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ooee caooepaec eo pea;

apyee yco eocea, pox ae ocao oo acc;

opaoae pooaco oepa oopoa.

peaa x aa capoa aya ocpoe e eoco opoo-epeo cce, cocoo c oo pax popo e oo ce a poecca, pocxo papyeo peaope, o poopoa x pae. Aapaypa, ycaoea yp capoaa, oa oecea:

epee eepaypa opox oax oea;

epee eooo ooa c oepxoc pax yaco eeo oea;

epee ooc o aa-ye;

opeeee e pa yp oea;

epee epooo ooa.

Aa oyaeo opa ooe ca eee cocoe oea a eoacoe. Papye peaop epeca coo oeo apooo paoaoc, poc paoax poyo ee capoaa co pa e, e a opao paoax oax (capoa e epee, o cococye oxae acc aaa oyxo), eepaypa opeaopx oeex 30C. a cocoe papyeoo peaopa ocoo aae oeca ce cya aoo ep . .B.ypaoa. Ee e e oo aapy oaa popo, ycaoex yp oea, o ca ao paoa yp capoaa. Paceoe pe cyaa capoaa cocae ecoo eco e, oao oe coe papyee yp eo oe pec oac ocec. Tae e e c, a a ye epo pao ce yee coyc c poecca paaooo papye eoa p eo copocoe c op oo.

aca ce o oaao, o p ax peax epeeex oa, ocaeoc peaope, ooee caopooo eo pea eooo.

ooy a oacoc p eopopyex papyex yp capoaa c paope oa p ee yco eo oxae , ceoaeo, ycopee copoc papye eoa, a ae xo a pee capoaa epe e eo opyce, oa oa oopx 1000 2, paoao . B acoee pe eepeoc capoaa e pecae oacoc, oao cyae ox ypex cpco ac , a o e o oe, a ope ac, oe apyy. Oee oeco o yp capoaa oe coo, o ec ca, o p aap o poeo 66 o opx ac, o yp capoaa, o e ce, x ocaoc oo oe.

Aa x oacoce peaa ocaoa, coac p cyaa capoaa, pey papao oe aee cy p. p o paccapac p apaa. ep paopa oe o eeo ya. Oao o peoee, xo aao, epeao, a a opeye opox apa eeoo epeoye poecce pao eco c e. Co e aoepoe opo apa aca a pe opo ypa. o paec e pe poe ceoeo , o oca o epapee poe epe ocey ooe, ec oe eoxooc paop oa. ooy yee .

.B.ypaoa coc eoxooc cpoeca p2. o oo epeoe, c oo cea coopyee, epoaeoe cy, cepxy, c oo. o coopyee oo paccao a co e ocpoeo a, o ae epoc yp e po ce capy. Oao oa ooaeoo pee o poee pe2 e po.

Peoeyea epaypa 1. pao M.X. Aoa epea. ece oco: eoe ocoe yo. M.: Bca oa, 1987.

2. Paooca .B. epa a: eoe ocoe. 2-e . M.: -o M, 1987.

3. Aoa epea ceo apa. M.: Bca oa, 1989.

4. poo .M., H.. epa a. M.: Haya, 1980.

5. Mapyc .. Aoa ep paaoa eoacoc. M.: epoaoa, 1988.

6. aee B.. epe epeece ycao. M.:

Bca oa, 1989.

7. Maee .B., Py A.. o ce o epo peaope. .: epoaoa, 1990.

8. Maeeo A.., aoc O.A., ao .C.

epa epea. Oeco ppoa. M.: Haya i xia, 1990.

9. Paa. o, e, pc. M.: Mp, 1990.

10. yeea .., oo H.H. Paooo. M., Hapoa acea, 1993.

e BHE EPHOCO ATACTPO HA COAHO-OHOMECOE PABTE EAPC epooca aap pooa 1986 oy, eep cee cao ee e a ce cep . a aacpoa oaaa oece a ooy, pooco, yypy, ayy, opoe cxy e. pe ocec , ecop a pe ep, a poee o e oo e yec, a o ox cyax oocpc c c poopoaoc yy ea.

ooec yep, aece apooy xocy, oeaec 235 p o. CA pacee c 1986 o o. Ocoa ac x cpec o apa a oepae yopoa pooca ocyecee ax ep. O coca 191,7 p o. CA. Ta, a apeo eppop oaac 340 poex pep. B peyae ocee x poocee ooc coyc aco, ooy pep ep y -a eoo oyaeoc cpec.

B ey cyy oeac pe ocee oep (30 p. o. CA). B pe oep ea cooc, eex cooa ppox pecypco, ocox oopox poocex oo, , oeo pacpyyp. Ta, cecoxoceoo oopoa o eeo 2,64 c. 2 opaaaex ee, o oeo a coo a yeee aooo copa poy paceeoca, a aeoe yeee ooo coa. ap 22 ecopoe oex coaex (cpoeoo eca, pa, , opa, ea), a ceo oe ape oaac 132 ecopoe. Haoee aee oep o aac ceox eco (91%) cpoeoo a (65%). Ha apeo eppop oaac epcee eppop pco eeaooco oac, ee eocaoo paeao.

ape oe oa eco (17,3 c. .

), o peo eeo oep 2 . 3 peec.

o pacea, 2010 o yy coca 3,5 . 3 peyae copea eco.

B ocee oep e e, oope pocxo o yxye opo acee, yco a a pooeoc pya. Ca e oece oep o pa acee.

Tpe cocaa oeo yepa o yyea oa (13,7 p o. CA). Oa ae cooc apeo poy, apa a ee epepaoy ocoee, a ae oep o pacope opao, aypoa poeo, aopaa peo, pao ..

peooe ocec aacpo paeco eeoo apae ooo 10% ex cpec (o 16,8% 1991. o 7.3% 1995 .). aea ac x ee aaec e oco oeca aeop paa coaco aoa O coao ae paa, ocpaax o aacpo a epoco AC. a cya eac o 24% 1992 . o 46% 1996 ., o cao a c yeee oe cy pacxoo, a c yeee oeca oo.

acpoa popa o peooe ocec aacpo coyec pea ao, ee 1992 . Eo paep aae coca 18% o oa oa pya, o c c e aepa ooee pep yee o 12%, a ae o 10%. Ho ao oe, o cpeca opa oo 6570% cex eex cpec.

poe a ooy, paoaoe apee eppop eapyc oaao opooe e a opoe acee. o e o yceo coa cxooec aopa, a ae py a apooeoo ape. ooy aco ocaoo pyo e e aap co e.

C 1992 . eapyc aaoc cee poaeoc.

ae a o poecc ec a oee, a cyee aop. epx oo oec yeee c 1992 . aeeco cepoc, eaa epeeoc, o xapaepo ce pecy, o aoee co poec Moeco oeco oacx. opx yeee ca eex ap, a o e e oo ooec pc, o cpax epe poee peea c eeec apye. eceo, apeo oe acoa poe ee c poe opoa pa cpooo yea yeac aeo oe, e cpee o pecye (39% a eapex eppopx 79% a eppopx c ypoe ape oee 555 /. ).

Ta a o e epo yeac cepoc, o peyae c 1992 . aaoc yeee oe ceoc acee.

Cpe ee apex eppop aopo e, e cpee o pecye, aoeaeoc o ce oco pya oee (opa xa, eape, pooopae, oco-eo, opo oeooo cce, oyxo).

aco o oee oo oc eee cxoooaoo coco. Ta, o cceoa cxooo, y e, oope oepc ec paoaoo ye, cac cocooc cxeco aaa. o ao eyepeoc cee, ceo caooeo peyae eccceco oeo yyeo. po oo c pae aop, oopx oo oe ceye:

peoa a opoe (coe ee);

eocaooe ae eo ec paa, ocoaoe a a ecceoaoc, a a poopex ceex oypo epaype;

eoxooc coe ep poa oco ec opo;

oecoe e pyx apooex aopo.

p o, a oaa o, aoe cee ocpaa epecee, a a y x aopa oaoc ee peoe eee eoo cepeoa (cea eca eca, opye, pao ..), o aoo epe oepaec oee co ypoe aoeaeoc y o py.

Ta opao, oo oop o coaopaoooeco cpecce, oop po ecy oe, coao-cxooeco aa, paaec yee opeoce, aa a epx epeax.

Bce ecaaoe ooe cea o o o, o epoca aacpoa oaaa pooae oaa aeoe eaoe e a poee eapyc caoy, ooec cxooec aooyoy oecy.

B eapyc aeoe oeco eo ax aa coeppoao opy popa a ocec aacpo a epoco AC. Peee x aa apyeo oe cee ca xapaepo, acao, oo cooc eeoc o coao-cxooeco oepe acee, peaa opaex eppop, ycooy pa pecy ocepocx ocepecpoex ycox.

B eopycco oece cooc pecaee o o, o epoca aap, accpyea ye a aoaoe ooecoe ece ae a oaa aacpoa, e oe paccapac c o pe paoo paaoo eoacoc. ae ecpy ee oepc ce cep eeeoc ocpaax paoax. Hapye p xo oeco, coao ooeco cpa.

epoc aop pecae coo aey ypoy ycooy pa ocyapca oeca. Coaa apeoc, caa c epoc po, e yeaec, ooy poea aeaoo oeoo ec ocaec ayao.

B pecye pooaec paoa o peaa eppop, ocpaax peyae aacpo a epoco AC. a eeoc ce oe cee oaec a oppoae cox paoooecx coao-cxooecx ycox eo pacpyyp oecee opao eeeoc ycooo eoeecoo pa. cooe pae peoaae oee co ypoe coacoa epeco acee, ceaco ypaee c yeo copeex peoa ooec eoaco eeoc, pee aeax ypo oacoc a exoo.

Moe o yee pax cpaax oa, o coac peyae aap a epoco AC cya oa oo epe cooaa aoe a o ocecx oox aacpo oa occaoex pao. Oao ocy ypoe eyapooo copyeca ayo, exooeco paeco cepax oa e cooecye acaoc aa.

Cpay oce aacpo oe pee o epoco poee a ocyapceo ypoe pac a oe oeo ooaoc p ocyc pa eoxox ax cee eocoo oa cya.

B ycox acoc ceaa opa o epoco aacpoe, ea cy ocoec ocaoo poope xapaep, caa cooac oypx oecx ex occ epe CM a cy oeceoc.

o cx op ocaec aya opoc: acoo aeao oppyc o paaoo coycyx e oacocx e eapyc, ceac, ee eo c epoco poeo, a, pae ocyapcee pee.

B epe ocepoce o yc pyooca apae a oepy coao caoc a oye e, o ocyecoc ye epecee apex paoo, opae xoceo eeoc a paaoo apex eppopx, oecee ee c poya.

B peyae aacpo a AC apea ooy paoa ooa o eep eppop eapyc, a oopo poae a ac acee.

ooec yep oeaec 32 oox ea. Ha eppopx ocee poc poa:

414 aceex yo;

607 o ecx cao;

54 oxoa coxoa;

95 o pyx ecx ypee.

oceex paa (oee 130 c.) ocpoeo:

68 c. app oex oo;

o a 29,5 c. ec;

ecx cao a 12,2 c. ec;

o a 1,8 c. oe.

ac ee paoo ocee (oee 41 c.) e ea yea, a ae yexax pea pye ee, eoe, oceec paee.

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