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E.A. Cap e a CC E OBAHE C OB OPMPOBAH EB X B POCOB OT ABTOMO HOO TPAHCOPTA HA AX POM EHHOO OPO A Ca nc ea np e e n epa a a a x p ax pa a a e. A p npe a ae pa e apa npe e e ec e x xapaepc pa y xc n e x n x cpa e y xapaepcy, n ep ey cnep ea cc e a .

A a a o pa c op x o oo coc o- epo oac o opy c a o c e a opo a y ax opoa oaae, o - pae po cxo p o x a ece e pa c op a o o co pooa c opa- x apyax a e a ep a. o ocoa e eaox poco [1]. p e o - e c e e e exa a ca .

e pa oyxe y ye a ce po cxo epexo ep o o-ay oe o oo epy oepe o e c oc e pa c- exa a ca ae o . Ha pee op a copoc oy x o oo, o pee- x a oo x opoax c py oo oepx x oe oyxa, o opo pac peee c oc ca e ocyec e c o ep . B coo e c c a eope ec o o-ay oe o oy exa y. Ceoa e pec ae , oe pa ee (Bec o, e o cyaeoc, o eae epo Oӻ 3, 2001) [2], pace a eop o ac oc oac a p cy e 1, o o pe epe o opo (O) co c o peee acc ca e e e cyaeoc o copoc oye ye c ee x ecoo coc a- x o oo opo ac ypa e e po a. B co oepe, o ec o ye a = ai -i, (1) ce o cyaeoc, e c y e ae ai i o e , a c e o p po oc e oo a ep aa eo c epc oc c epc oc e oo a ep aa.

. Ceoa e o, oo o o pee 2 /( c) oe oy o cpe, o opo pacce ae c 10 oc o a acca e ye c , eoxo o y po ecc opaoa pacce 8 y=2,4x-11,9 a ocep o oyxe y . Ha ye6 yco op poa pac poc pa e eoo apoo a ocep o oyxe y pa4 oo a ae . C aaa aopa op x yco x o e o e [3] a o peee a cyaey= 0,6x-3,oc opa o py a, x c oo a pee /c o opo pa o a oc. oye e 0 2 4 6 8 10 pey a pec ae e p cy a 1 ya0% 2% 4% 6% 8% a a o, o e a cyaeoc, e eP cy o 1. a c oc p eco copoc cya a po x peeax (o 0 o 10 /2c), y o a oc e oo a ep aa o a o ca a c e c e c , o ea x a eca e. p e a p x a c o- Ha aca poa x a oo x opoax c cyaeoc o copoc oy oo c o o py ye ea oo pa o e e o oa o o e e oac : 1 e pe- pecee opo c pee o py oo oo oaa c ay oe e o a ep a- oce o. B oc a oe pe e ae; 2 e aae c ep o cp ac ep a ye epe oc c y c pa c op oepx oc. epa oac coo e c ye y ocy o o ce oepx oc opo. Mexa co e x o, e ca x co coe py - a ye ye ae o (a oe a. B opa accooy y ocy papye c y o e e ac c oepx oc opoc o oc py a. p e xapa ep a c oc- ). o cyae a c oc cyaeoc o ao py a o a oc. O ao e oo a ep aa o copoc oy x o p oe a oc opa e epexo oo o o o ca po, oc e ae 3 2.....

o exa ca oepx ocTa a 2. B e a oc e oo a ep aa o eae a p cy e 1 epo oac a a e oc a ocep y ec oo ae py a a oc 8%, o opa o cae o p c py oo a oopoo. Copoc e pa 0-3 /c.

o e x ac c oepx oc aca oo oaeoc oyxa, /3, Baoc o a.

p yaeoc o e pa y, eoo ae e cyaeoc e oo a ep aa epaa, % 0 5 10 15 20 a oc o o a oc o oo a pa c1 11 142 112 92 61 51 3 op a ec e a oc o a, oa poe2 31 102 92 71 41 31 1,00, a oo a poey ac oe, o o3 62 1,00,5 1,00,5 0,50,1 0,50,1 0,50,1 0,50,y yec o x po ee e (.SA) pa epe 4 102 0,30,1 0,20,1 0,10,1 0,10,1 0,10,1 0,10,e y ye o cyaeoc (y). Ha poc a ae ye o cyaeoc pa x pa c op x cpec a c oc o Ta a 3. B e a oc e oo a ep aa a copoc x e a opoax c aca o a e oc a ocep y a c pa oo oeopocoo ae c pey poa e e.

py o op ( a a 1).

Copoc e pa 0-3 /c.

Ta a 1. e e e ee a a y ax ec oo aeoc oyxa, /3, Baoc ae a c pax p pa x copoc x p yaeoc o e pa y, eoo pe ax e pa c op x cpec a epaa, % 0 10 20 30 40 ae yeo cyaeoc , 1 11 4,51 1,50,5 1,00,5 0,60,1 0,50,1 0,40,/c, a ac pax yax (c e) 2 31 3,71 1,20,5 0,90,1 0,50,1 0,40,1 0,40, yax ec oo ae c py o T ATC 3 62 2,50,5 0,90,1 0,70,1 0,50,1 0,30,1 0,30,op e (aea e) p pax copoc x e, / 4 102 1,00,5 0,50,1 0,40,1 0,10,1 0,10,1 0,10,20 40 60 29 57 eoo 125 240 A a oye x a x oaa, o p 62 6 pyoo ye e a oc e oo a ep aa a 46 269 oepx oc opo o 8-10% (. e. 8 pa o cpa65 6 A oyc e c cyx opa o) a e oc oyxa 48 282 y c py oo opoo c ae c 30-50 pa.

Mac a a a e oc a ocep y c a x a o, o a oee py oo a oopoo aae c p a oc ae e ye o cyaeoc xapa ep o a- e oo a ep aa 0-2% coc ae oyco p copoc e 80 /ac, a /3. M a a a e oc coc ae 0,opo c aca o op e 192 /c, a /3 p a oc e oo a ep aa 8%.

c py o op e 789 /c. Ha e ee a o a , ac a a a e ae e ye o cyaeoc xapa ep o oc a ocep y c aca oo a oopoeox a oo e p copoc e 20 o aae c p a oc e oo a/. opo c aca o op e o a co- ep aa 0-2% coc ae 4,5 /3. M ac ae 3 /c, a opo c py o op - a a e oc a ocep coc ae 0,1 /e 21 /c. p a oc e oo a ep aa 8%. p C e e a e oc oyxa a y ax o- ye e a oc oepx oc 8 pa a poa po cxo a a ce ec ec e oo o e- e oc a ocep y c aca oo opo a ocep ocaa, a a ce ya e- o c ae c 40-50 pa. peap e oe ya e oepx oc. C ye e e a- e e o o c a o c ocoo pey oc py a po cxo yc e e ae o oo pee c e eopaoa , o epxa oe c e, o p o c a co apye o oepx oc epe eoxoac, ye e x c epc oc pe - y ay epe 8-10 aco oce ae c ye x epexoy apoo. Ha poo c ocao [1]. Ceoa e o, epe ao poey cceoa a oc o p o- o pee py p ope ae c oco oc po o o a a e oc a ocep y c e c oy eopaoa . To ec , e ypy o aca o op e p pa - a e e oepx oc e poo ee o yae o opo ( a a 2, 3). o pee.

3 2 o e oea oy o cpe, o o- Mac a oe o ec o a a c po pacce ae c oc o a acca e ye c pa x y ax oeopocoo ae opay , a poee c ep e o o pee- e c p a oc e oo a ep aa 0-2% e a e oc oyxa a pa x co ax copoc e pa c op x cpec 60-o e oepx oc, c epc oc ac, /ac coc ae 9,6.104 1,4.105 /c. M coc a x o o o ( a a 4). a oe o ec o opaye c p a oc e oo a ep aa 8% copoc eTa a 4. e e e a e oc oyxa a pa x pa c op x cpec 20 /ac e peco ax. Te epa ypa oyxa 30 0C, copoc oy oo ae 1,0.103 /c. A ao a ap a aa o oa 3 /c.

e c a y ax ec oo ae c pee Cpe op e. Mac a oe o ec o , ooe pa Mec o o opa Coepae Cpe payeec a y ax ec oo ae c pee po o pa payc ac , ope oc ee op e, coc ae 7.103 /c, a aco e, 0-2 , % opeee, oe 51/c.

/1 1,50,1 54 1,Ta a 5. o ec o , opaye c a y ax 5 1,30,1 58 1,a c pa oo ec oo ae , pacc a oe epe 10 1,00,1 63 1,cyaeoc e oo a ep aa 15 0,70,1 64 1,Baoc oec o Copoc ae y, /c.a 20 0,150,1 70 1,1 e- ,/c a oooo 25 0,10,1 74 1 , a epaa, eo. pyo. a oyc MO M /ac % 0 20 21.103 46.103 48.103 8,5103 4,32 20 8,5.103 18,3.103 19,2.103 3,4103 1,7 a x a x ceye, o o e pa4 20 4,3.103 9,2.103 9,6.103 1,7103 8,56 20 4,3.103 9,2.103 9,6.103 1,7103 8,5 a co e 1 peae 10 pa.

8 20 3.103 5,5.103 6.103 1,0103 5,1Ha co e 20 o e pa ye axo c 0 40 125.103 270.103 283.103 5,0104 2,52 40 86,5.103 186.103 196.103 3,5104 1,7 a ypo e . Oc o a acca (90%) axo4 40 78.103 168.103 176.103 3,1104 1,6 c a co e o 10 . C ye e e co o 6 40 56,3.103 121.103 127.103 2,3104 1,18 40 29.103 61,5.103 64,5.103 1,1104 5,71 o 25 o e pa ye ae c 0 60 240.103 516.103 541.103 9,6104 4,8pa, o, eco p a c e e o e pa 2 60 172.103 371.103 389.103 6,9104 3,44 60 159.103 342.103 359.103 6,4104 3,2c ye e e co , e oc oc opac ae, 6 60 113.103 244.103 256.103 4,5104 2,3 a a ye ae c c epc oc . Coepa e 8 60 57.103 123.103 129.103 2,3104 1,10 80 352.103 757.103 794.103 1,4105 7,0 o x pa o oe a co e 25 e po co2 80 256.103 552.103 579.103 1,0105 5,1c ae ye 74%.

4 80 238.103 513.103 539.103 9,6104 4,86 80 169.103 365.103 383.103 6,8104 3,4 a coc a e c oc pa c op oo 8 80 85.103 183.103 192.103 3,4104 1,7 o oa, a ae ae ye o cyaeoc pa x pa c op x cpec a c oc o copoc x e a oc - a o ec o e ye c , o o e oo a ep aa, o o o pee o e- o pee a eop o ac oc opo. Peyc o , opaye c a y e o peee o- a pace o a eop o ac oc opo peo a ae . c ae e pa o (p cy 2, 3) oa ae e ye o cyaeoc (y),. e. po- a, o p a oc 0% exa ca ee e cyaeoc e oo a ep aa () ye ep o o-ay oe o , a p a oa poe a oo (SA), pacc - a oc 8% exa ca ye aac a p ae x copoc e ye ae o .

pa c op x cpec , peyco pe x pa a- co e, e y aee ocea e opo oo e acee x y o. a ocep, c pae o yco x e pe o oPace o ec a , opaye c a y - o (>10 /c). O ao epo oc a x oo ax pa oo a ae a c oc o co- x yco . Ope ype e peae 4% [1].

poc e pa c op x cpec a o- C pyo c opo , o ec o , opaye c c e oo a ep aa, pec ae a- a y e o peee oo a ae , o o pac e 5. a pace po ee yco, o c a e epe cyaeoc , a epe o e pac e yac axo c o ee o oyxe, o opa y ae po ecc coc o, e ye a ocea . ocea c pae a yco x (=0- 3 2.....

/c). Bepo oc a x oo x yco coc aTa a 6. o ec o , opaye c a y ax e 45% [1].

a c pa oo ec oo ae , pacc a oe epe ee coepa e oyxe O, 3/c 3 000 Baoc a eop Copoc o ec o e- oacoc a oo- , /c 2 500 oo opo, 3/c , a epaa, /ac MO M MO M 2 000 % 020 1,3103 6,4101 2,6104 1,31 500 220 5,1102 2,6101 1,0104 5,1420 2,6102 1,3101 5,1103 2,61 000 620 2,6102 1,3101 5,1103 2,6500 000 820 1,5102 7,7100 3,1103 1,5040 7,5103 3,8102 1,5105 7,5240 5,2103 2,6102 1,0105 5,220 40 60 440 4,7103 2,3102 9,4104 4,7V, / 640 3,4103 1,7102 6,8104 3,4Ba oc e oo a ep aa 840 1,7103 8,6101 3,4104 1,70 2 4 6 060 1,4104 7,2102 2,9105 1,4260 1,0104 5,2102 2,1105 1,0P cy o 2. a c oc a eop o ac oc opo o 460 9,6103 4,8102 1,9105 9,5a oc e oo a ep aa copoc e 660 6,8103 3,4102 1,4105 6,8a o pa c op a MO 860 3,4103 1,7102 6,9104 3,4080 2,1104 1,1103 4,2105 2,1O, 3/c 280 1,5104 7,7102 3,1105 1,5160 480 1,4104 7,2102 2,9105 1,4140 680 1,0104 5,1102 2,0105 1,0880 5,1103 2,6102 1,0105 5,1120 100 80 B pey a e cceoa e e O ( 60 pace oo c ep e a oo) oc poe40 a c oc O o a oc e oo 20 000 a ep aa (p cy 4, 5, 6). cpa e pace , po ee e p a oc 20 40 60 80 e oo a ep aa o 0 o 8%, cxo ycoV, / , o cpe copoc e pa c op x Ba oc e oo a ep aa 0 2 4 6 8 cpec o opoa, e aca ooe op e, coc ae 60 /ac, a pee x opo P cy o 3. a c oc a eop o ac oc opo o 40 /ac. a o p cy a 4, a c paa oc e oo a ep aa copoc e x y oeopocoo ae yco x a o pa c op a M (=0-3 /c) oe opo ocea e e aa e pace a pec ae a e 6 ae c. p yae o oo a opo (p a c pa oeopocoo ae ( -. oe - cy o 5) c pae o yco e, y aee po) y ec oo ae c pee o- ecc ocea a ocep. p a ep e (y. Ac paxa ca). o copoc e oy x o oo (>Mac a oe ap e e a ocep oo o- /c) c ep e a e ae e pace x.

yxa y a c pa oo oeopocoo a- Oe o, o o o oc o cy c e pace ec oo ae c pee op - e ax a x o py c o a eeee aa c p a oc e oo a- , axo c a pacca p aeo epp op.

ep aa 0-2% copoc e pa c op x y ec oo ae c pee opcpec 80 /ac coc a 4,2105 2,1104 3/c e (p cy o 6) yco x p a oc coo e c e o. e oo a ep aa 0-2% c ep e a e pa oc a x eope ec x ooe- ae a eop o ac oc opo e pac o o o e , cpa a ae O, pac- e x, a a cyx x ex a ep ao c a e epe cyaeoc , co ae O, e c ye ee pyo exa ee apacc a epe o e pa, o ope . p a oc e oo a ep aa 4-8% o peee oyxe p opo o o . aae c cxo oc pace x c ep e 3 2 2 ! a x a x. a pae oo oy oo Ta opao, a a eop y , ee eo o oa c ep e a e a e ae e e p ec e apae p e eoyco , o o pace x ae (exa yco e c a ce a po o oo eco c ya o eoe a op oo e a ). y a opy o epp op (opoa).

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