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1 Ha paax pyoc APXOBA OCAHA BACEBHA COPOHHA OCTA APAHOB C COOBAHEM HEPHX COAEMX PEC AOPTOCTAH OEH HETEXMECOO CP 02.00.13. HETEXM ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa execx ay A 2002 2 Paoa oea a aepe eco opaeco x coo ocyapceoo eoo execoo yepcea, cy eexepepao Hay pyooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop .. ae Hay ocya: aa execx ay C.. apoo Oae ooe: oop xecx ay, poeccop H.X. Bao oop execx ay, poeccop.. Oo Beya opaa: OAO Hoo-c eeepepaaa ao aa cococ 4 2002 . 1030 aco a acea ccepaooo coea 212.289.01 p co ocyapceo eo execo yepcee (HT) o apecy:

450062, . a, y. ocoao, 1 C ccepae oo oaoc oee HT Aopeepa paoca 29 a 2002 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea, poeccop A.M. Cp 3 OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT Ayaoc pao. Heexeca poeoc opee o 55 % poox apao aece cp pooca ceecx px co, ex aeoo, aa-oeo xopapao, p o pec coe peoa aecy cxooo cp a o coepa pece, a o ey. oe aeca cp poyo coyc cepoco, poeao, acopo pye coco oc. B oe o epoeo cepocoo opoocoe poeaoo oc acopoa oca ooe oya poy yyeoo aeca c cooae ceecx ppox acopeo. eecoopaoc cooa copox poeccax ppox epyx coaex opeeec x ocaoo co acopo oooe coca eeo. poe oo, a eppop Pecy aopoca ec x pye poee ecopoe.

B c c aya ec cceoae oooc cooa epyx coaex P poeccax copoo oc, oopoe oo pe aay papao epe eex ece c e ex exoo oc apao pyx poyo c oyee cooaeceoo eexecoo cp coooex oapx poyo.

Paoa pooac cooec c ocyapceo ayoexeco popao AH P Heex. X ox eec aepao a 1990-1995 ; eepao eeo popao ocyapcea oepa epa ceo opaoa yaeao ay a 1997-2000 o; oopao ao oa PAH o acop xpoaopa.

e pao. e pao ec papaoa ayx oco exooecoo oope poecca copoo oc apaooo c p eex c cooae epyx coaex Pecy aopoca - yaaco Ca-co .

Ocoe aa cceoa:

- cceoae epaoecoo xecoo cocaa epyx coaex P (yaaco Ca-co );

- cceoae eepaypoo oec opao epa coa a epaoec coca, cpyypy copoe coca apcx ;

- opeeee copox coc cceyex epyx coaex, x coocae aa c ec poe copea, op aoee eoo apae x poeoo cooa copox exoox;

- yee ocox exooecx apaepo (oeca acopea, eepayp, pee, ecoc epeea, oeo copoc oa cp) a poecc copoo oc apaooo cp (x epx apao);

- ycaoee oax exooecx apaepo copoo oc x epx apao;

- cceoae eoopayx ooeo epx apao aooepoce x cop epy coae P;

- cae epee a ycaoe oao oc apao ace 42/2 OAO HHǻ ox acopeo (apcx ), oeceax oyee epx apao, peaaex cooa aece cpex aepao eexeco poeoc;

- papaoa cocoo copoo oc x apao cp pooca ex aeoo c cooae apcx ceecx acopeo.

Haya oa. B peyae poeex cceoa epe ycaoe epaoec, xec coca yaaco Caco eo e a x copoe coca.

p aae eepaypx, exaecx exaoaaox oec a poecc copoo oc epe oaaa cepca ppoa apao ycox aoec c ep copea.

caoea opeea po aocoepax coee eoopayx ooeax epx apao. caoeo ocyce acoc ea epx apao o coepa apoaecx yeoopoo copocoepax coee.

paeca eoc. Papaoa oco exoo copoo oc x epx apao c cooae epyx coaex P yaaco Ca-co . Ha ycaoe oao oc apao ace 42/2 OAO HHǻ ca epe oe acope - yaaca a ee cec c aaaopo c ycao -43-107, oeceae oyee epx apao apo T C execoo aae, peaaex cooa aece cpex aepao eexeco poeoc.

caoee aooepoc copoo oc x apao cooa p papaoe cxox ax poepoa pooca ex aeoo (A) yo pa coooex x apao a AO aeex.

Apoa pao. Ocoe peya pao ooe a Meyapoo oepe 50 e HTӻ (a, 1998); Meyapoo oepe Heeepepaoa eex (C.- eepyp, 1999); Cex B II III opecca eeaopoeo Pocc (a, 2000, 2001); Poccco oepe Ayae poe eex (Moca, 2001); XV International Conference on Chemical Reactors Chemreactor 15 (Helsinki, 2001).

ya. o ee ccepa oyoao 23 eax pao, o ce 10 cae.

Oe pao. ccepaoa paoa coco ee, 5 a, oo cca epayp, oea a 148 cpaax eca coep a, 42 pcya. Cco epayp coep 109 aeoa.

Aop paae yoy paeoc Bepoy P.P., Oyxoo C.A., poo T.., yo .., Hayy P.. a oaae oepy coece paoe.

COEPAHE PAOT epa aa ocea aay copeeoo coco cceoa coc acopeo poecco copoo oc. B peyae aaa oaao, o:

- ppoe epye coaee (, oo p.) poo pacpocpae coyc oc cp pax pooc oapx poyo. Ocoo oopa eoo pee copeo ec ae x epaoecoo xecoo cocaa, opeeeo oepxoc copoe coca;

- peya copoo oc ac o eepayp, oeca acopea, pee poecca, cocoa ooo acopea;

- op exooecoo oope copoo oc ac o a coyeoo copea, oaeoo poya eoxoo cee oc.

Ocoe e aa cceoa ea pecoo aaa ooe epaypx ax.

Bo opo ae oocoa op oeo eoo cceoa. B cooec c aaa cceoa aece oeo epye coaee Pecy aopoca - Ca-ca yaaca (cooeceo, aac Cepaac pao P), ece poee acope: aca (py), eeca ooa (pca o.), tonsil (epa), aa oc a, ceec paypoa aoca, a ae aaaopa c ycao -43-107. B aece cp cceoac: apa c ycao apec, ep apa c ycao oeaca.

cepe pooc a aopaopx ycaoax oao oc (eepaypa 15 - 170 C, pe poecca 10 - 120 y, eaa - o/), epooo oc (oea copoc oa cp 4,5 60 ) a poeo ycaoe oao oc apao ace 42/OAO HHǻ (pooeoc 1,7-2,0 /).

Mepaoec coca copeo opeec peeopaec eoo. Xec coca ppox epax copeo opeee oopepec eoo, pH oo - oeoepec.

apao opeec pyoo xec coca, coepae pax py yeoopoo eoa - -cepoco; cea caape aa: eepaypa ae, e, coepae aca, coepae cep.

B xoe cceoa a papaoaa peaoaa cpecc-eoa opeee ee eox xapaepc poya o oey poyca. Meoa ( oe o caapx) peye aaa pooeco cceyeoo opaa ooe opopoa eee aeca poya xoe poecca oc.

Bpae o-xece eo oo oece eoxo ypoe cceoa, oe eoc poecco aeco poyo.

B pee ae poeeo cceoae epaoecx, cpyypx, o-xecx copox coc epyx coaex Pecy aopoca, poee x coocae aa c ec ppo epa copea.

C e cceoa cpyyp copeo a ee pax oec o oeo peeocoe cceoae opao:

cxox, opaoax coo, acex epo, poaex eee 2-x aco p eepaype 600 C. poe oo, c paopa p eepaypax 150 - 850 C c ao 100 C. Aa paopa pooc cooec c epayp a.

Ha paopae yaaco (pc. 1) oee oeo ec paoe cep poc (4,33; 3,29; 1,53) aoa (4,17;

2,33; 1,48); oo poc aoa, aaec oec aoecx opooopayx epao py oopoa (1,65).

Ocyce oce opao epa coa aex ee paopae yaaco oepae peoaae ee cpyype poc aoa, oaax oeo ycooc coa. B peyae coo opao ecoc oopoox (1,65) eaeo yeaec oee eo poc apa.

Ca-co paco ec aoa (4,38;

3,29) poc (4,87; 3,15), poe oo, ee eco ye 1,496, ae xapaepy ae a aoa, a poc (pc. 1).

paopa cceyex oac o paopa acaa, eeo oopooy cpyypy, xapaepoay oe pao cepa, oea eococoy pacco 3,03 - 3,13; 4,37 (pc. 1).

Aa paopa cceyex oce po opao epo oaa ae x ceaocox cpyyp, xapaepx o aoo. Ha paopaax oce poa o 600 C cea yae peec aoa peyae eo paoe.

Cpae aa xecoo cocaa ecx ppox epax acopeo, coyex poeoc (aca, eeca ooa, aaeeca ooa, tonsil), cceyex opao (a. 1) oaa, o ocee xapaepyc co coepae x oca pe (50 66 %) oca a (14,8 23,83 %). yaaca a xapaepyec ooceo co coepae oca aa (10,0 %), paca Ca-ca a co coepae oca eea (III) (20,%), o xapaepo , ooaex poco aoo.

ae o xecoy cocay oceo xapaepy, ae epa ax c peoaa. Bea 1 - oeypoo ooe SiO2 / Al2O3 opeeeo cee xapa2 - epye aoc . Bcoe ae SiO2 / Al2O3 (8-12) xapaep oo, aoo aee 3 - SiO2 / Al2O3 oeec peeax 1,4 - 3,0. ae SiO2 / Al2O3 paco 1,5 2,0 3,0 4,0 5,Meococoe paccoe, Ca-co yaaco Pcyo 1 - paopa : xapaepy x a aooe 1 aca, 2- paca Ca- cpee aoc (a. 1).

ea Ca-ca a oocca a, 3- yaaca a, 4 yaaca a oce co- c oopoo a cpee aoc.

o opao o a peeocpyypoo xecoo aaa yaaca paca Ca-ca c oepa opaoa (x ocoe epa - ao poca) oocc pye epao c eco cpyypo peeo, opcoc oopx oycoea aopa ey oapy aca, poop ocycy.

3,4,3,4,4,1,1, Copoa aoc x epao ecoo e copoo aoc ooox apoax oopoox epao. aoooea eoc poc aoo ae e, e y oopoo.

Copoe coca opeec e oo opcoc, o ae oex aoo. Boa a yex ee eoy pea, oe o poex (opaoax coa) acopeo acaa oa (a. 1). eoa pea oo ec xapaepo oooex oeco c peoaa coepae oex aoo Ca Mg.

Taa 1 - Xec coca pH oo cyce oeax Coepae, % a pH SiO2 Al2O3 Fe2O3 CaO MgO Me2O* SiO2/ +TiO2 Al2Oyaaca a 60,5 23,83 2,87 0,87 0,91 1,02+ 2,32 8,10,ea Ca- 66 18,0 1,7 3,9 1,4 8,1+ 3,35 9,ca a 0,paca Ca- 50,0 14,8 20,7 3,6 2,4 7,6+ 1,40 9,ca a 0,eeca ooa 84,1 8,25 3,2 0,98 2,26 1,21 11,9 - aaeeca 82 9,2 3,0 0,78 1,18 3,84 8,9 - ooa Aca 53,3 18,09 0,83 1,68 4,84 21,26 2,94 5,To 72 14,5 3,2 0,3 1,5 1,7 4,96 3,* Me2O - cya oco eox eao.

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