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Ha paax pyoc AOB P BAMPOB TEXHOO TEXHA POACTECOO BOECTB P OCECTBEH TEXHOOECX POECCOB Ceaoc 05.17.08 poecc aapa xeco exoo Aopeepa ccepa a cocae yeo cee oopa execx ay A 2002 Paoa oea ayo-cceoaeco exooeco cye epo peyopo poca pace Aae ay Pecy aopoca.

Hay ocya: -p ex. ay, poeccop P.. Bao Oae ooe: -p ex. ay .. Tee -p ex. ay, poeccop .. Xao -p ex. ay, poeccop B. . apayo Beyee pepe: cy exa H PAH aa cococ 2002 oa a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.03 p HT o apecy: 450062, .

a, y. ocoao, 1.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea Aopeepa paoca 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea -p ex. ay Aye ..

Oa xapaepca pao Ayaoc poe Ocoo epo ayo-execoo popecca pao poeo oece ec epexo a peyeceo ec y pa pooca.

Be ecoo apae eca. Cpe x e ecoe oece a eeco eee poecco.

Apcea ax oec coep paoe eo (eepaypa, aee, xapaep e ooa cpe ..), cpaeo oe y ycope poecco. oce oocc poo oepye eo ypayooo () oec.

yoa aoc po- apo ypoe oec a paoe cpe pye ae e, ocee oopx paec eooo a py ec eoa.

Oocea ecooc x oye ocaoo co oea ypaeoc ao pea ae poeo x oy ecoy eoy.

Paoa Bya yca, Papca, Mapeco, oepa o eo oec ee pay ayx cceoa. He pepaaeec c ex op cepeaa oo-poea paa eeo oaaa peay eoc oo eoa. Oca e oee apaocao, o poo poeo pae eo e a ooo pee. eeoc aocpo, eoepec, epoa eoa oye oea cyeceo aopoo poee oo eoa poeoc.

Ha aao 70-x oo pooo coe pxoc pe oe epeca ye oec, eeppyeoo yae a poop-caop (ae yae aee aac poayceco exo (A-exo) aapaa poaycecoo oec (AB). Ho cee oc peyeceo paeap eoeooec xapaep.

Taoe cocoe oe occ y pa: o-epx, yaeae cceoa oec o a eeco e e po c c poeo pao, , o- opx, e oeo, co, eo oopo ocaoo yepcao oe coa A-ex.

Papaoa ao oe, coae acca poecco aapao poex exoo ycox poaycecoo oec pacpee a o ae oeao cep cooa A ex poeoc pecaec ayao poeo.

e pao Ocyecee oecoo ooe ex poaycecoo oec exoo ee pee, papaoa ayo oocoax execx exooecx pee, cooae oopx cyeceo pacpe oeay cepy pee A-ex opex exooecx ycox ox poecco poex exoo.

B c c opyo e peac ace aa cceoa:

- cceoo poayceco ex exoo;

- ocyecee yoao-cpyypoo aaa ocpy poayceco ex;

- ee oe poe exao A oec;

- oea peo pao aapao cce poop-caop, o ce acoo-ayx xapaepc aapao poaycecoo oec; cpopoa yco ae oo- oo poopx aapaax;

- ee po oe eoc peopaoa ep aapaax poaycecoo oec oae paepa aopa ey poopo caopo oyopa; oocoae eoepecx paepo aep oya;

- ypaee acoo-ay cepo oea yooo ae oocx aapaa coooee paepo eeo epopa poope caope x co;

- popoae paox oec aapao poaycecoo oec;

- oyee cepcx cce aapaax poaycecoo oec;

- oa oeca ep, epeaaeo opaaaeo cpee, poayceco exe;

- oea ocoeoce ee aoocx ooo oocx paoeo oeca aapaa poaycecoo oec - oyee aoocx cce aapaax poaycecoo oec;

- ee pocpaceo-peex ep eeapx exooecx poecco;

- coae cceo acca poayceco ex exoo.

Haya oa 1. Ocyeceo oecoe ooee pa pee ex exoo poaycecoo oec a ocoe cceoo aaa poaycecx poecco aapao;

2. Papaoa oco eop oyppoa yooo o A exe c oo (eop cpopoa) eco (eop p) apa poop-caop oyopa;

3. Oapyeo ee caoopaa cepcx poyax a cece poecco ceppoa - apepoa. peoeo ocee oo e, a ocoe oopoo paoa p oa oeca ep, eoxooo oye oocepcx poyo;

4. Papaoa oco eop ceppoa AB a ocoe oe ooo papye, yae ocoeoc cooo oec oax ceceoo yapa, cox cox ape oae aaox ypo;

5. Papaoa oco eop A ex p oye aoocx poyo. Be yco ycoo pao AB c aoace cpea peoe exa oye aox yc c oo AB;

6. Papaoaa ccea acca ex exoo poaycecoo oec, ooa ocyec op ocpyx ocoeoce AB eeoo exooecoo aae.

Hoa peyao aea 14 aopc ceeca aea P.

paeca eoc pao paece peya oye aopaopx, ox, oo-poex poex cax.

Heocpeceo poocey pay p:

- oyee cyceox peapax op eco;

- paee oepx aepao acce;

- pooee paox oce eco epe x cooae a cecoxocex ox;

- pooco ocx paco poae;

- oo-eooe epoxoppoae pooce pxopeoo;

- ce cepx pao;

- a aocpoeo pooce p ooe A ex;

- apaeeco pooce p ooe ox pacopo;

- eo poeoc poecce paa peccooo ocoeoo aca.

Apoa pao Ocoe peya cceoa oaac a coyax, oepex, ceapax, coeax o opoca ayceco aa pee ypaya exooecx poeccax 19852000 . Moce, Ca-eepype (epa), Caco, e.

ya o ee ccepaoo pao oyoao oee 40 pao, x 1 oopa; 14 aopcx ceec CCCP aeo P.

Cpyypa ccepaoo pao ccepa coco ee, a, ae cca epayp, coepaeo 473 aeoa. Paoa oea a cpaax aocoo eca, coep 79 a 134 pcya.

Ocooe coepae pao 1. B epo ae paccope opoc oecoo ooe pa pee ex exoo poaycecoo oec a ocoe cceoo aaa poaycecx poecco aapao.

B paoe yac a oea: POACTECA TEXHA POACTECA TEXHOO, oope e e cy pa POACTECOE BOECTBE Ha ocoa papaoao aopo eooo cceoexecoo aaa exoo ex A oec oye:

- opooece oe, ooe opee a aop yoax eeo A-ex y x coepecoa.

- yoae oe, epye oe peee oooc A-ex pecae oooc oo oa exao ocyece poecco A-exoo.

- epeece oe, e eca aox oep ep poecce ee peopaoa o xoa aapa o poyoo cooa , a o ocoe, ye eca ocpy Aex.

- apaepece oe, oope coca ocoy popa eoo oeo cceoa coa acx oee.

- opaoe oe, oyee peyae ayoepecoo aaa ooo opa, o ooo epoa oeoe cocoe oeo cceoa ee x pa.

2. Bopa aa coep papaoy ayo oocoax execx pee, peaa oopx ocpyx AB ae oooc pacp cepy x exooecoo pee, oc oc ypae apaepa A ex oece oaoe cooae ep poaycecoo oec.

2.1 Pe pao poayceco ex Ha ocoa cepeax cceoa poaycecx apaepo oyopo pax ocpy eo, o acoc o ea coee popee poopa caopa ocaoo oeo poc p pea pao:

poexaec cece, poexaec ycaop aycec yae. ocpoee aeaeco oe peo pao ooo ey ocpy apaep aapaa, papaa pe, aa yo aoe (l1), cc oopoo a y, coxpaa cocoe aoo epep popee poopa caopa oyopa x ea. p ee y aoe ee 0 aapa paoae pee ooo cece (ea). p ee oo apaepa pa y oa poexaece yca ceaeo epe epopa ooa p aee yee y aoe coac yco epexoa pe eepa aycecx eo. coy ooee y (l1) p popee poope caope oyopa (ai) oaao, o pe ycoo eepa aycecx oea ocaec p yco l1/ ai 2 = kp; (i = p, c). Ta opao opeee ep xapaepcec apaep ooa A-ex.

2.2. oyppoae yooo o (Teop cpopoa) Aa oocex apaepecx oee acox xapaepc eeppyeoo A-exo o oaa, o o opoc aeo e ap. ocaoo caa, o pea eo ooc oeco eop yoopaoa oox aapaax (exaeca Beca, ayceca paa, poexaeca yocoo-aea poe). Co e ooceo pecaeco aeaecx aooepoce, ocax acoy oea, oyaex oo aapaa. pa o ae yaeaoc oo opoca aopo papaoa oco eop oyppoa yooo o A exe, aao Teope cpopoa ( o a.

oca paee yc).

oyee aeaoo oca acox xapaepc AB opeoao coae cpoo eop a coee popee poopa (Zr) caopa (Zs) oyopa. a aaa paccapaac a poea coee yo pax ooyoo p pae ooo x ooceo pyoo.

Ha ocoe ecx oo eoceo aea eop ce oaax aopo eope, acaxc paee e ocyaxc opoco coee yo pax ooyoo o oyeo ooeoe ypaee cxe coee ope ypae Ea.

Peee oo ypae c yeo ceecx yco, oyex peyae aeaecoo aaa a coee yo oaao, o paa oeceoc ca oox apao coee eeo epopa oyopa coc epe cxea. o cxe: c eo yco (CH), c ocpy yco (CO), c pooapae yco (C) co cy yco (CC). B peyae cooa oo coao eop papaoa aop ocpyopcoo pacea cxe coee opeeee coooe ca epopa poope caope oyopa acoc o aao oypa coee oepooo pacea, .e. opeeee oypa coee acoc o coooe ca eeo epopa oyope oooc ooaoo opeee acox apaepo eeppyeoo AB o.

cepeaa poepa eop ocyecac a cee epoaecoo oepoa cxe coee aypx cepeax ye ooca ceo yco ae aopaopx AB pao oypa oyopo. Beo, o oa opeee aco oea e peae 10-15% a ce oe cceoax aopo (c. a.1).

Taa 1.

acoe xapaepc AB (f 0 ocoa acoa; f1 acoa epo cyapo) Zr/Zs acoa, Oocea oa, % eop a f0 f1 f0 f1 f0 f1 2 2 3 4 4 30/18 2250 6750 2550 7500 12 30/12 2070 4140 2400 4600 14 24/12 2160 2160 2500 2500 14 24/18 1560 4680 1620 5000 4 24/15 1416 7080 1560 7500 9 cepeao oyee oypa yooo o (oceoaeoc ceco yco ae x ea) cooecoa eopeec pecae.

o cceoa paoa ceye xapaepcece apaep ooa - apaep pea oy cpe, opaa cyeco cxe coee (CH, CO, C CC), oop opeeec opya cxe coee. Cpe x paac:

eoypoa ca CH. Bop yco: Zr/Zs=N: N=1, 2, .;

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