WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 17 | 18 || 20 | 21 |   ...   | 25 |

7.2.3 pa ycooc cce c -peyopo cooa ccee aoaecoo peypoa - peyopa ccea ypae (7.2) opeee pa ycooc acaec e:

. (7.5) a cyae cooa -peyopa, opoo ypae cce (7.5) opeeec paoa acoa (pc. 7.4), o oopo epoo ypae opeeec peeoe aee acpo S0:

S0pe =. (7.6) p paeco opeee peeoo ae apaepa acpo S0 ccea ypae (7.5) acaec e Wo(i) e-i/2 = -1.

Cpoc AX oea, a ae AX paoyo cce p S0 = 1 (pc. 7.5). ocpoe ocee eop AX oea eoxoo paepy a yo, a eo oy pae a. Bpeyae ocpoe opeeec opeo d, oceae AX paoyo cce a opaeo eeceo oyoc. eee ae acpo S0 po oy, o AX paoyo cce "pacyxae" oceae ye a opaeo eeceo oyoc opeo r, opeee a r = S0d.

aeee yeee S0 po oy, o AX paoyo cce poe epe oy (-1, i0), ceoaeo r = 1, a oca peeoe aee acpo peyopa opeec a S0pe =.

Ta opao, oo, o cepoa ycoy ccey, eoxoo pa acpo - -peyopo ee peex ae, a -peyopa oac, pacooeo e pa ycooc.

7.3 OEHA AACA CTOBOCT Ce ycox cce, axoxc o pa ycooc e oaax eoxo aaco ycooc, e yoeope oy peay ccey, a a oe eee epeex, ae eaeoe, oe ec ccey ycooo pea. B c c eoxoo oeceo oe aac ycooc. Haoee pacpocpae oea oceeo c ceye oe.

7.3.1 opee eo oe aaca ycooc a eco, pae ycooc ococ ope xapaepcecoo ypae ec a oc, ooy, e e op xapaepcecoo ypae pacoaac o oc, e e ccea axoc pae ycooc. Ceoaeo, oe aac ycooc oo o pacooe ope xapaepcecoo ypae. Tao oeo ec cee ycooc, oopa opeeec paccoe o o oc aeo op (pc. 7.5, a).

Pc. 7.5 opee oaae oe aaca ycooc:

a - cee ycooc; - cee oeaeoc;

- oopeeoe cooae cee ycooc cee oeaeoc Ec aac ycooc ye aa epe oaae a, o ccea oa e cee ycooc oe pay aao a, oac pacooe ope ye axoc cea o po = a (pc. 7.5, a).

py oaaee o py ec cee oeaeoc m - oy aoo ooe eceo o ace op sj xapaepcecoo ypae o cpae c py op (pc. 7.5, ):

. (7.8) C eoepeco o pe cee oeaeoc ec aeco ya, aeoo ey ya OA OB, poee epe aao oopa aoee yaee op o oc, .e. tg = m = arctg m. op, axoec a x yax, pacooe a opao, o ce ocae op, ea cea o x ( ceope AOB).

oecee aaca ycooc eoxoo, o cee oeaeoc ccee a oe paa aao m > ma, a oac aaoo aaca ycooc o cyae opeec ceopo AOB (pc.7.5, ).

B pe cyae oe aaca ycooc oo cooa oopeeo oa paccopex oaae - cee ycooc cee oeaeoc. Bo cyae oac oecee aaoo aaca ycooc opeeec oac ABCD (pc. 7.5, ).

7.3.2 acoe eo Cpe acox eoo oe aaca ycooc pee ceo ec eo, cae c ayo-aoo xapaepco paoyo cce, o aac ycooc o oy aac ycooc o ae.

anac ycmouocmu no oy opeeec a a opea d, paoo pacco o o epecee AX paoyo cce c opaeo eeceo oyoc o o (-1, i0) (pc. 7.6, a).

Pc. 7.6 acoe eo:

a - aac ycooc o oy; - aac ycooc o ae ceo aac ycooc o oy oaae, a coo oe ec oy AX paoyo cce, o ccea a a pay ycooc.

anac ycmouocmu no ae - o yo, ea ey eeceo opaeo oyoc yo, poee aaa oopa oy epecee AX c eo opyoc c epo aae oopa (pc.7.6, ).

ceo aac ycooc o ae oaae, a coo oo yec ocaae o ae paoyo ccee p eeo oye AX, o ccea a a pay ycooc. a pao, oaae coy ece.

paoococooc cce peyec, o aac ycooc o oy ae e ee eoopx aax e: d > da; > a.

O ocox acox eoo oe aaca ycooc ec noaame oeameocmu, oop a oee aac ycooc o oy aac ycooc o ae. Oaaec, o cee oc ayo cce pae ycooc oo opee o ee acya ayo-acoo xapaepc paoyo cce. o acy aaec noaamee oeameocmu M, ec M(0) = 1 (pc. 7.7).

Pc. 7.7 AX ayo cce:

1 - eoeaeo; 2 - oeaeo; 3 - a pae ycooc e oe acy ee AX ayo cce, e e AX paoyo cce oe (-1, i0) , ceoaeo, e ee aac ycooc ee ccea a o oy, a o ae. a eco, AX ayo cce opeeec epe AX paoyo cce cey opao, oya AX ayo cce, cooeceo, paa.

Aa AX paoyo cce oaae, o, a o pc. 7.8, ee oy pae e opea OB, .e. Wp.c(i) = OB.

Beop 1 + Wp.c(i) opeeec a paoc eopo OA OB, .e.

.

Pc. 7.8 Opeeee oaae oeaeoc Ceoaeo, M.c () =.

Ec e acoy o 0 o, o ooee aae opacae, a ae aae yeac, ceoaeo, AX ayo cce aae ye opaca, a ae yeac, .e. ye e acy. oo, o o acy e aay ey, a, ceoaeo, aa oaae oeaeoc, eoxoo, o eoepec a ococ AX paoyo cce ooee opeo OB AB eo ocoy ey (pc. 7.8):

= M = const. (7.9) Ec aa oaae oeaeoc, o aa aac ycooc (acy AX ayo cce e oe pea eoopo apaee aao e), paac eoepec aa a ococ AX paoyo cce opyoc payco, c epo a opaeo eeceo oyoc a pacco, oopy e oa epecea ayo-aoa xapaepca paoyo cce (pc. 7.9).

Pc. 7.9 pyoa apaa 7.4 AHA CCTEM HA AAC CTOBOCT 7.4.1 Pacpee acoe xapaepc a eco, ayo-aoa xapaepca ec oop oopaee o oc ococ ope xapaepcecoo ypae a ococ AX, exao ee oye Pc. 7.10 Pacpea acoa xapaepca o cee ycooc:

a - ococ ope xapaepcecoo ypae;

- acoe xapaepc ec aea epeaoo y oecoo apaepa s a i. Beee paccopee aaca ycooc paoco epeocy pa ycooc.

Ec aac ycooc xapaepyec cmene ycmouocmu, o o cyae paa ycooc a caec eo a ey a (pc. 7.10, a).

Oopaee oo pa ycooc, xapaepyec aao cee ycooc, a ococ AX ac eoop oopa, oop oy aae pacpeo ayo-aoo xapaepc. B ococ ope xapaepcecoo ypae a oa a po aao cee ycooc opeeec a s = -a + i. Ceoaeo, oye pacpeo acoo xapaepc eoxoo epeaoo y oec apaep s ae a (-a + i).

oopa pacpeo ayo-aoo xapaepc (PAX) W( a + i) o cpae c oo AX ca a pe ("pacyx") (pc. 7.10, ), c c e a xapaepca oya aae pacpea. Coaco coca oopoo oopae p = 0 a PAX xo o yo 90 eceo oyoc.

Ceya pacpea acoa xapaepca xapaepyec aao cee oeaeoc. Bo cyae paa ycooc opeeec ya AOB (pc. 7.11, a).

Oopaee o pa a ococ AX ae oopa pacpeo ayo-aoo xapaepc o cee oeaeoc m.

Ha yax AOB apaep s ee oopa (-, i), oope ca coooee = m, oa s = - + i = -m+i, ceoaeo, oPc. 7.11 Pacpea acoa xapaepca o cee oeaeoc:

a - ococ ope xapaepcecoo ypae;

- acoe xapaepc ye PAX ocaoo epeaoo y oec apaep s ae a (-m + i). oopa paccapaeo PAX - W(-m + i) a ococ AX pe, e oopa oo AX, p = 0 xo o yo (pc. 7.11, ).

Pacpee ayo-aoe xapaepc oy aca epe pacpee ayo- aoacoe xapaepc:

W(- + i) = M(, )e-i(,); W(-m + i) = M(m, )e-i(m,). (7.10) pep 7.1 ocpo pacpee acoe xapaepc, ec :

a) poo aey s = - m + i, ee AX: ;

AX: ;

X: ;

pa acox xapaepc opae a pc. 7.12.

Pc. 7.12 Pacpee acoe xapaepc:

a - AX; - X; - AX Cpaee AX PAX oaae, o o aco ae M(m, ), (m, ) oe o acoo ee, e M(), (), ooy oopa W(-m + i) pe, e W(i).

) poo aey s = - + i, ee AX: ;

AX: ;

X: (, ) =,.

pa acox xapaepc opae a pc. 7.13.

Pc. 7.13 Pacpee acoe xapaepc:

a - AX; - X; - AX 7.4.2 Aau cucme a anac ycmouocmu aaa cce a aac ycooc coyec aao pep Haca.

Coaco pep Haca aya ccea axoc a pae ycooc, ec AX paoyo cce poxo epe oy (-1, i0). pe o pep cceoa cce a aac ycooc, ceye, o ec paoya ccea oaae aaco ycooc pacpea ayo-aoa xapaepca e oxaae oy (-1, i0), o aya ccea ee aac ycooc e ee, e aa.

Ec aac ycooc oeaec cee ycooc, o aaa cce aao pep Haca oe cooa ceye opypoe. Ec paoya ccea ee cee ycooc a, o aya ccea ye oaa aao cee ycooc, ecPAX paoyo cce W(-, i) poxo epe oy (-1, i0). Ec PAX paoyo cce W (-, i) e oxaae oy (-1, i0), o cee ycooc ayo cce ye e aao a.

coe, coaco oopoy aya ccea ye oaa aao cee oeaeoc m, opypyec cey opao. Ec paoya ccea ee cee oeaeoc ma, o aya ccea ye oaa aao cee oeaeoc, ec PAX paoyo cce W(-m + i) poxo epe oy (-1, i0).

Ec PAX paoyo cce W(-m + i) e oxaae oy (-1, i0), o cee oeaeoc ayo cce ye e ma.

p aae cce a aac ycooc o oy o ae eoxoo ocpo AX ayo cce opee cceyee aac ycooc paec, coaco x opeee.

p oee aaca ycooc o oaae oeaeoc M cpoc AX paoyo cce opyoc (pc. 7.9) payca c epo oe. aya ccea oaae aaco ycooc e aaoo, ec AX paoyo cce e axo yp o opyoc. Ec AX acaec o opyoc, o aya ccea oaae aa aaco ycooc.

7.5 CHTE CCTEM, OAAX AAHHM AACOM CTOBOCT B. 7.2 paccope ce ycox cce. Teep eoxoo poec ce cce, oaax aa aaco ycooc, apep, aao cee oeaeoc ma. o ceo ao cyae ye oa pace acpoe peyopo ayo oooypo ccee peypoa.

a eco, oo, o aya ccea oaaa aa aaco ycooc - aao cee oeaeoc, eoxoo ocaoo, o PAX paoyo cce W(-m + i) poxoa epe oy (-1, i0). Ha ocoa oo oo aca Wo(-mp + ip)Wp(-mp + ip ) = -1. (7.11) paee (7.11) oo cec ccee yx ypae, opaax c ey aco xapaepca oea peyopa:

M (m, P )Hp (m, p, S0, S1, S2 ) =1;

o (7.12) (m, P ) + p (m, p, S0, S1, S2 ) = -, o e S0, S1, S2 - apaep acpoe peyopo. Ccea ypae (7.12) ooe opee paoy acoy apaep acpoe peyopo, a ccea oe acaa ae e:

7.5.1 Cucmea c -peymopo Pacpea ayo-aoa xapaepca -peyopa acaec e:

Wp(-m + i) = -S1 = S1e-i, oa ccea ypae (7.12) cce aoaecoo peypoa c -peyopo peopayec y:

(7.13) Pc. 7.14 Opeeee acpo -peyopa, oeceae aay cee oeaeoc:

a - opeeee paoe aco p; - opeeee ae PAX oea p paoe acoe p opoo ypae cce opeeec paoa acoa p. oce oo opee paec, eo ceye ocpo pacpey aoacoy xapaepcy oea py, pay - (pc. 7.14, a), epeceee oopx ae p.

Hacpoa -peyopa opeec o coooe, (7.14) e aee pacpeo AX oea oo opee a aaec, a paec (pc. 7.14, ).

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 17 | 18 || 20 | 21 |   ...   | 25 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .