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Ha paax pyoc PEBCA EEHA PEBHA COBEPEHCTBOBAHE METOOB PABEH OOPOTHM CPECTBAM PEPT B COBX EPEXOHO OHOM 08.00.05 ooa ypaee apo xoco 08.00.10 ac, eeoe opaee pe ABTOPEEPAT ccepa a cocae yeo cee aaa ooecx ay Moca 2000 Paoa oea Poccco ocyapceo yepcee e aa . .M. ya Hay pyooe: - aa ooecx ay, poeccop yapea B..

Oae ooe: - oop ooecx ay, poeccop aoa ..

- oop ooecx ay, poeccop ao .H.

Beyee pepe: BHOH aa cococ 2000 . a acea ccepaooo coea .053.27.01 Poccco ocyapceo yepcee e aa . .M. ya o ceaoc 08.00.05 ooa ypaee apo xoco 08.00.10 ac, eeoe opaee pe _ ac. ay. _. Ba o ae a peepa ccepa yx epax c oc, aepeo epoo ea, poc apa o apecy: 117917, Moca, ec p., 65.

C ccepae oo oaoc oee Pocccoo ocyapceoo yepcea e aa . .M. ya.

Aopeepa paoca _2000 .

e cepeap ccepaooo coea ..., poeccop yapea B..

OA XAPATEPCTA PAOT ATAHOCT POEM. Ha acoe ae pa oo Pocc oco pep ocpo oya e oopox cpec. Oco pa oo c ocoeoc oo epexooo aa Pocc ocyce eoo ypae oopo cpeca a pepx.

epexo oo Pocc a p pooo xocoa a peoppoae acoo cce cpa. pocxoe cpae ooece epee pey aeaoo ee oac acox ooe a ypoe pep. Oao opae aop acox cpyeo ypae Pocc e ooe oa c ocaoo ooo eoc cooa apye o ypae cpeca pep. Meoece oco o ypae aca pocccx aopo, apyec ocoo a aao pae, e ya ocox poe poccco oo, oopo xapaep coe e , epa oo po, eae, ocoeoc aooo cce, apepa oo.

E AA CCEPTAOHHO PAOT. Coepecoae eoco eo ypae oopo cpeca pep, yae yaae aop, ec ayao poeo cocae e acoe pao. oe ao e ocae pee ceye aa:

1. Papaoa oe pacea eeoo ocaa eex cpec a cee pep c yeo epaoo oooo pa, aopa ecaoc oo Pocc cox eo ;

2. oee eoa pacea apa a xpaee ayy aepao opeee oaoo paepa aaca;

3. Aa ocox cocoo ycope oopaaeoc eopco aoeoc, oea x ocoeoce a oopaaeoc;

4. Ma yo, oax p ax cocoax oae eopco aoeoc, a aoaee apepe ce.

METOA POBEEH CCEOBAH. cceoa, poeee ccepaoo paoe, ocoac a ecx peoex acoe paoe eoax ypae oopo cpeca. p aae ypae cooa aeaec aa eo aeaecoo oepoa. Aop popa paceo cocae epcoao epoo-ceo a (BM).

HAHA HOBHA PAOT aaec o, o epe oeco ye p ypae oopo cpeca pep eae aop poccco oo epexooo aa; a pepe peaoo pep oaa aop pee oyeo eo;

pecae opo o apoa aoox aee pep apooo xoca; epe eea aeaeca oe oe a yo, oax p apepx ceax.

PATECA EHHOCT PAOT aaec eecoopaoc pee ycoepecoao eo ypae oopo cpeca pep, o oo cec yy ooe oep, cae c eooeo pax aopo.

APOA PAOT. Ocoe ooe ccepaoo pao pecae a pee cepoccco oepe oox yex, ceaco cyeo o poea aoo poeoc Pocc (Moca, 1999), a aceax aep acooo eeea P He aa . .M. ya.

A o peyaa pao oyoao epe eae pao.

CTPTPA OEM PAOT. ccepa oea a cpaax, coco ee, epex a, ae poe.

Cco cooao epayp coep 75 aeoa. B paoe coepc 15 pcyo 58 a.

COEPAHE PAOT Bo ee oocoaec ayaoc pao e, aac e aa pao.

epa aa Oop cyecyx eo ypae aca pep aa oopo cpec ocea o opoca aaa, oe eoc cooa ypae oopo cpeca pep.

B epo ac a a pa oop cyecyx o ao poee epaypx coo. paee oopo cpeca ceac coey aa c aaa x cpyyp eoc cooa. B poecce aaa a cox eo a oaae apyeo pae peoeyec cooa eo eopo. B pocccx ocox (H.H. Tpee paee aca, .T. aaao Oco acooo eeea) oeeo, o poee aaa apoa a ecoo e, ce oaae eoxoo po coocae e c oo eoa copoa. oo oo eoa eyapo caapa yxaepcoo yea p cox eax papeaec cooa aece oea epeoa ax coocae e ypc oapa CA a ay coepe oepa. o aey e, ao oxo aay pee ceecx pep, opa cocaa ceecooc poy oopx aea. Paccapaeoe pepe oeae oy peoa, ooy ce cxoe ae pee coocae e p oo ypca oapa. Meo ypae ee cpeca paccope E.C. Cooo, A.M.

oaeo, B.. yapeo, .. ooo, . pxeo, . aec, B.Xopo, .H. aoo. Oao p paccope yaaoo opoca epecee ceac e ya ax aopo poccco oo, a ocyce paoo pa, coe e , eca oo po, opae ocyapca a paoy c ao (ocyapce pe), ocoeoc aooo cce cpa. aaa opo aaco e . o.Ce peaa cooa exy ABC. Oao, o e ceaco, ao e ae peee oo eoa oa c pyo, oa ao eco Pocc, exo XYZ. paoe ocae o ex ao Apee oape. Oao opoa eoa o cooa ex ABC oa c XYZ epaype ocycye. ypae aaca H.H.

Tpee pae aca B.B. oae acoo aae:

ypaee aao peaa cooa oe coa. Oao, cxea pacea cooc oe oo ap aaa, a ae apa o xpae e cp e aa. Ocoe epop o ypae eopco aoeoc opoo oca epaype. Oao ae oae eopco aoeoc, a aoaee apepe ce paccope epaype (Bece aoae paa A.B., epa B.P. p.), ocoo, c o pe yxaepcoo yea aooooe. poe apepa cceoa B.. Maapo,..

eepo p epao ooo-aeaeco cye, a ae aa ceaca (C. Gaddy, B. Ickes). Oao epaype e oaao peee apepx aoaex ceo a pepx ycope oopaaeoc eopco aoeoc. paa eoa, pacea eoc ce c yeo aopa pee peea oco paee aca pep eeaoo poeoc, oao, oa e yae cex oaex aoox a. poe oo, e e aa eoa pacea e peaa poy, ooc opae ooee apa, oae peyae apepo ce c coo. poee oop epayp oaa, o cyecye eo ypae oopo cpeca pep e ya ocoeoc oo epexooo aa x eoxoo coepecoa aeaoo opae peao ooeco cya Pocc.

Bo opo ac a poee aa oopox cpec, oaaa x po acax pep, oeea eoc cooa, pee pace eyx acox opeoce pep paccope co acpoa oopox cpec. B peyae aaa, cea ceye o: oopoe cpeca aa ao ye ec ae pep; eopca aoeoc ec aoe o acooy ae cocae oopox cpec, ee ye ec pace c 1997 o 1999 o, o ec ea aopo. epo oopaaeoc eopco aoeoc axoc a oo o e ypoe eee ecox e, o ceecye o ocyc o ypae e. pepe coye apeccy cpae acpoa oopox cpec, o caaec a oepe oc. oyee peya aaa oop o eoxooc poee eoo ypae oopo cpeca a pep oa oxooc o x cooa. oo oo, ocoac a poeeo aae, ocooe ae p ypae oopo cpeca a ao pep, a a oce pep apooo xoca, ceye ye eopco aoeoc.

Bopa aa paee ee cpeca ocea ypae ee cpeca pep c yeo ocox ocoeoce poccco oo, a a pe e , ocyapcee ep o caa py, ca oo po co opaa pep ope ye oe coox eex cpec.

e ypae ee cpeca coco aca oxooc o oe a eex cpec , oe pe, oce ocaoo oc pep. oo poecc ypae ee cpeca peoeyec ocyec o aa ceye oceoaeoc: aa ocye ooo eex cpec, cocaee ea eex cpec, opeeee eeoo ocaa eex cpec a cee pep.

B ccepaoo paoe aa eex cpec pooc a ocoe oea o e eex cpec, cocaeo oce cocoo. peyeco oea, paccapaeoo paoe, aaec o, o, e aac oe o px yax, aco ceac aoaec c oo BM oyae oe o coax cooa eex cpec e ax-o ooex paceo opo. oao aop cocae aoo oea pocppoa paoe. Aa eex cpec oaa, o c c yeee eopco aoeoc pepe eooyo aey cyy eex cpec, exaa oopx a coecpoaa ee o yeee peopco aoeoc.

Ta opao, p ep o oae eopco aoeoc, pepe oy ae po eex cpec.

Cocaee ea eex cpec ec o aex ao ypae ee cpeca. e eex cpec oop o apyeo e eocae eex cpec, oce eo aco eeep oe a eocae eee cpeca oece acay oxooc o peeo coox eex cpec. Heoxoo oe, o coece peea o a a co coca o aoox aee. Oao epexo a pa oo Pocc oce cyecex ee aooo ccee o cx op e oac opoa eoa apoa aoooo oa.

oco pep p cocae ea eex cpec apy aooe oo o poee, oa a o aoox ooo a pepx eeaooo oeca ocae 70% (ee) - 90% (aoe). eca eoa epoa paoe a ooea opo oo apoa aoox aee cex pep apooo xoca. Ocooe ae yeeo apoa HC, a a pep apoae yxaepcoo aea o HC pecae opeeey pyoc.

B paoe paccope aop cocae ea a pepe pep. Eo aa oaae epcey pa acooo coco pep. Ha pep ao oo eex cpec pxoc a ayy aepao oeyx. Haoo o cocae 10-15% o oeo ooa eex cpec acoc o epoa. p e apyeoo a eex cpec pecoe epo paec peee o oe e acoe cpye (ee ya, eo ..) peeo coox eex cpec oye oxoa.

eoo ypae ee cpeca eoxoo opee ay opeoc eex cpecax, ocaxc a paceo cee pep, o ocoeo ao ycox cpeeoo oecea py. C o e paoe paccope cyecye oe ypae ocao eex cpec pep, a eo: oe ayo, oe Mepa Oppa, oe Coya, eo Moe-apo oe E.C. Cooo. B oex ayo, Mepa Oppa Coya aae pacxo xpae aoc, o ec poe o po yaa, o oopoo oaaec pa, coocac c oco pacxoa o epeoy ex ya aoc opao.

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