WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 19 | 20 || 22 | 23 |   ...   | 25 |

O epcex coo aypax paopoeopx eec c oo: opo, cea, aa, a, oayp, pea. B Moeco exooeco cye papaoaa oa exoo oye pe ooe, pooeoo a ooo copoe, oopa ee coy ooecy eoc aoap coepa e ao, oooo pa, aocx epax eec. Oooe pe pecae coo oopoy, paoepo poepy accy. e, yc aax aypae, cocee ooa. pe ee accoy o cyxx eec 814%, pH cpe 3,44,2. poeoe pooco oooo pe ce opo ocoeo a opyco Ococo ocepx aoax.

B Moeco exooeco cye papaoa p poyo eeo-poaecoo aae, acoc, oe cye, cyxape, po ee c cooae oo oooo pe opo ce.

ae poy ooae eo, apoo, eao. Oe ap poyo paoa a 1 2 xeoaoax . Moea.

Hacee eapyc, oepaeyc eaopoy oec aopo ee cpe, peoeyec o pao a poy, oaae copo (eo-aoe pae, poy c M), aoca (aoepepoa ceo co) opoa (oooe pe, xeoyoe e) coca.

eee ex pecypco ac e oo o pooca poyo a, o o x coxpae. o a Bcepo poooceo cecoxoceo opaa p OOH, oee 15% ox ex pecypco oae p xpae, a poecx cpaax a pa opacae o 3050%. aco opc e oxo o opee opce yo, o, o py. popacae epe ey eoc apoe ecee-ee ec xpae. Haceoe-pee op p xpae epo, pyy, yy, cyxopy. Mce poy e eca opae cpo xpae.

Ececeo, oa opya paa caa ocy aopo poeoc, o ox cpaax pa ca cceoa oooc pee paa yee cpoo xpae poyo a.

C acyee ec ceepx cpaax, a ee oee ex cpaax pa, oo ypo poc popacae xpaxc a cae apoe, ya, opo, ecoa, ce. poaa o o ex ex poyo.

Mey e paooo oaa, o peapeoe oyee x poyo oe 100150 ooc ycpae x popacae ooe coxpa ycoe aee coca eee ceo ecee-eeo epoa. Taeoe cceoae oaao oy pooc oyex yaax oax opeoo ooe a.

Bo ox cpaax eo oao papee accooo coxpae yaax ex poyo. B o poeo acae oya yca a po apoe. Haceee oyae eo oxoee, a a o ye coxpaec apoe pe.

Ocoeo epce opye ye op c aceo-pee, yoa p xpae epo, cyee py, cyxe ee oepa. Ha eaopax, caax, xpaax pocxo cpoe paoee aceox (aap oooc, epoo o, ea oea, y xpya, cyxopyo e p.), oeax opx xpaec ee poy. Mey e oyee oax 300500 aaya oaa-60 cooepe epoa ycopee ooc oae paoee x aceox-peee ooe aeo xpa poy p oo coxpae x ex aec.

yea ece epa cyxopyo oao papeea opaa paooxpae Pocc, CA pyx cpaax. cpa opa o, oo pyo p xpae aec pae poopao, epy oepe ece pooo e. Ec epeec yaoae o py oepy aa-oye oo 20003000 , o oo aeo c x oceeoc ece copa po ee e ca po cpo xpae. Ta, oyee yaoao y oo 2500 ooe y cpo xpae (p oeo eepaype) c 56 o 1213 e, o eae ooo ee pacoppoy a aee pacco. Ha 1015 cyo poeaec cpo xpae p eepaype 22-25oC epe, aapo, aeco, oao, opaa p oye yaoao e oa 15002000 .

Ha ox aoax, ycax pyoe co, o ox cpaax coy ocepa opyy paa. O eo ocepa popeae o 80100C epee: eec yc coa. Oo aa-oyee peye cox o y cpaeo paoycooc poe, ax poee opy coa. Paooo peo cooa coco x eo peo oa co paoyceoc p eox eex eepayp (a. 9).

Ec popeae coo o 50C x oyee oe 5000 ao caaoc a poe cpoo xpae coo, o oopeeoe ece paa (5000 ) popea (50C) poo pepacoy ey: opa o co oce ao opao o xpac oee oa p 20C.

Taa Onmuae ycou coecmoo ucnooau oyeu u yepeoo apea (50C) npoeu cpoa xpaeu pymox coo CO , Bpe oooo xpae t, C Bopa 5000 oee oa, 20 o 5000 To e o 3000 9 ece Aeco 4000 To e Bopa 1800 3 eca, 37 Aeco 1800 To e o 1600 To e Xopoe peya, oye p yeo opaoe yaoao c, e, . apee poy p oye x (6000 ) acox aeax oy xpac oee oa p oao eepaype. Meo poo coy CA. ye aa pa, oa a opy aepacx caoeo a apa o oya ec acaccoo yaoe, a oopo acao:

Cepoc apapoaa yeo opaoo. Ha ypee eyapoe p ocya yp, yc, e, oo xpaec aoap yeo ocepa.

Moocee cceoa oaa epceoc cooa aa-oye poe cpoo xpae poyo op: p, peeo, pao p.

(a.10). Ta, oyee oax 40006800 ox copo cee p ooe po xpaee c 47 e o 6ee p 05C.

Ta opao, acoee pe a ocoa opx cceoa cao co, o aa-paa cocoa cyeceo po cpo xpae ox ex poyo. Bo ox cpaax ae poeocppoaa execa ocyecoc yeo opao ex poyo.

B Pocc, aae, pa, o pe pyx cpa cocpypoa ca poocee ycao oooo oye pax ex poyo. coyc epee ycao, copoae a aooe, cae pacopo exo, epeeae apy c poya epe ay oy p caoo ypae cooecye ae. Cyecy oe caoape ycao c oeepo oae aepaa oye, opyee a eoo eo ao. B acoee pe oo-poee ycao, ecye pax cpaax, coy aece coo paa oee epex oo p.

Taa poeue cpoo xpaeu cee p u opcux npoymo npu aa-oyeuu poy , Cpo xpae poy , Cpo xpae p 05C, ee p 05C, e Tpeca, 01-1,5 ap, co, 00,caa 2000 4 2000 4000 6 6000 6000 8 pee ayc 0 0,5 2000 Mopco 2000 2 opya 01,oy 6000 4 1000 3,ya 01 ooc 01,2000 6 oy 3000 6,4000 6000 ooecoe oceoae cooa paa poe cpoo xpae ex poyo oaao peaeoc oo pea p pyoacao pee c ocaoo coo pooeoc. Ta, ooece pace, poeee aae, Hepaax pyx poex ycaoo, oaa ooecy peaeoc x p aepe popaca apoe ya, ece pca, oo, yypy, e, y. ooeca oa p xpae poyo eoo o oo pa peae apa a o poecc. aae apa a ycao p oo x apye oyac eee yx-pex e cyaa.

Oao pooo epe pay eoo yeo opao ex poyo peoaoc cpooe oaaeco oooc cooa x a, x ooeoc epeoc acee. Heoxoo o ae peooe cxooec apep, cyecy y acee, acaoo o peo ec paa cy oo oacaeoc oyex poyo. Bce opoc acoo a, o x pee pooac ooe paoa e oo oe cya pax cpaax, o paax pyx eyapox poeo, opaoax Meyapo aeco o poy cooa aoo ep.

pee ceo ceye oe, o pacpocpae cpe acee oace, e oy oyee poy ca coa paa, a e e ocoa c cece ea eeapx aoo .

eo o, o aa-paa ycopee epo ex ep, oope coyc oye ex poyo, o co ec apaepa e oy (p x oax) a aeey paoaoc. Ta opao, opoepe ax oace ae e peoac ceae cceoa.

Coxpa oyee poy co aey eoc oa cceoaeca paoa oaaa, o cocae oyex poyo oee oe eoe ee. Aa eoo apoe, oyeoo oax 80100 , oaa, o aeo ye coxpac paxa, e, aoce eeca a o cpae c eoye, oop ye ecee ec p popaca aa pacxooa eeca. Aa epa, oyaeoo c e yoe peee oax 25011000 , oaa ocyce ee e coepa ea, paxaa, pa aoo oeca.

Oyee cyxopyo ece e oo e eo x yc, e, aax aee coca, o apo, oao a 1530% x ayxaeoc copoc paapa p yapo opaoe. aa-oyee c e poe cpoo xpae yapx e ca, p, o , c, eoa e opaaoc a aeo eoc x poyo x opaoeecx cocax. Cpaee eoo yeo opao ex poyo c py cocoa oceppoa (aopaae popeae) oaae aeo yee coxpaee ceeo a poya p ec paa.

aeo coee oaac opoc o epeoc ex poyo oce yeo opao. epoaao poeee cceoa a y ac cpae, a CA, aae P e e poce, e c ocece coca y oyex ex poyo p eo capa oo o. B oe cooa oyee co, py, epo. Oo oee 50% oeo paoa oox ox cocoo oyex poyo. cceoa poo a pcax, coaax, ax, oeax.

eoc cepea o 1,5 o 5 e ( pe pao oxaaoc o 5 ooe pc). cceoa o oye poyo a o 50006000 o 5000000 .

B poecce cepeo yac oee cocoe oeee ox, x ec, pooeoc , aoeaeoc, opoo po, aoapa aoc, oxece oaae oea, aooo-aaoece oaae, ocpooee y. Bce cceoa e oo ax-o ocecx coc y oyex poyo. Ha x ocoa opa caapo-eecoo opo pa cpa a papee a yc ox ap oyex poyo yopee eoeo.

Oao oy 60-x oo ea ca oc oee cooe o opaoa oyex pacex ox ax eec, oaax yae coca. Ta, coece yee oaa, o p oye ye apoe x opacae oeco xox oco, oaax coca yaea. Aaoe ae oyoa ce oce cceoae.

o peoe oeeoo oea cepo px eyapox opaa (AO, MAAT BO) o peeo poec ooee cceoa yaex coc oyex ex poyo. cceoa oyeoo ca poo acae pooc eee pa e CA. oa popaa, acpyea 23 cpaa, a oea paax eyapooo poea apcpy (P) o aa MAAT.

B Pocc eao cceoa yaee eeca, opayec oyeo apoee. p capa x eec a (caa) oc oee ypoax eo cepe. Ho o e pe opayec o e oye yae oaac oe eco. x yaaoc oapy oo eeeo oce oye cpo apoee. p xpae yaee eeca cpo cea, epe 3-4 eca y x ye e coepa. eeca ae pacaac p apea.

Cape apoe, pooe oac oce oye, e coepa ceo x yaeo.

B 1976 . Bcepa opaa paooxpae paccopea ae eyapooo poea o cceoa ococ oyex ex poyo aa, o o e oee pee, e oe ee poy, coepae eyoo ax oecax yae.

eceo, oe eo cceoa oo ycao opaoae ( ax oecax) poyo oce eacex px co, oaax yae coca, p oapa poyo a paceo ace. Bce oee e p ca coepa ce yaeo, opayxc poecce oe.

epo, poaaeoe a eyapoo pe, coep yaee ec cpeca, oop oypa eo p xpae a eaopax a o aceox-peee. Ta opaa, oyex ex poyax e eo opaoa yaeo oacx opo oecax. B acoee pe 18 cpaax poeo acae aoy paa coy poe xpae oee 25 o pax ex poyo. Peee pa exooecx ooecx poe oo yeoy eoy a pooe eco eo poeoc.

Peoeyea epaypa 1. o. epo: aao pa // Haya . 1989. 12. C. 211.

2. o A.M. o epo. M.: eC, 1990.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 19 | 20 || 22 | 23 |   ...   | 25 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .