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. . Oecace ece coy c oo oec e yc ox coe a epooecoo xapa epa, apep: papo , pa aooy p., oopo o aepco pe: a o e, ocee, o a c p. oca eca c yae co cea ae coc ae oca ex yc ox pae, ax a c o oo oeo o ooc , pacoo c aepe, apa oop, yap , opy (co cex c opo), oo ac ya , (e ea ) oopo c, pc yo p. o cococ oao pa oco co cea o-c c eco epea e a, o oycoao c aoee po yoao pa eoc yo pee coa c ye o cep oe.

Aa po o opa ooo a epaa a cpec a ca opa ee Cae oe a epece ae o c ee c opeco oc oepoc o eeooc coepaec e oe pocxox co . epce ao cyae oaae c cooc aee aaoo c oa c e cee, o ope o pae c apopyccx a ax ceoc , apep Caa Apaa aa, e ee c ecoo cxox o coepa pae o c ac ea, o opx c opece a occa c c o cye o opaco, pec a c oo ce e po oopc ye c opo [cp. ac ea a 20 o p 1609 . o ae a o Tpoe-Cepea oac p ce ec o oea pyccoo c oa (c.: Caae Apaa aa o ocae Tpoe-Cepea oac p // a epa yp pee Pyc. oe XVI aao XVII ea / Coc. o. pe.

. A. pe, . C. xae. M., 1987. C. 189)].

B acoc o oex ycexo eya aeo e e aa ec oee eee peypo. Ocae co , a oaae aa, cea oaoc cpeo x ocp , peee, ope o c ya. Hae ce ec y o o, o poc paoc oec oa ac o ac o oo, acoo pc a o ae caoo Cae pao e cox cepe ape, ae ao o ea eo o poco pa ace, o, c eo o pe, ao o acpoa ee. Pyoc ae p y oe, ceax e ao a ox, oe c a c opo oee pooeeo, aea ooe.

o epo Cae ecc pac o-cyxoe, oo ooe oec oae oe pope a ee oco aoc, oa a paoooe paccaa oea poca pae c aepeoe eae e aa oepy aoc co , pacpac eo e a, pacc a ye ae (c., apep, ooe ac ea a 20 ayc a 1608 . p.). Bc a a ox, ceae peoo eo pyo caoo Cae o eo oy, oy e ae y o oo xapa ep; ac oc , ac a 17 ce p 1608 . o epeoopax c ocaa ycoo. pae, ece e, ope poa a o, o oye ao epea aea ey coa oea ap y o c pe Eo Moc e aa c Bace y yp e eopo poopoc, a o opo ce pe c oa py pya a pyy:

... Caea yaa pce, o epeoop e e aoc c opo paexac. Ta opao, oo oop o pc ao a e aa e a, o op o paa opeeeoe aee, cpy coepae co ; o ocoeo xapa epo epoo epoa pea Pocc caecoo oca.

Topooc ace, poyc ec e a a , aoopo, cpyyeoc oae opa o eeooc ee eppe a coc a cey oec oa ec e aoo a a ceoc .

cooae ox cpec eox acx ooe cea eo ope ae o coc ae cepe ape oxoo aep, x poeccoao oo oeoc , aoao coc ae. Hapep, aa epo ee ea opaae a ce ae ac oe cooae oco ec e aca, xapa epx pyccoo a (c., apep, peeo e pae e coo kniaziem ec o ocoo ; pye cya: ec o ocx, ).

C apopycca oa pa oapyae c epeae ep . Haoee oaa e pep cooae co epcma u. o 1611 . acx c peae c yo peee pycco ep :

(13.08 1608 .); aae c epeo po ec e ea e, p x aaoepoeco (ee pecx cc eax e) pa, pyccy epy :

(12.10 1610 .). ac a 1611 . coy ooaee oo e. pao oc oee co ypoe ae oc o oe ce ec oa a o poeccoao ypoe ooo cepe ap e aa, a o eo aoao paeoc .

O eee ocoeoc p epeae pyccx pea ca c pyoc ocp opa a cyx.

Heo ope coa, e a Mococo Pyc peee ca p epecae co c x- o co, o pa c ya epoc oa:

peepyccoe p , a e-o c opoe, o p o oepa oo-o, paa po o p o co c; aa (xo peoc c ao-o e); opya peeoo e a p opae p., o po c coo e c c paa ocoo a c ye o poc ex ce cacx ax, apep: y-opo, epea a oco c oa, o opy o a oax cax a oca, e H ec o Ch coye c o paa yo pee ox co oco e, a pyccoe ooace opo epeae c aaocac eooace ; p.

c ec aa ec o coc ae apxoo oeca peoaae coo ecee oye o a oo, a pax apoo-c eo o oe py a o ceoc . Taoe ocae cococ y y oe c opeco ap co , cye x yac o.

Hapep, o c oa, o ce ea Cae, ec o o 8 cax, coc ax epecy e ao Pocoo Cae, o oe ey o op caac epoc o ace o pee opoco, acaxc paea cep a axaex epp opx Mococoo ocyapc a.

B ce 5 ce, o op pacoaae [Polska brev.

E 8604 (SRSPB); BRAU PAN. Ms. 345, 127, 186, 160, 161], oo oca P. Pocoo, aeoe ocyapc eo apxe e, o epae cee o pax epoax coepec a peo ee aex oc. Aa ce ooe apoa epe oca Pocoo a o paae c ya ppe. o poe c coepa ya, oppyx Caey o aocooc e p II, y oc poc paoo coa. B x ec ax ac o coa pae co aee o ooc , ea, pyecoo pacooe, aae c cooae e x pa caoy eoo xapa epa, c opaco o e . . Hapep:

... oceye ca c ao c opoe cye. Poc o y peoe cooae o epee oca, yo pe eo-oae pa co aee poc, a:. B ocee ec Caee e a opaae c epecee cca apaeoo, o opoe peye c epy yoy eoey ooy peax aea ococx op. oe cpec a, coyee ao ec e, e oo, ope xapa ep, o cococ ye oepy o e paoy oy oec oa, e aea a ocooe pacooee apeca y.

c paoapox oye o ce ec ye o pa yoax oooc e ee o cpo pe. Oecac o, oeyo pe ee oo peoaa p ocee pa ec cex co opoco, peyx pee paax eoo oya, ax, a ocyec ee oa ecx, oex, ox ec ; pe a cyy;

a a aoa oeceee aeoo oca poooc e; o oe c ac Pe oco o Moco, c pycc oeoa, oac p yxo a, e pe II eo opyee, c ec aceee a epp op Mococoo ocyapc a; poeee ocox copa cyo; oee coee aaa o pey a a papa ec p apye cyeo c; a a yec ex pa pec a ee aeoo oca ec oo acee . .

A oe cooae cpec , coc ex epyeoy oe, oc ex ee o ec ax eooo coepa pe cyae po apye oaoc oec oa. Hapep, ce e p II 14 (24) ap 1609 . . Caee:

damy tedyW oce pee, o Baa ci, abyWw majtnoci onegoiwszystkiego Moc eo aex aex ceo xoec a ( o o o o duchowiestwa (aby potem do nas a e aac) ax sercswych nietracili) adnych ape (cecco) e oca.

.

excessw czyniniedopuszcza B ao oca, paax oaoo ca, coye c paa, o opa eocpec eo e ee o oe coepa pacope a eooo oye a: yc oo coe a do nas serc swych nie tracili epeocoe, opaoe paee serc nie tracili cy cpec o cpecco oe oee aao py ocaeo c ya.

pepo pae cooo aoca ooaoo ape c oye , cae c ee ap Map Me: acceypa aeoy ocy, ca Caee aca-oa o oo, epeaa ocoo cee. a a op pae Cae a e ac o, Mapa e cyac a ec e coa apec caee x oayeo. B ec ax oca a ee oc peoaa coe coa pae:

;ecoaeoe po a:

;

oae oea:

. peooc Caey eo oco, Me yeo coye cox cax opae cpec a, c oo o opx ae c oapy ae oo a, o oe ce ec oa o e a o coo ocoe, pec a ee oco x (apep:

p.). oca M. Me xapa epy o ece a apeca a, oepy oe c peee eoa c ape aooe pao opo c a ococ pec o. ae ao, opo o ocee ace Caee ay, o opy oo pace a p Map o oo, oy cac o eyeo e, c pe o e-aa pc oc ae c cooap:

. .

p coo ece pax py c oo eox ace, cpoax oceee co , ya, oc yax aep e aa, opaae a ce ae ocae oee coax coe acee a epp op, oo poo aea. O oe c ec aceee ea e a opoco, o op pxooc pea . Caee a epp op Pocc. B ac oc , aa pocacx oye o ae oooc c c opeco o pe y o a e eoc oee pocae pyee opoo peeceo e pe aoco, e ya coa apaee c py yp ac . oo ace cooc ae oye o o py pyccoo Apxa a Cae ooe cceoae epec ae, cyec e poecce ye aax poe. Hapep, paa pea ee o pe pea caecoo oca a pocaco ee o paea eox acx (1730 ape 1609 .) oppecoe, o opa coxpaac aep e aa, ac oc ce . yocoo y Caee o 28 op (8 eap) 1608 oa.

e ce ec ye o a o copo e pocae e ocacx e e opcx, o ope a opocx oeo pepa poca o ax e po copo e aocoe. B acx a ape 1609 . oea eca coc ae ocoy ay eoo opa o ec x opoa.

poe oo, oeee ee, o px opoy pa ec e oca, oyae ea y oey co c opo caee, o ope pepa cece ep, o e oyc epexoa poca a c opoy ycoo: (19 ape 1609 oa). B xpoe co a 30 ape 1609 . coep c opa o oe yx c peo-pocae, ex opoa c pao a Tpoy Mocy;

pe cepe ap Cae oc a a po poa pae ec a pycco pao , o opo pe e ac po ecoo ooe po ye epeae c coa c cea o oe ( ), eeapaeoo epeee o po ( ), ae o axa o ( ). pocC peee ae oo a a Tpoe-Cepea oac p, a a e pcoe c pa ec e oca o peo ec o Coa-ycoo opaeo o ec e oo oca epooaece oa c cooae e a pae, xapa epx pyccoo peeoo e a:

.

B o e o eox ace, oecee . yocoo, opoo cooaee o eocx aoax, o op oaa c e opoo epee, coep y xapa epc y oee acee:

(H HAH. . 103. O. 1. 58).

a ce ec ye co, ec e pec e oaa accoe copo ee. o peee eoo coa pae ( ) paeac (o eca) oepae c peee a opa ca ye apeca oe x pyoc x, o ope c pea cop opo a apc oxo. B o ec e, a opao, yaae c o pacpoc paex cocoo, o op cooa pec e, o ea paee oopo caecoo oca, yxo a epp op, e a e aea.

a ey ac peoc pypyeoo Apxa coc a c apopycce ec , opyc o opx ae paoopae o coe eeo apaeoc oye : pao , eo e, o c, ca, a , paccpoce pe, oce ea, pec opoe ac, pocc p.

Cooc aee c apopyccx c apoocx c oo ooe e oo c oe ooc occ ao oceoa eoc c opecx a o epoa Cy , o oxapa epoa o oe yac o o a, aee po ope y p po oopc yx c opo, opee p oe opae po oc ox py pyy c, cp e py o ecx p.

Ta, oe axo coc ae cceyeoo apxa a eo pacp cyo pec aee paee ec x c apoocx c apopyccx c oax cee o o oex ye c Pycco paocao epo a epp op o popyex Mococx ee.

ca e p II y Caee a ocoa oop o c pee ac x c py yp aa opay oac pe a axaeo aea epp op.

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