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Bopooc. .

Maxoo . B.

epae C. H.

Cepee C. A.

EHETECE AOPTM, CCCTBEHHE HEPOHHE CET POEM BPTAHO PEAHOCT XAPOB OCHOBA 1997 32.815 519.7 B75 Peee:

o.ex.ay, po., e Haoaoo oea paco accoa o aoaecoy ypae . . Toope;

o.ex.ay, po. B. . peo.

Peoeoaa oyoa e coeo Xapoco ocyapceo aae opocoo xoca (pooo 6 o 28.02.97 .).

Bopooc.., p.

B75 eeece aop, cyccee epoe ce poe pyao peaoc /. . Bopooc, . B. Maxoo, C. H. epae, C. A. Cepee. X.: OCHOBA, 1997. 112 c.

ISBN 5776802938.

B oopa paccope opoc pee oox eoo aeaecoo oepoa, eeecx aopo cyccex epox cee, pee oeca aa ypae aec oea, ocpoe aax eeyax cce ypae. Aop pe ex popapoa copooe peyaa cea epoyopo epoopoepo ecooo aecoo oea, oye aopa.

ayx paoo, acpao cyeo capx ypco, ceapyxc oac aaoo ypae aeaecoo oepoa.

1602110000 - 39 B aaoe 32.815 226 - 97 ISBN 5776802938 Aop, 1997 2 PECOBE Hacoa popa oo o oe epoo aa ayoo poea peee oox eoo aeaecoo oepoa ypae oea epe, oeoo coeco Xapoc ocyapce oexec yepceo Xapoco T֗5 p oepe PocccoAepacoo ocopya o eeec Aopa. poe aee a oc ox oeyax pee eeyao cce ypae copee epoeeppy pepe, ep e eo a apae a papaoy a ae eeecx aopo popaoo oecee cea epoceex ooe yye cce.

p peee oyoa oyee a poe 1995 96 . peya, oca epe coo e oec o pooo ae ee e pcece pe, coyee ooo oepoa, poeocppoa eoc ox cex exoo pee aa cycceoo eea.

Cpeee peeo pocoe aooc oe oyo ac cpyyppoa popy a e ac ocoo pae, aa eoece oco oxoo, poe, ee copee cpao xapaep. o ypoc ae epe a caocoeo oepoa cyccex epox cee, ca popy peyaa cea epoyopo epoopoepo ecooo aecoo oea, oca opoo poex cpyypy apaep cee.

oyc cyae, xoe pa aoapoc poeccopy py yay, peopy PocccoAepacoo ocopya o eeec Aopa, a eo ocooe ae a cceoa oac eeecx aopo ceepy opaoy ocyay oo ocyece poea.

Amop COEPAHE Cco ycox ooae copae Beee. O pax ooax epa eeyaoc ypae 1. eeece aop 1.1. pecaee eeeco opa 1.2. eeece oepaop 1.3. peyeceoe pao paoe cex 2. cyccee epoe ce 2.1. o o a cy epy eeoc 2.2. Caoee pae HC 3. A+HC = Hoa apaa ypae 4. A+HC = Hoa apaa oepoa 5. Coa o eeecx aopax 6. Bpyaa peaoc cycce ee aee Tepooec coap eo cco Cco epayp poee 1. Peya cea aa apaepeco yceoc epoopoepa poee 2. yop oeaeoo ea e ayxa poee 3. Peya cea aa apaepeco yceoc yopa oeaeoo ea c ayxae poee 4. yop oeaeoo ea c c ayxae poee 5. Bpya pa ypae a ae epoyopa poee 6. eeece aop cyccee epoe ce epee CCO COBHX OOHAEH COPAEH ai, bi ea paa pa oac oycx ae i-o epeeo poepoa;

=(A1 A2 A3 AL) xpoocoa;

(t)=( (t),..., (t)) eya oy eoo;

1 M c oopa epa aaoo y;

D eaee xo ce (xoo ao);

e oa a xoe ce;

E cpea, poocoa aao ccee;

H paep cpoo co ce;

I pea cpe, poocoe aao ccee;

J yoa aeca cce ypae;

k oe yce ocopa;

K oeco cpx coe ce;

L oeco eo xpoocoe;

M paep oy;

N paepoc pocpaca epeex poepoa, pecaex eeceo e;

piP epooc pee eeecx oepaopo;

Q paep pepoooo aopa aoo;

N ocooe pocpaco eecex ce;

S eea cya xox cao epoa;

s oepaop aaca;

t oaae pee (epep cpe);

T epo oea ocopa;

ur ca aa;

u ca ypae;

V paep xooo co ce;

wi caec ec epoa;

w0 ceee epoa;

W epeaoa y oea;

x=(x1,x2,xN) eop epeex poepoa;

x=(x,x ) epeee coco ypae aecoo oea 1 ypae;

~ x epeea coco epoyopa aecoo oea;

X=(X1, X2, , XV) eop xox cao ce;

X = (X1, X2,, XV ) xoo ao;

y xoo ca epoa;

Y = (Y1,Y2,...,YZ ) eop aecx ae xox cao ce;

Z paep xooo co ce;

epy, a oopo ocyecec peee aa oaopo oa;

oepaop aep;

epooa apa;

( t ) pcocoeoc oco;

(t) cpe o eyey ooe oy pcocoeoc ocoe;

j pa oa aaoo y j-oo epoa;

pepoy a Xoaa;

(t)=(1(t),...,M(t)) eop pcocoeoce ocoe oy;

i eeece oepaop;

pepoo aop aoo;

apaep ocopa;

AOP aop opaoo pacpocpae (o);

A eeec aop;

HC cyccea epoa ce;

H (NC) epoopoep (neurocontroller);

H (NE) epoyop (neuroemulator);

O oe ypae;

CA ccea aoaecoo ypae;

RBF-ce pexcoa epoa ce c paao-cepo aaoo ye epoo cpoo co;

XOR oeca y caee Ȼ.

BBEEHE. O PAHX TOOBAHX TEPMHA HTEETAHOCTܻ B PABEH B ocee o cpe ceaco oac eop aoaecoo ypae aec oe oe epeca o epao (o ec coppoac e pao acceco apa, apyec a aapae epo-epeaoo cce) oxoa, oee oe e eeyaa cce ypae. Haepoe, pyo ae epec ce e accaoe pa, o oop oxo pac ey coo, o oo ocox pae pa ec o, o eo ooeo ocoy oe eeyaa opaoae a-o opao au eoea o oee ypae (O), o cocee eoey npue eu, ocpeco oopx o yae opya p oe eo co epeca.

epo pye oxoo oo oec, apep, eco eeppoae cepe cce, a ae oee e cce ypae a ae eeo (a) o (fuzzy logic). Bopo oxo peayec paax oox eoo oepoa, o oop opayeae eeece aop (A) cyccee epoe ce (HC).

HC ceo o e coo cooyoc acoax epooo oee apaex cex cpyyp, coo apea op e o ppoe eea. Ec ep a caoe HC oo oxapaepoa a oy cepoa aopa cpaeo poco yopyx epoo eoopy yopoey cpyypy, cocoy o coe eee peopaoa xo-xo, o ceac, o epe oce ycexa pee aa epoo aa, epe po cceoa epeeaec oac cxoo, ox ay. aaa acoeo oea coco o, o o, ae cepxcpyyp epoo a oy oepoa eeape a ceo eeoc, a ae oo p paoy cce ypae.

Mee eoea eooo e a. Bce e eeo pa a opaee e e aeop. Coa peca coo e poco aop yo, a a x co ae-o opee, o ocaoo oe pecae. ya p, o aaae opa, yopoae ee aee pocxo o, o cxoo aa oumu camue. pece a peopayc oay acpay opy, yoy oeppoa, oopa, e e eee, ece cee aoee ece ae paypce peaeo o paeco aa ep oea.

ocoy co, o poe epoo ax pyx oepaox e, yacyx opaoe opa, oe e, oo peoo, o a a pecaee, opao pa co ope pae epoo ce oa. Coa opa oea ( coppepoa ye ec) oaae oa apepoa o pae a, o eo pea a oyee e oac o pea oea, ecx . p o ce oa ayc xpa o oe c oeo e e xpoooec o aoyo pyoy py yopoex oo, a e coceo cpyyp, o ec eocpeceo ocoo apxeyp c caecx ce ey epoa.

Moe , eo a ye y a caaec ype, cocea oo ey, apa pa, opa oopo ooa ocoa coe ooee pe, a ae poopoa ae xo co. eoe pepoceo popae ooe pooe poepye acoee a yyee e oo oa, oa pae axa.

a o pe, a opocy oop, pe o cocae ocoy upmyao peaocmu, cyecye ae coa a opaee eeo pa. eo yee ceo ypoa p, oeppoa eo opaa ae a oooc apoa coe oeee, pee co opepoac pocpace oeax oooce.

To, o oac cea acoe paoe, o poeocppoa ceo co oea coea yx cex exoo HC A pee aa cea eeyax cce ypae. C oo copo, a epec A oycoe x coo eocp pee aa oao oa ooe a oeao poeype pepo epoo ce, acoc. eceo, o ceo e opae, o oe poo ece ex pepo (Backpropagation, RBF-ce) c cyeceo oa co ce ea oca ocec, ooy o ooe A e ae oypeo. C pyo copo, py pecaec cao coeae A HC. Oa apae oocc oooy oepoa a poca o eoa eop aoaecoo ypae, oea pe paoe aa, e pea ae aoe o acceco apa a epa, epea, aecoe eo . .

apyc a peex e ox paccyex, a yaoc cepoa epoceey oe cce ypae, oopa e oo yee cpo ypee pecae o ee pe, poopoa oeee oea ypae, o ae oaae cocooc eeppoa oaoe ypaee cooec c peoa aoo oe.

1. EHETECE AOPTM o coe cymu npoecc aanmauu mc onmuuauou npoeccau . Xoa, pecoe epoy (1975) a Adaptation in natural and artificial systems.

maam em o u paccmaum ce no cou ecma u oxaum n. Oao onpeu uu aoap moy, ce ee axoy peucoue uau oa yuumeo yecm. Eucmeoe ueeue, omopoe ec, mo ceam oee yapeue a coepecmoauu u eee a onmuuauu. Paoma a oee cou aanmuu cucmeau, anpuep, oouecuu, yeua e, mo ux noeeue e onucaemc ma y xopoo mpaemopuu opy oax onmuyo. Haoopom, copeoaue ey onoemau cucme, anpaeoe a noaeue uaux oypemo, onpeeem oee noeeue.

. Xoa. pecoe o opoy (1992) a Adaptation in natural and artificial systems.

Copeea opa o eeec aopa ao epeaa a 9000 aeoa pooae epepo yeac.

Oao, ecop a aoe oe epayp, ooo pyo oo copypoa, e eo o c ccee oox epecpoe ppox oyx opao, yepca cpeco oca aaa oyx cyccex oeo, oo ocoo poeypo c pee a peee aa oao oa.

M aepeo aa o pae c coocae yx aea . Xoaa o ooy aaa oa, ceax pecox epoy opoy a eo aeo [1], ooe aao poeccy pacpocpae eeecx aopo ayx cooecax. paa, eeec o ca aac oee, a 1975 oy Xoa aa x pepoy aa (reproductive plan) paccapa pee ceo a aop aaa. Ho o ceee aeo paoe o aanmau, o oopo o a co oop peco 1992 oa, oe oo, a a , epeae o cocoe aeaeca, oopoe oyae ceo, ac, c oo copo, a ocaoo oee epoopeoe opeeee aaa, a c pyo copo, papa o aaa oa, aaa o, aaa oye.

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