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e cpo oe c, ec eoxoe ey opaep oo ae pacpeeeo epe, a cae ooo poy oo aaoepoecx oee C x poocex popaax. C e oo oppye poocee popa a ocoe opex aao, o oaaec o coa cox cao pacpeeex epo, epexo a py ocay oo eocpece opee. o ooe peo copa cace pacope ep, ye cpo ooe oca poy (o 1 3 e).

Coac ooeca cya yae poccce pep aa cooa apeoy opa p oppoa ao pooca.

Booa cxea aoec cy apea c py cya pep p cocae peaa aa apea pecaea a. 4 [8].

4 opaoe aoc apea c pao oa ypae Mape o Bae oyae ypae peaeoc opac ee pa pa;

o pep Cpaeece peop oype; ycao e cpaea o pep pa; oypee peyeca; aa poa acoo poo poa; Coacoa a - peoe o ea pooca ooe ca; poa;

c (. apye e peaeoc o oe, apea; oe o oap pya;

yxaep pacxooa cpec e poe e;

, O, aec e OT) apea Aa oype;

eepo- Texece yco oopoae exec papaaaee poy; oea (C "e" a opeee, O, OT, coacoae; oea peoe o OM oypeococooc oapo oe; o pye) poy aecy poy pooc poo poa Booe e oypa pa o ee aa (O, oap pya pooca exa) poo poa;

o oapa; ae o poae oepec aa e; aa poy, oype pya ooopax, (caee opea opeex, c) opa o ao pyy opa cocae o pe apea oceoaea peaa eo apeooo apoa coae yco epexoa a apeoe p ypae. p o oo oe poa poy pep, aoe ae apea, ae opay oy pooceoo apoa, a ooe eo apea oepecx pacxoo acooo apoa (epoa) a pep.

Te ca apeoa oe oo oy ay o yppeoe apoae acae epeocc eo coyc pay, cxoy paee yea, a opao, ypex yco pa pep. B oypeo, cpo eec ee cpee pooe ye oppoa a pooca o poe yco. Heoxo yco p o caoc oe pooco, paa opaoa aa apea eo eppoaoc c eeoc pyx opaee cy pep.

8 MAPETHOBA OHE OPMPOBAH HTPAPEHEPCTBA HA PEPT Pae pepaeca ocyecec o y oco apae:

ee pepaecy eeoc acx ;

coae pepaecx cpyyp pec a (pep opaa).

Oco pyoc a y pa yaoo pepaeca c: exaa capooo aaa 71 %; ocyce oep aoo pepaeca 67 %; aooa oa ocyapca 64 %; pyoc c oee 63 %. B acoee pe epoe apaee pa pepaeca aeo cee cepao co oooc. Haoee aa ac acee, coa pcy, oaaa opeee oo oepeco eeoc, ye oa ec. aea ac e, oaax oea pepaec oooc, cae, o copeex ycox opaaoe, acoe poe pyoc, coe epe pepaee, ea o eeoc eepce.

aa pepaeco eeoc cpae eoxoo oe oooc, peyeca acoo pepaeca pep, o yee, o ec y aoo:

ay, oe e, oeceoc, peeoc yaoo pepae;

pecypce, opaaoe, acoe poe oooc ecyx pep.

aa paooc pepaeco eeoc aaec papeepco, o ec ype pepaeco. Oa oya pooe pacpocpaee CA pyx poeo pax cpaax 70 80-e .

papeepco pecae coo ay, oaopcy eeoc o poocy peaa oapo ycy a ocoe epa pepaecx oooce pep oc (pepae). o ocoa opa pepaeca, paaeoc a ae ecye pooceoxoceo e, apyeec a coa yxox, opaaox ooecx yco ooe peaa pepaecx e epecax x aopa pep.

Tpaoo poeo pax cpaax c ycoo paaec ooo papeepco apyec a cooa oce HT ec cpyeo eoo pa p, opopa ..

B ycox epexoo oo ( acoc peepo oepa ceaa pooca, o apye poocex ooce, eoxooc oepc ..), aee papeepca oe eoc apooo xoca opacae. Oo coae yco eoo cooa peepo pep eo aecoo pa a ocoe ooee.

e papeepca oee eoc pep a ce: aa cooa opecoo oeaa copyo; paoaoo cooa pecypco pep; cpo pea a eee opeoce pa; cpo peaa ceoox ooee (exooecx, opaaox ..); coa oco aeeo pa pooca.

oee eoo oa ocoeoce papeepca ee ceye aoe o:

Tpauuooe npenpumue pepe, paoaee ycoo pee, ecx opaaox paax, ocepaoe opaaoo-exooeco ae, e ocpoe o e oooc.

aooe npenpumue paooe pepe, a ocoe oopoo paaec papeepco.

penpumue npenpuuamecoo muna pepe, ocyecee co eeoc a pax papeepca.

p pa papeepca eoxoo a paoo pep e c ooe, coa aepecoaoe ooee o e oooc, coa opaaoe oooc e peaa pepaecx e.

Opaaoo ocoo pa pepaeca ec:

a poocea ypaeeca cpyypa pep, eo pacoppyac c yeo ox aa oxoo;

apoa oa, apaea a oppoae epcoaa pep, oaaeo o opec oeao;

ccea oa, apaea a cypoae oaopca, opeca.

Caoee papeepca pecae coo poecc pacopa a, ocyece a ocoe apeooo oxoa.

Copee ape, a eco, pecae coo oco pooceo-xoceo eeoc oe ypae, xocoa ycox pa, apyyc a opea pooca a yoeopee opeoce opee. Copeea oe apea paoaac peyae o ex yco o eeepo a ee e, aa eo. B ycox epexoo oo Pocc pocxo ooe poecc - o p eeo apea o opea a eo ocoe ce oco eeoc pep.

Ceo oe pep, coppoaec o peea aoo oo, ocyec oxo o aa pooe, ye ce oee ae epeca opee.

Mapeoa eeoc pep opeee opao ac o op coceoc pep ce opaa eo pooca ypae.

ace, aoepe pep oaa oooc cpo peapoa a peoa pa caocoeo pa pee o oec a ee oeca apea: poy, pooco, c .. Oeo, o poecc oppoa pa papeepca oe apoac a pax eoax copeeoo apea.

Mapeoa oe oppoa papeepca apyec a ceyx ocox pax:

peep aooo pooca o epeopepoa a yoeopee oeaoo aeecocooo cpoca;

ocoe pee o pacopa aoo opaaoo-pooceo cce pac a ocoe apeox cceoa ypee cpe opeoce pa.

Ha ocoe o oe paaaec peaa apeoa cpae papeepca, pecaa coo oec apeox ec, apaex a peee poe pep ye popeoo yoeope opeoce oyaee. B acoc o coco pep ex yco, o epooepex aa, cox epe , coy pae ee eo apeooo poecca.

Mape a oaa y ypae pepe ycox pa, ae pepae, oy xoceoy pyooe p poepex o pao peeo xoa a ooee oepece peya xoceo eeoc pox ax c opae pco.

Peaa apeoo eeoc ocyecec ye oec a ee oeca apea: a poy, ey, oeee poya o opee, poee poya.

Pae papeepca pecae coo poecc pacopa apaepo aooo pep pepe pepaecoo a. Paccop, a opao oo cooa p eo pa apea p caoe papeepca.

oa ocoeoce apea p pa papeepca poaapye cocoe eo apaepo a cax (pc. 30):

Pc. 30 popee ee apea a pax aax caoe papeepca ucxoo, aao aoo pep;

npoeymoo, oa a pep coa yco pepaeca;

aumeo a pep pepaecoo a. Cpae apea ocae ocoe epop apeoo eeoc a pep opex ycox.

B aece ocox ex aopo, x a apeoy cpae pep oo e xapaep cpoca a eo poy eo pooceoexooecy oc. Ha aoo pep: pooco caoe, ocepaoe, cpoc a poy caec. p oppoa papeepca poocea aa caoc o, opepoaa a oea cpoc.

Mapeoa cpae pep opeeec ocoeoc eo apeoo eeoc. Ee oo oca e opea oaaee [36]:

C = (; ; ; T; B), e pa oe apea; eya y apea; ocoa, eya aaa apea; T apea; B apea.

oe apea o eppoaa, opepoaa a opee p, oco eca, oco ee e p, opaa eoea.

Paccop ocoeoc cpae apea epo caoe papeepca (C). Coaco xapaepce aooo pep, peeo e, ocoo eo e ec oeceee eoc coe eeoc a ce oepa yee ca poy, oopy oo paoo ycae. Taa eea apaeoc ec xapaepo coo oe apea.

aaa oee cpoca, cooeceo eya apeoa y coepecoae eca ca, pae opoo-pacpeeeo ce, op paoax aao ca.

Aa peaa oa (T) oo apea ec peapeo, oa cpoc a poy pep.

B apea (B) oy paac acoc o oea apeoo eeoc. Ha aoo pep o oap, oop oo ycae, o ec pooc ape oapo.

Paccop cpae apeoo eeoc a poeyoo ca (C2) oppoa a aoo pep yco pepaeca. Ha o ae e apea paec a e oe:

oepae ca paoo poy, oopy pooae yca pepe;

coae yco pepaeca.

Booee peoco pa pepaeco eeoc cao c ocoae po oooc pepaeca oce ee, cox epe pepe. o paoco p apeoo oco, ocoa oo, o ep ec opee, a pooco - op.

Peayec a oco a ocoe cooa pepe paoo apeoo oe, aaec opea a oyaee, opeoc oopx c yac a ocoe cex aceo eeoc pep ( pooce, ce ..).

Ocoe aa apea epexoo epoe ae ca c oo copo c oepae oee cpoca a aoy poy, c pyo c ee popex apae pepaeco eeoc.

aa apea epexoo epoe e oce xapaep:

1) oepae cpoca a paoy poy;

2) ycaoee y ayeo cooa pecypco pep pepaeco eeoc.

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