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- 喞 621.436.068:519.24 . . 鉅齣璢, 翼黼 它 寤繽, . . 吶鞳辷 隊繖纃蒹 19 赭 2005 . 碌鴦闊謗 驤謫 VI 韆謗聽辷 悶聹鼾瑁鈔邇 褌轤纃蓙 明佻遼 73/78 闔 關繖銜碚璞纃蕈 艢竦芻纃 瑩跪髞辮 體粮 [1]. 沃葹鉉繞 芻瑾纃蒹 粳 關琲鱶褂 蓐缺 籵 鞐舮繼 韆謗聽辷: 鞐礦謗 13, 鞳站瑕纃鱶頌繞 碼瘰鉐 鉅驤粮 瑯銜 (NOx) 銜鞐瘤鰰磋蓐 窶艢跏 (涼) 體粮碼 籵蓊瑩繼繪, 鞐礦謗 14, 齣鰰邇礦磋繞 釿鞐辷纃 轢 關繖繼邇 粮闢髓蓐鈬 骼粤鞴琿蒹 驟顋 跪韵褌 鴈闍萵. 鉅瘰 2008 . 58- 驟髑 般 關蓁諤 邇碵 鞳籥襁蕈 VI 韆謗聽辷. 落碆 鞳籥襁蒹 關珥蓚 關繖齣跪鴃纃 闔鰰闕 (Tier I Tier III) 矜鈔 粤蜻鰲蒹 邇碼 邇韭瑩萵鈞. 落矗 鞳籥襁 闔糅矼鞴籥纈 闔髓迯鈬 黽繿鴈纃蒹 邇韭瑩萵鈞 碼瘰鉐鈞.

們髑蓍驫鉗 邇韭瑩萵邇-關珥鈞鉗 痼芬, 轢 褌鴈頌 驪繖黼 鈿蒡瑩 關 矜繖纃蓙 粤蜻鰲蒹 韆謗聽辷 VI 綿 明佻遼 73/78, 硅纈 粤蜻鰲龠蓍 壹粤鞐譛逶 艢褌 令 銛鞐辣 瑩跪髞辮邇竡 碆舮齦犹 鉐鰰邇硅纃蒹 鞐礦鱚譛髓矗 83 銜 06.02.2002 .

刔顫繚逑 鱚辷繿褥 關釶諷踈 粳 體繿鰲龠蔘 辣鞦纈蔟繿褂 齣鰰邇碆 體粮 骼髓珥纈 釶繿閻纃蒹 骼銜矼鴆鰲 跂聹鼾瑁鈔逶 邇韭瑕 碼瘰鉐鈞 NOx 碼籥 驟頏蔗蒻瑩 EIAPP (驟頏蔗蒻瑩 關繖銜碚璞纃蓙 艢竦芻纃 碆舮齦 籵蓊瑩繼繻), 褌鴈顋 籥纈 關珥 轢 襃闍黴鰰蕈 體粮碼 籵蓊瑩繼繪 蓁鉐鴃琿逶 闔頏瑪.

驍艾 鱶 辣釶鈔蓐, 袱 繼鉤 赭髦鰰痼 們髑蓙, 鰰 赭髦鰰痼 圃髀蓍驫釿 跪韵褌竡 痼髑繪轢 卓諞驫鉗 鞳邇 驤髓繻 (別争対), 關鈞繿鱶 琿琺蒟 骼銜矼鴆鰲 體粮 鴃縺鈞琿 般 闔 碼瘰鉐瑕 涼 蔘 籵蓊瑩繼繪.

楳籥 蔡驪繖鈞琿 鞳璢鴆 闔鰰闕: 驕鉋 釶蒡邇竡 髓瑩蔡鱶繿褌竡 赭鱚韆琺 闔 體籥 別争対 蔘 辣鞦纈蔟繿褂 齣鰰邇礪瑕, 琿琺蒟 竦齒闊韲礪 體粮 闔 瑁琲鱚韆髓蒻瑕 蔘 辣鞦纈蔟繿褂 齣鰰邇碆 碼瘰鉐鈞; 碼瘤韋 鈿鞳粤諷辷 釶繩鴈 轢瘠粤辷 跏辷赭譛邇竡 釶繻 轢瘠粤辷 體粮 粳 關鈞繖纃 轢鴦齏 襃閻韆跂迺琺逶 蔡驪繖鈞琿蓍 跏髑蓙 涼 蔘 籵蓊瑩繼繪.

凵鉋 竦齒闊韲矗辷 髓瑩蔡鱶繿褌竡 赭鱚韆琺 闔 體籥 帝 驕鉋 釶蒡邇竡 髓瑩蔡鱶繿褌竡 赭鱚韆琺 闔 體籥 別争対 蔘 辣鞦纈蔟繿褂 齣鰰邇礪瑕, 褌鴈顋 跪聽 癪鴾 蔡闔譛芬矗 關 鉐礦粤鱚譛髓碆矗辷 轢瘠粤辷 艢 碼瘰鉐瑕 碚繖逶 矼繿鰲 體粮碼跏 粫艱譛逶跏 籵蓊瑩繼跏, 蔡闔譛芬矗謌髴: 赭鱚韆琺 費陋鰰鱚譛邇竡 纃鴃 Marine Technology Service (番 MTS) (撰鴃瑪琿驫蓍 竡體籥韵鰲纃逶 鱚辷繿褂 鼾萵辮驤鱚) 2000 闔 2009 .; 髀蔡褂 體粮 撰鴃瑪琿驫釿 蓚葯諤 們髑蓍驫釿 跪韵褌竡 鞳竏髓鞐 體粮鈔髓矗; 髀蔡褂 體粮 来肭-卓諞驫釿 蓚葯諤 們髑蓍驫釿 鞳邇竡 鞳竏髓鞐, 倥竏髓韲矗 褄蓊 體粮; 驍繙 蓁鉋赭 轢 騾蜥 侈佰 [2].

尤鱚韆琺 闔 體籥 蔘 辣鞦纈蔟繿褂 齣鰰邇礪瑕 骼髓鉞 蒟 髀蔡褌 轢艪琿蓍 體粮 (245 轢蓐纃鈞琿蓍 體粮, 轢鈔蔘 襃闍黴鰰蓙), 鱶闔 體粮, 關鈬褞鈞, 鞳竏髓韲碼 邇跂韲 邇跂韲 般, 闔頏鈞 關蓖蔡褂, 鋏辮繖逶 鉐礦粤鱚譛髓碆矗辷 (闔驪繖辣), 驤赳鉉鈞 裨瑜騾, 籥鴿 跂髓 闔髓韲蜉 體粮, 矗謗碆 碎繿鱶跪髓, 窶痼韆鴉鉗 粳蓁 體粮, 竡籥 跂髓 闔髓韲蜉 站珥逶 籵蓊瑩繼繪 (団), 褌謌繿鰲 跪邇髓 団 轢 鈔邇 體粱, 蒟竡鴈礦鱚諷 赭韋 団, 邇跏轢譛邇 瑜鴈鴿 碚璞纃 褌諷逞瑩釿 矗諤 団, 褌謌繿鰲 跪邇髓 粫艱譛-竇辣鞐鴈韲, 褌謌繿鰲 鱶闔 籵蒿蓿繼繪, 鱶闔 鴈闍萵 轢 體粱, 鰰裝 驍繖纃蓍 骼瘻鰲纃辷袱 體粮 (褌跫琿 竡韲). 骼瘰琿邇 骼碆褥闕鉐鱶 關繖髓珥諷逶 體籥, 闍珥珱蒹 闔 諤竡 來, 鉐邇硴鉤 闔 褌迺韲諷 撰鴃瑪琿驫鉗 蓁髀繩蓙 (蓐缺繪 纈鞳 齬瑜鳧 撰鴃瑪琿, 卓諠釿鞐, 尤瑾袱諤, 凰赭鞐).

尖琺蒟 赭鱚韆琺鈞 闔 體籥 闔袱茆矗纈, 鴈 籵蓊瑩繼, 齣鰰邇硅纃逶 轢 體籥 別争対, 碼闢驫琺蔡 19522007 窿. 茸闢纃逶 粮 1980 . 骼髓珥 28 %, 1980 粮 2000 . 67 %, 2000 . 5 %.

帝 釶鞐瘤鳧 琿琺蒟 閻鞨蔟邇 髓瑩蔡鱶繿褌 蓁鉋赭蓙 (赭鱚韆琺 闔 體籥) 蔡闔譛芬矗 跂鴈 竦齒闊韲礪. 註齒闊韲碆逶跏 關蒟轢袱跏 硅鴆 赭韋 籵蓊瑩繼繪, 邇跏轢譛轢 跪邇髓 (Ne , 蠡) 瑜鴈鰰 碚璞纃 褌諷逞瑩釿 矗諤 団 (n, 釶/跏), 跪邇髓 粫艱譛-竇辣鞐鴈韲 (蠡), . . 褌赱蓁蒡鈞琿轢 竦齒闊韲礪 [3].

ISSN 2073-1574...:. 2010. 亭蓊瑩繼, 釶繖蓁纃逶 竦齒闢, 粮諞逶 癪鴾 釶蓐 褌迹鴃鼕鱶硴跏 鉐釶纃邇髓跏 鉐邇硴跏 鱚辷繿褂跏 瑁琲鱚韆髓蒻瑕 (轢 鉐邇矗辷 褌逍繽蓙 驟跂蜻鰲 竦齒陋 籵蓊瑩繼繪 知冫 8178-7-99 知冫 8178-8-99). 沃關蓐辮, 粫艱謌 6NVDS48A2U (Ne = 640, n = 375) 8NVDS48A2U (Ne = 852, n = 375) 蓐缺 釶蒹 褌迹鴃鼕鱶硴 鉐釶纃邇髓, 鈔蓁琲鈞龠 蓚蓁粽鈞龠 跪邇髓 (N = 107 蠡), 鱶 鴈闍萵. 零 跪笂 癪鴾 釶繖蓁纃 竦齒闢.

鰰瘠. 1 轢 韆. 1 關繖髓珥諷轢 竦齒闊韲礪 體粮 別争対, 蔘 骼髓珥, 鰰裝 団 闔 竦齒閠.

呀瘠蔬 註齒闊韲礪 體粮 別争対 註齒陋 體粮 闔 赭韋 団 鈔竦齒陋 體粮 485 567 515 647 736 882 970 441 883 736 165 515 165(852) 闔 Ne 団 鈔竦齒陋 體粮 330 300 428 375 375 390 428 500 375 350 750 600 8002 闔 n 団 怦驪 體粮 39 9 21 9 18 19 7 5 13 11 5 8 6 32 1 9 2 3 3 4 怦驪 団 78 18 42 9 33 26 14 10 26 22 10 12 12 122 闔 鞐芻 % 闔 體籥 16 3,7 8,6 3,7 7,3 7,6 2,9 2 5,3 4,5 2 3,3 2,4 0,4 0,82 1,2 1,% 闔 団 18 4,2 9,7 2,1 7,6 6 3 2,3 6 5,1 2,3 2,8 2,8 192, 150, 150, 鎮, Ne < 130 < 130 150 < 130 160 150 < 130 俥芻 277 320 令繞 蔡謗 體粮: 245; 釶繞 蔡謗 団: 6NVD48-2AU (485, 330), 16,0 % 韲蒹 (闔 鞐芻), 30,1 % 6NVD48-2AU (567, 330), 3,7 % 6NVD48-2AU (515 300), 8,6 % 6-27,5A2L (515, 600), 2,4 % 8NVD48-2U (647, 428), 3,7 % 6徑冢 18/22 (165, 750), 3,3 % 8NVD48AU (736, 375), 7,3 % 70(736, 350), 2,0 % 70 (883, 375), 6(8)NVDS48A2U (640(852), 375), 4,5 % 7,6 % 8VD36/24A1U (441, 500), 8NVDS48A2U (882, 390), 5,3 % 2,9 % 8NVDS48A2U (970, 428), 2,0 % 俶. 1. 剋髓珥 體粮 別争対 闔 瑁琲鱚韆髓蒻瑕 団 呀褂 釶鞐芬, 骼髓珥 體粮 別争対 辣鱚頌粮碆茆 關. 1570 (草瑩 落痳譛, 操韲躬, 註瑣, 熔-39 粽.), 竇辜頌茆 關. 1577 (退鰰-1, 第諡瑕鼾, 粽.), 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 6NVD48-2AU (Ne = 485 蠡, n = 330 釶/跏), 骼髓珥 16 %; 體釿頌茆 關. 韲蒹 6-27,5A2L 8NVD48AU 8NVD48-2U 徑冢 18/6NVD48-2AU 8NVDS48A2U 8VD36/24A1U 徙 36/6(8)NVDS48A2U - (圃艢逵-驤鱶, 圃闊鰰 辮褌盪, 圃闊鰰 揣跏謚蓁, 鱶閠 凰踈雹 粽.), 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 6NVD48-2AU (Ne = 515 蠡, n = 300 釶/跏) 8,6 %; 辣鱚轢謌硴 體籥 關. (妹轢辣鴾-2070, 尖轢 粽.), 顋瘤謗硴 體籥 關. 12911, 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 6(8)NVDS48-2AU (Ne = 640 (852) 蠡, n = 375 釶/跏), 7,6 %; 體籥 鞳袱-跪鞳 關. 1575 550 鱶閠 卓諠鉈續鴾, 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 8NVD48AU (Ne = 736 蠡, n = 375 釶/跏), 7,3 % 粽.; 鞐芻 體籥 竦齒閻 闔 鈔邇踈, 籵鼬, 鴃繻, 纈鞳 體籥 艢辷赭 30,1%.

令鞐瘤鳧 髓瑩蔡鱶繿褂 籥迯 泌矼髓邇, 鴈 鱚辷繿褂 瘤諷 鴈逶 硅纈 齬纈 艢礦驤跪髓 NOx 鈔邇碚繻纃邇 銜 n pme (瑜鴈鰰 碚璞纃 髏繖辣 繩鱶硴鈬 籥硅纃蒹), . . n pme 硅鴆 鉐邇硴跏 閠鞐跂鴃瑕, 瑁琲鱚韆苴蓐 鞐瘤蓍 關鉚繿, 關蔟繻 硅辷 n 轢 釶鞐芬矗辷 NOx 瘤諷 體繿鰲纃邇, 繻 硅辷 pme [4].

鞐礦謗 13 粳 籵蓊瑩繼繪 體粮 (Ne > 130 蠡), 闔閠籥蔘 闔 粤蜻鰲蒹 VI 韆謗聽辷, 齣鰰轢硅萵璢 關繖繼邇 粮闢髓蓐鈬 芻瑾纃蒹 黻繼逶 碼瘰鉐鈞 NOx 艢礦驤跪髓 銜 邇跏轢譛邇 瑜鴈鴿 碚璞纃 褌諷逞瑩釿 矗諤: eNOx 17 /(蠡魴) 關 n < 130 釶/跏, eNOx = 45n(0,2) /(蠡魴) 關 130 n < 2 000 釶/跏, eNOx 9,8 /(蠡魴) 關 n 2 000 釶/跏 [1].

俥髑跪鴃蓐 體籥 別争対 蔘 辣鞦纈蔟繿褂 齣鰰邇礪 袱 骼碆褥闕鉐鴾 驪齬珸逶 骼癪鱶, 關蔟繻 矼謌蓁 邇跏轢譛邇 瑜鴈鴿 碚璞纃 褌諷逞瑩釿 矗諤 団 驪黽蓿 關蒟轢褌 骼癪鱶 (. . n 瑁琲鱚韆髓蒻 碼瘰鉐鈞 NOx).

骼碆褥闕鉐鱶 體粮 団 n 關蓁蓐璢 芻瑾纃 銜 250 粮 2 300 釶/跏, . . xmin = 250, xmax = 2 300. 闔跪 赭鱚赭鱶繿褌 髓瑩蔡鱶褂 癪諤 闔謫纃 鞐髣纈轢 鰰瘠蔬 (鰰瘠. 2).

呀瘠蔬 俥髣纈逶 籥迯 閠鞐跂鴃鈞 轢瘠粤辷 體粮 mi xi (xi 2 k 罷鱚鞨琺 mi xi ximi - x || - x) (xi - x) N 1 [250; 477.8) 160 363,9 58 224,0 171,1 29 275,2 19 118,2 [477,8; 705,6) 40 591.7 23 668,0 56,7 3 214,9 524,3 [705,6; 933,4) 17 819,5 13 931,5 284,5 80 940,3 5 616.4 [933,4; 1161,2) 18 1 047,3 18 851,4 512,3 262 451,3 19 282,5 [1161,2; 1389) 1 1 275,1 1 275,1 740.1 547 748,0 2 235,6 [1389; 1616,8) 5 1 502,9 7 514,5 967,9 936 830,4 19 119,7 [1616,8; 1844,6) 2 1 730,7 3 461,4 1 195,7 1 429 698,5 11 671,8 [1844,6; 2072,4) 1 1 958,5 1 958,5 1 423,5 2 026 352,3 8 270,9 [2072,4; 2300] 1 2 186,2 2 186,2 1 651,2 2 726 461,4 11 128,Mo = 380,2 245 x = 535,0 131 070,6 W = 127,1% = 311,4 96 966,沃 鉐邇矼 鞐髣纈逶 籥迯 鰰瘠. 2 闔髓韲纃 竏髓釿鞐跛 闔謌竡 鞐髀鞳粤諷辷 體粮 別争対 闔 瑜鴈鱚 碚璞纃 褌諷逞瑩釿 矗諤 団 (韆. 2).

野籥 野 = 0 400 600 800 1 000 1 200 1 400 1 600 1 800 2 000 2 200 2 n, 釶/跏 俶. 2. 宙髓釿鞐跛 闔謌竡 鞐髀鞳粤諷辷 體粮 別争対 闔 瑜鴈鱚 碚璞纃 褌諷逞瑩釿 矗諤 団 m ISSN 2073-1574...:. 2010. 竦瑣蒻 鈿鞳粤纈 矼謌蓁 跪糴 Mo = 380, 褌鴈鞐 骼銜矼鴆鰲黼 芻瑾纃蕈, 闔謫纃邇踈 闔 鉋踈諷.

剥瑾纃蒹 矗韆瑶蓙 W = 127,1 % 鼕瑯矗纈, 鴈 骼碆褥闕鉐鴾 體粮 髣蓿璢鴆 辣鈔邇韲粱鉗, 鞐髀鞳粤諷辷 邇韭琺邇踈 辣 銜矼鞦璢鴆 (骼碆褥闕鉐鴾 髣蓿璢鴆 鈔邇韲粱鉗, 繿謌 闔袱艢鱚譛 矗韆瑶蓙 辣 關繧璢 33 %).

剥瑾纃蒹 跪糴 Mo (轢葹鉉繞 瑜鴈 碌鴃纓珱繞 芻瑾纃蒹 關蒟轢袱) 闔閠籥纈 跪籥譛逶 蓁鱚鞨琺 [250; 477,8). 剥瑾纃蒹 Mo = 380 闔袱茆矗纈, 鴈 轢葹鉉繞 瑜鴈 碌鴃纓珱鴆 體籥, 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 齣謗硴鉗 瑜鴈鴈 碚璞纃 380 釶/跏 袱繿鰲 団.

痼艱 籥迯 體粮 別争対 銜體鴆鰲龠 體籥, 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 瑜鴈鴈 碚璞纃 380 釶/跏, 鈔轢褌 關蔡齟髓碵 體籥, 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 瑜鴈鴈 碚璞纃 375, 390, 428, 330, 300 釶/跏.

令繩鰰跏 轢瘠粤辷 硅鴆 體籥, 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 6(8)NVDS48A2U (640(852), 375), 8NVD48AU (736, 375), 70(883, 375), 8NVDS48A2U (882, 390), 8NVDS48A2U (970, 428), 8NVD48-2U (647, 428), 6NVD48-2AU (485, 330), 6NVD48-2AU (567, 330), 6NVD48-2AU (515, 300).

呀褂 釶鞐芬, 轢葹鉉繞 瑜鴈 碌鴃纓珱鴆 體籥, 轢 褌鴈顋 齣鰰邇硅纃 粫艱謌 瑜鴈鴈 碚璞纃 蓁鱚鞨琺 [250; 477,8). 菩謌繿鰲 體粮 鴈 蓁鱚鞨琺 骼髓珥纈 160.

茸瘤韲邇 轢瘠粤辷 關鈞鈔 鰰; 蒟 竇辣鞐譛邇 骼碆褥闕鉐鱶 N = 245 體粮 痳鞳鴆 碼瘤韲轢 骼碆褥闕鉐鴾 釶繻鉤 n = 160 體粮. 齬纈鉤 釶繩鴈 轢瘠粤辷 闔謫璢 籥迯 碼瘤韋, 褌鴈顋 闔袱艢逶 鰰瘠. 3, 邃 ni 蔡謗 體粮 碼瘤韲邇 蓁鱚鞨琺, mi 蔡謗 體粮, 銜瘉鞐繻鈬 粳 蔡驪繖鈞琿蓍 (跏辷赭譛逶 釶繻 碼瘤韋).

呀瘠蔬 釣迯 碼瘤韋 亭蓊瑩繼 ni mi wi 6NVD48-2AU (485, 330) 39 5 0,6NVD48-2AU (515 300) 21 3 0,6(8)NVDS48A2U (640(852), 375) 19 2 0,8NVD48AU (736, 375) 18 2 0,70(883, 375) 11 1 0,6NVD48-2AU (567, 330) 9 1 0,8NVD48-2U (647, 428) 9 1 0,8NVDS48A2U (882, 390) 7 0 8NVDS48A2U (970, 428) 5 0 韲蒹 0 160 帝 骼褓璞纃 釶繻 粮韲竡髓蔘 蔡陋鰰辷 關 蒟跂鞳辷 碼瘰鉐鈞 涼 轢 體籥 銜瘉鞐繻 蔡謗 體粮 闔 竦齒閠 (關鈿鉋蓆轢譛邇 銜邇纃蒹 12,24 % 粳 碌纒 竦齒), 骼髓珥繞 5, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1 (籥諷, 轢蓁 竦齒陋, 褌謌繿鰲 體粮 褌鴈韲 骼髓珥纈 7 繖., 銜瘉鞐繻鈬 蔡謗 鞐硴 逑譫).

w 褌謌繿鰲 體粮 闔 轢瘠粤辷繻 粳 碌繪 碼瘤韲邇 骼碆褥闕鉐鱶, %:

w = [(5 + 3 + 2 + 2 +1+1+1) 160]100 = 9,28 % ;

關繖繼轢 銹葹袱 碼瘤韋 = t ;

p p p _ _ = w(1- w) n(1- n N), 邃 w(1 - w) 髏繖辣竦齒闔矗 碼瘤韲轢 粫髀辮驤 p _ 粮謌 w(1 - w) = (1 - wi )ni = 0,0824, 邃 wi = mi ni 粮 體粮 闔 轢瘠粤辷繻 wi ni 0,0824 1- 粳 袱聹鉗 竦齒陋. 呷邃 = = 0,0134, 蓚 1,34 %.

p 160 齣鴾 關繖繼轢 銹葹袱 碼瘤韋 骼髓珥纈 3 %, . . = 0,03. 呷邃 蒟 鉋踈譖 p = t, 驪繖鈞瑩繼邇, t = = 0,03 0,0134 = 2,24. 鰰瘠蔬 黻碆纃邇 邇韭蒡鈞琿邇 p p p p 鼾襁蓙 摩闍瑜 [3] 鈿鞳粤謌 矼韲鴉鉐鴾 P = 0,975. 代韲鴉鉐鴾 P = 0,975 窶鞐迺蒡黼 矼謌蓁 關繖繼邇 銹葹褂 碼瘤韋 = 3 %. 汳 硼鉉辣 粮闢髓蓐.

p - 廷矼韆鱚譛逶 蓁鱚鞨琺 褌謌繿鰲 體粮 闔 轢瘠粤辷繻 粳 碌繪 骼碆褥闕鉐鱶 體粮: w - p w + 9,28 % - 3 % p 9,28 % + 3 % 蓚 6,28 % p 12,28 %.

p p 避琲, 跏辷赭譛逶 釶繻 碼瘤韋 15 體粮. 展 骼髓珥 5, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1 骼銜矼鴆鰲黼 體籥 団 6NVD48-2AU (485, 330), 6NVD48-2AU (515 300), 6(8)NVDS48A2U (640(852), 375), 8NVD48AU (736, 375), 70(883, 375), 6NVD48-2AU (567, 330), 8NVD48-2U (647, 428), 褌鴈顋 碯鈔 痼茆 籥迯 體粮 別争対.

楳裨纃蒹 鞳粹韆鴿 蔡驪繖鈞琿 硅鴆 瑜鴾 轢齬邇-蔡驪繖鈞瑩繼驫鉗 鞐瘤鴿 袱繖顋 汪髀謫瑩瑶 碆粱釿 鴃琿髀鉋鰰 蓁髓蓿齟 跪韵褂 鱚邇謗竏, 辣鞦纈蒻 鴃琿髀鉋鰰 醒厶, 褌鴈鞐 關鈞鈔蓿 繼 鈿鞳粤諷辷 竦齒陋 體粮 圃髀蓍驫釿 跪韵褌竡 痼髑繪轢 卓諞驫鉗 鞳邇 驤髓繻 赭襃蓐琺逶 鴈襃蔟逶 碼瘰鉐鉤 籵蓊瑩繼繪. 鉉齬纃逶 鞳苴譛鰰鴿 闔艪鉉 蒟跂韆鴾 碼瘰鉐 銜鞐瘤鰰磋蔘 窶芬 籵蓊瑩繼繪 轢 瘤頏 鰰褂 體粮, 鉚纃蓿 蔘 骼銜矼鴆鰲蒹 鴃縺鈞琿 般 鞐苣珀銜瑩 鞳褌跂辟瑶蓙 闔 骰蒿纃蕈 釶繻 鴈襃蔟逶 碼瘰鉐鈞.

冢煩諒 鉾凖仞厶俛 1. 唐纃褌 ., 註蔕褂 . 鞐礦諤 關繖銜碚璞纃 艢竦芻纃 瑩跪髞辮 體粮 蔘 關蓐纃纃蒹 // 野韵褌 謗. 2005. 5. . 5461.

2. 劣蔬葯譛逶 騾蜥 侈佰, 鞐舮繼 倥竏髓韲矗 褄蓊 體粮盪 / http://www.rs-head.spb.ru/ru/regbook/.

3. 毎迯蒻 . . 悶鴈 轢蓐纃蔘 裄珞鞐鴈 鉐邇碼 赭鱚赭鱶褌-髓瑩蔡鱶繿褌 鱚鉋蓙 釶鞐瘤鳧 轢瘠粤辷. .: 堡婆籍暖, 1962. 352 .

4. 尤韋鈞 . ., 操蒡鈞 .., 逐瘉鴈 . . 呷襃蔟邇髓 銜鞐瘤鰰磋蔘 窶芬 粫艱諷. .: 泌-碆 銘厶 蓐. . . 操鼬琿, 2002. 376 .

剪瑩 闔髓齒蓚 鞳籥襁蕈 25.09.STATISTICAL OBSERVATION OF SHIPS OF THE CASPIAN SEA BASIN AND THE VOLGA RIVER SYSTEM FOR EVALUATION OF THE ENGINE EXHAUST EMISSIONS M. N. Pokusaev, Nguyen Ha Hiep, O. I. Terenin The statistical data on 245 ships of the Caspian Sea basin and the Volga river system and their power plants are collected. The engines, established on the ships of the Caspian Sea basin and the Volga river system were produced in 19522007; engines produced in 1980 are 28 %, in 1980-2000 67 %, in 2000 5 %. The ships are classified according to the characteristics of their power plants.

The ships of pr. 1570, 1577 ("Nobel Brothers", "The Baron", "The Count", "NRW-39M", "Watan-1", etc.) are 16 %, pr. 630 (Kazan City", "Captain Permyakov" and others) 8.6 %, pr. 621, 12911 ("Lena-neft-2070", "Anna", etc.) 7.6 %, pr. 1575, 550 A-type "Volgoneft" 7.3 %. To reduce the volume of tests in measuring ship emissions the selection was made; the minimum amount of this selection comprises 15 ships. The composition of the sample 5, 3, 2, 2, 1, 1, corresponds to the main engines 6NVD48-2AU (485, 330), 6NVD48-2AU (300), 6 (8) NVDS48A2U (640 (852), 375), 8NVD48AU (736, 375), G70 (883, 375), 6NVD48-2AU (567, 330), 8NVD48-2U (647, 428). The probability 0.ensures 3 % error with a confidence interval 6.2812.28 %. The investigations help to define the group of ships of the Caspian Sea basin and the Volga river system with the maximum toxic engine emission.

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