (75-80C) C6H5SO2NCl2 (25-30C) eeo MXA, oye p cooeepaypo (80C) xoppoa apeo co aa, peca coo ee pca c coepae aoo xopa 24-30%. Hoeepaypoe (30C) cepaee xoppoae apeo co poo XA (e opoo, c coepae aoo xopa 60%).

Ceye oe, o apae yc MXA XA e eco oo epo 19641967 . ae opeoc XA oaa, aee ycaoa paoaa o cxee, peycapae yc MXA (pc. 7).

oce aeopoo ocy eoa ooe (o. 1) eo aoece c xopcyooo coo ocyec yyo aapae (o. 2) p eepaype 25-28C eee 6 aco. oce poa cepo coo poeyox eocx (o. 4,5) cyoxop oepac apoa peaope (o. 6) p eepaype 70C. oce poa epypoa (o. 7) a peapoa co eo peaope c eao (o. 8) p eepaype 60-70C c opaoae apeo co eocyoa.

Opoay apey co xoppoa peaope (o 10) eee 3-x aco. p o ccee ocoo oepa o eo. oce pcaaopa (o. 11) epypoa (o. 12) oya oap MXA. B ooe (o. 13) ocyec ooeoe eee MXA eooo pacopa.

1964 1967 1972 1984 1991 1997 o Byc MXA Byc XA Pc. 8. Byc MXA XA a OAO axpo, Oe yca HCl OOTTE HA CCTEMA C6HHSO3Cl H2SO4 CX oap NH4OH C6H CX CX C6H5 H2SO H2O ClCA NaOH CA pa CA Na CA Na 10 aca H2SOMXA MXA ca oa B cxey MXA xopaa Ha acoy 11 MXA Pc.7. paa exooeca cxea pooca ooxopaa: 1-ooa; 2-aapa cyoxoppoa; 3-eooe; 4-aapa ee; 5-eea opoa; 6-aapa apoa; 7-epya; 8-aapa pacope; 9-p; 10-aapa xoppoa; 11-pcaaop; 12-epya; 13-aapa Byc MXA 19672002. ocoo opaca (pc. 8), ocoy OAO axpo ec ece pooee ocao aoo peaea a oeece po. a eoe 40 e cyaa ycaoa peepea p ee:

- 1970 . a ca apoa eocyoxopa p aapaa oeo 4 3 aee a epe peaopa eoc 12,5 3;

- 1972 . peaoaa cxea ooe apo aaa oo c opao poecc opayeoc 9%-oo pacopa;

- 1974 . eea cxea acop xopcoo oopoa, eeoc poecce cyoxoppoa eoa ee eocyoxopa;

- a ca pa pacopa apeo co eocyaa ycaoe apaa ayy-p c pye oepxoc 5 2;

- 1978. ooeoo ee ooxopaa pacopa copoaa coopooea aoa acopoa ooa aepo 1000 , oopa aea e oo aepo 600 aa.

- 1989. peaoaa oa cxea ee eocyoxopa, coaco oopo acca aapao ee apaec ceapaop cao apoa epa pec aapa oeo 6,33.

p pyx epop oo cyeceo copa opoa pacxo cp epopecypco (a. 4) Taa Pacxo cp epopecypco a 1 ooxopaa Haeoae E. Pacxo .

o 1964 . 1969 . 1984 . 1989 . 1995 .

poey eo 553 665 547 452,6 452 Xopcyooa coa 2056 2480 1901 1868 1868 poc ap 417 504 491 480 469 poc ao 210 279 249 168,3 168 Xop 276 351 299 362,5 361 H2SO4 (opa.) 127 215 167 40 38 epoep B. 420 570 501 332 332 Boa 3 467 671 570 473 473 ap M 0,9 1,5 1,1 0,57 0,58 0, C oa 1980-x oo pacxoe op ec eaeo yaec oo a 10% o opeee eoa, a 20% xopcyooo co, a 15% NaOH. Ocae oaae a ocee 12 e paec e ec.

Ocoo poeo pooca xopao ec ae oe pyoypyex oox poyo, aox poco cox o. ocoo opacae peoa ooeco eoacoc opee oo oe pao, oop poee o ce oeo x oxoo coo (a. 5) Taa Xapaepca x oxoo cox o pooca MXA oeco oxoo, Haeoae oxoa ca Ocoo coca, (%) / MXA opaoa 1968 1 Opaoaa cepa coa H2SO4(65) co ca cyoxoppoa eocyocoa (8,6) 1580 eoa ee ecyo(1) eocyoxopa HCl(0,1) 2 Coa coa co ca HCl (27) 1341 acop xopcoo oopoa 3 a co ca pa ecyo(59) pacopa apeo co C6H5 SO2 NHNa (14) 103 eocyaa KOH(5) 4 pa poe o C6H5 SO2 Cl (1) oce oee ac NH4Cl-(2) 6468 eocyaa 5 Pacop oce pa NaCl(14) ooxopaa Na2SO4(6) 11025 NH4Cl(0,1) H2SO4(0,1) oeco aoee ocoo aa, coepaeo oee 70% opaecx coee, yaoc c co 103 o 38 a 1 MXA, opaoae pox cox o, a ae execo HCl yao 1,31,8 paa.

ecoa 1964-1967. ye oye XA a peaop c eao, oopo poxoo cepaee xoppoae Na-co eoo cpee (25-30C, 3 ac.). oce ca epoopao (90C, 3-4 ac.) epepcaa oap XA peca coo e opoo c coepae aoo xopa 60%.

aa III. Caoee pae pooca xopaa a OAO axpo O epx xopopaecx poyo a OAO axpo ec xopa (X), pooco oopoo o eeo cyaa epo apae 1951 . c poeo ooc 20 /.

epoeca exoo pooca xopaa ocoaa a oceo xoppoa 2,4,6 pxopeoa, oop oya p xoppoae eoa (pc. 9).

O OH OH OH Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl Cl HSO3Cl + 3Cl+ 3HCl H2SO+ 3ClCl Cl O Cl Cl Peaoaa a OAO axpo epoeca ccea aa ceye ocoe ca (pc. 9). paa exooeca cxea poecca peea a pc. 10.

C 6H5OH pooee 1. Xoppoae xopcyooo eoa o pxopeoa HCl co OH a ClCl Cl % (30- xopa) Cl 2. Oceoe HSO3Cl xoppoae pxopeoa o H2SOxopaa O Cl Cl Cl Cl O H2SOHSO3Cl 3. Beee oca xopaa H2O Toap xopa Pc. 9. o-cxea oye xopaa a a HCl Oey a Cl2 H2SOClC6H5OH HSO3Cl a 1 pa H2O HSO3Cl Ha acoy 8 Pc. 10. paa exooeca cxea oye xopaa: 1,3-aapa xoppoa; 2,4,7-aapa;

5,11-cpyep; 6-p; 8-epya; 9-cya; 10-yep; 12,13 - cop Xoppoae eoa poxoo cao aapae (o. 1) p eepaype 60-65C eee 50-55 aco. Opaoac 2,4,6-pxopeo (eepaypa aca 60-63C) xoppoa cec cepo (73%) xopcyooo (27%) co peaope (o.3) p eepaype 80-85C, eee 7-9 cyo. p oce eepayp ae eeoo xopaa 289C peaoy accy coe c oo eoc (o. 4). oce pa poa xopaa a pe (o. 6) acca oaac oo o co aapae (o. 7).

oce epypoa (o.8) acy xopaa cy (o.9) p eepaype 60-70C. oya xopa e opoa eoo ea (T 292C, aoc 0,4%).

cepee 1970-x . poea ooc pooca a epepa 2 paa, oao aeeo poca yca poy opeoaac aea peocpy, poeea 1978-1979 .

Oa aa ceye epop:

- ycaoa peaopo xoppoa eoa oceoo xoppoa 2,4,6pxopeoa oeo oea (3,2 3 6,3 cooeceo);

- cooae po pyopooo oe pooeoc;

- oa cxe ace oeya xopc oopoo co ca oceoo xoppoa eca pooca H2SO3Cl.

pye ee pe 3-x paoy yee yca X c 1982 . eo pooco cocae 300 /. (pc. 11).

1951 1956 1963 1969 1971 1976 1978 1979 1980 1983 1986 1988 1990 1991 o Pc. 11. Byc xopaa a OAO axpo Oe yca, Ceye oe, o 1970-e o cceoaece poeoocpyopce cy OAO axpo poo yee oceoo xoppoa 2,4,6pxopeoa cec ycyco cepo co. o oaao, o p o cyeceo ( 8-12 pa) copaaec pe pea, oeaec poecc pa poa eeoo X. Oaoe coooee pxopeo:

ycya coa: cepa coa: oa cocaa 8 : 100 : 25 : 1;

eepaypa 90-100C. Peeepa ycyco co ooa cec ee pacxo 1 a 1 X. Oao -a coo apeccoc opx (8090C) oeppoax pacopo ycyco co eo e peaoa poeo acae.

Texecoe epeoopyee, peocpy coepecoae exoo oo 1983 . opoa pacxo cp epopecypco (a. 6). aoc 1,21,5 pa copa opeee peaeo (eo, xop, oey), a 1015% c pacxo apa, o, epoep.

Taa Pacxo cp epopecypco a 1 xopaa Haeoae E. Pacxo cp .

o 1951. 1957. 1964. 1979. 1983.* epopecypco poe -y eo 506 465 441 425 419 Xop cape 2688 3200 3200 2900 2100 Oey 6000 9840 6035 6000 4500 NaOH 1017 1880 2001 1213 4760 ap a 35,5 31 29,5 28,1 25 23,Boa 3 86 85 80,1 80,1 76,7 epoep 2620 2640 2430 2400 2340 B * B nepuo 1983-1991 . pacxoe op npamuecu e uemc pooco a OAO axpo X x oecax, oope ooc yoeop oeecey opeoc, pocyecoao o aaa 1990-x . oy pee o oaao, o opayec p xoppoa eoa o- cyepooca (oxopeo, oxope, oxopeoe p, oxopeooc, oxopeoypa p.) e yaec ya X, cece eo eo peee pecae opeeey ooecy oacoc. B o c X ce ca coyex xopopaecx peaeo, eo pooco c 1993 . o pepaeo.

BBO 1. Bepe peyae aaa ayo-execx ya apxx coo oaa ca poepoa, coopye, yca cyaa pyooaoo pooca pa xopopaecx poyo ooxopycyco co, ooxopaa, xopaa xopaa a OAO axpo.

2. B copeco acee epe paccope oca ocoe a peocpy oepa exooecoo oopyoa pooc ooxopycyco co, ooxopaa, xopaa xopaa. Bcp p caa pooca ooxopycyco co 1990-e . pepae pooca xopaa oce 1992 .

Hao e ae oe pooeoc ce pacxox oaaee oye a ce cooa aapao oe eo ooc, oex ocpyox aepao, cox ec apeccx cpe.

3. Opeee oaa, a ocoa apxx aepao, a ceaco OAO axpo coepecoae poecco pooca ooxopycyco co, ooxopaa, xopaa xopaa, o ooo epep poee ooc ooc oece 1960-2000 . oeecey opeoc ax poyax.

4. cceoa opoc oc aoopax poco cox o.

Bepe oaao e execoo epeoopye peocpy pooc xopopaecoo cea a yyee yco pao epcoaa cee oeo ape opyae cpe. p o oa exooecx apaepo cpooe coee pea oo cyeceo c pacxo cp epoapa.

5. Bepe cea oe aa pa pooca xopaa o 1993 . Ha ocoe apxx oyeo oaao yeee oeo pooca o 1980-x . caa yca 1981-1991 .

caoeo, o pepaee pooca xopaa e cao c exooec poea, a ao pe opaee eo pee o ooec pa.

6. oaao a pepe pooca ooxopycyco co ooxopaa, o OAO axpo peooe opeeee poe pyoc, cae c ooec ee 19921998 ., yceo oe aa o oecee oeecex opeoce cooaeceo poy xopopaecoo cea.

Ocooe coepae pao oeo yax:

1. a A.A., Capa B.A, oc C.C., Paxayo ..

Caoee pae xopopaecoo cea Pecye aopoca. I. pooco xopao OAO axpo // X.-2001.- T.8, 4.- C.56-58.

2. a A.A., Capa B.A, oc C.C., Paxayo ..

Caoee pae xopopaecoo cea Pecye aopoca. II. pooco xopaa a OAO axpo // Maepa II Meyapoo ayo oepe Copeee poe cop ececoa oac x, xeco exoo eoo ea 2001.-a.-2001.-B.2.-C.169-173.

3. a A.A., oc C.C., Capa B.A. pooco xopaa OAO axpo // Tec oao XIV Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe Xece pea, peae poecc aooao x.- a.- 2001.- C.166.

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