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Ha paax pyoc APOB PCTEM APTOB PAPAOTA OTMA POECCA POA EBOOPOHOO CP HA OTPAOTAHHOM EOTCOEPAEM ATAATOPE Ceaoc 02.00.13 Heex ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay A 2002 Paoa oea a aepe xo-exooecx poecco Caaacoo aa coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea.

Hay pyooe: oop execx ay, poeccop .C. po Oae ooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop .P. Xapyo oop execx ay, poeccop P.H. Xec Beyee pepe: apc ocyapce yepce aa ccepa cococ 2002 . aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.01 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee o apecy:

450062, . a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee yepcea.

Aopeepa paoca 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea, poeccop A.M. Cp OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT ATAHOCT TEM. B c c poco opee eo cooo aeca ocee o ypo paac poecc oye epeyooo pa, opoooo pa, yox cpo copocoepax coee, coyex aece ooeo cee ea, oope oo yy oaoe oaae aoee ooec pee cocoo. ooy poe, oye ya-yeoa pa ceac c yeoopo cpe, paoe ey, o oopoo cpeo ae eexecoo cea o acoeo pee peapoaa. poecc ooeoo poa aaecoo pea c oco coa oye ooeypx oeo. Papaoae oe coco poa e a pee poeoc cece cooc exooecoo aapaypoo oope.

Oco epec pecae epce poecc poa a eepoex aaaopax. epaypx ax eco, o eocoepae aaaop c o epcex pee poecce poa, a -a cox xoo oeo C2-C4, a -a oooc pee poecc poa ex ex pa, o o ayyoo ao aya, o cao c opaca c a oo eo oopx oax, oop peye coxpae pecypco poooo ea.

ooy papaoa exoo oye x oeo eoo eoo cp c cooae pocepecx eocoepax aaaopo oo e oo oece xecy poeoc eoxo cpe, o pe poey coxpae pecypco poooo ea.

ccepaoa paoa oea cooec c eyoco ayoexeco popao ocoea P o cey opaoa "Texoo o, pacopa yyeo epepao e, aa oecaa" (pa Mcepca opaoa Pocc 865 o 03.04.1998 ., yaae 747-19 o 22.12.97).

E PAOT. eca poecca poa yeoopooo cp peee opaoaoo pocepecoo eocoepaeo aaaopa.

B cooec c ocaeo e aa cceoa xoo:

- cceoae aooepoce poa paoo yeoopooo cp (yax opax peex yeoopoo - eaa, oaa, oaa ex pa, oyex cec apaco eeco ee, - eoo epocoo pa, pa eoo oa ayyoo ao) pcyc opaoaoo pocepecoo eocoepaeo aaaopa;

- papaoa eeco oe poecca aaecoo poa;

- papaoa exoo poa eoo cp c oyee x oeo pcyc opaoaoo pocepecoo eocoepaeo aaaopa;

- papaoa aeaeco oe oepoae peaopopeeepaopoo oa ycao aaecoo poa, oa poecca.

HAHA HOBHA:

- epe ycaoe eece aooepoc poa yeoopooo cp a opaoao pocepeco eocoepae aaaope pea Cep-943 (Grace-Davison, CA);

- papaoaa ycoepecoaa eeca oe poa yeoopooo cp;

- papaoaa exooeca cxea poa c cooae opaoaoo pocepecoo eocoepaeo aaaopa;

- papaoaa aeaeca oe peaopo-peeepaopoo oa peoeo ycao aaecoo poa;

- a ocoe peyao aeaecoo oepoa opeee op exooecoo pea, oope oecea acae xo eex poyo;

- papaoa peoea o opy cp p poee poa a opaoao pocepeco eocoepae aaaope Cep943 (Grace-Davison, CA).

PATECA EHHOCT. Papaoa epe a aepe xo-exooecx poecco Caaacoo aa HT ycoepecoaa eoa aopaope ycao o cceoa poa yeoopooo cp.

C e epe a OAO Caaaeeopce papaoaa paa exooeca cxea poa ex pa a opaoao pocepeco eocoepae aaaope. Opeee apa a cpoeco ycao aaecoo poa o peoeo exooeco cxee ocoe exo-ooece oaae p poe cec poooo ea ayyoo ao. Oae ooec e cyae epe ao exoo cocae 235 142 c pye o.

APOA PAOT. Ocoe ooe peya pao oaac ocyac a Meyapoo ayo-execo oepe, oceo 50-e HT, "poe oo-epeecoo oeca Pocc" (.a, 1998 .), Meyapoo ayo-paeco oepe Heeaoepepaoa eex poe epce (.a, 2001 .), Meyapoo ayo oepe Teop paa accooex poecco xeco exoo (Mapyce e) (.a, 2001 .) ayo-execx oepex ceapax HT aax.

A. o aepaa ccepa oyoao 14 eco oao, ao yeo-eoecoe ocoe.

OEM PAOT. ccepa coco ee, 5 a, ox oo, opaecoo cca 202 aeoa ya oeecex apyex aopo. Paoa oea a 183 cpaax aocoo eca, coep 34 pcya 24 a, 3 poe.

OCHOBHOE COEPAHE PAOT epa aa ccepa ocea oopy oeecex apyex epaypx coo o ee ccepa. Paccope cpyypa cp, coyeoo poecce poa, pae coco poa copeee ee pa poecca ae cpae a pyeo. Cea oop pax aaaopo, cceoax c o pe pee x poecce aaecoo poa. Paccope pae apa aapaypoo oope aaecoo poa epe poeoc.

peaaee epaype coco poa, apyec a pee eocoepax aaaopo, oo oc eoc poecca poa, o-epx, a ce oooc oee poecc eoo cp (o o aya), o-opx, a ce cooa cce aaecoo pea (oa peaop-peeepaop).

Bo opo ae cooec c ocae aaa opeee oe eo cceoa: pecae eo poee cepeo aao oyaex poyo poa, pee oocoa opa aaaopa coyex p cceoax o cp, oocoa yco poee cepeo.

B pee ae pecae peya cepeaoo cceoa poa a opaoao pocepeco eocoepae aaaope pea Cep-943 (Grace-Davison, CA).

C e ye ee aoc aaaopa ycox poa poee cceoa poa -eaa yco pee. oe aoc cooa ocay copoc paoe. Hapep, p T=700 0C pee pea 2,8 c aoc aaaopa o epe yee oeca ox po caec (pcyo 1) ocae caoapoo coco. Ha pcye 2 oaa pa acoc xoa poyo poa o oeca ox po cp. a o pcya 2,, aaaop oaae c pepy coca, o e ceecye co xo peex yeoopoo C1-C2.

Bxo poea poxo epe acy, cyap xo yeo epepo yeaec, a o oaao a pcye 2,a. Tae ecoo yeaec xo oopoa. Ta opao, o epe eaa aaaopa -a ocox o0 10 20 30 40 Hoep oo po oe aoc eocoepaeo aaaopa caec caPcyo 1 eee oca copopyec, a eppya cococ pea paoe -eaa p oceoaeo ee po cp oc ceeoc aaaopa oaec, p o yeee cyapoo xoa oeo C2-C4 cocae opa 15-20% acc.

0 10 20 30 40 0 10 20 30 40 Hoep oo po Hoep oo po - poe - e - Boopo - Mea - ye - oe C2-C - a a) ) Pcyo 2 eee xoa poyo poa eaa p oceoaeo ee po cp aee pooc cceoa aaecx pepae paoo yeoopooo cp a opaoao pocepeco eocoepae aaaope pea pooo pee. cceoac po yax yeoopoo C7-C9 ex pa poooo ea, epoc-ocaa copoc, c Bxo poyo, %acc.

Bxo poyo, %acc.

a, eoo oa ayyoo ao c paaee cp o apo. co poee oo: oea copoc oa cp 1-3 -1, eepaypa 600-700 0C, accooe ooee cpe : oo ap = 1:1,38.

p poe yax yeoopoo eaa, oaa, oaa (aa 1) ycaoeo ceyee. poeee poecca p x eepaypax, oac 600 0C, po cooy coepa poyax pea yeoopoo C3, C4 peex epeex, opaoo ocpoe. epaypx ax eco, o p poe a eocoepax aaaopax oac x eepayp (500-600 0C) po eoo exaa poeax pea eea pacpeeee yeoopoo poyax pea xopoo coacyec c apo-o exao, o peo peyaa, oye ao paoe.

Taa 1 oepa ooeo aoo poe (% acc.) p aaeco pepae opax yax yeoopoo C7-C9 ( =0,6 c) Teepaypa, 0C Beeco 600 650 700 600 650 700 600 650 ea Oa Hoa Boopo 0,41 0,77 1,16 0,21 0,71 1,46 0,21 0,35 0,Mea 2,66 4,30 4,33 1,21 4,41 4,96 1,09 5,42 6,a 6,27 8,80 8,40 3,56 8,13 9,2 2,09 5,78 6,poa 12,50 4,99 2,15 11,76 3,92 2,35 12,49 7,65 5,ya 5,85 2,97 1,82 7,84 2,62 2,17 7,11 3,78 2,ea 2,89 1,08 0,46 1,96 0,79 0,72 1,93 1,01 0,eca 1,13 0,30 0,04 0,45 0,07 0,03 0,19 0,08 0,ea 0,00 0,00 0,00 2,69 0,36 0,83 0,50 0,33 0,i-ya 7,33 3,15 1,95 9,60 3,71 2,55 7,84 3,78 2,i-ea 3,97 2,37 1,24 3,70 1,69 1,45 3,91 1,90 1,i-eca 2,07 0,72 0,22 1,48 0,20 0,08 0,10 0,10 0,e 11,25 29,88 38,54 8,08 30,53 32,37 4,76 18,36 23,poe 28,07 28,44 28,30 28,31 28,40 28,62 34,54 32,45 30,yeo 13,45 10,96 10,46 15,87 12,10 12,00 18,32 15,03 14,3-e-ye1 1,58 1,01 0,85 1,86 1,24 1,15 4,45 3,15 2,eeo 0,57 0,27 0,08 1,40 0,14 0,06 0,34 0,81 0,aoopaoae, 2,70 5,94 18,09 3,84 6,86 23,43 5,00 8,22 27,%acc.

Bxo oeo 1,62 4,37 15,65 2,32 5,14 19,16 3,26 5,84 21,C2-C4, %acc.

Oaooe pacpeeee poyo pepae eaa, oaa oaa ceecye o aaoo exae aaecoo pepae yeoopoo ooo oooecoo pa p ao eepaype. p yee e, .e. paccapaex apao py C7

p oe eepayp o 700 C coca poyo poa apao C7-C9 eec. Pacpeeee yeoopox ooeo oop o ee exaa poea poecca: oac cox eepayp pepae -apao, o-oy, oe cee oc paaoeoy exay, xapaepoy ooeoo poa, o e oop ocaoo cooe coepae aax yeoopoo C1-C2 oopoa, o ae xopoo coacyec c epayp a.

Boece cceyeoo opaoaoo eocoepaeo aaaopa a poecc poa oopaa peya, peee ae 2, oyee p ooeo poe poe pcyc aaaopa, poeee oaox ycox c cooae aece cp poooo ea.

Taa 2 oepa ooeo aoopax (C1-C4) poyax p ooeo aaeco poe (T=600-700 0C, =0,53 c) Teepaypa poa, 0C Beeco 600 650 700 600 650 ooeoo aaecoo Boopo 0,41 0,49 0,75 0,78 1,13 0,Mea 7,94 10,6 11,7 2,77 3,94 3,a 3,22 4,92 4,77 2,53 3,65 4,poa 8,66 7,04 4,80 14,3 9,12 5,ya 22,6 18,5 12,3 16,3 11,9 8,i-ya 9,58 8,11 5,32 14,0 11,2 7,e 11,3 15,1 22,9 7,1 12,1 21,poe 11,4 13,3 19,1 32,0 34,3 33,yeo 24,9 22,1 18,4 10,3 12,7 14,Coepae oeo ae, %acc. 47,6 50,4 60,4 49,4 59,1 69,Bxo oeo, %acc. 1,35 3,04 8,42 4,19 7,30 19,aoopaoae, %acc. 2,83 6,02 14,0 8,48 10,8 27,Cpaee oyex peyao oaao, o cyapoe coepae oeo C2-C4 aax p aaeco poe e, e p ooeo.

Hapep, p T=650-700 0C paa cocae opa 9% acc. p o aoopaoae pcyc aaaopa ae o 2 paa peae aoo paoae p ooeo poe, cece eo xo oeo C2-Coac oee e 2 paa oy aaecoo poa.

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