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1 Ome no ucceoau pa, a: opaoo-cceoaecy pyy (po); pyy (po) o cceoa cpoca a poy; pyy (po) execoo ocya cceoa pa. B opaoo-cceoaeco pye eoxo ceac o ooeco opa, oac copa epepao oepeco opa, oeo-opaooo ocya.

pya o cceoa cpoca a poy oa e ceaco oac aaa poopoa cpoca. B pye execoo ocya cceoa pa y ceac o aoapoao opaoe opa o BM.

2 Ome no ynpaeu accopmuemo npoyuu, a py (po) o:

ypae accopeo capo poy; ypae accopeo oo poy. B yaax opaeex o ceac o oppoa accopea poy, a ae o aecy poy.

3 Ome cma, coepa opaee o oepao-coo paoe, co aae oopx opeec ocoo poo oeayp pooo poy ceo pooceo-xoceo eeoc pep.

4 Ome no opupoau cnpoca u cmuyupoau cma. Beo coca, a pao, xo py (po): pea; cypoa ca. pyy pea o coca ceac o oco opa cpeca pea, ooc o accoa a peay, ceac o opaa cao papo, p, eocpa oapo, opaa pex aao poee opox epop.

5 Ome cepucoo ocyuau coaec oo a pepx (pax), poox coy exy, a. B oee o paoa ceac o ypae ce cepcoo ocya, peo acepc, o oecee aac ac acepcx epo ocya.

2.2 CCTEM MAPETHOBO HTEPA paeeca cpyypa oa acoo o, o pepe e oo pcocaaoc eec cya a pe, o eao o coepeeo cooec co co e.

B poecce pa apeox cpyyp, aaa x ee o ypee ee cpee ocoeo o e oypeo op oc epae apeoe cce. Bepae apeoe cce o o cyecy aepaa pao aaa ca poy. O aa ca coco eacoo pooe poy, ecox ( ooo) oox, a ae pox opoe. aa opaa, ac cocao ac paooo aaa ca, cpec e acao ooy p, oa ae yep ce ccee oapoe, e e p o aoo opo a eeoc ocax eo aaa ca.

Bepmuaa apemuoa cucmea (BMC) o epa ax pooc, opaa ooo opo, aao, oope oy eac eco. o ccea, oopo pepe (pepe), aaeec e (oco) pooco, oaae ac oooc opopoa pep opaa, ocyece ooeoe pooco c poy.

Hapep, pepe o poocy aooe oe ca oe epo pooee yo aoa. Ta opao, epaa epa oaae, o ca pooca pacpeee poy o aaa ca oxae oo epapxeco cceo. p o yp cce po exa aeec ypxoce oepa.

B acoee pe ec ceye epax apeox cce.

opopae BMC, oa eppoaoe pooco poy ee pacpeeee o aaa ca axoc eo ae. pepo oy cy ee pep c coce aoapao ca, pooe oe oy c coceo ce aao, oapee pep, aee apa ..

ooope (opae) BMC oy pex o:

opaa epaee opox pe;

opooe e pox opoe o o ooo;

ooepa pox opoe.

epoo a xapaepo o, o aee pe oee cox pyax oceoaee poecc pooca aa oapoe. Cyecy p op pe: 1) poe epae pe o o pooe; a opa pacpocpaea aooo poeoc CA, apep, pa "op" ae e a pao opo co aoo eac epa; 2) ooe epae pe o o pooe, oopa peec cepe opo eaoo aa; 3) poe epae pe o o p ycy ooa opa cpeaec ae ceo cepe oeceoo a (apep, pa "Maoac"), poaa aooe; o cyae pa ycy cpec aoee e cocoo oec ycy o opeee.

p opo e ooopx BMC oo opoe opaye opoooe oeee eacx pox opoe, papaaae popay, oopo peycapac oeceee oooc ayo, caapa opoo pa c e eo oype c py aaa oapoe.

peeo a xapaepo oeee pox opoe ooepa.

ac oooo oee aya poy epe ooepa, ece opay peay oapo. oyaea p pacpeeec ey ea ooepaa poopoao.

paee BMC pooe eyeo oapa oaec copyeca oep co copo poao oo oapa. ocee e opoe oa, opay co oapo, poo ep o cypoa ca oe e.

poe oo, eoopx cpaax, acoc, o coc ecoo e eo epao epa.

ocoa p o eppoaoe pooco c poy ocyecc opaee pep, aa oep pa.

aepaa epa eppyee pooco c poy ocyecc cooeceo eac pepe coo ce, o o opoe eye p: opo oeceaec oopee opao e aopo ycy, peocaex eye po. p aepao epa coyc p oe coo o: cooae opao o ceo poae poy aoo pep; paea peaa;

yepca c. paea peaa xapaepyec e, o epe eppoay coy ce poac oap e oo ao, o pyx p, o opaeo oece. p yepcao ce epe eppoay coy ce peayc oap pax pep.

Hapep, "Tooa" coye ycox aepao epa epy oe coo o, .e. poa peay aoo oo o p. ee 320 oox p c 2600 opo oa, poa aoo p "Tooa".

pec ce ooe p eac, o aec opopyc oeo ca "Too". Coa ce p "Hcca" coco 2500 aao c 25 c.

cyax, poax oo aoo "Hcca".

p (pep) pooe oaa epa ycy o oooe epeoooe ypax acpaopo, pox cyax, opaa cao opao peayeo poy, ee peae, peocae ocox co (c a oy accy poax eee eca oapo, a ocy coacoa oe poa, a copyeco c pooee ..), a ae acoy oo.

aepaa epa ee p ococ pooee poy:

oaae eoxooc xooo opo eae yo, ocyax o eppyex pep;

caoc oo apoae pooceo-xoceo eeoc, cococyee ce epe, copaac aac eae;

coepeeo epec oa exoo;

oec oe yc pacpe pooca;

ooa cpa papaoa poy;

e a oap oepac a yo ypoe, a poee oapo a po ocaec c e epa;

ycpac epepacxo p pacoppoe, a peay, oeceaec cpoe pacpocpaee opa o ox ax poy;

oeceaec aeceoe ocepoaoe ocyae;

coa ce coye oce oac apea;

eppyee aa oea xo ox oapo cococy pocy oea poa.

O ocx pep oaae, o aepaa epa oe eo oo p opex ycox: eya pa oaae epeoo exooe coo oypeococooc; eya pa opaec a pyoacaoe pooco.

poe epax, oy pacpocpaee opoae apeoe cce. x cyoc coco o, o a oee pep (p) oe co yc ex ocoe pa apeox oooce. a pao, opoae apeoe cce pacpocpae cpe ex p, y oopx eocaoo aao, apeox pecypco, execx a, poocex ooce. p o pep (p) oy copya a ocoo peeo ocoe.

2.3 EPECTPOA OPCTPTP PABEH OTEECTBEHHM PEPTM, OPEHTPOBAHHM HA MAPETH B ae cpae opoca apea yeec ae c aaa 70-x . B 1976 . p Topoo-poeo aae a opaoaa ce o opoca apea. Oao 70 80-x . pep e e peax oooce oepao peapoa a ee cpoce, aeppoa pecypca pooce ooc. paa, cooac eoope ee apea: cop pacpocpaee opa, poeee oypx cax c ayx cceoa, peaa, aa poopoae po. Bece c e o x papaoo pec, ocoo, eocax ee oe ao ypee opo. Payeec, e o ca oec epee apea.

B acoee pe Pocc ocae paeco cooa apea, ee 1987 . ocycoa apeoe opaee poeoc opoe. epexo po ooe ec ao peoco pa apea. pep Pocc oy, e opy, a opec ocpa ep, c yeo coe ce ape, cococoa ope c ao ocaa, cypoa pepoc, a ae yoeopee exc opeoce.

Mape ccee ypae pooceo-coo eeoc pep pa cecopoe ya cpoc opeee, pcocaa pooco peoa, oecoa a po, a oece cpoc.

epce e apea Pocc c:

oee eoe cooae poocex ooce;

cypoae pooca peaa aoee eoxox oapo;

aeee pae op eoo ca oapo cooec c peoa pa.

epexo poex pep a opaa coe pooceo-coo eeoc a pax apea oe copooac eee opcpyyp ypae, xapaepa pao, c e xoceoo pyooca.

B acoee pe a pepx poeoc pocxo epecpoa opaaox cpyyp ypae c c oppoae poo oo.

Heoope poee pep coa eoe caocoee oe apea. Hapep, caocoe oe apea copyo coa a eco yeo-peccoo aoe. y oo oea c:

yee oapoo pa;

peaa;

cepcoe ocyae oyaee.

a o, oe apea oe eca opae py apeox y. Cpyypa oea o cyecy ee e coac. oooe ooee oa xapaepo ox pep Pocc.

Mapeo oe, coa a Taoco OAO "Taooepa", oe ceye y:

oecoe cceoae pa, a aa poo oyp;

aa pooceo-cox oooce pep;

cocaee popa pao ocyecee oapo, coo eoo o;

aop aao, cocaee poocex oox, apax, ecx ao pao, oceae oe aao o cpoa o oay;

coepeeoc opy e aaa.

B ocoy pao oea apea Taocoo OAO "Taooepa" aoe p pao o pooca: peyopoy, oepoy, acocoy, poocy TH ceao ex, a ae peee apepx opoco, eeooecx ce pea (pc. 13).

p o aoe apae oe ceye y:

papaaae peaae popay coe eeoc;

yae po oyaee;

yae oypeo;

opeee eco poo e peaae epop o ocoe coepecoa oapa c e oe eo oypeococooc;

yppye ooee ox opao poeee ca;

yacye opeee e oapa;

peaae eo pea poy oypeo op;

yacye peaa poooo oapa.

Ceop pea aaec oopo eoo pea, cypoa ca, cepco oo, opaae yac caax, papax, paoo co cpeca accoo opa, pec oeceee oepeco eeoc pep.

PC. 13 CXEMA PABEH MAPETHOBO CO HA OAO "TAMOBOMEPMA" Aa opaaox cpyyp ypae co a pe aocpoex pep oaa, o pep c acco pyocep o pooca xapaepa epaoaa ccea ypae coo eeoc, a pep c eocep ya eepaoaa. eepaoao cce ypae co coceo paccpeooee cox y o pa cya. a pao, ope aao (aoa y) oppy poocee oe, a a o oea ca ocac oepaocoe y. epaoao cce ypae co xapaepo cocpeooee cex cox y oee ca pep. B ocoy ocpoe cpyyp oea ca ooe oap yoa p.

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