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Tpeoa opa, ycaoee Hopa, c oae cex pecx , eaco o x oeoc op coceoc, peyae eeoc oopx ooo oyee e, a ae ecx pacopex coex opao, paa Pecy eapyc, ocpax paa e paaca, poax a eppop Pecy eapyc.

Hacoe Hop c ocoooaa oyeo, peaepy peoa aoa Pecy eapyc O paaoo eoacoc acee ope ocox peeo o, oycx ypoe oec opyeo ye pyx peoa o opae oye eoea. Hae pye opae eoece oye e o poope peoa Hop.

Hop pacpocpac a ceye oec opyeo ye a eoea:

ycox opao cyaa exoex coo ye;

peyae paaoo aap;

o ppox coo ye;

p eco oye.

Tpeoa o oecee paaoo eoacoc copypoa aoo a oye. Cyapa oa o cex o oye coyec oe paaoo ocao oaex ecx ocec, a ae oocoa ax epop oe x eoc.

Tpeoa Hop e pacpocpac a co ye, coae p x ycox opae c :

yay ooy ey oy e oee 10 ;

yay ooy aey oy oe e oee 50 xpycae e oee 15 ;

oey ooy ey oy e oee 1 e. o oa p oeo oe oee 1 e.- oea o py oa oaae eeecoopaoc ce oeo o.

Tpeoa Hop e pacpocpac ae a ocecoe yee a oepxoc e ypeee oyee eoea, coaaeoe ppo ae, a oope paec eooo .

epee opo ocooe coo opyeo ye o paaooo opo ycaaac caap paa.

ao e paaoo eoacoc ec oxpaa opo acee, a epcoa, o peoo oec opyeo ye ye coe ocox po op paaoo eoacoc e eoocoax opae oeo eeoc p cooa ye pax oacx xoca, aye ee.

Ocoy cce paaoo eoacoc, copypoao ax Hopax, coca copeee eyapoe aye peoea, o cpa, ocx cooo ypo paaoo a acee, oeece o.

opya paa p oec a opa eoea oe a a a eo, oope eco eo oocc oe: eeppoae opooe e (yea oe, yeo epa, yea aapaa, yeoe ecoe, aoa pa oa p.) coxacece (epooce) ecopooe e (oaecee oyxo, eo, acecee oe).

Hop paaoo eoacoc oocc oo opyey ye. B Hopax yeo, o opyee yee ec o oeca coo pca opo eoea o pc, cae c oece ye, e o cooocc oo c oa o eo cooa, o x ceye cooca c pca epaaooo pocxoe.

oecee paaoo eoacoc p opao cyaa coo ye eoxoo pyoocoac cey oco pa:

epeee oycx peeo yax o oye eoea o cex coo ye (p oppoa);

apeee cex o eeoc o cooa coo ye, p oopx oyea eoea oeca oa e peae pc oooo pea, peoo ooe oyee (p oocoa);

oepae a ooo o oco ypoe c yeo ooecx coax aopo yax o oye ca oyaex p cooa oo coa ye (p oa).

Oeceoc a coee acox Hop ycaaaec cooec c aoa Pecy eapyc O caapo-eeco aooy acee, O paaoo eoacoc acee.

oocoa pacxoo a paaoy ay p peaa pa oa paec, o oyee oeo eo oe 1 e.- po oeaoy yepy, paoy oepe 1 e.-oa acee. Bea eeoo aea oep 1 e.-oa acee ycaaaec cea oyea.

HOPMAHE COBȟ CATA CTOHOB EHȟ caaac ceye aeop oyaex :

epcoa;

ce aceee, a epcoaa e cep yco x pooceo eeoc.

aeop oyaex ycaaac p acca opao:

ocoe pee o ();

oyce ypo ooaopoo oec ( ooo paoya, y ocye ooo a eeo oye), ec poo o ocox peeo o: pee oooo ocye (), oyce cpeeooe oee aoc (OA), cpeeooe yee aoc (A) p.;

opoe ypo (o, ypo, aoc, ooc ooo p.). x ae o ya ocy opaa ypoe paaoo eoacoc oecea yco, p oopx paaooe oece ye e oycoo.

Ocoe pee o oye pee a.10.

Ocoe pee o e a ce o o ppooo ecoo oye, a ae o cece paaox aap. Ha oye ycaaac ceae opae.

ea oa epcoaa e oa pea a epo pyoo eeoc (50 e) 1000 , a acee a epo (70 e) 70 .

p oopeeo oec a eoea coo eeo ypeeo oye ooa ea oa e oa pea peeo o, ycaoex a.10.

B caapx ycox ooaopoo ocye paoyo, opeeex paee VII acox Hop, oooe ocyee paoyo epe opa xa cpeeooa oea aoc x o xaeo oyxe e o pea cox ae OA, peex poex 2 3, e pee o pa 20 o epcoaa 1 o acee.

B ycox ecaapoo ocye paoyo e OA ycaaac eoec yaa pecyacoo opaa caapo-eooeco cy Mcepca paooxpae Pecy eapyc.

epcoaa ae OA oepx poyo ooo paoa (222Rn 220Rn) 218Po (RaA); 214Pb (RaB); 214Bi (RaC); 212Pb (ThB); 212Bi (ThC) eax aeo paoeco aoc coca:

: 0,10 RaA 0,52 RaB 0,38 RaC = 3,0 M;

0,91 ThB 0,09 ThC = 0,68 M;

OA: 0,10 ARaA 0,52 ARaB 0,38 ARaC = 1200 /3;

0,91 AThB 0,09 AThC = 270 /3, e A ooe ocye cpeeooe oee aoc oe xa cooecyx oepx ooo paoa.

e opace o 45 e, paoax c coa ye, oc ooee opae:

aea oa a oepxoc e ac oac oa e oa pea 1 ec, a ocyee paoyo opa a o e oo oee 1/peea oooo ocye epcoaa. B x ycox aea oa oye oa a 2 eca eeo epeeoc e pec 1 . oecee oe yaaoo opaa p oopeeo oec coo eeo ypeeo oye oo oc peoae ya 21 HP-200.

Acpa pep oaa epeec epeey ey a paoy, e cay c coa opyeo ye, co ee opa o ae epeeoc a epo epeeoc pyoo capa peea.

cyeo yaxc cape 16 e, poxox poeccoaoe oyee c cooae coo ye, ooe o e o pea 1/4 ae, ycaoex epcoaa.

AHPEMOE OBEHHOE OEHE apyeoe oyee epcoaa e ycaoex peeo o (c. a.10) p a peopae aap oe papeeo oo cyae eoxooc cace e () peopae x oye. apyeoe oeoe oyee oycaec y cape 30 e p x opooo ceo coac oce oppoa o oox oax oye pce opo.

apyeoe oyee oo cocaa aapo-cacaex pyx ceax oppoa e ycaoex peeo o (c. a.10) p a peopae aap peaepyec eoce oyea, coacoa c Mcepco paooxpae Pecy eapyc.

apyeoe oeoe oyee eo oe o 100 o aex oax e oee ypax ae, peex a.10, oycaec c papee eppopax opao caapo-eooeco cy Mcepca paooxpae Pecy eapyc, a oyee eo oe o 200 o epexpax ae aex o, peex a.10, oo c papee pecyacoo opaa caapo-eooeco cy Mcepca paooxpae Pecy eapyc.

oeoe oyee e oycaec:

paoo, paee ye oyex peyae aap aapoaoo oeoo oye c eo oo 200 c aeo oo, peae epe paa cooecye pee o, peee a.10;

, ex ece poooaa pao c coa ye.

a, oepec oye eo oe, peae 100 eee oa, p aee paoe e o oepac oye oe ce 20 a o.

Oyee eo oo ce 200 eee oa oo paccapac a oeao oacoe.

a, oepec aoy oye, o eeeo oc o oye apac a ecoe oceoae. oceya paoa c coa ye a oe papeea oo yao ope c yeo x coac o pee oeeo eco occ.

a, e oocec epcoay, peaee poee aapx cacaex pao, o oope oye paoa a epcoa.

TPEOBAH OPAHEH OEH HACEEH Ocoe ooe Paaoa eoacoc acee ocaec ye opae oec cex ocox o oye.

Boooc peypoa pax o oye cyeceo paac, ooy peaea x ocyecec paeo c peee pax eoooecx oxoo execx cocoo.

B ooe cex coo oye acee ceye pa ep a o ce o oye y oex , a o yee ca , oepaxc oye, cooec c po oa.

Opaee exoeoo oye opax ycox ooa oa oye acee e oa pea ocox peeo o (c. a. 10). aae pee o oocc cpee oe peco py acee, paccapaeo a cya o eeo oye a ey o oaeo o o 70 e cece ocye paoyo opa a ey o.

opae oye acee oe exoe coa ye pecyac opao caapo-eooeco cy Mcepca paooxpae Pecy eapyc x ycaaac o (o) peea ooo o, o a, o cya o e peaa peeo o, yaax a. 10.

Oyee acee exoe coa ye opaaec ye oecee coxpaoc coo ye, opo exooecx poecco opae poca (cpoca) paoyo opyay cpey, a ae py epop a ca poepoa, cyaa pepae cooa coo ye.

Ha ocoa ae paoyo epe opa eape, cooecyx peey o 1 a o o o oo peea, oe paccaa opex yco oyca yea aoc ocox ex poyo c yeo x pacpeee o ooea paoa eo oe, a ae c yeo ocye paoya epe opa xa eeo oye.

Opaee ecoo oye p opo opae paaox oec ee ocoa a oye eoxoo oeo aoceco opa epaeecoo ea p ao oox ypox oye.

p o e ycaaac pee o, o coyc p oocoa aae paooecx ecx poeyp oa ep a aeo.

C e ce ypoe oye aeo Mcepco paooxpae ycaaac opoe ypo ecoo oye p peeooeco pa-oyo aoce.

p poee poaecx ecx peeooecx cceoa ayx cceoa paec opox ooa ea oa, oye x e oa pea 1 .

caoe opa oooo poaecoo oye oe pee ycox eaopo eooeco ocao, peye poee ooex cceoa yeoo cooa eoo c o ooopaoae. Taoe peee o peeo yeo pee oo opaa poaecoo oye paec Mcepco paooxpae Pecy eapyc.

poeee ayx cceoa a x c coa ye oo ocyecc o pee Mcepca paooxpae Pecy eapyc. p o peyec oaeoe ceoe coace cyeoo peocaee ey opa o oox ocecx oye.

a (e ec paoa peeopaooecoo oee), oaae oo oepe aeo (eoox, ee) p oe peeopao-oecx poeyp, e o oepac oye oe, peae 5 o.

Mooc o aa-ye a pacco 1 o aea, oopoy c epaeeco e ee paoapaeece peapa, e oa pea p xoe paooecoo oee 3 /.

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