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Ha oyeo peee aa pacea y oaa aa c oepxoc cyaaoo oo acoc o y pao, a oope oceoaeo oe c oa oaa, yey oay apyy accy oeoo eaa oo. oyea opya ocea oa oaa ee :

R C C (2 R - C ) So = rc cos [1 - 90 R - 2 R (R - R + C) ], e R - cooeceo apy payc a aa;

R - ype payc eoeo cyaaoo oo;

C - ya pao ea oo (eoa).

B aece pepa peax eoepecx paepo aa cyaaoo oo; (R = 54 ; = 432 ; R = 65 ) acox e pax c (P = 1000H; 2000H.), a. 3.

pee pacee ae apaepo aoec cyaaoo ypo oo.

B cooec c oye ae epao ee yex pax apyo aex aopaopx cceoa paoc:

- yea apya Py = 0,5 6H / 2;

- copoc ooceoo epeee V = 1,05 /c.

Tpe aa ocea poee aopaop cceoa.

e aopaopx cepeax cceoa oc ycaoee:

1) acoc copoc oca, oea pe, yeo epoeoc aa o apaepo aoec;

2) B coco oepxoce ap pe a eepecee oaae;

3) B cocaa coc cpe a oaae.

cceoa ceye ap pe:

- cyaaoa ooa (ca py pooc D; epoc opao cooec c pea yco HB = 170200) - ao (ca 40XH, epoopaoaa o epoc HB=310-330, c cxoo epoxoaoc oepxoc ); cyaaoa ooa - ao ( o e ca, o e epoc; a oepxoc aece ace, opayec a oepxoc peax ao o oaa c cyxap e); cyaaoa ooa - opoopapya cpye, peep cpye, epaop (ca 40XH, appoaa epo ep cao c epoc oepxoc HB = 700).

ocoy epeece apaep aoec cyeceo ac o a coc exooecx oce, ocoy x aopaopx ycox coca aoee pacpocpaee coca cx pacopo acox o pao-oo. aoe oc oaopaac peaea oecoo ec (P), oop oopx coca oy aa ao pao.

peaa cxe aoec ap pe epeecx apaepo aoec poee aopaopx cepeax cceoa pa cepeae ycao a ae a ca aepao a pee oc MT- CMT-1.

Ta a copoc aa eeo ap pe cyeceo ac o epoxoaoc x oepxoce, eoxoo o coppoa epoxoaoc peax ao (y). epoxoaoc (coa) oepxoc ox ao ypx py oeaec oaaee Rz80.

ocoy a ao aoecy c opyae cpeo, epoxoaoc x oepxoc cpo cyeceo yeaec o cpae c cxoo. Aa cx a poopa oepxoc peax ao oaa, o epoxoaoc opaoax peax ao cocae Rz 15. ooy ce oceye aopaope cceoa poee p epoxoaoc ao Rz 15.

ea epoeoc aa aepaa cyaaoo oo opeeec a:

H Ay = A p /,.

ec Ap = Fp S, H /ac - paoa pe a o ac;

= u /), /ac copoc aa aepaa cyaaoo oo;

u - ea oca, opeeac eco eoo, ;

- pe aa, ac;

Fp - ca pe, opeeac eocpeceo cepea;

S = V 3,6, /ac - y pe a o ac;

V = 1,05 /c - copoc ooceoo epeee pyxc e, /c.

Bpaee ce pao pe acoc o e yeo epoeoc aa Ay ee :

n Ci Ayi RAp = i=Ci Ci (2R3 - Ci) Ci - 1 Ci - 1 (2R3 - Ci -1) rc cos [1 - R3 - 2R3(R - R3+ci) + rc cos [1- R3 - 2R3(R-R3+Ci-1).

ec n - oeco ycox epao aa cyaaoo oo, aoo oopx ocaec eoxoa paoa pe;

Ci - cooecy epa aa;

ooc aepaa ocax py.

Ha ocoa o acoc, e o cepea a ae Ayi aaac Ci, oe oca Api, (paoy pe, eoxoy oca a ey Ci,). oceoaeo cypy Ci Api., oyae acoc C = f (Ap). o o ee oo oe ey oca cyaaoo oo peyae poee ax-o pao c peaae pao pe Ap, ea oopo oe ocaa ecx Fp, p, S.

cepeae cceoa poee c poo aoo oc, aece oopo cooaac acoa epaoaa oa, a ae c peaea oecoo ec (P), oae aoy oc.

Ha caac aaa oopa coa peaeo, oox oeco pea opoc e oo ce eo oca cyaaoo oo, o yye aeca cp paoe poyx aco, ce oppooo-xeco aoc exooecx oce p ocye x cepooopoa apeccx coe, yye ooeoc cpyea, acoco oaaee pao opoopapyaeo peepoo cpyea.

B cooec c eoe aece P yac ceye coee: C-29, C-25, CMA-1M, T-92. B aece peaeo cpae (aox), a oee apopoax pacpocpaex, yac C- 4TT -2000. Pao pooc coeco c A..

Cooe.

B peyae poeex cepeax cceoa oye ceye aooepoc.

Peae -2000, C-4TT, C-25, CMA-1M cyeceo yya poooce coca a acoo o, a oepcoo pacopa.

Hace aaa epoo caa a paoe oepxoc opaa po ce ococooc aepaa ocax py (ca 45) ecoo pa p ax yex apyax ec pa p coo yeo apye. Peae C-4TT, CMA-1M, T-92 C-29 p oe x acoy oy oac cpex cox yex apyo cpee a paa ca copoc aa ca o ce oac ee yex apyo yea oe pe.

Haoee coe poooce coca po peae C-29.

o peae papaoa a coeco c copya HT cya opaeco x H PAH oaopaa cooepaoao acoo o, coyeo aece exooeco oc PC.

poe oo, o cceoa A.. Cooea peae C-29 po aoee coe oepxoco-ae coca p ye acoc oepxocoo ae a pae e-acoa oa o pax oao oy, a ae poeocppoa paoe yeee ecoc ayxa eoa p opaoe execo o p poee oo o ye ayxa eoooo oopoa pax cpeax.

B eo, cex paccapaex peaeo aoee coe poooce, oepxoco-ae poopye coca po P C-29, o ooo peoeoa eo pocox ca.

B eepo ae oocoa peoea o oe ooeoc cyaaox oo.

o coe yoao apaeoc x oo pae a opaaoe, exece exooece.

Opaaoe peoea oxaa epop o aaopeeoy yey (p cocae poea a cpoeco) oeao oacx epao coa ca x yce, opo execoo coco pe, poee poaecx peoo. Tae opaaec ae a eoxooc yea coooe epoce (pya pooc) py cyaaoo ypo oo, HT p. yee cee oca cyaaoo oo. B o ooe oeo a acyae, acoc, opoc pee ee PC eocax ypx py.

Texooece peoea oxaa ecoo aceo.

Oocoaa eoa oe ocaoo (eye) pooc cyaaoo oo a ooe ypeee apyoe ae c yeo peyao cpyeax aaecx cceoa execoo coco oo.

Ocoooaaee peee aa o pooc ocax py a ce oyeo.M. Capco; yoeo cepeao poepeo .. ao. Pace oaa, o:

- peya cepeax cceoa py a ce pacoaac ey acoc.M. Capcoa .. aoa;

- oaoe yeee o ce py p oce aeo oe cae x pooc a ce, e aoe e yeee o ce ox py.

Peee aa oe ocaoo pooc epaoepo oex ocax py a pap (ooe ypeee aee) oeo coeco c C.M. Cyaaoeo. Oo oaao, o yeee y oao eooopao pao ee ocao py cae ee pooc aeo oe, e aoe e yeee cxoo o ce oo py.

o peyaa oe ocaoo pooc cyaaoo oo paec peee o o opae apaepo oec a ooy p ce ypo, opeccoe, P p., o o eoxooc poee ypeaeo peoa oo.

Peoeyec o peee exooece oc peaeo oecoo ec (P) yee oca oe eoc ype peepoa; aoee ee peae C-29.

Ba ec oecoe peee opoca copae pee exaecoo oec a pe eo ecoc. Haoee a coca pee o poe, a a , c ceye.

Coepecoae ooo ypo oo p ypox peepx paoax cyaaoo ooe. o oocc epy oepe oocoa eoxoo T pee epaopo ceax ocpy. Ha peaaec ceya opya pacea ao eoxoo T:

[G - (G.. + P,) (1 - )] 1 p ly =, cos qy (1 - ) e G - apya a ooo (peep); G.. ec aooo ae;

P, - peca apya peeo opa ypx py;

qy - ec 1 T; 1 - oe aaca, 1 = 1,25;

, - cooeceo ooc pooo oc eaa; p - oe pe eaa T o ocao ooe; - yo aoa coa ca epae pacooe T.

pepe ao eoxoo T p oe ao opy o peoae ycooc e ac ypo oo ce oooc ee pao .. pee ope ycooc, p oopo ecoc exaecoo aoec ey cyaaoo ypo ooa cyeceo opacae.

py a oaaee yee pee exaecoo oec a ooy ec coepecoae eo pacea exoo ycao oco c e oe ooc x ycao, yee o pooc oey paypa c yeo oooo cee oco. Ha peaaec ya poe ecx H1 ooee aop, e a epeeee oca:

H0 = H1 + H2 - H3, e:

- H0 - ea oeo cee oca ; - (.p - ) H1 = h. - ceee oca a ce paoc ooce aoaoo pacopa cao oc (o M.O. Apay);

fp (p - ) - H2 = H p F. - cee oca a ce paoc ooce poaoo cao oce;

40 h. - H3 = q Dc - ea aca oca a ceax ca py.

ec h. - oa eeoo oca; .p, , .p ooc cooeceo eeoo pacopa. cao oc, poaoo oc;

H coa ypo oc cae a oco; fp, F. oa oepeoo cee cooeceo aox py oeoo pocpaca; 0 aecoe apee ca eeoo pacopa; Dc aep oo; q ycopee coooo ae.

Toa ya ycao aaa aox py ooceo poex pa ycao oca opeeec c yeo coecoo ec cex aopo.

Oco exec peoea o peopae papoa pe c peee cpyeo c apye aca a epxx x opex oepxocx, peypeee opaoa yaee opaoaxc apeo a aax o pao c a p CO, a ae cooae PC ceaoo paoeoacoo cpyea.

B acoee pe pao yp cyaaoo oo pec opoopapya peep cpye, epaop, cpoepoae ooee o e e exoo, ex e aepao o e ocpy, o cpye ype ca.

p ype ca cpye o papya ao oppoa co ca aaoo aepa. p PC aae cpye paoa coppoao coe ( ocax pyax), oopy eoxoo a oo ee papoa aa p cyaa PC.

o peoae oe peaoao p ceyx ycox coooe epoce oepxoce: Hpa > Ho;

Ha H.

ec Hpa - epoc paox oepxoce cpyea;

Ho - epoc oea, a oop pocxo oece;

Ha epoc apyx oepxoce cpyea;

H - epoc aepaa py cyaaoo oo.

OE BBO 1. Oo ocox p oep epeoc cyaaox oo, apy c oppoe, ec x exaecoe aae p cyaa ca, poee cyco-oex oepa, pae opoopapyaeo peepoo cpyea poecce peox pao. Ha ceo e ocycy ayo-oocoae peoea o eoa ce eax ocec poee x pao cae.

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