WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |

Oao oe ayo peoaae ooe apoae opeoc eex cpecax a e, a oe Cooo, oopa ocoaec a eo ae ocye ooo eex cpec. B ycox ecaoc eooo oo cpoopoa ocye oo eex cpec, ae aoee ocoep peya oe oye, ec pepe coye cacece ae o ae ocao eex cpec o peecy epoa. Ceoaeo, eoxoo cooa ay oe, oopa yaa ae epooce xapaepc eex ooo, a ooe. peoa oeae oe Mepa-Oppa. Oao a oe a papaoaa ypae ee cpeca a paceo cee ycox paoo pa, a ooecoo, a oooo. B y caoc x po Pocc, a ae cox eo , aa oe oa peopaoaa cooec c ooec yco xocoa Pocc.

e aoee oaoo cocoa oe coox eex cpec paoe aa paa xapaepca oooo, acooo aoo pa Pocc. Aa pa ex ya (a, ocyapcex oa) ooe cea o o o, o Pocc cooe eee cpeca aa ee ya pcoao y ecaoc x opoo eocaoo oc, oopa peyec p cooa oe Mepa-Oppa. poe oo, opo oyx e aa epo coo oeco ecaoc. oo, o oe ae ee ya ec oee peae ecopo, e oe pyee, xo ae pcoao c c oe oo-ooeco cyae cpae.

Ocyce Pocc ocyapcex apa a oe ecoe o opaae cpee pep oce aoee ex acox cpyeo. Ba a eo e oecea coo oc oex ao y oaeoo xpae eex cpec a eoe eee opeeeoo epoa.

Ba po ee cyece eocao, paac apee epa ao xpa yey ay a ao cee oee paox e. oce cee yaaoo cpoa a oa poa ay ac a pace ce pep py. Oao eo a po oaec coo oc ao aoe caoc o cpae c py paccope pa. Ta opao, peoeo epo c coo e, peae cay oxooc o aco cpyea, aa cooe pyee eee cpeca a a po c e cace eex cpec o oecea. B epo c opa eo pep peoeyec pa e acoe cpye, oe oope eee pcoa.

B aece cxox pae opeee ocaa eex cpec c yeo epexooo aa oo cox eo cooa ceye:

3F Z = + L (1) 4k 3F H = 33 + L = 3Z - 2L (2) 4k e Z eeo ocao eex cpec; H epx pee ocaa eex cpec; L pee ocaa eex cpec (Mep Opp peoey ppaa L y); k oocea ea aepax apa ( pacee a e); s2 cepc cao eoo eeoo ooa.

B ae 1 cee e peopaoa, oop a oepya oe Mepa-Oppa.

Taa 1.

aee Moe Mepa- Hoa oe Oppa Tpacaoe F F=(H-Z) = (3Z-Z) = 2Z, apa Cpo xpae Heopae Opae 7 pao , o ec acox apa a oepa ec cpyeax yeac 3 paa F=6Z Aepae Caa oxooc o o o oecea peyae apa aco xpae pyex eex cpec a cpyea (k) cee e a epo () Beco ae F oo opye cooao aee 2Z, o cooecye o apaa a oepa (yaae apa opeec, a opeee poe o oe cy oepa).

aee, oe yeo, o cpo xpae eex cpec ae Pocc opae. Aepae apa oe Mepa-Oppa peca coo cay oxooc o e yaa. B Pocc aepae apa oo opee, a oep, oope oece pepe c c oeceae pyex eex cpec. Ta opao, e () cooecye aepa apaa oe Mepa-Oppa. Ha ocoe peopaoa opy (1) oy opyy (3), oce ypoe oopo ee (4).

3(6ZK) Z= (3) 4 3 2 Z =, e (4) 2 Z eeo ocao eex cpec a cee; s - cpeeapaoe ooee eeoo ooa o cpeeo ae; apa a oepa, ox; e a epo.

B paoe paccope aop pacea Z a ocoe cooa cacecx oaaee pep a 4 oa. B cooec c paee (4) oy eeo ocao eex cpec Z epx pee ocaa eex cpec H, ocy oopoo pep eoxoo epeo eee a paepe (H-Z) a a po.

B pacee po:, = 0.75 % (ap CITIBANK a oyy =poay a a eaoco ao pe 1999 oy), = 38 % o (o cee ypaa The Economist a 1999 o). Peya pacea opee:

3 2x0.Z = 2515231 = 2.6.py.

2 0.38 /H = 3Z = 7.8 . py.

Ta opao, pep p oce ocaa a cee 7,8 .

pye eoxoo oeppoa oap (7,8-2,6)=5,2 . py., o cocae 183 c. oapo CA o ypcy 28.5.

Oeo, o c yeee eeo ocao eex cpec Z epx pee ocaa eex cpec H yeac. o oepa peya paceo H Z pax eo , peee ae 2.

Taa 2.

Te Z (py.) H (py.) 20% 3,579,237 10,737,38% 2,596,651 7,789,43% 2,441,019 7,323,60% 2,066,473 6,199,70% 1,913,183 5,739,80% 1,789,618 5,368,88% 1,706,334 5,119,aee paoe pee pace eeoo ocaa Z o opye (1), coy e peopaoay oe Mepa-Oppa yco Pocc. B aece cocoa oe coox eex cpec pa oo po oaao, o, o cyae, aee Z oepeo ce oea peyae cao a ooo pe, oop xapaepyec ecaoc pe oea opoo ex ya, acx copee o oecx, e o ooecx p. Ta opao, ycox ecao cya Pocc cox eo cooae acceco oe Mepa Oppa opeee paepa oaoo ocaa eex cpec a cee ee caee peyaa pacea aee oep o oecea pyex eex cpec.

Boee eex cpec a a eo oeceae pepe aoe cao p, o, o e pe, cyeceo cae oc cpec. a eco, e ypae ee cpeca coco axoe oaoo coooe ey oxooc oc. B ycox eopeeeoc oooo pa ecaoc oxoa, cee oc oye cao p ox pep ec aoee peoe coooee ey oc oxooc.

ooy, pep, e ca ee po, peoeyec cooa opyy (5) pacea oaoo ocaa eex cpec a cee p oe a eo, e apa a oepa opy (4) o yee 3 paa, a ey eoxoo oa cay oxooc o aoy eoy . Toa Z opeeec, a:

3 2 / 3K Z = (5) 2 + B pacee po, o =5%. Toa opeee Z:

3 2 / 3x0.Z = 2515231 = 1.4.py.

2 (0.38 + 0.05) /oyeoe aee ee, paccaoo o opye (4). Ta opao, p apae eex cpec a eo pepe ece aee y o oecea, o cae oc cox cpec. B y oo, o a cpo xpae eex cpec a eoe pae 1 ecy, yaa eo eecoopao cooa ece c eo eex cpec, cocae o-eeo, e aoo epoa, oa y pep ye aac o eex cpec, pea 1409 c. py. (50 c. o.).

a, o cyecye ceoa cocaa oea ocao eex cpec, peoea oe ypae ocao eex cpec a cee ooea yeo ceoo cocae.

Tpe aa paee aaca apaa ocea ypae aaca a pep. e ypae aaca coco a aaooe aac oecee acao cpoo e ooo eex cpec epe aac poaa. oce yaao e ypaee aaca peoeyec poo ceye oceoaeoc: opeeee eca aaco oopox cpecax pep, oea eoc x cooa, aa aaco o coca ye cooa eo ABC XYZ, opeeee oaoo paepa aaca. poee aa oaa, o ca aac apa ec opo oce eopco aoeoc o aoc oopox cpecax, aa ee ee xapaepyec ecaoc, o ceecye o poee eeo o ypae e (o e acaec eoc cooa aaco). p aae aaco o coca pocppoao peee eoa ABC oa c exo XYZ. XYZ aa ooe accpoa aac acoc o xapaepa x opee ooc poopoa ee x opeoc. Tao eo acca aaco, o e ceaco, ae ao e.

o a aoo aaa a opeeea pya aaco, oopo eoxoo pacca aoee oo paep aaca o oe coa. aapyeoo pep o cepe ycpoca. B ae 3 pee oca x ycpoc o oa.

Taa 3.

o 1997 1998 oeco 291 400 a o, oeco ycpoc a cae yeaec c 1997 oa.

Oao oo oe coa ac oe a opoc o eecoopaoc aoo paepa caa.

yoe eo pacea oaoo paepa aaca peoe ceye pae pacea apa a xpaee ayy.

apa a xpaee (C) yeac poopoao cpeey paepy aaco. x pacea peoeyec cooa opyy (6).

X C= 100%, e (6) A X = (Ar+Cp+H+p.), (7) e A cpeee ae aaco a peecye epo; r ea aaa acpoa aaco; Cp - apa a cpaxoae cpex aaco o; H ao a yeco pep, oe ooe oopoo xo cpeeooa cooc aaco; p. - poe apa, cae c xpaee pacoppoo aaca, a eo apaoa aa aoo oce c ee, apea oee, ycy oxpa, oyae ycy, apa a opyoo-papyoe pao, pacoppoy poe aae pacxo.

apa o oe aaa (F) oce cyae e ac o eo paepa, o ec c ycoo - oco. pacea oo a apa peoea ceya opya:

B F =, e (8) N B= +p., (9) e apaa oea oc oce c apaoo a o eee o o, p. aae pacxo oeo paee aao, opao, oc, ae apa a apey oee, oapooe pacxo, aopa ocox cpec, ycy o oxpae yope oee poee.

N oeco aao o (p o oycaec cooae ax a peecye epo, a a coa ea ec ycooocoo).

aee paoe oaao paoe peee eoa coa opeee aoee eoo paepa aaca. Paccaa cooc opao ooo aaa cocae F=342 oapa CA, apa a xpaee coca 13% o cy aaco, ooa opeoc a cepe ycpoca (o ey pep) cocae S=600 y, ea popee ooo ycpoca cocae P=940 oapo CA. Toa opeee oa paep aaa EOQ:

2FS 2x342xEOQ = = =, y (10) CP 0.13xTa opao, pepe oo ocyec 600/58=10 aao o (pa 5 ee). o pa paee aao ec oa a cooyx epe a xpaee ayy aaco. B aco oe pepe oope aa a 150-200 e, o ee a coo ooee y o yee apa a xpaee aopaae aacax ooeo (200-58)x940=133480 oapo CA.

Oca a cae a epo c 1997 o 1999 o oepa ecaaoe ceecy o aoapa.

aee paoe pee pace paepa cpaxooo aaca ap ycpoc, a ae a aop pee aa o yee ap ayaex aaco p yco peocae c.

B eepo ae paccapaec py opoco, cax c yeee oopaaeoc eopco aoeoc ae oox yo, cax c ee oaee. ec opoo paccope opo aaa eopco aoeoc, pea oa, cooae aoaex apepx ceo, ecea opa paceo, a ae aop.

a oaae paec o, ceo a pepx cpe ecx cxe oae eopco aoeoc aoaee cxe c opy. Ha ocoe paecoo oa paoe cceapoa aepa, oocc aoae apep cea. B peyae peoea ceya acca cxe aoaea:

1. Baoaee cxe e coa:

- acceca cxea c y oee opaea, oopo yacy oo poocee pep;

- Cxea oae aoeoc, o opaeo oopo c e pax ypoe;

- Cxea poee aoaeo c yace ecee - c 2000 oa eoxoo aeo popaaa a pee oooc poee aea o HC o oye oapa, oae poc ece.

2. Baoaee cxe c coo:

- Oepa c ecee, oop eceeepae yae ae c e oye eex cpec. a oaae ece a yco yeoo poea aa;

- Cxea c yace apepa (oap ycya), poa ea oopoo e e popee.

Pages:     | 1 || 3 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .