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C pyo copo, yaa pcocoeoc oco oaae poe e a yyee oy. e oe ooo ao oco oe o pepoyoo opaca, e oee co eo oy yyeo ooe ye ec ee ae. pcocoeoc, paccapaea a epa eoa a yyee, e Xoa [1], pecae e, oey o ce cepe poe aaa. Xopo coco paccope y e oee poo oece, o paccapa ecpoae eoo a poeypy oppoa opo (o opo sample Xoa opayeae eyy oy p.a.). pocpaco opo o cyae pecae coo aop cex eoo, a peyao oea ao cpyyp caoc pcocoeoc E cooecyeo eoa. O opoc, ca c pcocoeoc, y a:

B ao cee oea E( ) ao-o cpyyp oaae e ee a oppoa oo op Oac aa copee e epe, caaec c py aoca opoco: a cop peyao ecpoa peyx opo oaae e a ey a oppoa ox Oe a opoc yxo aeo opeee oo, o cocae ocoy oo aaoo poecca. M ye e, pooae Xoa, o oe a ep opoc, o acaec eeecx cce, coco o, o yyee e ao oco po poopoao oee pcocoeoc E( ). Booe, o ooee e oaeo cyecye oo pax poeyp oa, aeaecoo oye p., e ooee ey oeo aeca yy cpyypa ooo pyoe. Te e eee, ocnpouocmo nponopuu ocmuymoy aecmy ec ao ee, oopa oe ooea c e, o cea a oppoa opo penpoymue na pe o aae aaa腻 Ta opao, a , oeo epo pepoyx ao Xoaa ec pao oee pcocoex a oee oeco ooo.

onmo, o npu ycouu eueo uceocmu nonyuu (a onmepo oeupoauu ouu mo ycoue eooo uopupoam) npueeue npuuna npeuyecmeoo paoeu oee npucnocoex npuoum ecoo eouaoy peymamy nonyuu paoamc a e cau ocou, ae. o cyecmy, mo uaemo noueu ypo paccompeu cucme: onepupye e ocou, a eau. e opmc py c pyo a uaue, cue mecm u eooa nonyuu cax.

poco pepoy a ae e oopec poeyp. B eee epo x ooee o eoopx ocoe, oaax pcocoeoc e cpeeo o oy ypo, oac eye oy (t), o pe a eoope oco c o pcocoeoc pyc. oee oo, aa oco oyae oooc ca poee c epooc, poopoao ee pcocoeoc. B eee opo poeyp eeece oepaop oecy a eo ooo, opy aop aee a, o c eoc ooo poee. B peyae oyaec oa oy (t+1). poecc epao oopec, eeppy oceoaeoc ooe eoo.

ae, o oece ecaaoo oy ee aoe e ooee poeccy aaa, a oe coco aoa epeaoo y eop aoao. ae cocaa eye oy ooe opee cpyypy ceyeo ooe, e opaac peyey. Ooe oepaopo, o peopaoae (t) (t+1) ec pepoy a. Mopy eo eeec oepaopa i paax oooce, opaex cpyypo, pepoy a eeppye oe oco, oee pcocoee cpee E. Ooa epe I(t)= E( t ) pea cpe, poocoe aao ccee, Xoa ae ceyee coecoe opeeee pepoyoy ay : I (1) Pc. 5. peopaoae aceceo opa A Pepoy a Xoaa a 1. aa aao oy Bec oy ocea ox t=0 apoa cya o-.

pao M eoo ocoe coppoa x aay oy (0)=( (0),..., (0)). Bc 1 M pcocoeoc ocoe oy (0)=(1(0),...,M(0)), a ae cpe pcocoeoc o oy M (0) = (0) / M.

h h= a 2. Bop poee cpea e oep ox a ey t=t+1. Opee cyay epeey Randt a oece M={1,, M}, aa epo oc ae oo h M poopoao h (t) /(t).

Cea oo cae Randt c peya i(t), oop opee oep epoo poe (t). oop ci(t) ae opee oep opoo poe i (t).

a 3. oppoae eoa ooa C epooc Pc poec a eoa pax poee poccoep. Bpa c epooc 0,5 ooo peyao coxpa eo a (t). oceoaeo pe (t) oepaop epc (c epooc Pi), a ae ya (c epooc Pm). oye eo ooa coxpa a (t).

a 4. Oop oco a poae aea ee ooo C pao epooc 1/ M cex h M opee cya opao oep j(t) oco oy, oopy aec ooo. Oo eyy oy (t) ye ae (t) i(t) a (t).

a 5. Opeeee pcocoeoc ooa Bc pcocoeoc ooa E( (t)). Oo a ee cpee pcocoeoc (t) eop pcocoeoce (t).

a 6. epe ay 2.

peee a ocex yx cpaax coopae c ocaoo o, o e opaa ay ay c opooae pax cpae oopa a cpeae poae, opo opa ecoc oec eeecx oepaopo. a ocee 10 e o ce pe oe opo oe cceoa o apae, ye pae oa pc, a ae oe oxo, ycoepecye ocoy cocooc A.

ocoy aaece eo cceoa yco copoc cxooc aaac o oac a cepee poe, a papaoaa ea ccea ecox aa (benchmark), peaaex oocey eoc pax epc aopa. Ha x e o ocyeceo cpaee A c py exa oaaa yaoc eo cocooce pee aa oao oa. Oao oe cceoae oepa, o p ce ee pocoe aca A pey aex yc p acpoe o opey aay, ae o cpae c o yxy oo eoa (a aae oo cpae). Bacpoe yac, pee ceo, epooc pee eeecx oepaopo, oaae cyeceoe e a caacpoaoc poecco oopa eoc. Heoope pyooca peoey apopo pa e x cpaeecx apaepo a ypoe Pc = 0,9; Pi =0,01; Pm =0,1.

o-oy, ceoao oop e o cooc pee A ooe, a o aeaoc ypoe cooc aopa peaeo aa. e poe aaa, e eccceee caoc pae yxpe c opoo eoo, acpoo epooce . . B peee, ec eea y ee ece cpey cceyeo oac, peee A epe c cc, a a o oa eo ae peee cpee poe ac. C pyo copo, e caa, o e ao aa, oopy e o e pe c oo A. coae, ax aa ocaoo, p o-y oe a ce ceoc pecaa, oa o cepac.

e e poxo ceo paa payo cooc aa Haepoe, ce opeeec e, a pecypca pacoaae epcoao PC386 pacepo T64000. aco aa oee opeee pep aaa oa peea a oy o pao oepa ypo Pentium-100.

a o, a ceo e A peao poy epe pa ax cex oooce. poeypo paoy oo eo cpo cxoxc epc oo pocppoa o-cxeo, pecaeo a pc. 6.

Pc. 6. Pepoy a Xoaa Ha epo ae cya opao eeppye cxoy oy apx xpooco. eopye ae epeex ooo eeceoy y.

p oo aeaeco oe opeee ec pcocoeoc aoo pee acoc o eo e yopoae oy. Bce cpe o oy pcocoeoc.

Opac a ee, aaae epooc, c ao aa oco, oaaa pcocoeoc e cpeeo ypo, oe ca poee.

p o aoo poe ec e oooc - o poco copoa ceyee ooee, o oepyc oec eeecx oepaopo poecce eeppoa xpooco ooa.

aee oeae pcocoeoc ooa, , ecy aao opao, oceeo aoe oy ceyeo ooe.

epe M ao ooe ooee oaaec coppoa. co, o ocoy oo oyeo o yx poee, o eo pcocoeoc oa ae coo. He ae coe, o, opy cao pcocoe oco oooc ca poee a ooco, yeae , o pae epe, e yeae cpe o oy pcocoeoc.

Paoy aopa pepaae p oce oye coco aaa, epyeoy o ca pa oy caaa ooe oao, a ae - oy. poccoep a exa eoc epe ax ycox co cy - p cpea ex poee ooo e e ye oac o ooo x. Mya epc yy o-peey opoa ooco, ecpy ce oe oe o ocooo pocpaca, o eyceo - ye aeoo pee e, oo e coy ae cyc poeoe po.

coae, o oa (a cee aaec cocpypoax ecox aa) e oe c yepeoc yepa, o aeoe peee pecae coo oa cpey. eoecoe eoecoe poee oy ec eoxo, o e ocao pao yceoc oca. Oo oo ceecye, o aoo cpey ae, o eo e oop o o, ao eo xapaep. Te e eee, a e ocaec eo pyoo, a oocoac ocy peyao. B poo cyae ye oopo ayc aay aee a oee aopoe pae co, e a ya o coeo oy. o eoopa p oo coea cyax aopo peee oe oaac oee peae.

2. CCCTBEHHE HEPOHHE CET Ce epoo, opaya eoeec o, pecae coo cooey oecy, cyeceo apaey ccey opao opa. Oa cocoa opaoa co epo a opao, o peaoa ocpe opaa, eo pacoae o oo pa cpee, e aa yy pee ca copee oepa. Ta pacoae aooo a pocxo oe eoea a 100120 c, o pe a oepy oo eoxo y ae ac.

Ceo, a 40 e aa, ecoeo o, o o paoae oee eo pao py opao, e a cea aa, coaa eoeo. eo o a ee cox e oyae apae pao yex o coa cceoa cyccex epox cee.

2.1. o o a cy epy eeoc Bopoc, ec o opa e-o poe a, epe o payc ocoo aeao Pee eapo (15961650). eap epo oea exa, oa eep ae pcy papaoe e o e eecx e. Paao oe a eoea Bceey oya oa oo ep oo. o oo ap pecae, o ao ppo, aa o ae ae aaa ee ae, c ee ee. Bceea pecaac a opaa oopaee co acaa acoo exa, coa pee ee Be Topo. Ha oo ypoe pecae axo ooee exaecx eeyax, coaaex oaee aox oo Epo. ac c yyo, oa aex, oae oceee, cyao acyx a cpy pyy pae e o oc c ec eoea oxox exacecx epax o eapy, ce ec, a y eoea, a y ox, c oeo a co eeo pa. Be papae oyae o opao yc. Boyee epeaec o, oop apae eo a cooecye ycy. Ta opao, oyee opao yc po copae ycy, o ec pa pea a e papae. ep papae a opaaec opao epo cceo epe ycy ooo. Tep peec (o a. reflex opaee, oce, oec) epe aao eo x paccyex eapa.

popecc oa exao ax pea ocy ecoo oee a oax c o, y oopx yae o.

Ooo 1750 oa oac ye B oaa, o ae e opopyc c oo. O oapy, o oeaea ya oepae o o ya, o ec ya y ee oopeeo ooo co o, oa epecae peapoa a yo.

ae oo ye eycox peeco oye o pe payco Peo. ep aa, py pa eoopx ee epo, cceoa, coxpaec coae oce opoa.

O pe oy, o e, o cyopo oeaeoo ea c copee peeop ec. pae cceoa pooe ee cceoaee Teoopo oo, oop o cep cepeo a ooa aex pecyo. ae ocaoo ce oye e poo aoo ea eee epo y oce oeaa.

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