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epeca, a oaae aa paax o oo py c oo, eac e oo a oco, o a pycco ax. e ay eo coa a pecaoc oepea o yec o yxox . ooe oopee oye o ce ec ye o o, o c pacope, coc aex o-oc o-pycc, pae.

Ha oco e apce 1609 . oca apa oee ao, a paa opoc, peye, a pao, eo aa eoo pee, apep p eae ex ep o oe ao ae aa oa, apxecoa Cyacoo, pcyeo caoay (BPAU PAN. Ms. 345. . 129129 o.), o oe ec axoo, pax yec o o ax ycoo apeeoo a papxa ape a Poaoa (BPAU PAN Ms. 345. . 131). Ta, oce paooo aa, aeo oa eoe epecee yo apeca a (a opa ca) e y opyy opae apeca y, co Caee o 15 (25) ap 1609 .

coep cooee o oyeo ep o ec pa oe apcoe ee o e p II:

oepy o eoy oy oec oa coy c ye oaoc a eopeco poc cye y ec (apeca y ca) ape co axoa pa o aex ape a. Tec ca p o aaae c pao oeae.

oca caoaa, o ope aca a pycco e, e ope o- oo, poc pa xapa ep, a paa opoc, acaec coepa ao oac pco pa a eee opoe oop co c opo pa x e. Hapep, pao e e p II Caee, a pyeo 29 op (9 eap) 1608 ., aae c cy pe e ecox oac pe epeca-aeccoo a c pacope ape copa ao. Oao, a o coc aa oye o, ca c aoo poa peoa oca ecoo pa , ceoa eo, e aa aoo pey a a.

Opaae a ce ae oe epecee yaa ec e oye a, acaoo o-pycc, oocee o op, ooe oce:

...u m ... ux omu, cea u epeu om ce e noca u no mo, u opo coux u ocux uamu e ee, u coeo noy au pam e, umocu u ococu, ao ux omu, cea u epeu, eamu e ee, u opo coux u ocux cuo e uau, u e e uu u e pauu, u uooa acucma e uuu (ACP PAH. . 145: Cop.

. Xoa. O. 1. ap. 3. E. xp. 28).

pee o ec ce ec ye o o, o caax, o ope aa c py a pya p oo coa , coc eoo yc o pe, coepae pecaex e ay ec ee eapa , o ee xapa ep e cao c opypoo ope x aaa a pooc o oe oac pcoo xoc a, xe, aocoo yepa a o ac po oc , p ece ocope oac pco pa . B oe ca caoae opaae c Caee c pacopee e e aec cee acyeo o ca , o ey o o o eoo. C ao c o o o eca ooea ax oca caoaa: pace a aoc o c pao o apa pyccx e, o ope a o eocyap a a x ya. Ceae ae oo o-ooy y a co , yac a o oo a opa o opx a op epec, a ae ye occ p pooo yac pyccoo yxoec a e ecx ooe epoa Cy po Pycco paocao ep pa a po ecoo coa pocc.

oy o pycco ac Apxa coc a o c eo e c oee pax poc (paca poc eo, a pooa x, oo c y o aee, a o paee ac, oc a poooc e, pape ae-o xoc ee ocoe opoc ..), ao, cooe, o e o, coc aex pax pycco eoo ceoc epoa Mococo Pyc. o oapyae c paoo ae c cooae opy um eo, a acoc o cocoo paeoc yx c oee eee poc pa epecee yo apeca a. Hapep, o ce Tpyeoo . Caee c aoapoc a o pay oxpao c pa eo a ep, 11 (21) op 1608 .:

ocnouy y empy Canee umpe Tpyeo eo em (AC PAH. . 124. O. 1. ap. 2. E. xp. 189);

eo o pec cea Boocoa oecoo yea . Caee c poco a ao poy a, a e ea, o p 1610 .:

ocyap euoy emay y empy Canee omeouy uecoy, cmapocme coy u epeneoy m eo cupom mou ocyape oecoo yey, cea Boocoa epeu, cmapocmua Cmena Oyo a eoau ay eopo u o cex pecm ecma (AC PAH. O. 1. ap. 3. E. xp. 407).

p o aao ac o co coep c ea poca apeca y coo o coe opoe opo oe cooee o apeca e, eo x opy ye, ae ecece cpec a (xoonu, cupom . .), ye eo-aca ee cyc (cmapocmua), p a ee ec oe p. O c ac o aepa c opyo: a mee ocyap coey eo ! eo e e a ey pay: ap-ocyap, cuyc, noay! Ocoy ay pyccx ec o coc a ae paoo poa pao (oxae, aoae, oxpae p.) ca, coc aee pax eoo ococo pao pe. Ocooo poa oye coc ae apxoo oeca - o ae ec , o opx cope ep oc oocaco aaocaco ox pa, apep: epca ocoo opo Cya III ayy c po o aa c o oep caoaa pcy a epoc opoey Bacay, 24 op (3 eap) 1610 .; pao a ecoo opo apa IX oopoa o oxoe Pocc ecoo cooa eoo oca c po oaa ey coec e, 3 (13) ap 1609 ., p. ae a ceoc a oe ee o, coc ex c oa, a ae cpecco-yc ece cpec a. B x cope ep pyccoo epoocacoo o, o, eoo oo pe. Hapep: uamu om poonuea xome; oo ueym cao Pocuco po;

cmoo opoe a Moce upau ocyape ape; u eo o mo, mo eco noaoau au; npuyuuc ecme oy opy; a omope oa no, cyme e u, xom euue mecom u aomy u a npemepneu. B pacca paex oye ax ae o aoe pycco oco cex pa, pyccoo ocoo coap: amu ee u oe; npupoo euu ocyape cou cmamee, epe u npaue cyu; ae u cu ue opo u eu; eo , a... u om oocoo paocm xome (AC PAH. . 145. O. 1. ap. 368. E. xp. 114;

. 124. ap. 3. E. xp. 300) p.

Apx oec ae opyc a o c apopycco ceoc aaa XVII ., o ocx o ac yoao ao aoo epoa ceoc , o opo po poe c ee pac a eoo pe c c y pyccoo a. oye , acpoae oy pe a co Cy oo pee, e oo a oooc y o pacp a cee y ypo-c opeco ae. Aa a epaa ooe y epa , o ec , coae epo, peec y aaoy ay oppoa a a aoao ocoe, oa pocxo cepee ee paa eco c poe coapo coc ae oo apooo a466, ce ec y o a eo pa eo yoao-cea ecoo o eaa, a epexo xapa ep ox oycoae cyec ee o oo pyccoo, o op a c peae c 17 c oe o a peec yeo pee.

poaapoae ec oo y o ye eec cee, o paee pao ax o paa e pyccoo a a op e x c opecx coapx.

Hapep, ec o, o c apopycc epo yeae c yo pe eoc e, o ope coy c ooae eoo ceoc oec ex ee.

B ce ax ece acpoa ao oumu. B coape XIXVII . ecopa yaa eo yo peee o ec c oa oo o pa ex c acecx oc pyx ( a: ucy e oem). Pacca paee ec coc ae apxoo oeca a oy ac a pep cooa ao oo e ( ae oc y aec e oxoa), o opx e oop o peea oc aaoo paa aapyeoo epoa pa pyccoo a. B eo o cy Poc ocoo opcoecoo oac p ae:...a oxoy e oo oce eme oca a empe emu pu. 1608 ., eap (SRSRB. 8610 (2). 71. ec po.

Py. 133). ooe cya ce ec y o o cy c cea o-paa eco ppeeoc aoa opeeeo c aceco oc py a ocoa epeco pa ecopaecx ax, o paex cpaox c oax pyccoo a.

Ta opao, oo oop , o cceoae apxx a epao, cex ce ec o co x pacca paeo ox ooe e oo ec ay oopo a e acc c opecx a o, oce eo ope o p e c pa c op pycco Cy , o pacp coc a ec o, ax p pee opoco o c oax ye ooo pa oo oo oec a, y ypo-ooo ao cacx apoo, p opeee ce eoea caco oo uocmu ee o.

c ecoe cceoae apxoo oeca oye o aaa XVII ea cococ ye oy, o c oe ooc oxapa epoa epo Cy oo pee, a ae oe ce ec a peaa opyx poecco oppoa cacx epa ypx o. oy ypooeca eoc cooc aex oye o ooe oaa ocoeoc poe ee ec y ecoo a a ocoe aoec pax o pocxoe cea e e pax ypoe, pa x oyoaoc . a ac y yp apoo Pocc o, pacca paee c o ce ec y o aex eex pa aoax o pacpe cep pee eoo pe, o opo y epac oe coco pae ce coo coepa, a ae coc aa o ec o epea cee oaoo ac oo xapa epa, o, co oepe, cyo oaa ee opac ae po a cao x ox pa cacx apoo, a ey ypx eox o a o aae XVII c oe .

oo o poeeoy cceoa, eoxoo o e , o pey a e oee e pexeooo ayoo ye c op Cy Pocc aaa XVII c. epa ype coac eca epoc a c ya. epe c op Cy B. H. Ta e, M. M. epa o, . oo, A. Hapye, . Hee, H. M. apa, .. y yp yee, o aae XVII c. Pocc pooe c x, ey ecoa y ep, o op pooe, o oo epc, -a y pex eyp, o pyo cpoopoa ea ec o ex c. Bo opo ooe XIX c. pyax C. M. Cooea, H. . oc oapoa, C. . a ooa, B. O. ecoo, A. Ac a, A. pepa o ooaa a Cy y a a poa coa o, opoe yo y pe pco ocoe ea ec o oee. Coe ce c op oaay ac oocoa o ey, coaco o opo Pocc aae XVII c. ea ec o paeypyaa peo471, o a e, epo a yp . B. C aa, epa ype ooaa a Cy y a a epy c op c pa pec cy oy (occ ae . . oo oa 16061607 .), o opa a ocoea oc pao epee (16041606 16081612 o).

pe poe op c oc pao epee o B opo poo o o a ep a cceoa ecx pao. Bo opo ooe XX ., aoap ocoa a poo pye c oo cea cceoa . C. eeea, H.. oa, epa ype cxya ypa cycc o poea eop pec cx o. Bo pe copo poya peoe epy c pee o ee o Cy e a paeypyao peo475, pacp pa pec co o c occ a . . oo oa a co xoe 16031618 .476 oy e . Maec, . H. op B. . Haapo ec cyec ee oppe coec pec ae o pee, opax po oc pao epe epo Cy . Bec e c e ee xoe ceax cceoa c ooe a epa pa ec e coepa ax o o p o oopyeo o e ey pec a eeaea. Haoopo, o oapy yoe a ao poae c ooe ey epxa a cyx e. P.. Cpo, A. . C acac p oy, o aae XVII c. Pocc ea ec o paaca, a e pec ca oa. . a, M. epp,B. . oc yaa, o coepae Cy o e cepae c paaco oo. o e . aa B. . ocoo, aae XVII c. Pocc epea yo ao pc, ocoe eya poaa peopa.

Aapy co 16081610 ., c op oo cooa aec e ocox c oo pycce oec , caa, e oc, xpoopa, c oo o opx p ec occa oaa oc pae. Coxpaec oye ae a epa peac ocoo y oe c pa ax e oce eyapc o. B poecce paca o eax apxax cceoa e ecoo oye ax oeco aaa XVII ., o o pae oooc pe o oxo ye co oo pee , poaapoa eoe coxpaec oye ae oec, epepoep coepaec x ae o co x Cy , a ae c x oo o-ooy poec appa e c o. Peoc py oec aa pyccoo Apxa . Cae 16081611 ., a a , ep a o apae. Cox cceoa ee y oee o ac apx Apaacco, Coeco, Coaco pax . yee x apxx oeco, o aey e, e c oo pop e x aa c ooee Poccco Cy aaa XVII c oe .

Bca ea ococoo oxoa a Cae 1608 1611 . Apx Ca -e epypcoo c y a c op Poccco aae ay. . 237: Cop.. A. Myxaoa. C. 5. 30.

(aee AC PAH).

oye pyccoo Apxa . Cae. AC PAH. . 124:

Cop. C. B. Cooea. O. 12.

oye pyccoo Apxa . Cae. AC PAH. .145:

Cop. . Xoa. O. 1.

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