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poe oo, o oo o ocooac eoo acpo caecx eco, pecaeo a cpae 38, eoxoo, o ep aaox y coaa c pepoo aoa pocpace xox cao ce. ooy e oe -opecoc opy aoo pepoooo aoa, pay 0,1. Ec ep, aopoa eye ceee xpooco, xo oy ax opecoce, o p aee acpoe ce coyec cooecy pepoo ao. B poo cyae c opa, xpaac eye ceee, oppyec, aac cpo coe, apeeppoaa epoa c e e oepo, ocaec opo.

ce, coppoao peyae aaa eopa acpoex apaepo cpoo co, ucmc o (7) (a e opac, a p ceo oce) caece eca xox epoo.

Pepeeaoc aecoax oye ce aoo, o ec x cocooc aea coo ec ec o aoec c oeo, oeaec ye pee ce cex ecx aoo cypoae o y o cey peeoy aopy. oce, a pae, coyec p papoa oy oeax pee, oope ocoe a poae poecy pyy oceyeo cpea.

Aop poeyp cea pecae a pc. 24.

poep eo ocooac peye ecoo aae. Caaa ae oe oeo pepoox aoo, ceeppoa ee ocpeco pee cce ypae (9) p pax coeax aax yco o xoo oopae oea ee pooo, a ae p pax aex ypaeo oec u. ae opeccpoa oey, c ee o pacooee coaae ao. Ec e cea oo, p pee apoo ypae (7) oy oy poe -a oo, o epooa apa ye a ocoeo. Haoe, pcy cey, eo ceeppoa oy 100 apx xpooco o o 1200 aa.

Pc. 24. opoaa poeypa pepo RBF-ce B peyae oa cpyyp apaepo HC a yaoc ocpo paocpo peop oea (eo apaep cpyypa oca poe 3), oop a epae o 30 cey (p e pepoooo epaa 10 c) eca oo pecaa oeee oea p apoecx ypax oecx aaoe aco o 0 o 1,6 aye u o 1 o 1. eo, o cp co ce coepa ceo 8 (!) epoo, eo, pooa a pee paccye, oo a, o 12000 aoo, ocax a cepe o ye pea oea, oo 8 oaac a.

o ea peya, ooo, popae aecy a aa e, e o, o cyecy, peaae exa, oc e ooo ca, o oopo oop cxoo. Oaac o opooo ca oo aoec c oeo, oy oe oay cpyypy, oopa oeppye o o oppye opa oea, oop oo cooa pee aa cycceoo eea acca oeo, aoc x coco, poopoa oee p pax cpaex ypae a aee.

oeo, ceye oe, o ce co coepeoo peopa a ooo oo pee ooo 50000 epa, o, copee, o opao, e eopao, a a yoae ocoeoc ppooo eea, ao ceye oec eoe pe oye, e oy e epe cycceoy eey.

oy py co oy poeypy cea epoyopo, e co yepac o coaa poep a oa ooceo ppo e a oeyao oe eeyao cce ypae. Bcox cepeax c e ac a ce oe a ceye opoc.

1. peoo, epoyop eceo ec e opao, cyecy paax ycooo coa, opoeoo cycce eeo. Ec o a, o epoopoep, ceo apepoa ye cepepoa c opaee eeo pa, oe ye ypa ca aec oeo. Ocyeco o 2. Moo a aope pax pecae ocpo aay ccey, oopa caocoeo oa yaa ee oee, epecpaa co ypee pecae, a oeo oe, paaa oy oay cpae oec a eo 3. ec coeae A+HC acoo o ceo ae, o oece eceo aae coca cce ypae ycox, oa xapaepc oea ec c eee pee ca epee opao pex opoco aoee co ac c pe, ooy o, e cye oe a eo yepeo, e co a opeee oe a opo opoc.

oeae pyoc pee aa aaa c, pee ceo, o, o aaa, xo e ec coo oa, eca e oaox ocaoo, a poecc oa oe cxoc co ce ea oca ocec. o ce eo o eo e opaec poecce oca cpeya a oy oeax pee, a oopo ocyecec oop. Ho oa cpey ae, oy oaaec poeo. Pee caoc oxo py a pya a e a o, ececeoe paoopae coaec oy epe oeay cocooc ocea ee cpee.

O pe, oop peec occaoe ocoo cocooc o oa peeepa oy (ec o acy peeepa, coxpa xo ecoo ocoe capo oy, o, ye oaa eoxo pcocoeoc, cpa a oe oxo pcocoex ox eo po cepxo , ooo apaopa, py epe cox ooo c oy cee), o eo cycceoc oea, poe oo, e co, a ccea oa oaac, oa eo ceye eo pe.

a aec, a yaoc, ec e acea peooe y pyoc, o, o pae epe, cyeceo pay pa eo pao oox eoo. Bxo ae e ox eeecx oepaopax, a epo acceco ay ope pecae eeeco opa a eo, ope, acoao y ox opao.

5. CHOBA O EHETECX AOPTMAX oa oop e o aeoc o eo oo eop epeex aeae, ceoao ooop, o a aeoc ee cc oo oa, oa pe e o aox opaax, o ec o opaax, oaax oap aopo xpooco. ao oocc aep, oopoc oe pye pocee opa, aae e cye oooo pa. Meoae, acoc, eoe, c o opaa. B pe ao e aoo ac (a cee oox eo cepaooo eeo oope c ao) ope coepc oo aop 23 xpooco. O oe ocac a, a eco, o oa, a pyo o aep. B oox oeax cyecy a aaee oooe xpooco, opye o e e eoece pa oaae, pe, oaoo cpyypo. Ta, ooco, aepco xpoocoax ee pae opy e a. Te e eee, e a peea ac o oo, ao ooe opoa ey ea poee. Oo, a peypyc ppoe ooe oaoc peeccoc ey ooo ea poecx xpooco, y ooo e eoo e eep. Papaoa pae eoeooece oe, o oopx peoaa exa ooo opoa, cae aoc ea, axoeoc peecco coco. pye oe oyca, o oa ea oy po aoc oopeeo, o pao cee (oopoae).

ac o e a ao. B oe oo, e e ca epe coo aay occoa aooepoce, ecyx ppoe. M oe ycaaa co cocee ao, ooy o caa o y ac cyccea e ax ocox opae a o, a ax ox oyx yy oopoa ooe oaoc peeccoc eax ooca. Cyeceo pyoe, a eo ca p, a epeaec o acecy a eopyec eoece pa eeeca opa ocoe.

M p oy, o ao-y poe ocaec oo eceo oo pocpaca epeex, oopo ooao cooecye o-a oa oa pocpaca pepe. o p ypoe cooc pecae cooecye cocoy xpae eeeco opa y aox opao. ox opao ce aeee epecee oco opeeea a a yx oax oopeeo (ooca aepca xpooco), xo o ape cooecye o-peey oa oa pocpaca eoo. B poecce pao coe ooo e aa yxoea oco eeppye pe oy, oopa coep cee acy opa o oex poecx xpoocoax. Ho a oep oa ee e popeae cayc oco. Oco oae oo oa, oa ce y oy c pyo ao e oepe oo c pcy o ape eo, p o ae cocoe aoc ooox eo oex xpoocoax pape o ey cyae eoxooc.

ae e ooe peyeca ae ooc Haepoe, ax peyec ecoo, o ocaoc oo a oo, ocoeo ao ac. poco aox oy eomunuecoe poeue ocoe nomu eueo oaaem u eomunuecoe poeue (xo c ao epooc, pae peo cpeaec pae oepoa, oo peoo, o ooy oaoy eoy oy cooecoa pae eo). Bo e pe, ox ocoe o pao e ec oae, o ec eoecoe poee oy, ececeo aaeec coco aaa, o e ceecye o ypae e eeecoo paoopa.

o ee o oo ee 20-x oax ocao C. C. eepo, peo oe eeecoo pya, ooaeo oy opae, xpaec peeccx eax [28]. aco oy oy cpaa c acepo, oo epxya oopoo, accopyea c ea, poc eoe, a a oo. oa e ac acepa cpa o aeo opa. Ho ocaoo cya ec, a acepa ec: o oepec py oo, o e yoe.

Tpyo yepa, o pecaea e epc o oo oy oo ceye ooec eop, o c ee oo oc ocox epax oo, eo xoe [29,30].

aaa e epexye aa {RrDd}, oopo R r ooaa peeccy 1 peecc 0, a D d oay oa 0. Oopeeo copypoa paa ooo opoa p opeee cpecc eo o opaoao oco, pecaee a pc. 25 e a papee oo.

a oo, ap ooox eo eoe poec o, o oaae oee c pao aoc. e c pao aoc oa (D d), aoy poe o paee paea, oae o e c pao peecc (R r), o ec eo eo coepae pa (1 0) paec o ae poecce eopoa ooo eoa oco caaa Pc. 25. Taa papee oo pao ape ooox eo Bxoau mauy mc oa u ee eoo cmoa uoa u ee epxe cmpou, a xoo - aeue eu, cmoe a nepeceeuu cmpou, omopo npuaeum nepa u ynouauxc ee, u cmoa, omopoy npuaeum mopa apy cpoy, a ae epe o pe (c. ay 1) eop epeex. Oao, ooa cya, oa oa ea e oao pa aoc, o ecy pay opa. ec y ap oooo D-d R-r (apaee e). Bo cyae ee pa aoc ooo x c e, o ea eooaoc p opeee eoa oco (cyecye ae cooecya eop eeecx pepo aoa Mao, ocaa o exa opoa).

cooaoe a pao papee oa pao ecoo oaec o oo, o peo Xoa 1971 [31] Bo 1995 [32]. B oe o x pa o ae cee ooceo pcocoeoc poee, ae ocac paccapaeo oco, ape ax oooo coxpa a e oee pcocoeoo poe, a ape accx oca acc e eee yceoo a.

Pc.26. pep cooa a papee oo onpeeeocmu npumo, mo aema A npuaeaa poume c oee cou ueco npucnocoeocmu oeo, aa ooopa ec eoopo ycyo aapy, opaeoy copeeo oyoo eeo. ae eceoc e coepa opa o cee pcocoeoc poe. oce ec peoco oo, o e ao oco pooa coe cyecoae ooce. Ho, a ye oop, ycox cycceo o ooeo ce, a a ceecy a cepe, peoeoe pao papee oo oca ycope cxooc A.

Pc. 27. poecc opaoa o ooa o o poee o acaec pa eeecx oepaopo, o o, coxpa e e aa, pope ooe coepae, oee peoe cxo ooec eppea. poccoep ox oyx oecye a eo e yx ocoe (o opeee Xoaa), a a oooe xpooco oo oco. epc ocaac ae ocaoe pee, o e acaec ya, o oa ee eyee aeoe cocoe ea ae a oe pyoe, papeeoe aao. Ta, ya oe oaac epao, o ec e caaec eoe ooa, ec oa e ee cocoe aoc peeccoo ea (r-R aoopo). Oao o e a, o oa oa e poc yye ooce. ocaoo ypoaoy a opao ey cpec c peecc oooo, o paea paee eee pcocoeo oco, a o cpeccpyec eoe.

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