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- yeee cooc ocox oo , a cece, aopaox oce.

Bo opo ae oeo eopeecoe oocoae pex apaepo oo acoco ycao c oepxoc poo, oeceax ee poaece yco pao aca.

Papaoa eo pacea o poae opeee aa pe pao acoca ycox epepoc ooa, o, ec ycoe coa pao oo exoo cyaa ca, poypyx cooe e c oo ox acocx ycaoo c peypye oepxoc poo.

Papaoa eo pacea ocooo oopa oc ca.

Opeee p oecee pex apaepo pao aca.

Papaoa aaece acoc aeaeca oe opa ooc epoae oo acoco ycao.

oye pa acoce ooc y o pooeoc, aopa, ooc oc ... HB (N1) coocae c CH (N2) ex yco cyaa (pc. 1-4).

Boe coacoa op ooc oo acoco ycao (N1) ooc (N2) CH, oop oeceae oa (paoa) pe pao.

Papaoaa aeaeca oe opeee oax (paoax) apaepo epeecx xapaepc, oopa apyec a eco eoe pacea pea pao acxpooo epoae.

30 NNNN0 2 4 6 8 10 Q, y../c H Pc.2. acoc ooc o Pc.1. acoc ooc o aopa acoca.

pooeoc acoca.

25 N15 NNN5 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 900 910 920 930 940 q1, /y..

Pc.4. acoc ooc o Pc.3. acoc ooc o ... acoca.

ooc oc acoca.

Boeo aeaecoe oepoae pea pao ox acocx ycaoo CH c e opeee oax (paoax) apaepo epeecx xapaepc.

Maeaecoe oepoae oaaee epeecx xapaepc acxpooo epoae (A) poooc p appoa ypo ape a aax epoae peeax o 0,8 o 1,1 o.e. o oaoo ypo ape o oeo oepo ccee oocex e (o.e.).

peyao aaa pao opeee oae paoae (exec ocyece o peoa OCT a aeco epoep) ypo ape x ocoe oaae o pey epoopee, a ocoe oopx poee pace exoooecoo cpae oyppyx apao ox acocx ycaoo CH.

N1, N2, B N1, N2, B N1, N2, B N1, N2, B B pee ae oe aa peyao paeco cyaa HB, a ocoe oopoo e p eax poe, cax c oopoo acoco-opeccopx py (HT), ae poee peaoo pyeo oea.

Papaoaa eoa poee cepeax cceoa a ae cyecye ocpy aopaopoo cea aep HM HT coaa aa eca oe cceoa pex apaepo HB.

cepeao opeee paoe apaep oooo acoco ycao a ao eco oe.

Opaoa poeo-ocpyopce pee o oco eea ooepo eco oe HB, oeceae apapoa oe copoe, oopoe oecpye pea py oe, a oopo HT.

poeeo oepoae pea pao HB opeee aecee oecee ae peaoo oea ocex yc, ecyx a caop poop acoco ap.

Boeo ecoe oepoae pea pao HB, opeee ceye ocoe apaep y o ae oaa acoca Q=f(P), oceoe yce a e Ho y =f(P) pea py oe a opyce Hp =f(P).

B eepo ae poeeo coocaee ox yepx cax acocx ycaoo.

oaao, o aoee oo peoa eoc oea oe acoce ycao c oepxoc poo, oope p o oaa py ococa: o eaoeoc a aapa, pocoo ocpy ocyce aao, ococo oa eo pee paec ocyce ypyeo oec paox opao a cay oc.

o acoeo pee Pocc peaoaac oe pee acocx ycaoo, caex opy epoae ().

Bop o oe ocoac a cooa ypoax yo cepx ycaoo epoepoex acoco (H), a eo epoaee, poeopa c oecaopo, aex , pacopaopo ca ypae, ocoex pooco ycaoo H. Beca peae oc ae ocyce yxc eeo epae o ao o yc, apep, e oo a py.

B peyae cpaeoo aaa H ox acocx ycaoo c eo, o ocee ce oco eocao H: oee cooc ceoc ; oa aapa a, o cyeceo ycoe ae eae eoo cyc x cpee, aoo apaee (HHC) opoae (C) ca; cooc pyoeoc ae ex cpo a eoxooc pooca cycooex oepa (CO) c ooa acoco-opeccopx py (HT); opooa eaeoc aeo ; cooc ee cyca cay -a eoxooc pee HT.

poe oo, cyece eocao ox ycaoo c c oe oep epoep aeo ...

eco, o poeee cos xapaepye oooc epoaee. Be ecooo ... opyoo epoae a oaae apeaa eo ycaec opae ... ox acoco c opy epopoo.

a oco poc e a epoep x oocey o ceecooc poy, pa oa cpae ope exooeco cxe ooo oopyoa. Papaoa ocoe y oo acoco ycao c oepxoc poo.

B aece poa oo ycao peoeo cooa e , a poaee acxpoe epoae c oee co ae cos. p ao oooe eeo pooo oeca caec eoxooc poaa aeo cae.

Ho epocepea poo oec oppye oy epoexoo oaae cyece peyeco: eo cooae po yee ca oex peoo ca, oaee oco oopx cao c eoxooc poa, peoa ae acoca, o, co oepe, cao c pooco cycooex oepa HT c aeo e.

epeeee epoae a ey oepxoc cae opae a aape paep, eec cpea paee, oeaec ocyae, oaec aeoc apaoa a oa.

Aopo p a ocoy aoee epce coco peypoa copoc pae HB - epoexaec.

aaa apyex ayo-cceoaecx poeoocpyopcx pao o, o peypoae e pyeo oea a ce ee aco pae aa ae ooe c apa epoep a oe oc ca. ae oepe cepea, poee a ecyx caax.

Coeco c copya HT papaoaa ocpy oo acoco ycao c ycoepecoa oepxoc poo (HB).

Peea execa aaa o oe aeoc pacpe yoax oooce poa oo acoco ycao ye oepaoo peypoa aopa oa acoca eee aco pae oo a, paaxc a ce aypoa cao peyopa-yaopa ce ya oeca peyopa.

Boea ocpya oooa oe p pao oepxocoo poa oo acoco ycao.

ooe e p cooa oepxocoo poa caoo ooo acoca ocaec ye ycao oao epecc a ac ye oe ooc peypoa oa a ce ee oa acoca peypoo aco pae poopa.

Papaoa apa pcoee epoae cpoxooy ay, xoxooy ay, eocpeceo eyey ay peyopa e ycao peyopo - yaopo ca, a oaao a pc. 5.

Pc.5. Cxe peypoa aco pae oo a c oo oyo ca, e: 1 epoae; 2 oya caa; 3 yaoe oeco coocopocoe; 4 - yaoe oeco xoxooe;

5 - paae (N xoxo a; W cpoxo a).

cepeao oaao, o c oo ca oo oy paec oe co aco pae eooo aa, a, ceoaeo, opoa pe cyaa ca.

oepxoc po cocpypoa yco oooc pee epoaee c acoo pae 1440 960.

Papaoaa ca ypae, oopa ooe oy e copoc a ce oooo epee.

Opeeea cea ee apy, oopa aaec aee ocyaeo-opaoo e oo a a paaeoe, o cyeceo cae accy yxc ace cae eoxooc poa aeo ae cae.

pecae peya oepa ocox eeo yo cyecyx aox acocx ycaoo c yeo peyao aaa execo epayp o cyecye ex exoo o oe cooo, apaco e ya.

Oopeeo c coae epee peypyeoo poa HB epec ccea opo oea oaaeo oc. Haoee pacpocpae ccea opo c opoep c popoeccopo, paoa oopx ocoaa a epe apy a opoa o, e oa epoae, ypo pa ae aoe ca.

O paeco cyaa oaae, o cooae opoepo ooo a 20 % c pacxo ep, a 25 % ye co aap ye oy e a 4 %.

B o ae pee ae peya cepeax cceoa: p a ae oo oao aco oo oeo aco, p ce ca o yy, p opo yee ca oopoo yy o 6,6.

coepecoa oepxoc po oo acoco ycao a HB ocaoo oee poe ca a yx caax OH "Taeey".

Boa acoca ycaoa a HB-600/20 eea cyaa c 17.11.99. a oo cae 131-B, e pooaec ee cooae.

B o ae Papaoa eo pacea aeaeca oe opeee paax ae apaepo HB ycaoxc epexox poeccax. Meo pacea apyec a ye eco cocoe ce oaec o eo e, o aeaeca oe ooea o eea aaecx acoce, yax cey ee a apy epopoa.

cceoa pe pao poa HB ycaoxc epexox poeccax.

Boeo aeaecoe oepoae opeee paae apaep C, oeceae yco pe pao A apapoa poecc caoayca. oye pa acoce y pee pee xoocoo xoa pee apy. caoe ceye acoc: acoc ycooo ycaoeoc oea;

acoc ycooo ycaoeoc oa; acoc pyoo aco pae.

pao acoce, peex ccepa, o, o oee ycao pooo oeca c apaepa cxe aee pa 0,01 o.e. 0.02 o.e, cyeceo yyae poecc yca acxpooo epoae HB. Copaaec pe yca: epo cyae - c 20 cey o 15,61 cey o opo cyae - o 14,33 cey.

oce ax peyao eoxo poecc cpoo oyepooo ypae peo ape epoopee. a aaa peea ye coepecoa cxe epocae execx cpec o oeca oep ape.

coepecoaa cyecya cxea epocae C (pc.6) ye epe yax ycaoo oeca peao ooc ycaoo oeca oep ape epooopyoa, a ae a opee peoea o ycoepecoa pea ape epoopee ye epe aoaeco caa paoaoo ypo ape epe a ().

cepeae ae cyooo paa ape c coeee eopeecoo pea pao cce AP-PH (AP-o aoaecoo peypoa, ycpoco peypoa ape o apyo - PH) o aoaeco caa paoaoo ypo ape pee ccepa.

B ao ae ccepaoo paoe ae pecae cepeae ae cyox pao ape c coeee coooo pea ape p aoaeco caa paoaoo ypo ape.

Pc.6. paa ooea cxea epocae C (epocepeaeo pooo oeca oae ca) cxea ee aee.

paa ooea cxea epocae ycoepecoaoo C peea a pc.6, oop ae ce paoy cxey epocae, ya pacopaop (TV1), oy acocy ycaoy c oepxoc poo (HB) c acxpo epoaee (A), ca ypae, ycaoy pooo oeca () c oo ypae ao ( ) ycaoy oepeo oeca (E).

Moeppoa epe yae exece cpeca oeca peao ooc - E oep ape - .

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