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oyeoe pae cocaax aoopax poyo xoax oeo ocec ae aaecoo ea, a ae pcyce aaaopa, aeo yeaeo oepxoc oaa. Bece c e pacpeeee poyo yaae a o, o pcyc eocoepaeo aaaopa eec exa poeax pea. Ec p ooeo poe pea poea o paao-eoy exay (paccopeoy paoax .O.Paca, ..ocoo p.), o pcyc eocoepaeo aaaopa, o-oy, aa pa co po pea, poeae o apo-ooy exay c yace ax epo aaaopa, o e ceecy coe xo poea.

B acoee pe ooe aac pa yeoopoo oee ex, e poo e, paccapac a epcee co oye oeo. B paoe ec peya poa cex paccapaex ex pa (oyex cec apaco eeco ee), poeeoo p pax ycox (aa 3). Coca o-xece coca cxox ayyoo ao, poooo ea pooecao, oyex poooo ea ayyoo ao, pecae aax 4 5.

Cpaa coca aa xo poyo poa (c. ay 3), oo oe, o coca ao poa cex cceyex ex pa xo oaoe ooe, oao x oecee coepa oac. oyaeoe pacpeeee poyo p poe cceyex ex pa ocec ceo x pyooo yeoopooo cocaa.

Ta, pooo ee ocoo coepac apaoe aeoe yeoopo, opa 97% acc. p epexoe o poooo ea ayyoy ao coepae apao-aeox yeoopoo o pax yeaec, a apoaecx yeaec. B poox ayyx c- Taa 3 Peya poa ex pa (=3,5 c) poo e epoc eoe oo Bayy ao oepa aax, %acc., Beeco Bxo, oepa aax, %acc., p eepaype, 0C Bxo, p eepaype, 0C %acc. %acc.

600 650 700 600 650 700 600 650 700 600 650 Boopo 1,52 1,79 1,99 1,12 1,27 1,75 1,89 1,82 2,78 2,26 1,05 1,69 2,31 1,Mea 6,31 8,74 15,15 8,54 11,00 9,34 17,35 10,99 15,75 17,46 8,9 13,73 16,73 8,a 2,22 3,29 4,78 2,69 3,76 5,19 9,36 5,01 8,17 7,69 5,6 5,56 8,59 4,poa 6,59 4,99 2,16 1,22 5,51 2,89 2,37 5,03 3,53 1,96 5,31 5,22 2,95 1,ya 9,61 8,69 3,26 1,84 2,39 1,46 0,65 2,36 1,55 0,51 3,29 3,05 1,51 0,i-ya 10,59 6,74 3,18 1,79 7,14 4,73 0,93 4,54 1,94 0,92 5,80 4,42 2,59 1,e 7,94 11,44 20,01 11,28 9,44 15,58 23,28 10,31 16,35 26,96 7,39 8,62 19,54 9,poe 36,94 32,25 32,75 18,46 36,26 31,92 24,62 35,98 25,79 25,79 28,81 27,65 25,48 12,yeo 18,59 22,06 14,56 8,21 23,03 20,01 16,03 23,60 22,42 12,90 33,29 28,68 17,53 8, 0,00 0,00 2,15 1,21 0,20 0,13 3,52 0,36 1,71 3,54 0,56 1,38 2,78 1,pooeca - - - 33,31 - - - - - - - - - 11,Tea coa - - - 2,09 - - - - - - - - - 25,oc - - - 8,20 - - - - - - - - - 14,Coepae oeo ae, %acc. 63,17 65,76 67,32 - 68,73 67,51 63,93 69,89 64,57 65,65 69,50 64,95 62,54 - Taa 4 o-xece coca pa ayyoo Taa 5 o-xece coca cxooo poooo ea pooeao cao, oyex p poe ea ayyoo ao oaae aee aee pooeca, pooeca, 0,ooc oaae poo oye p oye p pao coca:

e poe po- poe ayTeepaypa: aaa e, 0C ooo ea yoo ao epeoec, % o., o 0C:350 0,757 0,788 0,ooc 400 450 pao coca:

36 39 oe e, 0C aao e, 0C 65 81 Coepae cep, % acc. 0,3 10% epeoec p eepaype, 0C 102 133 50% epeoec p eepaype, 0C ocyeoc, % acc. 0,149 163 90% epeoec p eepaype, 0C 164 172 oe e, 0C Coepae cep, %acc. 0,01 - Coepae yeoopoo, %acc.

55,14 ce ce apaox 42,46 82,60 ce aeox 2,3957 7,84 99,apoaecx 0,0043 9,56 0,epeex n20 1,407 1,447 1,oaae peoe ax cyapoe coepae apao-aeox yeoopoo, pecaex apao yeoopoa opaoo ocpoe, c oo oeypo acco, aeo yeoopoa oo- ecaecx cpyyp, cpee cocae ooo 50% acc. p o ayyo aoe coo coepae apoaecx yeoopoo, cocae oopx coepac peyeceo - pece apoaece yeoopo eooe oeco ooecx oecx yeoopoo.

aaa ax a 5 o, o aaec pepae o ce aaoe eepayp epy oepe oepac peee yeoopo, o e ceecye x ocyce cocae oyex pooecao. Bcece pea pacee, oepa, eppoa a, pcyx pey poy, x oyac peee yeoopo C1-C5, epeee yeoopo peyeceo C2-C4, aeoe apoaece yeoopo. Haeoe yeoopo, o cy aoo yepoa pae oeya cooecyx aao, oee ca. Apoaece yeoopo pacaac oo o ecy oox ee o ece x yepooo ceea. Ta opao, cece pee eocoepaeo aaaopa, oaaeo coo apoapye cocooc, pooecae, oyeo p poe poooo ea, peoaa aeoe apoaece yeoopo, a coepae epeex yeoopoo eeo. B pooecae, oyeo ayyoo ao, coepac ocoo apoaece yeoopo eooe oeco epeex yeoopoo.

B poeoc aco pe pepy epepaeoo cp. B c c poee cepe c eoo pae, p oopx a ac poyo poa oepaac oopaoy oopoy paoe.

B ae 6 pecae peya cceoa a pocepeco aaaope p eepaype 650 0C, pee oaa 0,5 c.

Taa 6 Peya poa poooo ea oyex x poyo (T=650 0C, 0,5 c) oepa aoopax (C1-C4) poyax pea, Beeco %acc.

Opae 1 Opae 2 Opae Boopo 1,13 0,66 0,Mea 3,94 3,48 2,a 3,66 2,75 1,poa 9,12 4,57 4,ya 11,91 7,26 6,i-ya 11,19 10,06 11,e 12,14 11,76 10,poe 34,26 40,86 41,yeo 12,66 18,59 20, 0,00 0,00 0,Coepae oeo ae, %acc. 59,06 71,21 72,Bxo oeo, %acc. 6,36 8,11 8,Cyap xo ea poea, %acc. 5,00 5,993 6,aoopaoae, %acc. 10,77 11,39 12,peae: 1 aoopae poy, oyee p poe poooo ea; 2 aoopae poy, oyee p poe x poyo, x oa 1; 3 - aoopae poy, oyee p poe x poyo, x oa a 6 o, o cyapoe coepae oeo aoopax poyax poa pooecao (opa 2 3) aeo e x coepa poae, oyeo poooo ea, paa cocae ooo 14% acc. a paa ocya aoap peoy pocy poae oepa oeo C3-C4. Hecoo opoco ae aoopaoae. Ta opao, oopoe cooae pooecaa cococye yee xoa oeo C3-C4. oyee ae oo oc e, o oe o cocaa poooo ea cocae oyex pooecao (opa 3) coepac ce aaece ece oeoe yeoopo, oope oaa aoee cyeceoe oece a pea pacaa yeoopoo pyx acco cecx. p aoec c co epo eocoepaeo aaaopa oeoe yeoopo ee opay apo-o, e peee yeoopo. Peaoa cocooc ax yeoopoo peax pacee C-C-c oe, e y pyx yeoopoo. O pepyc c coo aoc, peocxoe aao x ycox copoc pea apaox aeox yeoopoo, peoaax cocae poooo ea. p pee ax yeoopoo oyac ocaoo oe xo ooeypx oeo. ooy p poe pooecao (opa 2 3) aoopax poyax xo poea yeo e, a xo aa, poaa yaa e. Opayec apoaece yeoopo, a pao, pecae ooec cpyypa , a cyae poooo ea, oaa coo epeco caoc, peax pacaa apoaecoo oa e yacy (a cee pea opa ax py) ocoo pa yace peax opaoa oca. oyee ae ceecy o oooc pee poecce poa pepy ac oyeoo pooecaa p pee eocoepaeo aaaopa.

Taa 7 apaep ypae Appeeeca opaoa peyyca oca copoc paoe ao aaecoo poa yeoopooo cp E, yax yeoopoo ex eoopooe cpe k0, c-/o pa pecaea ae 7 apaea 155,9,Oa 151,8,epa ypae Appeyca oHoa 149,8,poo e 120,8 ca copoc pea paoe y1,epoc 97,1,eoopooo cp. a eoe oo 93,7,Bayy ao 74,6,o, o c yeee oeypo acc cxooo cp pocxo cee ayec ep aa pea paoe cxooo cp, o xopoo coacyec c epayp a.

opao oyex cepeax ax a cooac epooco-cacec eo, ocoa a pee opaoo aoa pacpeee. B ao paoe aece eeo apaepa, xapaepyeo ecoc oec a peaoy ccey, cooa aop ecoc ea, opeee cey opao:

0, F = T, (1) e T eepaypa, 0C; - pe oaa, c.

aop ecoc opeee epooc co, cococyx cyecoa ccee i-o ooea, oey opaoy aoy pacpeee aycca. coy opay y pacpeee ocoe ao eop epooc, oy ypae pacea xoa ooeo poyax poa. Bepooc opaoa paoe i-o ooea cce p1(F) p2(F) ocac opao ye pacpeee. Bepooc epaoe i-o ooea cce ec pooooo epooc eo paoe opeeec o opye p3(F)=1 - p2(F). (2) Coaco eop epooc coecoo oe yx eacx co paa poee epooc ooo x a epooc pyoo.

Toa epooc cyecoa i-o ooea ccee opeec a poeee epooce x opaoa epaoe, .e.

P(F) = p1(F)[1 - p2(F)]. (3) acoc xoo epopeapoaeo cxooo cp, yepoa oopoa poyax poa o aopa ecoc oca o cey ypae:

( F - F ) F cp 1 C = 1 - e dF, ucx. cp (4) ( F - F ) cp F C m C = e dF, C, H (5) e Cm acao oo xo i-o ooea, aee oopoo opaaec epoaec oo xoo; Fcp Fcp cpee ae aopa ecoc px opaoa paoe; 2 cepc aopa ecoc F.

ocax ooeo cce xo i-o ooea poyax poa coaco pae (3) oca o ypae ( F - Fcp1 )2 ( F - Fcp 2 )F Cm F - 2 Ci = dF (1 - dF ). (6) e e 2 0 apaep Cm,, Fcp Fcp ypae (4), (5) (6) opeec epao ye o oecea aoe cpeeapaoe ooee paceoo xoa i-o ooea o aeoo cepeao. p o oo coac ycoe, coaco oopoy oe coxpac aac o coepa yepoa oopoa cxoo cpe poyax pea.

o eo cooa p opaoe ox ax paoe a yax yeoopoo, a ex pa.

B aece pepa a pcye 3 pecae acoc xoo yeoopoo o aopa ecoc p poe poooo ea a 550 650 pooo ycaoe. Ha pcyax o cooecy cepea a, a coe - pacca o 550 650 750 850 950 1050 aop ecoc F eeco oe.

e poe Cpe e poy ye B aax 8 Pcyo 3 acoc xoa eoopx yeoopoo pee ae ao aopa ecoc p poe poooo ea paepo ypae (4), (5) (6), oyex p opaoe cepeax ax poa ex pa.

Aapy a 8 9, , o o epe yee oeypo acc cp acao ooe oepa oyex yeoopoo cac. Cpee ae aopa ecoc px opaoa ae cac, o ceecye o o, o opaoae yeoopoo poeae ee cpee c yeee yeoopoo e, o cooecye epayp a.

Bxo, %acc.

Taa 8 - apaep ypae (4), (5) (6) pacea xoo poyo p poe poooo ea epoca ooe poo e epoc Cm 2 Fcp1 Fcp2 Cm 2 Fcp1 FcpBoopo 16 106 1024 - 15 119 1018 - Mea 37,5 93 822 1069 36,1 105 836 a 6 46 729 758 5,9 43 707 poa 2,8 97 615 722 1,6 84 569 ya 6 90 665 722 1,9 83 658 i-ya 5 83 633 713 4,9 76 555 e 57,7 93 822 921 47,1 105 809 poe 19,6 93 688 921 14,4 80 609 ye 11,1 63 686 919 10,3 78 602 epo 84 117 - 977 85 133 - Taa 9 - apaep ypae (4), (5) (6) pacea xoo poyo p poe eoo oa ayyoo ao ooe eoe oo Bayy ao Cm 2 Fcp1 Fcp2 Cm 2 Fcp1 FcpBoopo 14,5 124 1034 - 13,5 131 1071 - Mea 35,5 103 831 1090 35,2 102 833 a 5,6 40 719 789 5,2 41 715 poa 1,4 104 577 655 1,0 105 635 ya 1,3 118 662 727 1,0 91 605 i-ya 3,1 59 559 630 1,0 65 561 e 43,7 103 789 918 34,0 100 782 poe 13,4 78 597 869 11,5 74 572 ye 10 73 592 814 11,3 70 566 epo 85,5 146 - 956 86,5 172 - peoea epooco-caceca eeca oe poa yeoopooo cp ooe pacca aoee epo oece coca poyo ec ee o pepo pee aoa opaoo pacpeee paceax exooecx poecco.

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