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Caee exo oe yepe o paa, % 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 B eeo Caee ex o oe yepe o paa, % 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 B eeo Pcyo 3 - Baoc o eeo yepa o paa Heocpeceo po, ae opaoae ope pe, c ycaoe yc, oae cece exaecoo epecoo opoe yca o.

p ox ycaox opoo oo aco oy coco cyapo oec eox ee cocaa eaa exooecx aopo, ax eaope ocec ooe oppoa coc o.

Be cocaa eaa exooecx aopo, ax, a eepaypa a ca, pe ep, coca ocpy op cepe, a pae ycaox poecco oo yac ae p cpaeo eaex x eex.

Ocoo pyoc p ae ca ec ycaoee coepa yepoa, oop oaae aeoe e a ooee pe. B c c paoe paccopeo coepae yepoa ca 250 aax, poox a OAO "A" (pcyo 4). ao c pa coepae yepoa, ae o pao o 30 oo opyco ae 2 50-160 poeea poepa a epeoc. acoc oooo a pe oax o coepa yepoa pecaea a pcye 5.

25 21 20 0,15 0,16 0,17 0,18 0,19 0,2 0,21 0,22 0,23 0,24 0,Coepae yepoa, % Pcyo 4 - acoa copaa ex ao c pa coepae yepoa oeco ao y = 1051,3x2 - 301,42x + 23,R2 = 0,0,15 0,16 0,17 0,18 0,19 0,2 0,21 0,22 0,23 0,24 0,Coepae yepoa, % Pcyo 5 - Hae pe oax opyco ae acoc o coepa yepoa poeee cceoa oep eopeece ae, oope ceecy, o cax 20 c coepae yepoa o 0,2% oaec cooc opaoa pe, a c oee coepa yepoa o 0,o 0,25% yeaec cooc x opaoa. Ta opao, eoxoo poec oppepye epop c coepae yepoa p ooe oo opyco ae, .e. ye aoee oacy oac.

B cyae oapye pe p ca oo eoxoo poep ce ooe p x ooe c oceye oppepoo a ca. Haoee e peee, o ycpae paa oo, ec epexo a oee coepee .

aee paoe poee cpae aa ocox eoo epapyaeo opo (MH) oo.

Ba oeo, opee eoc opo, ec oocoa op MH. C yeo ax o MH paoe pee peoea o opy eoo opo opycx oo pyopooo apayp acoc o a eeo, aepaa (e) yco opo.

pa o pe pe, % Aa oaa, o o ecx MH e ec yepca, oao oce cyae ee eea oo ocyec eco eoa.

Hapy c opo xapaepca eeo p ope oaoo MH eoxoo ya ece coca caa, ocpy o, cocoe ee oepxoc, exece yco a y ea, exo-ooece oaae MH, a ae pye aop.

Haoee oac oax opyco ae cooo ae coe ee, ooy x opeee eoxo eecoopa ec eo opo poa eeca. Bcoa yceoc aeoc aoo eoa epapyaeo opo ooe ee oo a pae ca x ooe, cococy oe aeca pooca poy p oopeeo copae pyox apa.

Tpe aa ocea cceoa cpoec ooc oepa oypax peypoa a ooece apaep pooceoo poecca papaoe a o ocoe ycoepecoao cxe ypae pooceoo poecca p ooe aecex ae c a epa.

p coo oype ae ocooe ae yeec opo apa. p o paccapac ceye opoc: a o apa; a aec apa; acoo peya oac o aapoax; o yo cea, o c epepacpee apa poecc yca poy (pcyo 6) ee xo xo, oope xapaepyc cooecy xo xo a, oe peaoa c oo, o pae epe, o pecypco, o oco pooceo eeee aa "5M": (Men), eo (Method), a (Machine), aepa (Material), opyaa cpea ocaoa (Medium).

Bxo Bxo poecc (i) M1 M2 M3 M4 MPcyo 6 - Cxea poecca B oe cee a aeco ooece apaep p pooce poy e cpoece ooc oepa p peypoa pooceoo poecca.

Peypoae eaco o a poecca coc ee peax xapaepc yaax cocax, cpae oyex oeo c oppoa ae, paoe a ocoe peyaa cpae pee o eoxoo oec a poecc.

a ceece ocoeoc apaypocpoe peya cceoa, aopo a papaoaa ycoepecoaa cxea exooecoo poecca pooca ae (pcyo 7).

Heeaoc peaa pecypca Mi ycoo opaaec oexo. B peyae oyaec, o Mi' Mi, (1) e Mi' - pea pecypc;

Mi - peye pecypc.

oexa oe e ec cya aopo, xapaepyc eoop aco cepo, oop ceye paccapa oocex eax cooca c pooeoc ypaeoo exooecoo poecca.

o coppepoa oexy, oeo eoxoo e ocaoo ocoepy opa o cocae Mi' ocyec ce oepa a ocaoo opooe pe, o poa ep, cae c oo oee eeo a xoe poecca.

Bxo poecc (in) Bxo H a (oo) He (pa) cp. Hecp.

Aa in - oe poecc yca poy Bxo 4 Bxo a (oo) 1 (pa) He (pa) Hecp.

Aa Aa pe cp.

pee oppepye epop Peaa, o opeee 1- caee ex; 2 - ye ex; 3 - exaec ex; 4 - exaocopo ex Pcyo 7 - Cxea exooecoo poecca pooca ae o oce ee B paoe peea oea cpoec ooc oepa oypax peypoa a ooece apaep pooceoo poecca, oopa oe paea ceye yoao acoc:

=f(,, Oi, Ci, N, p), (2) e - apa cece eocaooo cpoec ooc poecco e peypoa;

-cyapa peea aepa e peypoa;

- cyapa oa, oaa e peypoa (p epe, p pee eo peaa);

Oi - eoc ooe a i- pooceo oepa;

Ci, -ceecooc e a cceyeo i- pooceo oepa;

N - oeco opopyex apaepo;

p - aeop paa (cpa, ecpa, oee copoc p.).

apa cece peex aepe e peypoa opeec oe cee ao pooceoo poecca.

Ec aepa T, o oep a pooco aeo opaca opeec ceye acoc:

= f(T, n,, Pp, Oi, Ci,), (3) e T -a pooceoo poecca;

n - oeco ooe ooc epe a cceye epo;

Pp - epooc ooe oo oo a paa eee a oppe.

oe oxo ooe pea a py aay epe oax epe, a opay aay: opeeee peoa ooc oepa peypoa x cpoec; pacooee oepa peypoa a cooecye ca pooceoo a cxo oycoo ypo epe.

B eepo ae papaaac pacpee oooc ca oo opyco ae eoo eeca.

cyaaoa xapaepca ae oeceaec epeoc e. oeceo epeoc e xapaepyec cee epeoc, oopa opeeec eo ye aea aa ( eax ooa) pacxoa oc. Cee epeoc ycaaaec papaoo e c yeo yco, oeceax eo opaoe yopoae eoacy cyaa.

B execx ycox a ooee ae ox x ycaex OAO "A" ex acc A epeoc o OCT 9544, acao: "He x poee" p ca a epeoc.

Hopa epeoc, ocpyoe coee e xapaep pooca c e pep, o oop pac eo eeca exooec poecc opo epeoc.

aoee eoo cooa aopaecoo eoa eeca p opoe oo opyco ae paccope ocoe p eeca o-xece e, pocxoe aae e.

oo aa epe e ee Q= V P /t =D3(Pa+P+P)/6t, (4) e V - oe ypa, 3;

P - aee yp ypa, a;

D - aep ypa, ;

Pa, - aocepoe aee a oepxoc oc, a;

P - pocaecoe aee oc, a;

P - aee, aeoe ca oepxocoo ae, a;

tpe opaoa ypa, c.

Te a coo aa oe e cay eopeeey eoepecy opy, poopoa oopy e pecaec oo. B o cya pa eapoae oe e, acoc, pa epep e a ycpee aep d.

oo aa epe e yeae aep ypa o o oea eo opa. o oe acyae, oa ecya a ype apxeoa ca caoc pao, a ae peae c cee ypa c oepxoc. Ta opao, ycoe opa paaec opyo D03 g /6= d F, (5) e D0 - aep ypa oe opa, ;

g - ycopee coooo ae, /c2;

- ooc, /3;

F - ca oepxocoo ae cce oc-a, H/;

d - aep e, .

aep opaeoc ypa paec pa 0,5...1 . yp aepo ee 0,5 pyo ae. Oca aea acoc aepa opaeoc ypa o aepa e p pax aopax, oopa pecaea a pcye 8.

oa o cp ep 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 aep ypa D, Pcyo 8 - acoc aepa opaeoc ypa o aepa e Ma oo aa, pecppye ypo eoo, axoc peooe, o pe t0 o aaa opaoa ypa o eo opa pao 30 c. Ec o pe oe, o co peo opayec yp pyo ae, ceoaeo, Qmin 2,2 10-7 3a/c. o aee opeee opo yceoc ypooo cocoa a cpeca eeca. Teep paccop yceoc ce cce eeca Bmin, peey caap yco:

Bmin=Qmin / [(Pop/Pa)2-1], (6) e - oe aeco oc coyeoo aa, a c;

- oe aeco oc oyxa, a c;

Pop- aee opecco, a.

yceoc cce p opeccoe pa aa acoc o ae opecco pecaea a pcye 9.

aep e d, yceoc eoa ea oe oea e oo oee Pop, o ae peee ao c oc, ee, e y oyxa.

1,0,aee opecco, Ma oyx e peo Pcyo 9 - Baoc yceoc cce ae opecco Ha pcye 10 pecaea oopaa*, oaaa yoay c ey opo epeoc, eo caeoo ae paepa apa (aepo d, o l=5 ), aeoo e, cooecye ope.

Pcyo 10 - Hoopaa acoc paepo apa, aeoo e, cooecye ope epeoc p aao caeo ae.

pa pa, oaae acoc apoo ae o aepa apa. Hop epeoc, 3 a/c:

1 - 1,33 10-5; 2 - 6,65 10-6; 3 - 1,33 10-6; 4 - 6,65 10-8; 5 - 1,33 10-9; 6 - 1,33 10-* - Apao E.M., Caoo B.M. Texa eeca // opo.

aoca. -2001. -7. -C. 21-26.

yceoc cce, 10, a/c 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0, p yee o ce epeoo opyca oee 5, aep apa ye yeac p coxpae oe e ooa aa. Ha o e oopae oaaa pa, ooaea ao pa, "yaa" paep aepa apa c ap aee.

Bce e, pacooee e po pa, oy e e p aao caeo ae cece x epep oo o oc.

p coa ex eeca oo opyco ae paoe aoe p coa a poepeo cee o epeaa ae opooo eeca (oyxa) c ocey opyee o oc (oy). epea ae oeceaec oe aee opooo eeca o cpae c pooooo copoo opopyeo ce.

Boyx Boa C 1 1 - opyc cea; 2 - ceo; 3 - a ooeoo ocee; 4 - oe ca, 5 - aoep Pcyo 11 - Cxea caeoo cea B ao ae poeea papaoa caeoo cea, cxea oopoo pecaea a pcye 11. p coa cea paccope ocoe ooe yoaoo oxoa coa oopyoa ca opo. ooe coa peoc, oeceae coy ocoepoc oe aeca e p cax. Tae papaoa a-ay ceao ocpy, .. epe ca eoxoo poec ayee exooecx oepc oe opyca oec eo oyx.

Papaoaa exooeca cpy eaeco opecco oo.

Hopo epeoc oo pyopooo apayp cooo ae, ycaex a OAO "A" (ex acc epeoc A), ec eoycoc yee oee 1*10-6 3a/c o oyxy.

B peax ycox oe ca cac o, ec e oapye eca pooe cpe epe pe.

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