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4. A+HC = HOBA APAMA B MOEPOBAH uua npecmaem coo pauayc ouecy cucmey eu, oco omopo oo noyum e eeue ux auu-uo uymuu emoau u nepeumx onmo, a u coo co. Oocoaue (ucmuocm) cucme ocoao a oaamecme npueuocmu meaux u ee meope oacmu ycmeoo onma, npue coomoeu ey noceuu u nepu oo nom u umyumuo. ou npoucxoum anpaeuu ce yeuuaec npocmom ouecux oco. oe moo, mo npuuumc mo eu, o peumc npuam, mo oueca ocoa ce oe u oe yaemc om ax onma, u ce nym om oco meau u ux meopea, oppeupyu c ycmeu onmau, cmaoumc ce oee mpy u u.

A. e. a peaoc.

Hepoe ce epeae ypae oocc pa e oepoa, ec a p yaea.

epa e, p, ocxo paoa Apcoe eoapo a B, opa, yaea, oaa co poee ae, aeyc peaoa oepoa eooece pecae aoa o pe e yee o ye. epeae ypae oca yy oea, o pe a epoa ce oaaec coco ao, a oo ocpoec aecoe oeee oea cyax, oope e ec. Aaeca opa pecae a e eocya, oa cocoa ao oo oo opee pece acoc, xo pe ec e, oeo, e o aoa ax ao e.

acceco apa xapaepo o, o cey aeaeco oe oea poecca oaeo peecye aa aaa, eee oopo poecc yopeo eoopyec a eeape e, aoe oopx oepaec ae aeoy cceoa. Caaa cea apyec oe cepe, oopo cceyea cocaa poecca oocoec o ocax, a ae, o epe peax oooce, o cepe oec. a peya, aec peeo poca, ooeo ea, oe e c ece oco oeo, oopoo o yco poee cepea, o ax-o pex yco opaec popaa eca eppea. Ec ay-o cocay co e y e yaec, a ee epeo poco apa aa. Haoe, ocyec ce oo oe, caa acx ex oee a po ey apy poecca, paa, c ooopo, o oe, eceoc, oy ee.

pepo ax poeyp oo pec oeco, e peaae opac o peeo poc papo aape oecaopo a ayy c oy cepeo.

a eco, poecc papa ocaec epea ypaee t di L + iR + (10) idt = U dt C Xo e copaa ceo yx yo aape ay, eo ypae p. Bce o coepa ocoe oe.

oe p oe R, ec a aoe copoee ay, pecae coo e o oe, a oe poopoaoc ey apee a aye oo, p yco oo, oeo, o aya aaa o coa nocmooo ape (oe cepe 1). oe p pooo oa L cocea yoc ay ee ooee pyoy cepey: ec aa ayy o coa apouecu ueeoc ape ocaoo coo aco (oe cepe 2), o poeee pyoo aco oea coceo yoc ay o ac a oe poopoaoc ey aya oa ape a aax ay. Haoe, eoc oecaopa C oe yaec opeee oec oa a oe, o-a, aoo-o oeoo cepea 3, cpaeo c oa ape a oaax oecaopa.

Co ayac, acoo ay peooe ooe ococa cex x oeo. M ap aa a ypee eoee pooe, yco oxae ay, oep epe oecaopa. epee eyex aopo pacpc, ec oe ayy c ee cepeo, oop e oo coe a yoc, o opoe ooee oooc yee eox oep ccee (o xpex oo, a epeaae . .).

Heo oo oe (10) e. Bc pa, o yec o o aop, a pec ocpypoa o cepe, peaa oe e, opee eppepoa ee apaep. p ocyc oe e coe oca e, ceoaeo, ao ypaeu, ocaeo poecc, yem aeoo eno.

Te e eee, o e eae a o ea o oe, oopa y ac ec. paa, oo a ce pao npuemc o cepe co ce e, oce eo oopa ae oeo a, o opeoc pecaa oee oa a ao. He ao, acoo oo aee ae oeo coay c e, o oyc acx cceoa.

M e oe oa, o o coay e, pcycye aoe, o a ce a ocycyx. a cece, ae oeo oya eoope ppae, ace, ooy, ee o oo, apep, ao aaoe oo pooc cepe co ce e. co, o epoaa oe ye ocoepa oo o aaoe, o p oe aec, o p pyx oax apaep oe ocayc pe.

B e e coco o epoceeoo oxoa a, oay, oo o, o o aao e opayeae a aaa p ocpoe oe. Hepoe ce o cyeceo cumemuecu, a e aaec oxo. oeo, ec ocaec oe aoa, ec ce oe coc apaepeco oa aoa, cocpypoaoo o acy aaox y epoo. Ho ec oo e epecye, aoy oeecoy oee oea cooecye aoc ooo epoo ao ec cc popea o cyae caece eca. aaa opypyec ce ce eo. cxo oo oe cceyec cpay eo, e oex cyax, a ex peax, oope ac epecy paeco, yapo ooe.

Xo oe peoo, o epoa ce oe o co yoo cooe peopaoae xo-xo, apaee eooo pecaa, aa apxeypa ce (o ec aoa) oaec aye pee epecye ac aa. ao aaox y epoo oe pa aa cooc ce coo epoo ao cpo coe oecea peyey opaoy eoc ce He oee opoc o oece opax ce, oxaax ce, a e e x oeee ce e coe ca a.

a o, ceoe cepepoae ec a ceo e ece ae eoo oca oeo a ocaee opoc.

Ceye oe, o epoceee oe, ce-a, co oac o oo, o oo oa o aeaeco oe. He p ooy x aa yopa, o py aece xapaepc oea e oee oo. Cyecye x pyoe aae peop (o acoo aoa to predict pecaa) oo oe e ecoeo, a a epoceee oe opepoa a o, o ye o eyey eco pey eopa coco oea pecaa eo ceye coco. B acoc o y pecaa paa ooaoe paocpoe peop.

Ocooe oe ey coco o, o ooao peop (c. pc. 20,a) oyae opa o eye coco oea o caoo oea, o ec o eco pa oey. ocoy p ao oxoe oa pecaa oae oo peeax eyeo aa, a e aaaec ae a yx ax aax, o cyeceo oae peoae ooc pecaa, e ypoae aay cea.

) a) Pc. 20. Oyee ooaooo (a) paocpooo () peopo o xo xo a oea aeo ox yc peye ce a aaeoo paocpooo peopa (c. pc. 20,), oop oe pecaa oeee oea a 1001000 ao oop oaaec pooe aoo oceyeo aa o coceoo pooa peyeo aa.

co, o ae ec oa pecaa a oo ae cpoo, a 100 ao oa oe opac o aoo peea, a oop epec aoe-o cxoco oee yopa c oeee oea ex e ycox.

Coxpa epoc paoy py ecoa paax ooo apa ee coce cpeca, oo poee cea epoceex oee aecx oeo, oopyc xopoo apeoeoa ce ax aax coeae A+HC. o coxpa ey peeceoc c paee oye peyaa, coxpa aece aecoo oea epooe eo opoo opa c e e ae oeo, o paee c epoopoepo.

Ha ep o [25], aepoe, e aa yopo. o cyecy, ac ocpo epoy ce, oopa apocpoaa pae ac cce ypae (9). opeeeoc p, o ce ye pexcoo c oypae 3-8-2 (. e. c pe epoa o xoo coe, oce epoa cpo coe y cypy epoa xoo coe). Ha xo ce oaac xoo ca u, xoo ca a peye ae x1 eo pooa x2. Ha xoe ce oppoac epa opa pooa xooo caa x1 x2 (c. pc. 21).

Pc. 21. ep o cea yopa Cyece oe o opoepa o o, o aece aaox y epoo cpoo co e y ceyeo a:

n - wi xi +w i=y = e, (11) oopa ac e po coao paaocepo y.

Ocoaa a ceo A pepooa poeypa aa ce paec e e a, o p cee epoopoepa. oy cocoa 100 apx xpooco. aa xpoocoa coepaa eo opoaa 50 apaepo ce. pooc aoo apao ce poa pea oea a oyee oeaac ye oa a xo ce oceoaeo yx cao: eo cye, a ae yeoo caa. poeppoae ca c eopoo co HC cpaac c peyaa pee epeaoo ypae (9) ex e cyae. opeoc pao HC oeaac ye eppoa oo (4) oox cyae a epae pee [0, 10 c] oceyeo x cypoa.

Pc. 22 cppye peya y oa ce, ocye 5000-y ooe.

Heocao yopa o o, o o xopoo e ce oo p ex oyex, p oopx poooc oyee. p oae a eo xo caa c poeyoo ayo (ey 0 1) eo oeee cyeceo oaoc o oee oea. oeo, oo o , ocaac paax pee eoo oye, aca eo ao oeee oea p x aex ay, o o y oaac a co cec. ooy opac eoe oye RBF-ce, pecaeo a cpae 38, paccope ee a oeaoo peeea a po oaoo ycope A.

) a) Pc. 22. epexoa y oea ypae o oopaa x1 (a) x2 () (coa pa) ee y ce (yp) Caa o cee, eoa xopoa e, o ooe oe cpo pe aay pepo ce xo epo pe. Bece c e, ee opaeoc ae pocaec aa.

Bo-epx, oa peye ooo oeca o aaec pyoo pya, ae ec pocpaco xox cao oaae o paepoc, a oeco xox aoo ao. Bce pao, o poaapoa, acoo aeo ao pacooe py o pya, o e oc c opo p oo aaox y.

Bo-opx, cya caoc oecypaae, ec aoo y ac co oo (cae, oee 1000 10000). Ha pae oe pyo caa apriori, ae eo o aoec c oeo oy ca coo xopox aoo ocpoe epoceeo oe oea. co oo oo - cya, oa ae o oee ao, aeoo xye, e oa ae oo.

oeo, paoa c ce, coepae 10000 epoo cpo coe, oo, o p yoo. a pyo pacca a cpoe peee ypae (7). Boae opoc a eceo y ce ao Moe , cpe x ec ae, oope ocaoo oo xapaepy oe c oop oo co paoa Ho a oa x opoa Moo poco oaac o ac aoo, o paep ce ca yooap, o oa pcye oep ay opa o oee oy eoopoe eca eooe peee ocaeo aa.

oo, o c, ae ao c eceo e oa a oea, a ae oopeeo o ce epoyopa c ao cpyypo cpoo co, copoa eoy acpo caecx eco RBF-ce c A.

B papaoao poeype [26,27] a ao epa oca A caocoeo pae, ax oax pocpaca xox cao ce paec ep aaox y epoo cpoo co, aaae ao x py oa. Cooeceo, oe o peyeo cya ceoo oca, xpooco coepa eep oo opa o apaepax epoo cpoo co ce, o e o caecx ecax epoo xooo co.

Cxea opo xpooco pecaea a pc. 23.

Pc. 23. opoa apaepo cpoo co RBFce xpoocoe p eopoa xpooco eop epeex oopeeo c eo acpoex apaepo opepyec caa cpyypa cpoo co ce.

pc. 23 o, o aca paep cpoo co opae oeco oox ceeo, opayx xpoocoy. B eceoc e, cy oo, o ye opopoa ey acpoex apaepo, o cea oyaec ecoo e.

Ha epo ae poepec pa oa aaox y epoo. Ec aoo-o x oa oaaec ee eoopoo opoooo ae (poo ax cepeax pa 0,01), o ao epo oycaec.

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