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epoc aop oac ocaec ceac cocoo pacpeee ocyapcex cpec. o ocyapceoo ea, pacxoyea a epoce popa, oe cy oaaee ypo peapoa ocyapca a o aop.

ppoc ca aoea, ex peooeo epocoe pocxoee, pec a aao 90x oo. eo o epo a paoaeo opa opyc a paa eapyc.

eco, o po ocaacpoecoo cpecca ec e eocpeceoe ocpe co, a eo oceyee ocoae, epepaoa opa o e (ee opaooo cpecca).

, ocpaax peyae aacpo a AC, oeaec cee ypo cxeco aaa, aoe eyepeoc cee, eycoo caooeo eccceco oeo yyeo. Tpeooe oae apye opo oxaae o p eep acee ocpaax paoax. Macco coao-paoooec cpecc opoae ecoo o aaaox cpoo:

oeceae opeoce (coao-cxooeca aa);

ca a epx papyx epeax (pa cya cpo exooc).

Ceo oo co ce opeeeoc oop o coao-cxooeco yape o acee a o ocoo ocec aap a AC. ooe, poce eee 11- ocepocx e, e o e oy coeopa cpo epo.

Coec y acee pecae o paaoo oacoc pope aeca epocoo ocpa, ca o cyecex aopo, yeax coay ycooc eapyc. Ta opao, oo yepa, o ce ax epocx oo o opaoo o.

oce opee eapyc caocoeoc (1992 .) ep pex pee cyeceo caaac caaec a epoco oe.

B acoee pe oece opep ec:

yop eaec a peaa apex eppop.

apyec occaoee ooeco pacpyyp a opaex eppopx, aa cecoxoceo eeoc, cpoeco ox poex oeo.

Boo ceye pope eeoc c c ae ocec epoco aacpo oeceee ooec ycooo pa P:

papaoa po ooec eoacoo pa peaa eppop, ocpaax peyae aacpo a AC;

aaa pooceo eeoc opaa e a yepeo apex eppopx a paaooo aopa;

oceee e c co apex eppop:

coepecoae ooecoo paoooecoo opaoa;

coepecoae cce oppoa acee, ceaco, ypaee;

papaoa po opaoo eeoc ocyapca p a ocec ox aacpo;

cceoae coax, cxooecx pox ocec epoco aacpo;

poaa execx ooecx aacpo;

opaoa eoo ec ycox aacpo;

pacpee cceoaecx, ocepx pox y oeccoo paooecoo aoea;

yyee cce acpoa epocx popa.

Cya eapyc a ocaec eca coo c 1986 oa. epoaao y cya oppoa epoc aop, oe eo oo pye.

Oea eyeo coco eopyccoo oeca o poo p eyapo pep ycooc yaae a ae cepex coao-ooecx poe: ypoe ypeeo aooo poya, coa epaoa, peepoe coaoe paccoee, a poaeoc, aa pooeoc , capee acee p.

ea pooae e eco ee caa a epoc aop oe poe eapyc.

Moo yepa, o p ao yac cax eopyco a ocoe epocoo aopa coppoa cpaae eopycco a. Cpaae cpo xapaepe ceo acee, a e oo ee ocpaax o paa paoo. ac o eo oppoa eo oe, o-oy, ye eooo.

Boae opoc: e cooa epoc aop aece oo oco ee a a; e peca eopyco a co yop apo, oop epa epoc yap oe po co ye aeca p peaa oeaoao popa ocooo oea a epoc o. Taa popaa oa coe aoe o a ocec aacpo a AC c eyapo oo papao cpae ycooo eoeecoo pa.

Booo yceoe ee oce aooy eapyc coxc eaopx paoooecx coao-cxooecx ycox ao peoc aoo pa eopyccoe oeco coxpae co oea pa (yyp opaoae) coy cee ypaeoc cepxy, ooy ec xopoe epce oa acee pecypco a peaa copeeo ooec opepoao oeaoao popa pa. eo a papaoo ao popa.

Moo yepa, o eopyccoe oeco ooo paaoy oopoy oe, o oopo oea cyeceoe yyee cya. B ee cee aoy oopoy ooa cepa ypae (cxooec exooec), a o yaa ceye a:

a) eya oopa yc a aoao eyapoo ypoe o pee epoco poe;

) ocyce co paex cpaeecx ee eoacoo pa eopyccoo oeca, o oc, apep, p papaoe oyea Haoaa cpae ycooo pa (1997 .);

) ocyce ocaex a cceaecy ocoy pao o coa cpae aoaoo pa c yeo ocepecpoex ocepocx pea.

Ha ocoe ecaaoo oo peapeo copypoa ceye opep ooec ycooo pa eapyc c yeo ecpyoo epocoo aopa:

1. Papaoa poeee ocpyo opaoo o yxe ocooo oea a epoc o:

oppoae ocypoae opaa (ocyapcex oecex) acee o yo opoca ycooo pa coo paoooeco coao-cxooeco ocaoe;

ee opoco ycooo eoeecoo pa paoooeco eoacoc epee popeo aoaoo opaoa ooo apo.

2. Papaoa eooo epexoa o a ocec aacpo a AC ycooy eoeecoy pa:

coae cce pepe ooo-coao-ooeco ycooc oaoo, aoaoo peoaoo ypoe;

papaoa apao epexoa P ooec ycooy pa.

3. poae aaooo o eyapooy pecaecy M oocpooo poea ycooo pa apaex eppop, aeo oec cceoa, exooecx papaoo epop o a eo-ooecx, coao-cxooecx pox ocec epoco aacpo.

eooece cceoa o ye coco opo acee, ocpaaeo peyae aacpo a epoco AC, oaa co ye ec oee pooopae paec o cex peoax pecy. Oeaec oepea poc ca cepx cyae o oee pooopae oeco Moeco oacx, pe aoee ae poc cepoc oeaec pyococoo opace (a 21,6% o pecye, 47,9% oeco 69,1% Moeco oacx). Oopeeo oeaec yeee a aco, a ypoe aoc cex accecx aopo pca aepocepoa, opaax opa acee (aepoee c oo oea, apepaa epe, ypee, oa acca ea, apyee oepaoc oe). Hapyee oo oea, ocpoc oe, oa acca ea ca c epaoa ecaacpoa ae.

C o o pe ao a pao a poy, oaae copo, aoca paopoeop coca.

Ocooe eco paoao a ooc e ooa (B). B o oec, coco ocaxapo (eo, eeo, eox eec), a ae a, cax c eox eec, oppyx eoe ce pace. Eo ocoeoc oxa epeapaeoc aax oeax eapeoo paa eoea papyee oco e.

Po B a ooopaa. Oa coco aco cae opaa epe, ee eo eoopx eaoo xyca apx eo eec, pey ooecx oxecx poecco opaax eape. Oo ooex oec eoo ooa a a opa aaec o, o oo cococye pocy ee pa aep, oope cepy a py B, poypy epe, yyae eapee, a ae peypea paoee pex poopao opaoae oco aepoeo. o, co oepe, oaae aocecoe oece cae apee yo cce.

B cooec c popao AO (pooocea cecoxocea opaa OOH) a poeea oea oecee B ( epecee a 1 e.) 38 cpaax cex peoo pa. Cpaa a cyapoe, a opeee ooo oex coo: ooe, pyo, e, yypy, pca epox eo. Haoee oeco B ocyao poyo epooo pocxoe aoe oox pyox poyo.

o a cac, opeee B pax cpaax e oya, oop oeec peeax 4070 /cy. B paaxc cpaax coyec peyeceo pacea a, oaa B, y acee ae capoc peo pecppyc eeca oe cepa pye aoea, ooce oe a. o opeee eoxooc ocoe eocaa B e pa y.

e, oocec pacop a ex ooo, yea ooee po eye oo ee, e ca ca ypoe po xoecepa po.

poe oo, o oa cee ooe opao caxapa, opy ypoe cya caxapa po.

Oco epec pecae cocooc ea opaoa epacope oece coee c oae eaa co, py, oao, o, xpoo, ee, cpoe, ee, poe, a ae paoooa, o x opaa.

Haypae eoe eeca oo oece coepac oax, cax, epo copoe, pe, cee, opo pyx ooax pyax, ooy x ao yope py o. Oao acoee pe pecye oyaec exaa epepaoax pyo ooe. o o pe coae poyo a, ooaex eo, ec pae aya.

Moec exooec cy coeco c eopycc H ooeco poeccoao aoo ( Moec a H paaoo e) oepco apo pac e (.

opyc) papaoa peeyp, poe ecy apoa oco poe yc pae eo-aoe c oaee ea acopoo co. pae eo-aoe peoeyec aaa e oece 4-x y, o cooecye oe 1 ea e. Peoeye ypc pea 4 ee.

oece aye cceoa oaa eecoopaoc ooae poyo a epocopea, coco o opaa yepoe eeca oc. B o apae pecae epec cooae aece epocopea ap-apoceeo (Na-M). apoceeoa pecae coo poco p eo oeo co ec oepo ooocoo coo, coepae coe cocae ooe oeco apocx py. B pooce oepcx e coyec apea co apoceeo. Na-M xopoo pacopec oe, pH cpe 7,08,0 e., ee e cea eoa e, oocy cpyypy. B Moeco exooeco cye p papaoe eeo-poaecx oepcx e a yea coecoc Na-M c ooea peeyp caxapo, aoo, pyo pe, oo poya, eo py.

Ha ocoa poeex cceoa papaoa accooo poaecoo a oe peeyp apaeo apeao acc c oao Na-M. Hoe oepce acc oac ye cpyypo, oee e cpoo xpae, oeo caxapoeoc oeo xeocopooc. Coco oye apaeo apeao acc ae aa a opeee.

ec aocae coca ppooo ea eaa, xoeo coca ce. B eopycco H ooeco poeccoao aoo ( Moec a H paaoo e) coeco c cyo pooo pycoo AH pa papaoaa exoo oye aoepepoaoo coa ce. aoepeapoa co oyaec aypaoo coa ye cpaa oooc aep. Co ee oee ycoe ooece aeca, eo-aoy opacy, p coa yc aax, cocee ae poya. aoepeapoa co ce coep 1% ea, oo- caxapa, a py B, PP, C, E, opaece co ooec aoe eeco aexo. Baee ocoeoc coa ec eo aocaoe ece, oycoeoe ae ppooo ea ce eaa, oop ye coxpaec co cpee aoepepoaoo coa. pe coa oaa p aex, epo, xpoeco oe, caepoe, p apye aocooo epaoo oeo, cocycoo oyca, eaoecx poecco oape. Papaoa exooeca cpy o poocy coa, cpy o ecoy pee.

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