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ocpya oy CO. Bop yco: a) Zr=2n; ) Zr=k; )HO(2,k)=1;

oypaoa oy C, CC. Bop yco:

C: Zs/2

oce ec oaae cee y P= (Qko), e: P- yooe aee, Ma Q pacxo, 3/ce. Oaaoc, o CH CO ko1, a C CC ko >>1.

Ecece pae eop cpopoa cao ee peee oo poop AB, .e. a ocpy, oopx oee oo ap poop-caop paee oacao oo opyce. B x aapaax oae oeco ox oypa coee, oxc eoop e pec oceoaeoc.

ooy poee oco eop cpopoa oceoaeoc aao eope p. B oo poopx aapaax oec oooc ypa e oo oypae yooo o, o e po ae o paao oopae paox opao epe o coaa ocoe yco ypae aao ea o xoy poe exooecoo accoooa. Pacpe epee xapaepcecx apaepo ooa a oo poope aapa apaep pea pao oocyeax aapao (). a apaep papaae pe pao aapao, ex ecoo ap poop-caop (M). p M>2 eoxoo paa: pe oo popaoc aapaa: kr1 kr2 <2; kr11+kr22; kr1(2)>2 kr2(1)<2; pe c o epepe: >kr11+kr22+m; kr1(2)>2 kr2(1)<2; m >1,5mm.

oeceo oe ayoo cepa poaycecx oea, oppyeoo oyopa c pa cxea coee epep popee oc xapaepcece apaep oy ooa: oee oeco ep, epeocoe oeae poecco (cya ay 1-x 10- apo);

oeco ep, aaceo ocoo apoo oea, a aaea ooxpooc ye (aee ay ocoo apo oea) x acoc o ocox eoepecx apaepo oyopa (paepo epopa poope (ap) caope (ac) e y aoe).

cceoa pooc eoo ceoo cepea, oopo yaac aa ee epeeoo poxooo cee oyopa ope eo paoe p ype c cooae peo cepaoo aaa. oaao, o eoepece apaep oyopa oo ypa aeco oeco ep, epeoco oeae poecco A-exe epe py acoo-ayoo cepa (apaep oeppoaoc ye - k=ac/ap), epepacpeee ep o apoa cepa (apaep ceapa apo - k= Zs/n) ocpoepoc acooayoo cepa (apaep eoc peopaoa ep km=l1/ap).

2.3. eee epopoyoc Aa epeeco oe oaa, o aoe oep ep poecce peopaoa ep A-exe ca c pacopa ooo a ep pye c ocoeoc pao coceo AB.

cceoa oaao, o oa aopo ao ca ey h = (60/), e: - eaec oe oc;

0=2n/ZrZs yo coee; - acoa pae poopa, c-1. aee h cey xapaepcec apaep ooa.

Moepoae aep oya, oopoe aaoc ocpoe pee oooo ypae pecx oopaax c pa yco, cooecy peao ocpy cpe poaeco (C), oaaa aeaoc oxoa aopa cepea peyaa, ae ae Bapao.

Ta opao copypoa xapaepcec apaep pao aep oya, opaa eoc peopaoa ep aepe oya. O opeeec coceo acoo oea aep:

C f =, e C copoc ya cpee, i n krez (Rk - Rk ) aoe aepy, /c Rk payc aep, (i, n ype, apy). p krez=4 oeceac yco peoaca aepe oya oa pe. p x aex oo apaepa ee eco cae pe peopaoa ep aepe oya.

cceoa ocpy poopo oyopa c pa po oao oaooo exaa oaao, o ce o ooopae eecoopao cec pe oco a: acoc oaa (oe po), aeaoy aapoa (poe po c eye yo xoa ooa oao exa) opa aapoae (poe po c ye yo xoa ooa oao exa). Tae pa ocpy oaooo exaa oee epee xapaepcecx apaepo ooa A-ex a apaepa eoc peopaoa ep AB a acocoo apeaa (k). p oaco coe oeceaec acoc pe c pyo aae pacxoo-aopo xapaepco, yepe aopo pacxoo. p paao aapoa paoeo oeca yeaec oaa AB p ax e ( o ax e) aex aopa coooee AB. p aeao aapoa yeaec aop AB, a oaa ocaec eeo cea yeaec cooaope AB.

peee xapaepcece apaep ooa Aex cooa aee ocpoe acca exoo ex A oec.

3. B pee ae pee ocoe peya cceoa o ayo-execoy oocoa paecoo cooa poayceco ex pe ox poecco oye ooax poyo cepc a oc-epoe, ococ, px opax aox yc, o cocae ocoy oaeo oca ox poex poecco, oopx eecoopao peee AB.

3.1.oyee cyce yc cceoa poecc oye cepcx cce (yc, cyce) oocx AB a ae oe ooo exaa papye, peoe aopo. coy aeaec aapa eop cyax poecco oaa exa papye cepcx ac ycox ceceoo yapa, oax c co co ape oae oacpyx aaox ypo.

Peya eopeecx paccye oee o pacex opy, oox poopoa cepc coca poya a xoe aapaypoo ya ceppoa a c ee pyo oypo, a p oceoaeo paoe eocoo peaopa AB.

Paccapac eace ( cce o-xecoo ao) o. B ao oe papyee pocxo o coey yaoy exay. aoo cocoa opao cyce (apa: eoc eoc (1) aya py (2)).

Be ocoeoc aeaecoo oca x apao:

1 coco eoc eoc:

r r max max Fi+1(r) = (1 - 2 ) (r)dr + 2{[1 - e- K1 (1-i ) ] (r)dr + r r min min r p K2[1 - e- K1 (1-i ) ] B(r)dr} r min (1) e: i = 1, 2, paoc opao;

i o papyex i-o poxoe ac;

K1, K2 apa;

c - ooc cyce;

(r) ooc pacpeee ac o acce cyce.

2 coco c eepyo oypo:

Nsri+1 = 0,632 Nsri (2) e: Nsr cpeee co ac ee oea cyce.

pae (1) (2) c oo oepy pae oye cepcx cce aapaax a AB ycox ceceoo yapa.

cepeay poepy oepyx coooe poo a oo-poeo ycaoe oye cyceox peapax op eco ye opao cyce o oo exec pea opaa oopaoo poxoa ooa epe AB. Peya ao poep pee ae 2.

Taa Cpaee peyao ceppoa AB o ee pyoo oype (ec 2) p epeae eoc eoc (ec 1) i d1 d1 d2 d2 =d1/d2 (K)-0-2 6,6 3,3 6,6 4,5 3,3/2,1 0,2-4 4,5 3,1 4,5 3,7 0,8/1,4 0,4-6 3,7 3,05 3,7 3,3 0,4/0,65 0,6-8 3,3 3,0 3,3 3,1 0,2/0,3 0,8-10 3,1 2,95 3,1 3,0 0,1/0,15 0,10-12 3,0 2,9 3,0 2,95 0,05/0,1 0,Cpeee aee: 0,a o peyao cepea peya ceppoa o cxee 1 a 40% e, e o cxee 2. o paec o. poe oo, cepeao aea ea (0,609) ocaoo a eopeecoy ae (c. ypaee 2), o oe cy cepea oepee aeaoc oepyx coooe.

Ocoo aeaecoo oca aaoo-aycecoo ceppoa coca ee aeaeco eop o , acoc, eop aoec yx oyppyx oy:

N1- oy ac ypee a cepc N2 - oy aaox ypo.

eee ceoc N1 pocxo peyae cpe eeo N1 N2, .e. poopoao x ceoc. eee ceoc N1 poopoao cy cpe eeo o oy, .e. N12. eee ceoc N2 pocxo eaco o poecco oe papye opeeec poaec yco oye aa. eee e N2 pocxo a cece aoec c eea N1, a eaco o x cpe, .e. ec ao ye.

Cxey aoec oo opa e ceyeo eoo poecca:

eece apaep ca 1 ypoae 2f(t) N2* ca 2 pae N2* + N1 1 nN1* ca 3 peoa 2N1* 1 Nca 4 op N2* B ao cxee a epo ca c ecoc 2 pocxo eeppoae ooa aaox ypo. ec f(t) eoopa y pee, aaa ycoc aoo poecca. Ca opaae poecc aaoo-aycecoo ceppoa, ca poecc apepoa ca 4 poecc cxoa aaox ypo, e yacyx ca 2.

B cooec c cao cxeo oo oy ccey eax ecoce yee yee ceoc N1 N2 :

- N1: yee x = 1*x*y; yee - x = 1*x- N2: yee y = 2*f(t); yee y = (2 + 1*x)*ye: x, y co ac cepco a aaox ypo cooeceo.

coy pocee peooe o aece cceyex poecco oo oy yco paoce yepoy poeccy poe e, o ooe aca eo ccey ypae ooopoa:

coy pe aeceoo aaa epeax ypae oye poy aop ce a ee ca ac aaox ypo cceyex oecax.

C e oe oyeo oe poee ce cepe c cxo a ayp yco.

Ha pcyax 1 2 opae peya oo cepea e ee ca ac epo a cyce ca aaox ypo cooeceo. Oa pcya ocaoo eepo pa oepa ocoepoc peaaeo oe oca peaoo poecca ceppoa ycox aycecoo oec. eceo, c eee pee peyae aoec ac epo a c aao ypa pocxo poc ca ac, cece x papye e oo poca cepaec poecca apepoa (c. pc.1). B oe pe, c eoopoo oea pee, cy epepoo eeppoa ypo x ceoe, co ypo ocaec paec oco (c. pc 2).

0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 oaae ep,/p Nmin Nmax (Nmax-Nmin) Pc. 1. eee ca ac o pee Pc.2. eee ca ypo o pee Hoppoae e 3.2. Oa apa ep a ceppoae p ye poecco ceppoa eoopao aaac epoeca eoc cepcoo cocaa poya pacpeee ac ypee a o paepa paoopax cycex (oc aa apepo ace, epa oo, eaec ap yoe p.) - c. pc.3.

peaaec cey exa, oo oc cepeae a: a aax cax ceppoa, oa oa ac oco cpey ep pacxoyec a yeee paepo ac, c oo copo, co ex ocoo ee ao, c pyo, cepee aaec aoe oee cee cepcoc. Ha oceyx cax, oa paoa oxec (ocoeoc aoec ypee ee a opeo cepc) epeec (oeco ooo ceppoa ep, oeceae aoe aoece) pecypc peeo opeo ccee, o cepee aaec a oe xoa a ao eeco po, oee cepc, oepx, coxpaec oeco epeaaeo ep , o-opx, oa ac ypee a ye ee paep ocoo, ooy epaoe yeee cee cepcoc eooo p oopeeo coax ycox aoo apepoa x ocoo.

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Bpe, TiO2 ep Na Pc. 3. e yac cepeax px e ceppoa cyce.

aee, p aoe ocaooo oeca opx apeao o aec poecc ceppoa; aee cooyoc x %ac.

Coepae paepo pa poecco oopec a opao aac oc cepcoc. ec ao oe o a, o ac poco ep pacxoyec e oo a ocee oeo e, o a oyee oepae apax oc o paecoe aeae. He eee ae ayo-oaae ace: aae paee e oeaeec ee ooepaoo oee oo acx cepcx cce pacpeeex cox ox.

ooe a oeac ooecx, xecx, ooecx cceax. Heoxoo oe, o opeeex ycox aoe oeee coceo cepc ccea, o opaae oeay xapaep oo e.

Oeo, o poecc papye ac ooac, a apepoa, a y, ac ( oe e oac). Toa eeca oe ee ca ac oe ceppoa oe pecaea cey epeao:

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