days a week, sustained for at least 20 minutes each time For both men and women, people who rated their regardless of intensity), a matter of concern because a health as poor were less likely to be sexual active and sedentary lifestyle appears to be an independent risk facmore likely to report sexual problems. Overall, 38 % of tor for coronary heart disease. Older adults are less likely the men in the study and 22 % of the women reported to be physically active than younger adults. Research inever having discussed sex with their doctor after age creasingly suggests that even moderate physical activity 50 .
can decrease the risk of coronary heart disease, espeConclusion. Alternative practices of health maintecially among the sedentary .
nance for the elderly are the part of a necessary comRegular physical activity can also help to prevent and plex combining medical services and non-drug methods.
manage hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, and obeRegular light or moderate physical activity — walking, sity. Further, it may play a role in mental health, having a running, swimming, just as rational nutrition and sexual favorable effect on mood, depression, anxiety, and selfactivity, can strengthen human health to a great extent.
The research data demonstrate low confidence in health cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for heart authorities in the terms of putting all these methods into disease, stroke, and some forms of cancer. In 1965, 40 % practice. So, the vast majority of people surveyed conof all Americans smoked cigarettes. Today, that figure is sider health support to be the individual initiative.
below 30 %. Smoking is still responsible for one of every Training and popularization of active way of living can six deaths in the united States. Moreover, it is still placbe treated as the prospective measures to increase the ing certain groups at greater risk of disease than others, interest in active lifestyle among old people. It can help and it is still the single most important preventable cause forming the stable motivation to social activity and to reof death in American society. Behavioral changes have direct the vital values of the aged group for its best inclusaved many lives in the past two decades. For example, sion in contemporary social life along with the younger the declines, by more than 40 and 50 %, respectively, generation.
in coronary heart disease and stroke death rates since 1970, are associated with reduced rates of cigarette References smoking, lower mean blood cholesterol, and increased 1. Healthy People 2010 // National Health Promotion and control of high blood pressure. In the same period, deaths Disease Prevention Objectives. Summary Report. Boston, uSA, from motor vehicle crashes declined by almost 30 % .
2010. Vol. 1. P. 23–26.
2. Healthy People 2010 // National Health Promotion and Lower rates of alcohol use contributed to this reduction.
Disease Prevention Objectives. Summary Report. Boston, uSA, Accompanying these trends were reduced public accep2010. Vol. 2. P. 12–13.
tance of certain risks, such as smoking and drinking.
3. Sex and Older Americans: Statistics on Sex and the ElSexual activity as the alternative method of health derly. uRL: http://longevity.about.com / od / healthyagingandlonpreservation is not well studied. But some researchgevity / a / sex_elderly.htm ers give the following data on sexual activity varied by Translit age: 73 % of Americans aged 57 to 64 reported being sexual active; 53 % of those aged 65 to 74 reported be- 1. Healthy People 2010 // National Health Promotion and ing sexual active; 26 % of those aged 75 to 85 reported Disease Prevention Objectives. Summary Report. Boston, uSA, 2010. Vol. 1. P. 23–26.
being sexual active (a representative sample of 3,2. Healthy People 2010 // National Health Promotion and u. S. adults ages 57 to 85 (men and women) found that Disease Prevention Objectives. Summary Report. Boston, uSA, sexual activity varied by age). Women reported less sex2010. Vol. 2. P. 12–13.
ual activity than men, perhaps because of the shorter 3. Sex and Older Americans: Statistics on Sex and the Ellife expectancies of men (meaning there are less men to derly. uRL: http://longevity.about.com / od / healthyagingandlonhave sex with in the older age groups). gevity / a / sex_elderly.htm УДК 616–084:316.662:303.425.6] –057.87 (045) Авторское мнение о неоБХодимоСти диФФеренцированного ПодХода к органиЗации ПроФилактичеСкой раБоты Среди УчаЩейСЯ молодежи Г. Г. Орлова — ГБОУ ВПО Российский университет дружбы народов, профессор кафедры профилактической медицины, доктор медицинских наук; Г. Н. Шеметова — ГБОУ ВПО Саратовский ГМУ им. В. И. Разумовского Минздравсоцразвития России, заведующая кафедрой поликлинической терапии, профессор, доктор медицинских наук; А. А. Невзоров — ГБОУ ВПО Российский университет дружбы народов, соискатель кафедры профилактической медицины. Р. Н. Молодцов — ГБОУ ВПО Саратовский ГМУ им. В. И. Разумовского Минздравсоцразвития России, аспирант кафедры поликлинической терапии.
DIFFeReNtIAteD APPROACH tO PROPHYLAXIS AMONG StuDeNtS G. G. Orlova — Russian University of Friendship of Peoples, Department of Prophylactic Medicine, Professor, Doctor of Medical Science; G. N. Shemetova — Saratov State Medical University n.a. V. I. Razumovsky, Head of Department of Polyclinic Therapy, Professor, Doctor of Medical Science; A. A. Nevzorov — Russian University of Friendship of Peoples, Department of Pro Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research. 2011. Vol. 7, № 4.