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Ho o oece pax p, o ce paa, oy pocxo ee eeecoo aepaa. oee ya oaae, o ea coep eeec aepa, o o eeecoo aepaa, coepaeoc pyx eax. Mya oy yca, yea aeceo e pa, opeee eo. e ea aceceoo aepaa, oecea a oppoae aoo-o eeapoo paa, oo pecaa coo ac oey H, ecyy o opeeeoo ea. oo e ya a e aeop: 1) ee (mooe) ymauu, oope e (o pocoo) peca coo eee ooo ea;

2) xpoocoe ymauu (aeppauu) ee, apaae pye yac xpooco, ae oae oep ex xpooco. Xpoocoe ya oo oapy eoa oeeeco ex. ocec ooe ya e a e coaecx eax opaa oe o ya oox eax. Mya coaeco ee oe pec apye y ae e o e o ee ooo, o, ocoy a opa coco ox oo eo, e oo yx ya a eeeoc ceo opaa e ye a. Oao coaece ya oy c po ooe paox aoea cape, ooy peepea x e a cyy ceo opaa oce oye e ceye.

Mya, pocxoe oox eax, oy oaa yeoe ece eocpeceo a ooco.

Oapyeo, o ya, pocxoe a o ca pa ee cepaooo, oooopeo eee, c oo epooc ey e ooca o pae epe a oee ooca c cepe aoa.

oe paaoo oacoc HAP p emo yauae o, .e. o, ae aoe e oeco ya, oopoe pocxo ececex ycox.

Boee o oy eoy pace coacyc co cacec a o e ee, poex , epe p aox o o. o ceecye o oacoc opyeo ye o ooe ececeo cpeaeoc eeecx aoea eoea. p a yaay oy 1 p, HAP 1977 .

opee, o oa 10 p oe 185 cyae acecex aoea oy, acae o opoex ee, o cocae 0,17% cpeecaceco aco ececeoo ooe eeecx aoea eoea. Oao o oe, o aa oea o oo eoa, poe oo, oa epea yco apex paoya eppop.

Teopeec eo-ecopooa oea paaox opee aoee oocoaa oeeecx apye, .e. oe xpoocox aeppa oox ya coaecx oox eax eoea. Pace eeecoo pca c o o oe poee Hay oeo o ec aoo paa p OOH (HAP). pace eoea ocoac a ax, oyex p oye e oax 16 oce ee pa opaox oeo cpao o e a eoea (paep eoa eoea, paoe pe copea oox eo epoa pepoyo , paoe oeco ooca, paa paoyceoc p.).

Coaco pacea pc poe ee c cepe acece eea (ypoco, yceo eocaooc, oe aya p.) ax yx ooex, .e. y ee yo oyeo ocaoo oo oy e, opeee a 410-3 -1. o a, o p oye oo oy e oe 0,2 0,1 oo oa a 1000 poxc aee yx ooex oe e oee 1 eeec eooeoo peea. Ec p o ae, o ope ax ee poaec 4%, .e. a 1000 x ye ooo 40, o cae co, o pc o ooeoo oye ax oax paec e e. eceo, aeoe oceoae ee y ee Xpoc Haaca, epeecx aoy oappoy, oa o e o ocoepoo oe acecex aoea y paeoc ooca ae pyax, oyx oee 1 , e oee p ex oax. ee paoo c oe paoa oo exocoa, , pa e eo yee eeecx aoa.

opao oee paoyce ec a ae o oye oee xpoocox aeppa coaecx eax opaa (oeeece ee). B paceo pe ee oco cop paeca, y oopo oe ycee aoo paa oyc, opy ce pacoo ea. Ec aoe pacee oya ax eo oax (10,5 ), o oocax coe oc pace e, ceecye o poex yax coaecx eax. oeco ax eo poopoao oe oye. yceoc aoa, o ooe oapy oe e p oax 0,20,1 .

Oao, ecop a ya, pacee pace paaec opao; o ao opeae ec paa a opa eo p x oax oop e pxoc.

Ceea pace oee paoyco. o 25 c x a. p oye oe 5 oyo-cyxx ce yypy aaec cy pa, a 1520% oe apaaec eeao acc, yeac oeco eepax opao ypoa eo a 1013% o cpae c opo, e oye pace. B o e pe, ec aa ooe popoc oeeec eoa, o ax opeo, oe poca oapyaec oee xpoocox aeppa.

eco, o oe e c xpooco aeppa eecoco, o oa, pyc, aeac o ec ea. Taa e apa aaec y ox eoea. p ax oax oye (0,10,01 ) eo oapy oeoe coepae xpoocox ooo eoax po, exc eax yca, eax ax. oco ax eo pyec, e.

ec ceye oe, o cea ope a coep aoe-o oeco xpoocox aoa (o 0,1 o 2%). opaoo cyecoa a, o-oy, eoxoo ocooe opae oex eo. eco, o a yca pocoo ooo oae 10 15% eo. ocoo y o po. a 2 oa x oy ooc oooec a ce ocyax po oox eoo. Ceoaeo, opaoo cyecoa, pa opaa eoxoa e oex eo ae, eoxoo ae coao oax xpoocox aeppa, eyx o e. Oca ececeo oyc, o eooe x opacae p oye ax, cypyx pae oax ye opaa (o eoopoo peea) e peoe ece paa, a aopoe opaa eo.

caaoo ceye, o ae xpoocox aeppa y oy, oyeo a oa, oe cy ae eco cye o oe, oyeo opao (ooeca oep), o x e cooa aece pep pca, pea, aeceoo oy p x oax.

BOCCTAHOBEHE OCE OEH HA ETOHOM POBHE Boccaoee oce oye pocxo a eoo ypoe. o cao c e, o opee, oope oy pec ey e, p opeeex ycox e epooc occaoe ccea epeao peapa. Tae opee aco aa nomeuau. B aee o o peappyc, oa ea ae, o e peayc, oa oa e.

Oao ep oeaoe opeee co opa, a a e opeee ao-o ope exa oeypoo opee. O oe pec oy y paaox opae. xapaepc pepoyo e eo coy a o cyemae nomeuao emae nopeeu, paaec o cocoy x oapye. epe c poo paopoaoo oye, a ope o ee aeoc eo o e ee yco, oopx o axoc epe ac oce oye. Oao o c ae ooo yco. Hapep, e ceo, o ac ox papo H, opaoaxc p oye eo o aaa ceecoo epoa, oe occaoea a ocaeec o pea H pe. Ho e x, o ea e ycea ae o oea cea H, caoc ye ea a ee e, poc a e xpoocox apye. Oeo, o eoc peapa, oopa xapaepyec ao cyae oe x eo, oo ye, ec cycceo y epo epe ceo.

emuocm occmaoeu (B) o cyeax opee oea aopo occaoe, oop xapaepye ooee aeoc eo p paopoao oye aeoc p oopao oye o paoc o ypaoo oopaoo oye, peyex oce oaooo ea.

aop occaoe opeeec ecoc occaoe copoc epexoa eo oee ycee a a, pe poecc pooooo a paoyceoc eo oe opoo oye. oopoe oyee oe ocy oo poe epeappoax eaoo peappoax opee, oo oo, o oo oe oe opee. Oao xo eee opee a cyeae oeao eae ocaoo ycoo, o aco oyc pecaa cee ec opae pax ae p oopx oyex. aeee poecco peapa opaoa epeappyex opee oe oapyeo p cceoa apaepo po aeoc. a pao, ax pocoo opaa aea ac eo axoc ae oo, coxpa cocooc paoGe. Ec ac eoo oy oa, o ooec e oy apoac paoac, ae oe e. Oe ocoe paoooece apaep ooxc eo in vivo ooo pyo.

Cee opae eoo oy ac o ecoc poecco occaoe ee o x peyaa. B cyae, oa epe o oyee e yce occaoc, opee, oe p oopo oye, yy eee oy. poe oo, cee opae ac o o pee ee ec. p opeeeo ooc o oye, oopa ac o ox apaepo, o ce o a e, oe acy ao oe, oa copoc opaoa opee pec copoc peapa.

aa ax oyppyx poecco oa e yea. He eopeecx oee, cepeax cceoa. Oeo, o ooa oe oaeo oa a ao apaep, a pe eooo a, aop aoe opee .. Cya oopaoo oye oe oyac o oe p ao ope y ooc o, oa oa peo opacae o eoopoo ae, a oo peo aae o ypo ececeoo oa. Cya oopaoo paopoaoo oye cooecye y ooc o, ea oeco ax yco.

B oe e cyae y ooc pooa, xo opaea cy ecece oo, a cepxy eoop aca aee, p oopo acyae ea cxo oca eo cceyeo oy. Cya, oa y ooc o axoc ey y pa ae pecae coo ay py, cooecye cya, oa cceyey oy eo oec cpey, coepay paoy oepax e ececex. Paccopee oo cya oe oaac oe oe ocec poa a apex eppopx cooa apex poyo.

ec oe cyae e eec y, o oo cooa apee poy. oe peee ececeoo ypo eoyco. Oao peaoc aoa, o o ce-a pocxo, ooy eoxoo a, ae ece poe cay epe oeco ao aca ocec.

a, oee eoope o aeo paccope.

Ocoo po e eo, a ae oaex ocec yeoo opae, o ce opaoa paox oyxoe, ec opaee H. e p oe oye 1 p ao ee eoea opeac ocoa oey H, oa 1000 oox 10 100 ox papo, a oopx oe ca po ooe aeppa.

e-137 ee aa-ye ooo 1,0610-. ep ea-ac, cycaex cpoe-89 0,910-13 (cpe) 1,310-12 (acaa), cpoe-90 3,110-14 (cpe) 8,710-14 (acaa), a pyo 1,510-13 (cpe) 3,610-14 (acaa).

oaao, o co oox papo, eo ac o o oye oe poo aaoe: o eee e 0,2 p o 60000 p. py, coa, a aa a oa oye, oo oa eoopoe co oox papo. eoc x opaoa eec .acoc o ox oxecx aopo, o cpe ep a 1 pap ye c o cocae . ooy ocoeo 1,610-18 3,210-oaco ypeee oyee, a a o cyae pocxo ooe ooee, .e. ec opa oa cpo96, o p cyca ea-ac c epe 0,910-13 oe oy opa 2830056600 oox papo H. aea cya x papo ye ace o ox aopo, o ce o coco e ee cocooc occaoe.

OOECA POTBOEBA ATA OPAHMA Pacpeec peee opyx ye pax oacx ay ex ae aece yaeao aa copeeo paooo oc ye oe paoycooc opaa. peee epx ac ooo pae ocecx cceoa aca pea opoc peeo aoye a paa, acoc, opycyp ye cox ep.

Oa peax oooce oe paopeceoc opaa coco cooa cpec apao-xeco a npomemopo, cyeceo yeax opaaee ece oye. o apaooeco ao ( cpoo cce coa) oa eee opa poeopa epe oyee, poee oe aeoc ox.

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