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y* = b0 + bixi + bi,jxixj + bi,j,kxixjxk, e: y* - y oa;

Oe oco, b0, bi, bi,j, bi,j,k oe pepecc;

xi opoae ae cceyex aopo.

epaypx ax o opeeeo 4-x epoe aopoe pocpaco oopa:

x1 accooe coooee o epo a cyce, ac.o/ac.o;

x2 eepaypa pacope, 0C;

x3 eooc cpe epe aao pacope (peapeoe oeaae), pH;

x4 peae peapeoo oeaa (aece aop).

Cooyoc peyao aopaopx cceoa oo copypoa ocoe peoa ocpy poeoo AB: cepaop-aaop c peyece oece a ac paepo 40-60 co aopo-pacxo xapaepca. Tao aapa ooe ca oopoex ycox.

cceoae eecx px pacope ao oooc oy oe acooo ycope poecca pacope Aoece. Oe yepa, o A oece oee e 2,paa (oea 2,58) ycope poecc.

Ce xopxoxopa Xopxoxop pe (2-xop) ao xop peec aece peapaa po oea epox ycox oeo aoc. oya aoece ooo pacopa peaa (TMA) c xopao (X) p eepaype 110-1200C o cxee (CH3)3N + ClCH2 CH2Cl (CH3)3N+ (CH2)2Cl*Cl- B poex ycox ce ey epex aoaax p yaao eepaype pea, oopx aee oaec o 0,4-0,6 Ma a ce ae acex apo TMA o.

o aooy cocay peaoa acc yc o X (TMA pacop oex aax).

B ae 3 pecae eece ae ocyece cea p exaeco epeea (M) ycox A oec (AB).

o a ocpoe acoc oapa eo oca copoc pea o opao eepayp oopaax Appeyca, oopx paec opee eece apaep copoc pea.

Taa 3.

Pace eo oca copoc pea, /o c Bpe, Mexaecoe epeeae A-oece t = 830C t = 830C 10 - 15 - 0,20 - 30 0,0073 0,40 - 0,55 0,0098 0,60 - 70 0,0136 0,180 0,0231 k2 0,017 0,ayac ep aa cocaa 1,97 /(o ) 4,/(o ) M AB, cooeceo. oyee oe ep aa yaa, o-epx, a yoy oac poea poecca , o-opx, a yeee eoc A-oec o 1,6 o 4 x pa o cpae c exaec epeeae.

Cyapoae pa p B oe oceoa oo pooca o oapyeo: a 1 ooo poy cpacaoc 1, 172 cox o, cocox oeppoaoo pacopa cyaa ap, opayxc p ya 99 100%-o cepo co 80 100%-oo NaOH.

ooeca oea eax 1990 oa oaaa, o co caoc141 c py o; oe oopaaeoc peaooo oea cyypaopo epaaopo coca, cooeceo, 0,45 0,32, o oaae axoee peaoo acc x aapaax 2,2 3,1 cyo. Ha ooy popay oeoo poya 7 c o oeee coepao 20 cyypaopo o 3,7 3 a epaaopo o 15 3. caoeo 38 e cooo oopyoa c cyapo ooc 169 B.

Aa aopaopx peyao pe cey oa, oope ooe ocoy poeo ycao pooca CPH A-oe:

- ocpy AB ocycoa acoe o a oac oeppoa co cooopaoa;

- aapa paoa p coepa oyxa ccee o 3% o.;

- cyapoae eo oo p oepa co e e 85%, ooy cooac e eee e ypa o ooopaa;

- oee eepayp e po aeoy ycope poecca cee paoec, ooy aapa oaa coo ceppye aoc ( yoa oac);

Ha ocoe A-oec papaoao pao ooe aapaypo - exooecoe peee pooca CPH. o o cxee a copoaa poea ycaoa a eoco oo aoe Xaa caa a pooeoc 6 /cy.

B ee 300 cyo o oyeo 1800 CPH. o cpae c ao apao a cea ca po ( co cox o. o peoeoy apay oc pcaopa cyaa ap).

Bce ap CPH po ca o opa oeeo poeoc pa o.

eapoa pacopa xopa ap O pyooax cocoo oye xop-aa apeo eo ec epo pacopa oapeo co.

pcycya paccoe coa aoo pocpace a epoa aco paaaec a CO2 ape xop-a, o oa ac e ycea paoc epexo epoeo, e ee coepae cocae 0,4 0,6 /. p apa epoeoo coepaac x coa oeppyec ee coepae oapo poye ayceco coe peae opy ayca ceo copa (eee 0,44 /), ooy, a pao, oap poy poxo oo o epoy (opa coepae 0,8 /), a pe cyae o oee oy copy. Too 1987 oy -a oo pepe oeco yo 6 . pye.

poee cepeo o e aoee peoeoo pea yae apoaa epooo pacopa. Oaaoc, o pe paca ec aoee peoe peo opao paccoa AB. Peya x cepeo pee a. 4.

B opoo oe (oco paccoa e opao) coepae Na2CO3 a pe ae (6 aco) e eoc axooc a ypoe cxox po.

Papaoa a coco eapoa ooe ocyec poecc c ocee cee eapoa oee e 2 paa oe, e o peyec oye ayca ceo copa.

a coco peoe poey pay epoacoy poeoy oee Xpo.

Taa 4.

eapoa paccoa AB pee paca Bpe opao, . Coepae apoao, / 25oC 60oC 1 0,3 0,2 - 0,3 - 0,4 - 0,5 0,29 7 0,27 10 0,27 pooco aeex pao Oa cae pooca cepx aeex pao ec ca, poeaa eepoeoo xecoo cea ccee epoe eo oc. Cpaee cepe poee o ca peaope Becoo c peee AB oaa yeee ceeoc poecca c 23,5% o 96,0%, copoc - 3-4 paa, yeee xoa c 87% o 97%. Oopeeo paep ac eex poyo ao, o ooe e x a apaao ayy-pe. B o ca poy e epec p poe eo epepaaaec peapay opy.

pooee paox oce peapax op epo C e oee ooo cooa ooecoo oeaa ecyx eec epo, yee x o ece a oe opao eoxoo yea aeco paox pacopo, oyaex cxox peapax op. oaaee aeca o cyae cyae ooc ooe ae paox pacopo a opaaaeo oepxoc. cooae AB, copoaoo eocpeceo a ox apoxecx apeaax pooe paox oce ooo ye ooc ooe ae oee e 10 pa c 22-30 /c2 (e AB) o 280-300 /c2 c peee A ex.

pooco paco cceoa poeee poocax paco ( po- oce a, ooycoe pac) oaa cyeceoe yeee aeca oapx poyo c o pe cee epepa p cooa A exoo. Ta apep, p pooce poa peee AB aece ceppyeo aapaa yeae cee epepa 6 pa (30 paoo exoo 5 A exoo). To e pe pooce ooycox paco oae cee epepa o 80 o 15 .

poecc oye pacop oa peee AB poecce pooca oa cpooo 5% a ocyapceo yapo pep yopeapa (ap) ooo:

- ye pooeoc 3,2 paa;

- c eepaypy poecca c 50oC o 18oC;

- copa poocee oa, ae opeaopa pacope c 200 2 o 20 2;

- ye oeco pooceoo epcoaa a 27%;

- poa ca pyo pa.

peee AB aco-poo poeoc cooae eeo poayceco exoo OAO coe (ap) pooce ocoeoo aca a ca paa ooo:

- oc pooeoc pooca papoaoo aca a 57%;

- ycop poecc oay papoax ocoo 4 paa;

- poa ca cy aoo papoaoo aca;

- ye oep poya 6,2 paa;

- poa ca cy ocaoo oepaa.

poe oo, exoo poaycecoo oec a caa oo-poex poex acaax opaeco, apepo-oceeco, poooeco, aocpoeo p. opacx poeoc.

5. B o ae paccapac opoc coa cceoexeco acca oeo A- ex exoo.

B ocoy accaoo oe ooea oea o eoxox ocaox ycox aoee peyao ocpoc exooec poecca A oec. o eoxo yco oaec ae opaaaeo cpee opooecx eeo pax e A oec (pa paea a, poeepoeoc ..), a o ocao - coacoae pocpaceo - peex ep oe poe A oec opeoo oea oec (ocee paoc aa cooeceo cao A oec cao poecca). aae yco coepaeo oppy A ca.

Macc cao oec copypoa a ocoe ea (cooyoc eo), oeceoo a poeae oo oo exooecoo poecca. oceee oyeo a ocoe aaa oocex pao o eca xo-exooecx poecco aycec oece a coceo oe aopa.

Macc cao poecco oye aaa ox poecco oe xeco exoo cxo ooe eoeooeco eop epaoeco epoa.

coy xapaepcece apaep ooa A ex ocyecea ya A caa c ocpye aapaa. o ae oooc cxo peoa poecca oceoaeo epe epe A ca ocpy AB eeoo exooecoo aae.

Coaco oe eop accpoa o epooe oaec eee ace, cocax cpyypy oea. Taa eoo pooc e pooo, a a ocoa oex pao (apxeo, pao acca ..) - epoo. Cooyoc epoo opeee coepae accpyeoo oea, a x aoc - epooecy cpyypy oea accpoa.

oceoaeoc ocpoe epoo A- exoo coco ecox ao:

- eee acooecx e exooecx poecco;

- opeeee "cao" acooecx e c e opeee pocpaceo peeo ep opex poecco, oopx oppyec peya A-oec a aepao-oeo oe;

- opypoa "A-cao" a coacoae ax ep "cao" poecca A-oec oeceee opoo opaaaeoo oea ax ocoeoce, e oopx cyecoae A-caa eooo (apep, paa paea a, poeepoee e ..).

B aoee oe e cooyoc ox exooecx poecco ocac eoeooeco eope e epeoca.

epeoc oe ocyecc a ope apaeoo ee cyca (oy epeoc), -a apocoeco eoopooc cyca (oe epeoc) cece xaoecoo e ac cyca a pocoeco ypoe (oeyp epeoc).

B oe e pocpaceo peea epa poecca oe pecaea e n (L ) i t = (8), i K e K apaep, opee xapaep epeoca cyca;

n oaae cee, pa eoceoe aee; n=1, 2, 3 pepy, ycox oeypoo epeoca:

- epeoc yca: ti = (Li/ );

- epeoc eeca: ti = ((Li)2/ Dm);

- epeoc ea: ti = ((Li)2/), e:, Dm, eec oe oc, oe oeypo y, oe eepaypopoooc.

Ocyecee poecco epeoca copooaec copoee, cocpeooe oacx, pax oepxoc, epe oope ao epeoc ocyecec. oac po aa opa. Toa opax coe () o acay cpaa c acaa yya xapaepc epeoco cyca (<

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