WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 10 | 11 || 13 | 14 |   ...   | 25 |

Cee o apye oxecx poecco oe a opoppoa 131I eooce paeap. a pepa oa oeco oe coco xopeco cce, oea caa, xoecepa y pc oce eoo epopaoo ocye I. p o o ycaoeo, o aaoe o o p a oy eey pea co copo xopecx poecco e aac. Heaeoe (a 1520%) oee aoc xocepa ppoo aaoc pepo c 60 cyo p oe 34 p ocaaoc a ao ypoe o oa cceoa. oee paee ee oee oee caa. Ta, p eeeo ee 2,27103 / aa c 30-x cyo yeaoc a 230% coepae eaopa po opaax. Oopeeo a apecppoaa oea aoc caa epea, papyaeo ca. Too pepo c 400-x cyo oa oeaoc poae caa.

B ypoe xoecepa aaac aoc ee oe a ocyee paoya. C poco ooeo o aa ce oepa xoecepa ceac occaoee oee eo po.

p ocye 131I 2,77103 / oeeo ocoepoe yeee coepa ocaooo aoa po eoca oe, o yaae a ecpye poecc eoo yeoo oeax.

OOECE ET P BHTPEHHEM OEH 137CS Ta a 137Cs ec ooeo apooeoo ape opyae cpe, o o pecae ao epec c paeco o pe. oce aap a AC pooe poc pacceae 137Cs aeo oece a oe eppop. 137Cs, oocc ooae eo aoa, opae ox eoea oyppye c ape (Na ) ae ( ), o ae ec po epeca ye eo a opa.

Haxoc pacopeo ope, 137Cs paec ooc cacaec ea ex. e ooceo paoepo pacpeeec opae: 80% aaaec eo a, ooo 10% ocx, ocaa ac pyx opaax ax. Boc y ocoo c oo (90%) ao (10%). e xopoo poae epe aeap apep ocyae o. B aaoo epoe o axoc ooe. Oe e eco opae poeae aeo ece, e y pocx. epo oyee Cs opaa aee cocae 25 cyo, ee aeo opaca 35 cyo.

Ec e opa ocyae ecoo paoyo, o e oppyec aoee coa apa opee aaaox pea.

e oocc coooc paoya. B cepeax a ox o oaao, o cepee o pc coa p ypeo ee coca cooeceo 925 111 /. Ocpe, oocpe xpoece opae y pc aac p epopao ee 796, 648 370 / cooeceo. yea pea paaec p ee 74148 /.

eoe epopaoe eee pca eee cyo 137Cs oece 0,92 / poo ee coepa eoo, oo pooo. paopeea aa cy opex eeo epepeco po, aaea pae cpo, ooceo cpo ceac ao aaoo yee. oy ecy eoe oca pae xapaep a oycoea ocoo oee. oex ox oaee cpo ae paac eeoe pea c oee oeo ca eoo.

Oee aeceo-cpyype apye opex eeo, yeaoc coepae epceepoax epoo, yxepx oo ooo. pcycoa e c apopecco xpoaoo pa. oceeo caoc acooe co eoapoo ocoo oa. eac a eoacec, a ppoacec poco. Oao ee paco po cpaa ee. B ocoe cex opooecx ee ea apye o e paoyo oxecx poecco opae. oaao, o oece paaooo aopa copooaec oe pacao yeox co yeopoeo.

aocec poocec pepe x poecco cy eoc. eoe ocyee 137Cs opa oece 0,925 / poo ocoepoy yee eoca oe epe 2030 cyo o aaa ee paoya. ee pxoc a 250 cy ocaac a o oa oa. pao eee oeco 137Cs aao cxoy ay, oao oa a eee paeo. Macaoe coepae eoca oe peao opoe ae a 6080%, o pe a epo cyae o pa 100 120%. Ha copoc opaoa eoca oaae e ooc o.

opoppoa 137Cs oaa e a oe xoecepa. eco, o xoecep eo pooe xo coca epa, e o ae y.

poe oo a opae eoea ox cpoo opopyec, ecop a oea eo e, oepa po e aae e 120150 %.

p eo ocye 137Cs ee coepa xoecepa oc ao xapaep. B aa epo oeaec cee oo eaoa, ae o occaaaec, oo a ox cax cepea oeco eo peao opoe p.

Xpoecoe ocyee 137Cs poo apye oea epoeaopo. B eee epoo eca o aaa ocye ya opa pc (0,925 0,/) opacao coepae aexoa coxpaoc a poe 24 ece cepea. poceaec pa acoc ea o o oye. B epe 2eca apy c yeee cea aexoa aaec oe eo paca, .. aoc xocepa o epo ae e opox ae. Ceoaeo, ep a ec paoya ca c peoaae cea epoeaopa. B aee pocxo cooe opoee aoc epea.

Aaoe apye paac oee caa. poae caa aaoc paec e e cpo, o xocepa, o ypoe yee ee ecoo ee.

OMHPOBAHHOE ECTBE HOPOPPOBAHHX CS 131I HA BO OPAHM Papyee ao o 4-o peaopa AC peo pocy aocepy pooo cepa paoyo. poe opx ac peoaaee pacceae cocao oa peo 10 oo p, a oa aoc poeoo e ooo 2 oo p.

ocyee opa ecox paoyo c pao aeo opao ceoc oppye e oee coy apy opee aaaox pea. B ocyo epaype eec ooceo eoo pao o ye opoppoax ecox ooo , acoc, 131I 137Cs.

oaao, o oeoc 131I 137Cs oaa c oaoocec eo. Oao Cs ecye eocpeceo a eoe cpyyp ceeo, a 131I e oocpeoao epe oy eey, oopa yoao eco caa c pepoyo cceo. p opoao ec x paoyo pocxoo ycee oaoocecoo ea.

Beee ypeo oopao 131I oe 500 a pcy epopao cyapo oe 320 (16 e o 20 ) poo apye epecoo oce o. epe 6 ece oce oec oo oeaoc cee ecoc poecco O ee oax.

e ae O ee, a oax pa cacec eocoep. oce coecoo ee paoyo a o oeaoc ocoepoe ycee O, a ee oe oc eee pae xapaep. ee coepa poyo O apecppoa pyx ax cepeo ceeo ax, ceeee aoeax.

Cyc o oce ypeeo oye 131I coeco c Cs oeeo oee ypo xoecepa, OH H, a ae ocoepoe oee eca aepoeoc.

COCTOHE POECCOB EPECHOO OCEHȟ OCE ECTBȟ OHPEO EHȟ Xopoo eca eya po epecoo oce o oepa pa yex opee. p poxoe opye ac cpyypax e oa paa opaecx eopaecx eec, opaoaxc peyae a poo aa oa, a oocpeoao epe cooe paa paoa o.

pcycy ccee copo po opaoa epece, poepece ox coox paao. B ax, oax eace p coa, o poecc oe o eoy exay c caoycopee aoee poepece. B co oepe, p peoa coox epecx paao opayec epoc, p pacae oopoo yaec ep o papaco aaoax epoax o.

opyee yee ooecx epaax ae: a) epecoe ocee o c oepe ooeo (eo o, o ce aocao), eee x oopa; ) oee ox ocoo opaoae co; ) apyee o-eox ooe.

o opaaec a poea oepeecx poecco, oeee epa, eaoecx aoecx pax eox oapeo, eeox aoooex.

Oo oox p paaooo opae opaa, ec aoee poyo epecoo oce (O) , acoc, aoooo aea (MA), oop, aoecy c yao o, opaye c, apye peapa opax opee H xpoocoax.

Bao, oe, o apaooece eeca, peypeae oeoe opaoae poyo O, oae poecc epoca epaax oyex eo cae opayec oce paaooo oec paooc o ppo, cyeceo (1,52 paa) ca oeco xpoocox aeppa oax oyex e, o po yaae a yace cooo-paax poecco exaax ex oeeecx apye.

acoey pee aoea aea opa o ocoeocx pea opaa a oee oyee a p oopao, a p xpoeco oec.

aa cya, oa oce aap a AC, coco o, o co opyeo ye oaa yp opaa c e, oo oyxo, xapaep paaxc pea ye ace a o yoaoo coco eo, a o o-xecx coc paoya, ocoeoce eo eaoa, pa ocye ooc o. Ocooe eco ec aa opoc, acaec exao oxecx apye, oope, c oo copo, oo poec cpaey oey ocecoo ec paoyo c pao opaopooc, a c pyo opee paoyceoc oex opao. Oao ecop a ayaoc ax cceoa, opa o a opoca peao aa, a ooceo ec paoyo ooe ocycye.

PAOBCTBTEHOCT OPAHOB TAHE P BHEHEM OEH B oe cyae paoyceoc opao ac e oo o paoyceoc ae, oope oca opa, o o eo y. Paccop ece ye a opa a p ee oye.

oa (ooe ee). ae o ec ye a oye p cceoa ox, poex yey epa, a ae peyae oceoa e, oepxc oye o a Mapaox ocpoax. pocx e coepa oo, axoec a pax cax pa. ooy yee, ya oo, oe a cooe ecoe.

Boece oopax ocpx o 12 p a oa a ae peeoe ecoe pepaee ecpya a 13 oa. Ocpe o opa 4 p po eco.

Oyee y ae oo 0,1 p ae cee oeca cepaooo eee 1 oa. Oyee oo 2,5 p ae cepoc, oopa pooaec eee 23 e, a oce oye oo 46 p acyae ocoa cepoc. ec e paccapae pc poe eooeoo ooca. Hao, o o oocc coxacec ea, .e. cyecye, a oop aea, p o co yoo ao oe oye.

oe opo. Paaooe opeee o pecae coo oec opae ae epca, ep oox coe. p oye yepe oa (3-8 p) oae xapaepoe opacee o pea, oopa poxo oo epe 2458 aco. Bopa aa acyae epe 23 ee. Oa copooaec oepe oepxocx coe epca. Cocoe o o epo cee epecx ooo, apep, coex, oe c ecoo ee, ae poxo. Ha oe ocac ee a. p oye o oo 10 p opa aa pe pooaec ooo ee, ae oc op, e, copooaec eee oc. Cocoe o aoae p o opy cee epecx ooo, aee oe c ee c ocey oppoae epoxox pyo. p oe opa 50 p epc papyaec, epa ooe co opeac. yee pea poc pae, aee pyx opee oe pooac o e pe.

e oocx oyo c ooo paoyce, oyee oo 34 p ye e a poc ooc. oce oye ao oo ooc aa pee aa eee 13 ee. B oee o epo poc ooc oe oooc. Oao p oye oo opa 7 p pocxo ocoa oep ooc.

Opa pe. Be a a opae a: ocaee poecc oe cepe p oax 3 8 p aapaa p oax 310 p, pe ea o ac o a ox. eoea aapaa oec p oye oo 6 p. Haoee oac o cyae epo, p oye oop acoa aoea 39 pa e, e p aa-ye.

ee. ee c aoee yce opao pyo e. Paaoe eo copooac oepe eax eo, oope ca xaee y eoe aeo, ocaee xaex ye, eox aeo poeocx cocyo, po poa. e oy a eoy eocaooc ae e eee ecox ece oce oye pyo e. ae, oyee p yeo epa, oaa, o opooe o, ae ocpy eoy e, ooo 25 p peeocoo aa-ye, a oce oye ex oo 50 p e cocae 100%.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 10 | 11 || 13 | 14 |   ...   | 25 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .