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P O.K., Me M.B.

KOM EKCHA O EHKA KO OECKOO COCTO H ATMOC EP B PA OHE PACO O EH TOBOO PE P T E E HO OPO HOO TPAHCOPTA KAK OCHOBA OPMPOBAH CCTEM MOHTOPHA AP HEH BO HO CPE B ca e ea ae cpyypa pc ap x eec ac epy c ee p ea ap e , paccpe npc pa p a n npe np ee p pacnpa n aep nacc pac ae x ac epy ap ee, yca e pa e yc ee npe np ee p a aep nac c, aec cpyyp ya a cxea pa ec cc ac ep pae pacn e caap x e ee p.

eeoopo pacop (T) ec yaco Cpa-e) ocya pae ceeco opac xoca, ae ape: CO, NOx, SO2, H2S, Mn, Cu, Ni, V2O5, a eocpeceoe oee epeoooo Pb, HF, HCl, H2SO4, Cr, Zn, e(a)pe, ea, poecca, a yopoae oopo- e, caa, eo, co, oyo, yeoox pooc o oecee po pa- po, oa, , pxope oe pyo eex opo. o, pyo cyae e (o a op 2 T oyx ocyapaocepy pacaec aeoe oe- ceo caceco oeoc). B c c co apx eec. oa eoxooc opee, ae B ao opac Pocc yopye o- ceo aopa pacaex yaa peee 13 c. pep, oope eeoo - p aocepy pex eec peypaca aocep oyx oee 500 c. . ec opopoa.

paoopax apx eec[4]. C po- oe aeca aocep paoe pacocex oeo eeoopox pe- ooe yaax exoex coo p eeoo pacaec aocepy o- epooepee ae o pooee 80-150 c.. epx ac (, caa p.), c a pec, poc pacpocpaee oo90 c. . CO, 20 c.. NOx, 70 c. . SOx, 10 c. px e acco xapaep. Aa aepa. aopacox eec (eo, co, oyo o ocyapceo caceco oeoc p.), 90 . V2O5, a ae oe oeca a- oaa [5], o ocoo oe poco aocx oacx pece, a ce, co, e- epy o ooox aox eo, pacooo, co ex eao, eo, pxop- ex a cax Cpa e, pxoe p.[1,2]. c a p eeca-ape cepc ao cee pooca aoee oac- p (SO2), oc yepoa (CO) yoc ao coa ape oyo cpe a (NO2).

oocc oooe aoe eo. B coo- Ha cooa cpeeooee oaec c yoa aaee yaa- ae poco yaax ocox ape pep c ca ooce- x eec aocepy o ooox a a ce eex opo P. ox eo, ycaoee o aepaa ocyOco eepo-ooec oa- apceo caceco oeoc (opa ae pooceo eeoc ooo- 2 T oyx), cocae oee 95% o cyx aox eo, a aoee oacx apx poco oceyex pep.

coo ape oyoo accea cpe- oe cee oec poco a caoapx oeo (pep) T, px eec o ooox aox c oe poco acca apx eo ca Cpa e a aeco aeec pocax [3]. ocep cooaa epaa xapaepcepee pacaex aocepy ap- a aeop oacoc pep (O), ee ac a o ooc eo, a o ooa opee a aoo opea exooecx poecco eo pao. oo pep apee oyoo aceapa poco x pe- cea cceyeoo paoa [6].

p opac oaaa, o aocep Pace O pax pece ooyx cceyeoo paoa (eeoopo ec o ceye opye:

1 2 (MA), xapaepy cooc aocepdSO2 dNOdCO MSO2 MNO MCO oo oyxa ape [7].

O = + +, .p. (1) SO .p. .p.

CO NO 2 p opeee MA p cpeeoMSO, MCO, MNO e acca poco aocepy oee ae oox oaaee epoo2 cooeceo SO2, CO NO2, /o; c (P), epeo oo (P), ca e c .p.

SO, .p., .p.

acao pao- yao (P) ocaa (Poc) o a aeCO NOe SO2, CO NO2 cooeceo, a eeoca Cpa pocoo e/3; peoaoo eppopaoo ypae o d., dCO, d ocoe e, ae- poeeopoo oopy opyae SO2 NOcpe (P=77%; P=26 cy.; Poc=130 cy.; P=20,8%).

oopx cooeceo pa 1,0; 0,9 1,3.

Pace MA pooc o ceye opOpeeee e O oaa, o:

o II aeop oacoc oocc ce o- ye:

ceyee pep T, a cee aP + P MA =, (3) ooo eo ca e, oopoe oocc P + P oc III aeop oacoc;

e P oopeoc copoc epa ca o coo ape a(P=0-1 /c),%;

ocep ooaeo paoe pacooe P oopeoc e c yaa, %;

paccapaex pep eee ceo Po oopeoc e c ocaa eeo epoa (1996-2000 .) o cceye(Po > 0,05 ),%;

eeca-ocaa ec aooe P oopeoc copoc epa eo ca Cpa ( ).

O1996 = 9,31063/c max ( ),%.

P 6 /c ocoy pep, .. T po Ta a oyeoe aee MA axoc e o ee O a epe aeop, o peeax o 0,7 o 1, o, coaco eco aca. 1 pee ae O, ooe ca [2], oopeoc poecco, cocoepepoa eyaae pep a cyx caooe aocep, peoaaaeop oacoc.

e a oopeoc poecco, cococyOea aeca oyo cpe paoe x aaa pex pece e, o pacooe aooo eo ca Cpa c ec coac xopoe yco paccea papoae o ap eeca poapx eec aocepo oyxe eea c oo epaoo oaae apaoe pacooe aooo eo ca eop oacoc eeca (OB), paccaoCpa.

o o ceyey pae:

Ceoaeo, cpe aa, oax n peaex ccee oopa c yeo eeoO = (2) OB, i=pooecx yco, ocooe aee ee e OB aeop oacoc eeca, pacaeoo aocepy opoa, 3/c;

Taa 1. eee pep T a aeop n oeco apx eec.

oacoc o ae O Peya paceo OB o ao paccapaex pece papoa oaeop oacoc pep aee O I O 31,7 o pep T pee a. 2.

II 31,7 106 > O 31,7 ooec a eeco-ocaIII 31,7 104 > O 31,7 o, pacae aocepy yaa e IV O < 31,7 pepe, ec oc aoa (NO2) o oacoc poco o OB cocae 79%. Taa 2. Papoae oo pep eeoopooo pacopa o aeop oacoc Xapaepca ape oyoo acpacaex aocepy apee cea ao eo ca Cpa paccapaeop oacoc eeca (OB), 3/c aec a o aoc c eeopooecO Baooe eo (ca Cpa) yco.

SO2 CO NO oeceo oe ooecoo 1996 1,7106 3,4104 7,1997 1,8106 3,6104 7,coco aocep paoe pacooe a1998 1,8106 3,6104 7,ooo eo coye eeopooec o1999 1,8106 3,6104 7,ea pacceae cocooc aocep 2000 1,8106 3,5104 7, 1 2.......

ee aooepoce pacpocpae peCCTEMA OHTPO OEH ce, a a e oo eooo opeeee peOOECOO COCTOH ATMOCEP peeax oe cpoo ae c e oppoa cce opo oe ooecoo coco oyo cpe AHPOBAHE HAEH pep oo eeo opo.

B ccey opo ape oyo PEM HAEH MOH cpe pep opac xo ceye (EPEBHA OOECA AOPATOP) ocoe poeyp:

1) opeeee oocoae opa coa ape; HOPMA O APHEH BOHO CPE 2) apoae oeca ae;

3) oceoae eeoo coa pep;

TEA HOPMATBHA 4) oea ooecoo coco oea ape.

Aa cpyypo-yoao cxe cOHOBEMA AA ce oopa opo oe apeAHHX aocep pepe T, peeo a pcye 1, oaa, o poecce ee yopoa opeee ooecoo OCCTEMA OEH coco oyo cpe cceyeo paoe APHEH ATMOCEP eoxoa a eya, a opaa opa. a oocoao e, oeo ae Pcyo 1. Cpyypo-yoaa cxea cce ec aooe eo, pacooeoe a ca opo oe ooecoo coco aocep ooo pep eeoopooo pacopa Cpa yeco eeo opo.

Ha ocoa ye ocoeoce aecx yco oe ypo ape aoc- coa ape (ye op), epe ep a cocaea popaa poee a- o coa paoe oe, a ae 50 o e cceyeo paoe. ce pa- pa C oceyeoo pep, a ceo oceoa apaac epe paa o eo eppop, o aeo poco peoa o e cep ae xoo x eec, cooec c peoa ee epo oax opo. oacoc pya oxpa ppoo cpe.

o a poea B aooo eo ca- Paeee opox oe ocooo Cpa oco coo ape coa ape aooo eo ca oyo cpe a eppop aoo pep- Cpa (ye op) c aecee pa ec ye op (yeoe oee- C, ocyecoc cooec c popao e aooeoo exa), paoa a ye. cceoa.

Oxoe oe a, coepae SO2, CO Ta opao, peyae poee aNO2, p ca y pacac epe - e opox oax y cepoy pyy coo 10 aocepy. xoo e epo oa o To ae pacoaac a paax aeo poco o yeoo opa oceyecaapo-ao o (C) aooo eo oo pep, oyea oeca oea ca Cpa paepo 100 c oepeo ypo ape oyo cpe paoe paccopo (yco o) o aey poco, y ooe aooo eo ca Cpa.

Cco cooao epayp:

1. xopeo .C. Oxpaa opyae cpe a eeoopoo pacope.- M.: ococop, 1996. - 528 c.

2. opoo .. eeoopo pacop opyaa cpea. M.: HT MC, 1987. 34 c.

3. Oxpaa opyae cpe ooeca eoacoc a eeoopoo pacope / o pe. po. ypea H.., apoo H.A. M.: M MC Pocc, 1999. 592 c.

4. Aoe .A. ppoa oeco. Heoope ace pacopo-cpoeo oo. Caapa: CaT, 1992. 84 c.

5. Meoa poee eapa poco apx eec aocepy a pepx eeoopooo pacopa P/M.pac.P. HAT. M., 1992. 162 c.

6. ypa A.A., oe B.M., ycao B.., Capooea E.A. oeca oea aeca aocep poex opoo Opeypco oac. Opeyp: O, 1999. 168 c.

7. ep M.E. poo peypoae ape aocep. .: poeeoa, 1985. 286 c.

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