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A. . Aeea, . . poo, O.. aoa, A. B. ay OHOMECA EOPA BBOH PC N N ATECTBO TT NN Mcepco opaoa Poccco eepa TAMOBC OCAPCTBEHH TEXHEC HBEPCTET A. . Aeea, . . poo, O.. aoa, A.B. ay OHOMECA EOPA BBOH PC Peoeoao e coeo yepcea aece yeoo oco N N ATECTBO TT NN Tao 2000 BBEEHE aoe ocoe peaaeo ocpax cyaee, oyaxc a oooeo ayee.

e oco - oppoae peex ao ye, eax ocoe coo caa, a aepae oeayo ceao ec eco o ooeco eopa.

Coa coocoea oopa o py pacpocpaeoc, eoxooc, eaeco eoc ayo ce pe. B ypaex (ececx ecopaaecx) opaaac eca ocpy, xapaepe ayoo c pe.

e oecx aa - ay ocoa cpyypo-ccooo aaa ocpaeo pe: ee ao opoceeo, oo eco opa, ee cepa paepa, oppoa peeoo caa c cooae eeo cpae, ooe, oa, pocoo oaaeca.

oppoae ao co pe pecaeo oao - o ypo oeoo peoe o eoo eca.

B oco pooc p oceoaeoc oopeoc ecopaaecoo aepaa, p oceoaeoc pa ao ye ae co pe.

ae 1 TO AET EOPA TECT eopa - aya pe oopeeo ooa.

B eee eoo pee o a aya, e oopo o ope ocae paee eecx cpa ee. Ocooo pa o apaee eopa oco epo c cepe XV o cepe XVII ea. o epo ece o aae ox ex eopaecx op. eo o pe eoe ya o cpoe oepxoc e, ee aepax oeaax x pacooe. Ha ocoe oyex a cocae epe ap e.

Copeea eopa - o ea ccea ay. Oa coco yx py ay o-eopaeco ooo-eopaeco.

Oeo ye eco eopa ec eopaeca oooa e eo.

eopaeca oooa - o coa aepaa ccea, oopa coco oyo, oo epo ooo e c ace x opaa.

Oa aex aa copeeo eopa - yee poecco aoec ppo oeca ex ayoo oocoa paoaoo cooa ppox pecypco coxpae aopx yco eoea a ae aee. ae poe - o oe ye ooeco eopa.

COBA COBOCOETAH Ope Pacooee Ocae Oooa Pae Opa epo poecc oxa Baoece Cpoee cooae oepxoc ec Maep ooec Oea Pecypc PAHEH AAH 1 oepe ooopee cyecee aoa.

Oca, pa, cpo, pacoo, y, ecoa, oocoa, cooa, coxpa.

Opae: op - ope.

2 oepe paaee cyece.

Haya, pe, ope, eopa, oooa, opa, cooae, pecypc, yco, ccea.

3 Hae ece coocoea cyeceoe + cyeceoe.

Opae: ocae (eo ) cpa ee.

4 aee ae peoe co.

Opae: Copeea eopa ec eo cceo ay. Copeea eopa - o ea ccea ay.

1) eopaeca oooa ec coo aepao cceo, oopa coco oyo, oo epo ooo e c ace ee opaa. 2) yee poecco aoec ppo oeca ec oo aex aa copeeo eopa. 3) ae poe c oeo ye ooeco eopa.

5 Haoe op cox co.

Oopee6o, o-eopaec, ooo-eopaec, aoece, aop.

6 Oee a opoc.

1) o eoe pe oc e ye eopa 2) oa aoe apaee eopa oco ocooo pa 3) a aaec o epo 4) o o pe ya eoe 5) o o cocaeo a ocoe oyex a 6) o aoe copeea eopa 7) ax yx py ay coco copeea eopa 8) o ec oeo ye eco eopa 9) o aoe eopaeca oooa e 10) o ec oo aex aa ooeco eopa 7 Paee ec a ac cooec c ao.

1) oxa ex eopaecx op.

2) Copeea eopa.

3) Oe ye eco eopa.

4) eopaeca oooa e.

5) Oe ye ooeco eopa.

8 Opeee ay opoceey opa ao ac.

9 Oee a opoc, o yae eopa.

ae MATEP OEAH TECT Maep, oe, peca coo pyee acc cy, co cex copo opyee oa Mpooo oeaa. O coca 29 % eo oepxoc.

Maepo ceo ec, o paepa x oo cpo ceye ope: Epa, Apa, Ceepa Aepa, a Aepa, Aapa, Acpa.

a aep pecae coo ya ppo oec. o cao c eo eopaec ooee, paepo, cpoee oepxoc cope pa.

ya aep, oo oop o x eopaeco ooe, eooeco cpoe, oex coaex, ae, ypex oax, ppox ycox, acee oeco ape aepa.

oa ac oepxoc eoo apa aa Mpo oeao.

Bce oea op, cae ey coo, coca Mpoo oea.

Mpoo oea ycoo ec a epe ocoe ac: Tx, Be, Aaec, c Ceep eo oea.

ac oeaa, aec cyy oeee o oeaa ocpoa, oyocpoa oo oeoc, aac op.

B ae pe yee Mpooo oeaa eco cao c cooae eo epax ooecx pecypco, a ae oxpao o ape (a opao, e).

COBA COBOCOETAH Maep ppo oec oe eopaecoe ooee Cya Cpoee oepxoc Oea cop pa a oee coaee Ocpo ppoe yco Mope oeca apa aepa Oxpaa Mepae pecypc apee ooece pecypc PAHEH AAH 1 Cpypye ooopee coa.

Boa, eo, cpo, ppo, eopaec, cpoee, aceee, oec, e, o, p, yee, cooa, oxpaa, ppoa, ace, eopa, poo, oa, y, cooae, oxpa.

2 oepe paaee cyece.

oec, ooee, cpoee, coaee, yco, apa, ap, oea, pecypc.

3 Hae ece coocoea cyeceoe + cyeceoe.

Opae: acc (eo ) cy.

4 aee ae peoe co.

Opae: Maep, oe, - o pyee acc cy, co cex copo opyee oa Mpooo oeaa. Maep, oe, peca coo pyee acc cy, co cex copo opyee oa Mpooo oeaa.

1) a aep - o ya ppo oec. 2) oa ac oepxoc eoo apa - o Mpoo oea. 3) Cya - o 29 % eo oepxoc.

5 Oee a opoc.

1) o peca coo aep 2) Coo poeo eo oepxoc coca aep 3) a aac ec aepo 4) o pecae coo a aep 5) Oe oop, ya aep 6) e aa oa ac oepxoc e 7) a aac epe oeaa 8) o aaec op 9) Ce ae pe cao yee Mpooo oeaa 6 Paee ec a ac cooec c ao.

1) Maep.

2) Mpoo oea.

7 Opeee ay opoceey opa ao ac.

8 coy ay opa, ceae cooee a ey "Maep oea".

ae COBPEMEHHA OTECA APTA MPA TECT B acoee pe a oeco ape pa axoc 230 cpa. oee 190 x c cyepe, oec eac ocyapca.

o coao-ooecoy pa cpa pa oo pae a ooec pae paaec.

poe paoc cpa oeaec o aooy ypeey poyy (BB).

ooec pa cpaa c ce cpa Epo, Pocc, CA, aaa, o, Acpa, Hoa ea, AP pa.

Bce ocae cpa - o paaec cpa, oope oe oee 75 % acee pa.

Cpa pa e e ocoe op pae: pecyacy oapxecy.

Pecya - opa pae, oa ce ce opa ac pac coac apaeo. oee 75 % cex cpa pa e pecyacy opy pae. Hapep, pa, oa, , a, CA.

Moapx - opa pae, e epxoa ocyapcea ac pae ooy y. Hapep, ca, Beopa, o.

COBA COBOCOETAH oec paea Cyepe oeca apa pa ocyapco Coao-ooecoe pae Pae Baoo ype poy Oe Haceee pa Oe opa pae paee Bc opa ac pa Bepxoa ocyapcea ac pa Coaa Coa apae PAHEH AAH 1 oepe ooopee coa paae.

oec, ooec, pecyac, oapxec, ocyapce.

2 oepe paaee cyece.

apa, ocyapco, poy, pae, ac.

3 ee peoe o opay.

Opae: oee 190 x - o cyepee ocyapca. oee 190 x c cyepe ocyapca.

1) ooec pae cpa - o ce cpa Epo, Pocc, aaa, CA, o p. 2) Bce ocae cpa - o paaec cpa. 3) Pecya - o opa pae, oa ce ce opa ac pac coac apaeo.

4) Moapx - o opa pae, e epxoa ocyapcea ac pae ooy y.

4 Bcae peoe ae o epo ao.

1) B acoee pe a oeco ape pa 230 cpa. 2) oee 190 x eac ocyapca. 3) o coao-ooecoy pa cpa a pae paaec. 4) Paaec cpa oee 75 % acee pa. 5) Cpa pa e ocoe op pae. 6) Bce ce opa ac apaeo. 7) Bepxoa ocyapcea ac ooy y.

Haxoumc, mc / umc, eumc, oeum / oeuum, uem, uupamc / upamc, coaamc / coamc, npuaeam.

5 Oee a opoc, coy ec.

1) Coo ocyapc axoc acoee pe a oeco ape pa 2) a ocyapca c oco x 3) Ha ae ocyapca oo pae cpa pa o coao-ooecoy pa 4) a oeaec ypoe paoc cpa 5) ae cpa c ooec pa cpaa 6) Coo poeo acee pa oe paaec cpa 7) ae op pae e cpa pa 8) o aoe pecya 9) o aoe oapx 6 Paee ec a ac ae aae ao ac.

7 ocae opoc aa 5 aaa eca cocae co a.

8 Hae oee eca.

9 Ceae cooee a ey "Copeea oeca apa pa", oyc ao aa 7.

ae EOPAECA CPEA EE PO B H EOBEA ec eopaeca cpea - o ea ppoa, c oopo eoe aoecye coe pooceo eeoc. eopaeca cpea - o eoxooe ycoe eeoc oeca.

B XX ee oeco cao pa y ppo ce oe pecypco opaa ce oe oxoo. Ta o e aocae poe. Bo-epx, paoaoe cooae ppox pecypco. Bo-opx, apee opyae cpe.

eeoc oeca, apaea a yoeopee cox opeoce ye cooa ppox pecypco, aaec ppooooae.

Paoaoe ppooooae - o ccea, p oopo ocaoo oo coyc ppoe pecypc, oeceaec occaoee ppox pecypco, opaoao eoxooe pooco.

Paoaoe ppooooae ooo eco xoce, oopoe paaec a ocoe ayo-execoo popecca p coo pooeoc pya.

COBA COBOCOETAH ppoa Boccaoee Baoece ec Oeco popecc Pecypc Tpy Bopaa eopaeca cpea Bopa poocea eeoc Oxo ppoe pecypc Boa Opyaa cpea Boy eoxooe pooco poea Paoaoe ppooooae cooae ecoe xoco apee Hayo-exec popecc opeoc Bcoa pooeoc pya Paoa Oecea Oece PAHEH AAH 1 oepe ooopee coa paae.

pooce, eopaec, ppo, ayo-exec.

2 Opaye ooopee cyecee o aoo.

Baoecoa, opaa, cooa, ap, yoeop, oece, occao, paa.

3 oepe paaee cyece.

ppoa, eeoc, cpea, pecypc, pooco, ppooooae, xoco, popecc, pooeoc.

4 ee peoe o opay.

Opae: eopaeca cpea - o ea ppoa, c oopo eoe aoecye coe pooceo eeoc. eopaeca cpea pecae coo ey ppoy, c oopo eoe aoecye coe pooceo eeoc.

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