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Paoaoc ea eoea oycoea pcyce opae cex ex paoooo, oope cpeac ocepe. ae o coepa ececex paoyo ee eoea pee ae 6.

Cpe ooo, oope oaeo xo coca x cpyyp, ceye aa oo a, yepoa oopoa. Paoa op, pa, ce oy oapye opae eoea c oo oocoo xpoaopa, o ooc o ocex ye oe eaeo.

Paoa a oc ae a oyee eoea p ocye epe eyoo-e pa.

Cyapoe coepae a opae pocoo eoea (acca 70 ) cocae 0,19% (130 ). Ocoeo oa ae a opa, oaae coo yoao aoc. cy x oocc ceea ycyaypa, epa a, cepe, ee, ceeea p. By oo, o 40 cpeaec ppoe cec co ca ooa, yea paoaoc opao ae eoea o 40 opeeec coepae x cax ooo (a. 7).

Coepae a, a ceoaeo, opae eoea ac o oa, opaca, acc ea, xapaepa eo eeoc . . y a ax oo oe, e y e; oe oepa a oapyac y , ox ecy paoy.

cpoece ee x ax p cape opaa copooac cee ypo a.

Taa poy Coepae a, % ea aoc, (10-9 /) ea 0,5 150 (4,0) Po 0, 6 176 (4,8) opox 0,9 274 (7, 4) pya peea 0,13 41 (1,1) apoe 0,45 130 (3,5) Mopo 0,29 84 (2,3) y 0,15 44,4 (1,2) Oyp 0,34 100 (2,7) o 0,17 41 (1,14) a 0, 15 44,4 (1,2) oa 0, 37 84 (2,3) Ca 0,1 33,3 (0,9) Pa 0,26 77,7 (2,1) pa 0,42 127 (3,4) Mooo opoe 0, 14 44,4 (1/2) Maco cooe 0,014 3,7 (0,1) Taa Paoa oo Coepae paoaoo ooa Paoa e caoo oce, () 8,3 10-2 22,2 C 2 10-3 33 Rb 7 10-3 H 8 10-15 2,U(AcU) 5 10-6 0,Th 7 10-5 0,U 7 10-4 8,Taa Coepaue au omex opaax u max mea eoea u ux yea pauoamuocm no Opa a Coepae ea paoaoc o a, (10-9 /) M 360 107 (2,9) ooo o 330 89 (2,4) ee 215 63 (1,7) ee 150 44 (1,2) poa a 60 18,5 (0,5) oca a 61 18,5 (0,5) Oee coepae yepoa ee pocoo eoea ocae 18%, . e. ooo 12,6 . a paoepoe pacpeeee yepoa ax, oo ca, o yea paoaoc x o 14C cocae 52 /.

oeco p 10,2% ax 6,4% ocx.

ea aoc x ae ea eoea a ce 3H cocae 0,55 /, a oce 0,34 /.

Pa aaaec peyeceo oco a.

oeco eo opae oeec peeax o 0,4810- o 4,810-13 . Ocoa ac ca (210Pb) coepc ceee. Eo yea aoc oco a cocae 15 /, x ax 6,4 /.

C oyxo eee cyo ee eoea ocyae ooo 0,0007 210Po, a eoea, ypaeo oy ay cape cy, o 0,07 210Po.

Oee coepae ypaa opae eeo. Ha o op eo -ax oepx poyo pxoc o 40% cyapo -aoc ea eoea.

Ha cee paoaoc oex opao ae ea eoea e copoc oex poecco, yoaoe cocoe opaa coepae paoooo paoe. p ocoo ooao ocye c paoo paoax eec ycaaaec paoece ey ocyee eee x opaa, p yee coepa ooo paoe paoeca oepa opacae. Paccop, apep, ooecy eoy a ceep oe eoe.

po aoe 210Pb 210Po opae ceepoo oe cyeceo ac o ceoa. Macy aaec eco (opoa aa a) y eo (opoa aa ooee pa). o ypeeo oye eoea, aeoc co ceepoo oe, o x paoyo oy 35 pa pea cpe ypoe.

Cpoee aepa. Pao. Maepa, peee cpoece, oy coepa paoae eeca.

ea aoc ececex paoyo cpoex aepao peea ae 8 (HAP, 1982 .).

Taa Cpoe aepa Cpaa Cpe oepa, 40 226 K Ra Th p P 330 280 eo, coepa ce ca e 850 1500 ococ P 110 600 ococ Beopa 70 800 ococ CA 1500 a caa a aaa 2150 a caa a CA 13001500 a oeo e CCCP 240 70 Oco epec peca ypo -oa x ax. Hae -o oeaec ax, ocpoex epea, o 0,5 p/, o ax px o 1 p/ eeoeox o 1,7 p/. cpeea ooc ooeo o yp oee paa 6 10-8 p/. a pe pea eoea oeex, paaeoe oeo 0,8, oo oca, o ooa ea aea oa a ce eeo oye yp oee cocae 2,9 10-, a cyapa (e yp oee) ooa ea aea oa a ce eeo oye paoya eoo pocxoe paa 3,510-4 .

aey oy oye eoe oyae c xae oyxo, axoc eoe pe epoepaex oeex. Haoee co a oy oc e, e e yca aaxa a pao.

Cpe ooo paoa ec 222Rn c epoo oypacaa 3,823 , 220Rn c epoo oypacaa 54,5 c, 219Rn c epoo oypacaa 3,92 c. Haoee oac x ec pao-222, aa-yae.

pocaac epe yae o pya cooac aepao, cooax p cpoece oa, pao caaec apx epoepaex oeex (oaax, ax oaax, yxx).

Cae pacpocpaee cpoee aepa coepa eoo paoa. o epeo, p eo. opao oe eo ee, pae, ae (ooo poye, oyaeo p epepaoe ocopx py), cyxo yaype, cpoex oax, ooex ococa. Moo paoa coep p paco , oyeo oxoo pooca a, oee a oxo epo eayp, oa , opayac p ca aeoo y.

a coo ocye paoa ape oee ec py. oepa paoa a epxx aax ooaoo a, a pao, e, e a epo ooo aax. e cpeco yee cox oepa paoa, pocaaeoc epe o, c eoe ycao oaax. Beee paoa ce yeaec p op x pe co aco pac coe ooe, a ae p ooe x aco aepaa.

Pao poae yxoe oee ece c ppo ao. Cee coepa paoa ppoo ae pocxo p eo epepaoe a aoaoex cax poecce xpae. e ee y o ca o opee, e ee paoa ppoo ae.

C aoee paoa yxe oo c oo eco o e.

peeo ocooo paoopa ec ea oa, ooaea paoo. Coepae eo oe ox acx oecex ooe aeo peae 740 /3 epeo ocae 37103 /3. Meee coepae paoa oeaec oe oep pe, oee pyox oax, oe yox ca eoopx epax coo.

B eaex oax pao cypye ecye a opa, a ox yeae. pcycy oe pao aeo cee yeyaec p pooe e. Ho ae p ocye opa, ocoo c e eo oo, o cpo oc.

Oacoc eoea pecae oaae apo o c co coepae paoa ee ece c xae oyxo, o ae ceo pocxo ao oae. p oceoa oo oaaoc, o cpee oepa paoa ao oae peo 40 pa e, e x. cceoa, poeee aae, oaa, o ce ce y, eee oopx e e y, oepa paoa cpo opacaa, poo oee oyopa aco c oea oe ya, pee e coepae paoa ao oae coc o cxooo ypo.

Pao, ec o, o, cpoex aepao, pacceaec oyxe. poy pacaa, .e.

oepe poy paoa (oo e ooex oo), pcoec aea o oeya copoa pyx ao, a ae acoppyc a apoox acax, coepaxc oyxe. Bxaee apooe ac ocaac xaex yx. Coepae paoa ex a 2040% e, e pyx ax. Ha ooee aey cyy paoax eec, a ae a ooee o, poe ecx xapaepc cax paoax apooe, : coco (xae epe oc po), acoa, ya xa; epeoc yaee ocex paoax eec; aaoece apaep pax ace xaeo cce.

pyo paooo paoa Rn opo (oep poy op) ae e a ecece paao o e. Oao eo oepa ppoe eaea o cpae c oepae oepx poyo paoa. B cyae oxo e ypoe paoa opoa x ax, acpax opycax, exax ap aoo yeaec o 740 /3. eoe, oop axoc ao oee, oepaec oye oe cee, e axoc e eo.

acoc ypo eo paa o a o, paa o ceo, aecx aopo. oeco paoax eeo, coepaxc oax, aeo epe opeeec oepae paoax eec aepco opoe. a pao, ppoe paoy coeppoa pax opoax op. Paoaoc ecox ecax opo e, eoope ca oe paoa, ocoeo e, oope coepa opaece eeca. o, oae poyo papye cx aaecx opo, coepa ooceo oe oeca ypaa, pa, op, a o cpae c oa, opaoa ypaocox ocox opo. ce o a ce cooo coepa oox pa, xopoo coppyx yepax paoae oo, oo oae paoa eea, e ecae.

Oao oaoe ec oaa oeo paoaoc.

epxx coe eo oepxoc paoae a, oae p pacae oepx poyo ypaa (pao-222), op (opo, pao-220) ocya aocep oyx. (epo oypacaa paoa 3,8 cy, opoa 54 c.). Copoc ocye x ao aocep oyx ac o pa p: y oex ao copoy yae oepa; oeox ooo oyx acc, oax peyae apea eo oepxoc; ee apoepecoo ae;

y poepa o; o ceooo opoa;

co a ee ..

Haoe oepa paoax ao oapyac peo coe. p ae aocepoo ae cc ao yeaec, caec o o y o pe a ceo opaoa a. Oeac ae ceoe oea coepa paoa c yo o acyo eo.

Copoc ocye paoa aocep oyx ac o coco o, ee opcoc, aoc, eepayp. Oa yeaec p a ceoo opoa.

Ce opo oo 0,5 , poea o ec, a 80% papye ey paa, oppyey ecece aa-yae e epo. p oe aocepoo ae cc ao o yeaec.

e o ae cococye yee cc.

Ca o, caa oepxoc o, e e a eee paoa. p apea o e epo e eepayp oyxa eee paoa yeaec peyae oe. oepa paoa oyxe oeax oace paa pepo 2103 /3, ppex paoax a ocpoax 20 /3, a a oeaa apecx oacx 2 /3. Oa co ac o copoc epa eepayp cpaa aocep.

B ycox ape eppop paoya ecece o oo cee ac o peea ecoc. Ta, oax pe ypoe ececeoo oa ye e.

B oex eoocex paoax pa ooc o ececeoo paaooo oa aeo e o, oopy cae a cee oco acee e. Ec aceee eca a ae aee, e cyeceo yee ypoe paa, cxoe o op.

Tae o oapye paoax apa Tea, e oeaec cooe coepae ypaa pa opoax yaecoo pocxoe. Heoaey o opoa ocyc-aac pa, pacooeoo 200 ceepy o Caayy, ec eoa oeoc, a oopo ypoe paa 800 pa peocxo cpe, (0,3 3/). pepo 1/6 ac acee pa e paoax, e ca coco paa, paao o oe (1,83,3/.). B ooo 100000 e oya oy, pay 13 3/. o ao ypoe ececeoo paaooo oa, oopoy oepaec copee eoe.

Paoaoc e oa ecoo pa peae paa ococa. Ta, ec ce co oye aaa p a 100%, o a paa oyxa pxoc 52%, pya cpoex aepao 14%, ex poyo 12%, ocecy 10%.

ocece ye e p coa coeo pocxoe. o paa, coaaea ape aca, opay pypye opy e co; aaeca paa, oopa e a oaex paoo ococa, ooo, pacooex e ae aa , oeo e, e Coeo cce, a ae epeee oe oo paa, ye o Coa, a aaee coee opycype co.

aaeca paa oaae Coey ccey eeoo pocpaca, y ococa. Haae aaecy paa acpoa oca ee e cexc oao, e, eax ooco. Be ee oo o ae oo eoe c ap aa cece poxoe ac co eo eocpeceoo oec a ceay. Tae ac poxo co opa eo, coco papya e oooo oa.

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