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Aa paopa poaex opao eo paco Cacx oaa, o c oee eepayp epoopao o o C eococoe paccoe yeaec, a ecoc pace a ce yae acoppoao a. aee, pa peeco c oee eepayp caec x ecoc ( o ooe cea), o pocxo a ce cea ee cpyyp. Tae e xapaep aoo.

poaae e a ey pH x oo (pc. 2).

o eepayp 350 C aee eooc cao c ocee opaecx eec, pcycyx x, opaoae cx poyo. p aee oe eepayp poc pH aaec a ce paoe apoa coooeypo opa. Peoe yeee eooc p oex eepaypax (550 C e) pocxo a ce paoe apoax coee c opaoae pooca a cece papye pcaeco pee.

- yaaca a, - paca Ca-ca a 225 25 625 Teepaypa, C Pcyo 2 - acoc pH oo cyce o eepaypo opao Aa opaoax coo poaex opao cceyex oep x ao-pocc coca, a ae oaa, o coa opaoa e ee cpyypy , cooeceo, e e a x copoe coca. Tepoopaoa p eepaypax o 150 350 C po yae acoppoao a c ocooee op cepH oo cyce eooc . B aee oax cooac opa oce opao p eepaypax 150 300 C.

Oea copox coc cceyex epyx coaex a poeea a pepe oc o o pacee, ccopyx e a o, o eao. B peyae ycaoeo, o ea cop aox pacee aeo peae acop aox, o opeeec oo eco cope aox pacee ooe o oeo cyae aox pacee.

Hae aoooex oeco y yaaco Ca-co ae oepae cop oo pax eao (Mn, Fe, Cr, Pb, V) oex pacopo cox o.

B eexeco pooce pec coe peoa apaooy cp, acoc o ey, coepa apoaecx yeoopoo pyx pece. Ha pepe oc apao ace poee cpae aa oeceae cocooc cceyex epyx coaex c eeco ooo, ec aoo oe aeca ppox acopeo oc ace apao. B peyae coocae oyeo, o oeceaa cocooc cceyex cocae 70-75 % o oeceae cocooc eeco oo.

oyee peya c peoco ye aooepoce copoo oc yaaco Ca-co a apaooo cp, coyeoo pooca ceecx px co, xopapao, ex aeoo p.

B eepo ae yeo e ycaoe oae exooece apaep copoo oc x epx apao, cceoa eoopaye ooe epx apao aooepoc x cop epy coae P.

poeee aopaope oo-poee cceoa oeca acopea a peya oao ooc apao yaaco py a oaa, o c yeee oeca acopea epae 3 - 10 % pocxo a oee cee oc poya, a yeee oep oaeoo poya. o ycaoeo oaoe oeco acopea (5 %), oeceaee coy cee oc ae oep oaeoo poya.

Be eepayp a peya cop poecce oao oc pa acopea o paccopeo oac eepayp - 175 C x apao 70 - 170 C - epx apao.

oyeo, o eepaypa acoc cee oc epx apao cex paccopex acopeo (yaaco, Ca-co , acaa, oa, oc a) ee a cpeya (pc. 3).

70 90 110 130 150 Teepaypa, C Pcyo 3 - Be eepayp a cee oc epoo apaa poecce oao oc pa acopea (pooeoc poecca 60 y) Acope:

- yaaca a, - paca Ca-ca a, - tonsil, - oc a, - aca o ep ( oac 90 110 C) cooecye eepaype oao acop aoo acopea, e oopo aaec poecc ecop. Bopo ( oac 130 150 oC) xapaepye cop ooeoo oe poyca , % oeca pece, opayxc peyae ee cpyyp epoo apaa o oece eepayp.

Aaoe e aac p paoe c apaa - ep cpey oac 50 - 75 oC, opo - p 100 - 120 C.

Be exaecx oec o paccopeo a pepe oao oc oo apaa eocepc acopea, pooo aope ey paac cooc pa poaooo aapaa BCH-3. C oee ecoc epeea o 200 o o/ ocaea cee oc apaa opacae 1,4 paa (pc. 4).

Be exaecx oec a poecc oc oaoo a yaaco , a pyx eocepcx acopeo, o xapaepye cpyypy oaex apao ycox aoec c ep acopea, a e copoe coca coyeoo acopea.

0 10 20 30 40 50 Bpe, Pcyo 4 - Be ecoc exaecoo oec pee cop a cee oc oo apaa yaaco o (eepaypa 25 oC) ecoc exaeco opao, o./.:

- 200, - 300, - 400, - oe poyca , % Be exaecx oec oeeo poecce epooo oc: c oee oeo copoc oa cp c 4,o 60 -1 caec cyap oe poya oaoo co, o cee o e ooooe, a cyae cop oeypx pacopo.

B oac oex copoce 21 - 37,5 -1 aaec ooee, xapaepyee cepcy cpyypy apao.

poeee cceoa oo ycao oae yco oc epx apao yaaco Ca-co a:

oeco acopea - 5 %, pe ycaoe acopooo paoec - 30-50 y, eepaypa 90 C yaaco 105 C - Caco; a cee oc apao oaae e ecoc paaex exaecx oec.

ye aooepoce copoo oc epx apao apc a ae poee cceoa, apaee a ee ppo opac x poyo.

Coocaee peyao aaa pyooo xecoo cocaa (XC), coepa cep pyx coee caap cepa eoa (a. 2) opao oapx (1) oex (2) epx apao oaao, o p oce o c yyee ea apaa pocxo cee coepa aca, apoaecx, copocoepax coee cep.

Ocee oeoo o apaa copoo p 155 C eee 5 aco (a. 2, apa 3) po yee coepa copocoepax apoaecx coee, o e yxyae e. o oop o oceo caoc ea oeoo apaa ocyc eo acoc o oeca opayxc copocoepax coee. oeee apaa poecce xpae, copee ceo, oycoeo e poecca oce, a poecca oeca epeex coee.

Tae oeeo, o, ecop a aoy acoppyeoc a aocaax co, yyee oaae ea poecce oc e ee ooao aoc c x coepae (a. 2).

Taa 2 - Xapaepc cxox (1), oex (2) ocex (3) epx apao apa oaae 1 2 e, ycoe ap o HC >13 11 Coepae cep, ppm 230 95 Coepae, %:

aca 2,24 1,72 apoaecx yeoopoo (o eoy ) 0,86 0,52 1,copocoepax coee (o eoy ) 0,76 0,15 3,apoaecx yeoopoo (o eoy XC) 4,6 0,9 3,cyapx co (o eoy XC) 7,8 9,3 11, Aa xecoo cocaa opao epx apao oaa acoc x ea o coepa cepcx coee (pc. 5).

pa opao epx apao, oopax o 30 70 110 150 190 pee poecce oCoepae cepcx coee, ppm ao oc a, Pcyo 5 Be coepa cep a ooeo c e epx apao -cep, aa oopx oaa, o c poco cee oc poya aaec 1,5 1,6 paa cee coepa apoaecx, copocoepax, epeex coee.

Aa acoc oaae ea apaa ooceoo coepa e ape o pee poecca oao oc epoo apaa p eepaype 90 C oaa, o aa oe pee p e, yc.

ap HC peo yee ea apaa paec e yac apoaece coee (pc. 6). o oepae ocyce acoc ea epx apao o coepa apoaecx yeoopoo.

B oe pe a -cepax oeeo cooe, ooceo pyx epoax py yeoopoo, coepae epo apae aocoepax coee (ao- aopy). Cocooc x xpooopx py ecoy opaa ooe a, o eo 0,7 0,6 0,5 0,4 0,3 0,2 10 30 40 20 Bpe, Pcyo 6 - acoc oaae ea ooceoo coepa ape o pooeoc poecca oao oc epoo apaa (eepaypa poecca 90 C) - apoaece, - copocoepae, - epeee, - aocoepae (ao-, aopy), - oe poyca aocoepae coee, apy c cepocoepa coee, c oco eoopay ooea epx apao. cooae apcx ooe eo ( 1,7 - 2,1 paa) ca coepae aocoepax coee.

B o ae pee peya pao o paecoy pee apao cooa copox exoox epyx coaex P x epe poeoe pooco.

, % ape oe poyca Ooceoe coepae Aa coco pooca epx apao a OAO HHǻ oaa, o epe apa, oyaee a ycaoe oeaca 40/2, e oea peoa OCT a oee apa execoo aae, peaaee cooa aece cpex aepao eexeco pyx opace poeoc (ap T C), o ey (a. 3).

Ha ycaoe oao oc apao ace 42/2 OAO HHǻ ca epe oe acope yaaca a ee cec c aaaopo , oeceae acoee pe oyee epx apao apo T C, coyex aece cp pooca ceecx px co xopapao.

O poeo cyaa oep aooepoc copoo oc, ycaoee aopaopx cceoax. ee poecca p eepaypax x oa peaop-cece ycao oao oc ooopyoa cceo oopea.

Papaoa peoea o aeey oe eoc pao ycao oao oc 42/2 ye oe ecoc pao epeeaeo ycpoca c e oecee peaopececee yco eaoo cee.

ce paecoo copoe, oaeo p poxoe oaeo cec epe coe p, a papaoaa, apopoaa epea exoo, aa oaee yaaco e aaaopo , ee oee ecy cpyypy oaae copo coca, c ycao -43-107. Peaa ocee exoo ooa, e yxya aeca oyaeoo apaa (a. 3), oece yeee pooeoc pao cox po (o a).

Copoa ooca pee cee apaea a yaee eox oec eeaex eec, e eex paee opaoaxc ocox exooecx poeccax oye poyo.

Taa 3 - Cpaee xapaepc epx ex apao oaae Teepaypa e, yc. Maccoa o, %, e Tepe apa Be ae, ap, oee C e oee aca cep Toape apa o OCT 23683-Mapa T pcaeca acca e- 52,0-58,0 11-12 1,80-3,00 He op.

Mapa C oo ea, oycac o- 45,0-52,0 12 2,20 0,e cepoo eoo Mapa B (coooe) pcaeca acca e- 52-56 3 0,45 He op.

oo ea apa, oyee poex ycox a OAO HHǻ a ycaoe oeaca 40/e cooa poecca o- pcaeca acca e- 56 oee 13- 2,04-2,24 0,023c oo ea 16 0,oce oao oc pcaeca acca e- yaaco o ( cec oo ea c oeo 56 12 2,24 0,yaaco aaa- eoo opo ) apa, oyee aopaopx ycox o papaoa exoo oce oao oc 55-56 6-9 1,56-1,82 0,005-0, oao pee pcaeca acca eyxcyeaa oca oo ea 55 3 0,40 0, B cyae epx apao p o ocoo yyaec oaae ea oaec ycooc apaa oce p xpae.

C e oecee oye epx apao, yoeopx peoa OCT a coooee apa ap B (a. 3), coyex pax ee, a papaoaa yxcyeaa exoo copoo oc epx apao c cooae apcx ceecx copeo.

yxcyeaa exoo copoo oc peayec a ycaoe, cocoe oo oao epooo oc c oceoae coeee peaopa-cece oao oc eocepc acopeo, opoax cox po c py coe eocepcoo acopea, paox po epax epoopo c py coe ceecoo paypoaoo acopea (pc. 7).

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