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Opo, xo ecoo oae, epec peca o Mpooo oeaa. B opco oe ypaa e a y ao 3410-6 a 12, .e. oax Mpooo oeaa coepc ooo 41012 ypaa. Ta a o ea ypa ee, e py, o ox cpaax ye ceac ey ece cceoa oo poecca. Oe epce pecaec pa opco o epe opce epeopo (apep, po-oe o aoo aepaa), cocoe eopaecx ceex oooeo oca aa po, ocaa opaa po p. p o ypa o ooc ooaec oooea, oa a pye coepaec opco oe ea ooac opao ee cee. ae ypa eo caec c pye epeopo, oa coa ooa cooa. ep a ee ypaa paec ecepaeo aoo Mpooo oeaa cea. B 1974 . oyoa peya cceoa py coecx yex, oopx aece acopea ypaa opco o cooac ceao pooe poc aa Ti(OH)4 aoe.

Oaaoc, o aoe oe ceeo yea oee 90% oo ypaa, o e ooa pyx aoo.

Ea 0,01 co ea epe ypoe paa, cyecyx ppoe. po yope ey, pay 10-5 .

Bo cpaee ypo paoaoo oye, o a, oye ceaca Coeex ao.

ocecx ye, ececeo paoaoc eoeecoo ea, opx opo o, oyxa a ooo e CA pxoc 7020010-5 /o. ooeoe yee yp aeoo oa, aoe ececeo paoaoc cpoex aepao, 5015010-5 /o, ee eeop 210-5 /o, p peeoco pyo e 20010-5 /o, eya 2200010-5 /o. Teep cpae c pa oeco epo, oyaex , poa 61037103 o AC: oo cocae ooo 110-5 /o, a poeo acee 0,00110-5 /o.

pooe cceoa oaa, o oyee, cooecye 0,110-5 /o, copaae eoea cpee e oee e a 10 c a a o oye (pepo a 100 e ). o ecoocao ee, e yopaae cee yopeee cape aoo. Oyee e o cpoco epx peaopo, cocaee acoee pe 0,00110-5 /o, oe copo pee oc o 0,110-5 /o. o p yco, o ax ooee, cax ypoe paa oxoo aox epoca, oc e ye. Xo p o coeaec, o exec popecc pae eoo opo oc oo c y py.

Oacoc eoeeca peca aoe p aocepe, oe (paa, aeo ee) o ee. Tae p, eycoo, apee eyapo coae. x oca oaee oco cpa pa, opo ycaoe ca ae ae.

o ceo pee caac ocec pooxc paee ca aooo opy.

Heocpeceo opaa yc e ocpae opyee yee. Ho eceoc o e coce a: eoe oe e peeocoe aa-yee a epa oyoa ce. Oyee oe caoo cea oae ye p oye a c oo ooc 77,7103 / ceyy; oa 477103 / ce ye cae opay ceoy yceoc, a oa 9,5109 / ce ae oyee xpycaa aapay.

p ae a oeee ox o pe oye o, o o oya oece paa. Caoa ya p oec aa-yee apae ay ooc. ypae oae peoa o eyc, c yc capac y oyaeo o. Haceoe cpaeo ao yce ye, pea oae p ooceo coo oe 28,49105 / ce.

Tpoece p eoopx o ya oyaeo ac aapya e cpee, e e ecoc ye.

Boooc ocp opyeo ye a oaaa eoo ycox peeco. yee cyo cao coo oeoo oye, aoo yapo oa. oce copoa coea peec paaac:

oyee acao ox yoc o oec epecoo oa.

Bce o oaa, o oe oy oya opyee yee, o aoa ppoa oo oye, a oa eeco.

EPHE PEATOP ao ocoeoc epoo peaopa, paoo cy coo ep, eeo poecce ee ep pee ceo, cyecy eeca, pae po coceo oa. oo ypaa 235U eo ec, ooa eeo yec epo, a o 235U xopoee epoe oo. coae, oo 235U cocae ay o (0,7%) ppooo ypaa. oee pacpocpae oo ypaa 238U e cocoe ec p cooe c ee epoo, ooy peaopax, pcocoex ooy 235U, cooa oo 238U ecoeo. ocoy coepae ooa U ppoo ypae co ao (peo 1 ao a 150 aoo), eoxoo poec ooaee ooo U oo opaa ypaa, pee e eo oo ye paccapa a epoe oo. poepoae coae oopyoa ooae ypaa coca oy ax aa, peex ye eepa p peaa o opo poo o Maxecoo poea (poea coa aoo o CA). a papaoaa ceaa exoo, ooa ya opaa ypaa a opao oo 238U, o ooo yea e coepae ooa U. Papaoae o epo pee eo coyc epx peaopax ceo oye ypaa, ooaeoo ooo 235U.

pooca epoo opy eoopx peaopax ceaoo aae peyec ypa, coco a 90% oee ooa 235U. Oao oco poex peaopo paoae a oe, coepae e oee 3% ooa 235U.

eee ep 235U pocxo ocoeo eo, oa ooaee epo oaa ooceo copoc cooeceo a ep. oco pea ee opae 235U aec epoa, ep oopx e 1,61020 . B o e pe epo, eee poecce ee, e ep ecoo eaepo-o. Te ca ep peaop oe coepa cee eeco, cocooe ae cpoyec epo, oe p ee, c e, o o o eo a oceye pea ee. aoe e eeco oe cy aeee epoo yac aca acco m epeae acay ep, ec ee eco ee oooe cooee c ace o e acc. B o cyae c eeca ep epeaec epoaao ooec ace, a aeaa aca ocaaaec. oeo, o oox cooe oe eea. Oao ae cooex, oopx aaa aca ooec a e yo, aea o ep epeaec o aae ac ooec. Ceoaeo, eeco, aoee po aee epoo, oe cy oopo. ocoy a eoxo aee epoo, ooc oopoo aoo peocxo ooc aa, oe aco o po coyec oa oa H2O.

Xo oopo e aee epoo, eo cooa peaope cyecye oo pece. p cooe epoa c pooo oa eco ooe ee eco pea axaa, oopa cae cooecy epo ca epoo, oeceax oceye pea ee. Ha pae, o oecpoa oep epoo, ae pea axaa, eoxoo e oe ep, cocox ec; ae oop, ypaooe oo oo ooaeo.

B oo o peaopo aece aee epoo eco oo o H2O po cooa ey oy D2O, ocoy pa eep e coco ooa epo co eo, a o ea pa ooo oopoa. B ax peaopax oep epoo oaac a, a o x oo cooa ppo eooae ypa. peaop aa peaopa a eo oe; e peaop, oopx coyec oa oa, aac o peaopa. B acoee pe peaop a eo oe cpoc oo aae.

Oo poe, cax c poe cooae ax peaopo, ec coa cooc eo o.

B CA opepyc a o, o eoope oep epoo a axa pa oopoa oyc x ceye oecpoa, coy oee ooaeoe ypaooe oo. Bce poee peaop, e paoae CA, o oe peaop.

B peaopax oa coyec e oo a aee epoo, o a oce, epea ep, eey p ee, apooy oy (pc. 23), poey ece epoeepaop. oce oo a pea ee pooa, oco yac oac, e pooo eee, c coo copoc. oco a coe y caac c aoa, po x ee. Ta opao, ep c pa ypaa caaa pepaaec eecy ep ocoo ee, a ae oce pepaaec eoy ep cce. epe y oac peaopa, oopo pocxo eee ep (aa oa peaopa), poaaec oa, ooaa ac eo, oyaeo o oac. Te ca oa peaope pae po aee oxae oopeeo. ap, oyae a ce eo, poco oo, po ee ypy epoeepaopa.

Cyecye ee o ooe, e oopoo eooa pooea eoaca paoa peaopa. o ooc peaopa ocaaac ocoo, eoxoo oece yco, p oopx oo o epo, oye peye pea ee, a oy pea ee. Ec o co (aaeoe oeo paoe epoo) oaec ecoo ee e, o ooc peaopa ye oceeo ya.

Aaoo, ec oe paoe epoo cea peae ey, ooc peaopa opacae.

ocoy oe cya eeae, eoxoo e exa opo, oo oepa aee oea paoe epoo ooc pa ee. o ocaec ye oee peaop eoopoo oeca ox opox cepe. cep coepa ee (oo op), eo ooa epo. Ec oe paoe aae pea ey (yea ooc peaopa), opoe cep ac eoo ay oy peaopa. oeoe ooee epoo cepx po yee oea paoe epoo.

Hapo, ec oe paoe yae, o cep cea ac peaopa, o po yee ooe epoo. Ba opoe cep ay oy peaopa ooc, oo ocao peaop oepeo poa p ooe aapo cya.

a oo o yec, ao epo peaope ec epe ocox ooea: oo, aee, oxae opoe cep. Bo ox ax peaopo aee oxae oo o e eeco. Ha pc.23 cxeaec oaao, a ooe paeac peaope. pee ceo ceye oe, o ypaooe oo ee opy x ox cepe (pepo 1 c (10-2 ) aepe) o cep paee epeey c aeee. ooa eoep coyec o y pa. oa peaop paoae a o payo ypoe ooc, yp ox cepe cece ee ep eec opooe oeco ep. Cep eac o, o e oooc cpo oo eoy o x oxae (oo oe). Ec cep e oc, eoy e o oo ocaoo cpo, eepaypa cepe oa opac, ocy o ae. Oopeeo ooc cepe ooe epoa, oa p ee, oaa aee, e o ep co copoc. oce oo aeee epo o oaa oe cep, a oe pea ee. (Mey po, aeoe paccoe ey cep oaae, o eeoc eeca eae ocaoo oo epoo, a o p oaaec eoo; peaop oa e coe opac, a opaac aoa oa.) B o poeo epeeco peaope eec pepo ox cepe, a oopx coep peo 2 oca ypaa UO3. oeoe pe pea aoo ooo cep peaope cocae pepo p oa, oce eo eo ceye e.

Puc. Haoe ocy ccey oxae. Boa pypye ayo ccee yp peaopa, ooea acoca. B peaopax aoo a, o oaa a pc.24, oxaaa oa ee coy eepaypy (ooo 325C) axoc o co aee (pepo 1,5105 a).

Peaop oo a aac o peaopa o aee. oa oa p coo eepaype poxo epe apoo oe, eoa o ee epeaec oe, xoe o opy ayy ccey, peyae eo oae ap. oye ap paae ypy, poy ece epoeepaop. Ha oeo ca o oece oxaae o eeo peepyapa ap oecpyec.

Ocoe a pooca epeco ep a aoo epoca aao oy, o pocxo a oo eoo epoca, cae e yo. Bo cex cyax opeec oo pooc eoa, oopa epeaec o o apy, ap paae epoeepaop. ep peaop o poco ycpoco pooca eo.

ABAPȟ HA EPHOCO ATOMHO ETPOCTAH.

PH ABAP HA AC B o c 25 a 26 ape 1986 oa a epoco AC pooa pyea copeeo cop eoeeca ooeca aacpoa, ocec oopo ee oe o yy caac a acee pecy.

Heocpece pa aap c a pyee o epcoaa, ocyaeo peaop, a ocpye eoca PM.1000, oope pepa o epcoaa o p a AC.

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