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Coeopae xpoeco yeo oe coco o, o ao poeppyx ax, aoap ec poecca eooo ooe, eoe pe coxpaec oooc opooecoo occaoe aeo opaa. B o e pe ae cae ( eoo-eeco ooe) a, a epa, cepeo-cocyca opa, a xpoecoe yeoe oece oea co oeco yoax pea pae ee apacae cpoecx ee. ppoa x ee x paoooece exa, a e, a exa epo pea p ocpo opae, oa e ye.

Bpae cpo xpoeco yeo oe paaec p cyapx oax 0,71 p ecoc ye 0,0010,005 p/cy.

p pepae oye acyae epo occaoe, xapaepyc peoaae peapax poecco aoee paoopaaex ax, a ae opaae yoax apye pyx cceax, oa c o o cee x eocaooc.

Bopo apa xpoeco yeo oe oycoe e oyee oex ceeo ea p eco ee oec , o ae ae, p oye opeeex cce, ao paoa eeca c pae pacpeeee. eca oepeoc oex epoo p ao apae opae paea caee a ce poe aoea ece aee ee peoaa a o peeop pea.

OXMECA XAPATEPCTA PAAOHHOO CTPECCA, BBAEMOO HOPOPPOBAHHM PAOHAM yee ec opyeo ye a e opa aaoc paec c oea op peeocoo ye. Ocoa acca pao ocea eeo oye, acoey pee oo xopoo yeo. Oao a y pa aoo epe o cya pacpocpae paoyo opyae cpee pa x o e e. Aap a epoco AC ocaa paec cepe, e peoaa oaaoc e eee, a ypeee oyee.

ocyae yp opaa paoy pacpocpac ax ocx opaa c coa eoo oye. o ae oee ee opae, e oopaoe eee oece o e oe. p oaa opa ox oec paoya paaec apa ocpoo yeoo opae, ocoeoc oopoo opeec o coca opeoo eea. Paoepo pacpeeec paoy, ae, a ap ocop, a y ocpy yey oe, e oayc o aoo p ee oye. p pooe opa opaopox paoyo paaec apa oe yeo oe, o c peyece opaee a, e ooa apya a acaa.

pyo ocoeoc ooecoo ec opoppoax paoyo ec o, o oe o eeo oye p ypee opa ao yacye oppoa aex o. o oycoeo ocoeoc eaoa a ee pacopx exao, oecex a aoee eee paoya. Ta, Cs oaae cocooc o ooc oopo cacac ea, o coae yco eoo pypoa eo opae , ceoaeo, aeo ycyye ec opae.

opya paa, oecy a opa, oaae yao cocooc a ce poecc eeeoc o cce, poa o ce oyeo oee ae cooopaae pea oce o. Opee paaooe opaee opaa a o o cpecca, p aae epaypx ax peyao cocex cceoa aop e epe a cpecc-pea, e aa O a epoe eo cpecca paccapa oceyy epcepe aexoao oopoo a pea opaa c opaeo opao c, apaey a pooece oceoy cy, aoy cpeccopo. Co oec ee, paac opae oe a oece opyeo ye, o oo opeeec yoa cocoe oaao-oapo-aoeoo cce. cee y aoeo paccapa a ay pea opaa, apaey a opoee cooopaax pea, opaee cpyypo-eaoecx ee ooecx epaax.

Cee ee cce O, o ce o pee, ac e oo o c ppo opeaeo aopa, o o ycooc opaa cpeccy (o a, opaca, oa ..).

pooeoe apee oecaopo-occaoex poecco, xapaepoe oyeoo opaa peyee ooex peepo, oe pec cpy yoao eeoc epoopo cce, ee opoaoo oeocaa copoy peoaa poocax poyo cce. oy cococye coee cce aocao a peyae eocaooo ocye oex yceoo pacxooa oex aocao. eee copoc opaoo poooa, oopoe oea a aax cax cpecca, ae ae ycee poecca O. Ceoaeo, aope yco oceye aa cooopaaoo oce o coac ye epo poa poecca. Oea ae, o aoea y ox apex paoo pa oee e ao xapaep, pyee oac ee.

OOECOE ECTBE HOPOPPOBAHHOO 131I ooeca eoc paoooo oa ac o x o-xecx coc, opeex e ooex o a ey ocyae opa aoc, pee x oppoa xapaepa pacpeee. o opopa ya oo eee o eoopoe pe c po poxo epe ce opa a. A ae, c peoe opo, o c ae pypye o opay. Oao opa o 131I a pye opa a aeo ee, e o eocpeceo paoya a oy eey.

Paoa o paeo aaaec oo eee. Ta, p epopao ocye 131I oece 37 oo eee pocoo eoea coaec aea oa, paa 2,1 p. ee aee acca opaa. B ee o acce eee aea oa aeo e. eopyc 131I oo eee oeppyec ee epao ac, oayc ooe oyax e. oee 90% ooa axoc cao c eo coco xo coca oo-, opoa (pepo 53%) poo (pepo 40%).

p oec paa a oy eey paaec peo, opeo, opoaecee oaecee oyxo. ee oo eee, cae c opeoo, oycoe eeepae poo ox cocyo eoypo cpo, a ae opo eeepae oypoo e. pc eoe opaee c e ox eee eca paaoc p epopao ee 131I oece 1,85 2,25 M/. ooee o oo eee p o oca ecoo c p. Paaoe opae cpee eo ec aac p ee pca 131I oece 0,6 1,1 M.

poeeoe oceoae , axoxc oe AC oce aap oyx cpaeo eoe o oeo oye (5 cp e), o apyee y oapo-peoo cce c oee aoeaeoc oo ee, o ce eee eaoa a pae oyxoe oo apaox ee.

Aao cec aoeaeoc pao oo ee e paee y , epeecx aoy oappoy oyx cpaeo eoy oy oy oye. ox, coepaxc oe AC oceaap epo, ae e apye y oo apaox ee p oe oye ecoo cp. x ox paac apoece, cpoece epacece poecc a ee, copooaec apyee x y.

ooe aee pa opae oo apaox ee y , axoxc o pe aap pae cpo oce ee oe pacce paoyo, pae paoa ooa oa. Cpe x aoee aee pa paoooecoo ea ooc oy-131. o cao, o-epx, co ae oeco aoo ooa poyax poca o peaopa (50-60%), a o-opx, c e, o o-131 ec o aoee ooyx (8 cy epo oypacaa) ooy oppye aey o o oye ocoo a oy eey. B acoc, p cpae ec oa-131 oa-125 o ycaoeo, o ooea oa o oa-131 5 6 pa e, e o oa125. Coepae ooyeo ooa oa-129 pocax peaopa oo, co e aa o oye, oyaea o eo.

o ec peopo eeo cece oo, o o eoxo cea peox opoo poca (T4) popoa (T3), aex opoo, peypyx poc pae opaa, oeceax eeeoc opaa ocoo pcycyx pax oecax eo ax ocx. Cyoa opeoc oe eoea cocae 2 4 / acc, .e. cpee 200 pocoo eoea. Oee oeco oa opae ocae 20 30 , pe pe ac eo coeppoaa oo eee, a ocaoe oeco pepo paoepo paccpeooeo o ce a.

Opa eoea ox 90% oa oya c e. p o oco coo eo ocye ec pacea a. B paoax eecoo oa coepae oa ex poyax cyeceo e, e pyx, e ex o oy peoax. Ceye oe, o ocy c eo oo o eo aace opae cocae oy o. ocya c poya a, o cpo cacaec eyoo-eoo paa. e eee 1 aca cco oooo eya epxeo oea ea ooaec ooo 99% ocyeo oa. Bcocac po, o coepc a oece eee 1% o ceo oa, coepaeoc opae. p o o axoc yx ax: eopaec o (ae ceo e I NaI) eooca o. Opaec o coepc aeo oe oece pecae e T3 T4, yacyx pey paoopax y opae. Haoee oa oo eee pocxo cpaeo cpo. e epe 2 aca oce ee oa oo eee cpyec ooo 10%, a epe 24 ooo 30% o ocyeo opa eea. paeo cpyc ao ac ce peox opoo (T), o ocae oo eee oepa 10000 pa oee coo, e eo oepa eo po. Hapy c opaec ca oo a oo ee opeeec ooo 7% eopaecoo oa, a ce oopoo ooec oep eea p ee po peox opoo.

B ox ycox oa eea eecyoo ee o 55 70 o 200 400 oa cocae T. o e oeco opoo eecyoo pacaaec poecce aaoa ax. Te e eee ocooe oeco oa oa eea ooae oo, a e poyo pacaa T. O o ceecy cceoa o cepeaoy ocea coepa T4 opae.

o ycaoeo, o epe 1 cy ooo 80% eeoo peapaa oapyaec ae pc eeo e, a 11% oe e oo. Ceoaeo, y pc ooo 9% T4 opaaec eaoec T. Bea ooe oa oo eeo ac o opaca.

Ceoaeo, ocy opa o eo paoae oo ao ac eao peox opoo ocaoo eoe pe oaa oece a opyay a, pee ceo a a oo ee, a ee opeee c ocey eee y. p cooa cox aoce ooa oa-131 (4 /) pocxo paca a oo ee c aeo poo coeeoa eea. p o opeac apaoe ee, oyae ooo 50% ooeo o oo eeo. Copooa oyee paca a po ce y, a oceye ooy e oo ee. p oye oee o o a oy eey (5 p eee) ee eco oceeoe cee opooopaye y. p o oo eee opayc oeype c poyo epoca poo a c epa ea, o, epoo, ec po apye ocpye y oo ee.

oo oa oaa acooeoe ece a a oo ee p oe 12 p, a ae po apye yoepex pea y oo ex epeex ox, oope oya o-131. a eo oo ee o ooo oa oaa peocaece peapa. Ca ooey oy oo eee o, po aoe eoc oaae I.

acoey pee aoe oo ec cepea aepa o ec 131I a opa.

Oao aea ac cceoa acaec eocpeceoo paoya a oy eey. aeo ee opa o pea pyx ax opaax a ocyee 131I. Te e eee o opopa ya oo eee o eoopoe pe c po poxo epe ce opa a. poe oo, c peoe opo, o c ae pypye o opay. caoeo, o ocyee epe eyoo-e pa 131I oece 1,852,25 M/ po oppoa ooeo o pyx opaax, ax a 2 3 opa e, e oo eee.

epopaoe eee pca 131I eee 16 cyo oece 9,3103 9,3106 /, peee oppoa ooeo o 50860 p, copooaoc yeee ca eo epepeco po. B oco oe p o pae cpo aaoc yeee ca eo.

eoe ocyee I oecax 2,8103 2,8102 / copooaoc epeoae a yee cy oaaee epepeco po pc. Oeea pea co copo ppooa. 30- cya o ce. Be aeceo-cpyype ee eoo, poec apye pa oa.

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