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, VIII. ( )., ,, ; () ();,,.,. ,,., -.,, .

- VIIVIII.. ;

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.. ().,, V.., 1834;.

.. 2.., 1842;.., 1828.

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.. 205.

.. ()..... 2.

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.. ()....

. 72.

.. 91.

.. 82.

.

.. 92.

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.. 91.

.. ()..... 162.

..... 95.

..... 148.

.

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.. 157.

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.. : /.

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...., 1905.

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.. 190.

.

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...

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.. 292.

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.. 294.

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.

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.. - //.

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.. 107.

.. 108.

.. ()..... 2.. 148.

...., 1958.. 6.

...., 1964..

224225.

.. 226.

.. 238.

.

.. VIII. ( 1792.) //.., 1966.. 243.

.. 253.

.. 244.

..,..,.. :.. 14.., 1973.. 209.

.. //..,1970;. //.., 1972.

.. // :.., 1976.

.. // ( ).., 1982.

.. VIIXVIII.., 1978.

. 184.

.. 185.

.

.. 155.

.. VIIXVIII.... 225.

.. 234.

.. //.., 1982.. 232.

.., 1986.. 259.

.. 259.

.. - //., 1989; VII.., 1977;

.. VII XIX.., 1979;.. () VIVII. -, 1999;. VVIII. -, 1999;. : VIII. -, 1995;.. -, 1999;.. -., 1980;

..,...., 1975;

.. //.,.., 1983;.. //. 1990. 3;.. //. 1997. 1;

.. // 4- .. 3.., 1973;. (VIII XX.) //.., 1978;.. - VI VII. //.., 1959;

.. - //., 1977;.. : //. 1996. 4;.

//.., 1982;..

- (15821637) //., 1980.

VII.., 1977.. 48.

.. VIIVIII. //.. 10.., 1987.. 93.

//.. -.. 3.

., 1883.. 331.

----..., 1895.

. 353.

Li Ung Bing. Outlines of Chinese History. Shanghai, 1914. P. 98.

Ibid. P. 402403.

Ibid. P. 431.

Ibid. P. 434.

Hsu Shusi. An Introduction to Sino-Foreign Relations. Shanghai, 1941. P. 4.

Ibid. P. 5.

Ibid. P. 12.

. :..,..

(19111949).., 1984.. 76.

.

., 1959.. 553.

.. 557.

.. 553.

.. 556.

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. //.., 1971.

. 263.

.

.

.. // :.

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Ya Hanzhang. Biographies of the Tibetan Spiritual Leaders Panchen Erdenis. Beijing, 1994. P. 62.

Shakabpa W.D. Tibet. A Political History. New Haven; L., 1967.

P. 169170.

Ibid. P. 170.

Norbu T.J., Turnbull C.M. Tibet. Its History, Religion and People.

N.Y., 1976. P. 196.

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. 241.

Macgowan J. A History of China. Shanghai, 1897.

Boulger D.Ch. The History of China. V.I. L., 1898.

Rockhill W.W. Dalai Lamas of Lhasa and their Relations with Manchu Emperors of China. Leiden, 1910. P. 18.

Ibid. P. 2930.

Ibid. P. 41.

Ibid. P. 53.

Bell Ch. The Religion of Tibet. Oxford, 1931. P. 154.

Ibid. P. 155.

Ibid. P. 157.

Petech L. China and Tibet in the Early 18th Century. Leiden, 1950.

P. 240.

Ibid. P. 240.

Ibid. P. 64.

Ibid. P. 240.

Ibid. P. 219220.

Ibid. P. 216.

Li Tieh-tseng. The Historical Status of Tibet. N.Y., 1956. P. 34 37.

Ibid. P. 37.

Ibid.

Ibid. P. 49.

Li Tieh-tseng. Op. cit. P. 57.

Richardson H.E. Tibet and its History. L., 1962. P. 49.

Ibid. P. 57.

Ahmad Z. The Historical Status of China in Tibet // Journal of the Oriental Society of Australia. V. 9. Sidney, 1972.

Suzuki Ch. Chinese Relations with Inner Asia: the Hsiung-nu, Tibet // Chinese World Order. Cambridge, Mass., l968.

Farquhar D.M. Emperor as Bodhisattva in the Governance of Ching Empire // Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. Cambridge, Mass., 1978.

Malik I.L. Dalai Lamas of Tibet. New Delhi, 1984. P. 56.

Ibid. P. 40.

-:., 1991.

-., .., 1972.

.. -., 1983.

.. T. 1.., 1994.. XLIII.

H., M. :.., 1998.. 5758.

. - II..,1998.. 182.

Das S.Ch. Contributions on the Religion, History etc. of Tibet // Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal. V.11. Calcutta, 1882. P. 3741.

.,.., 1994.

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.., 1975.

1677 1689.., 1777.

. VII VIII... 12.., 1989.

,.., 1784.. 3.. 134135.

Fu Lo-shu. A Documentary Chronicle of Sino-Western Relations (16441820). V. 12. Tucson, 1966.

----..., 1895.

( ) //.. -.. 3.., 1883.. 332.

Landon P. Nepal. V. 2. L., 1928. P. 275281.

.. 12.

., 1828.

.., 1828.

. 9092.

Bll Ch. Tibet. Past and Present. Oxford, 1924.. 275278.

Petech L. Op. cit.; Richardson H.E. Op. cit.

., 1969.. 209.

. .

., 1883.

. VII..;., 1957.

. 149.

-., 1969.. 30.

.. 167175.

( ). VII.., 1981.. 13.

Kirkpatrick W. An Account of the Kingdom of Nepaul. L., 1811. P. 341.

History of Nepal. Calcutta, 1958. P. 159.

Desideri I. An Account of Tibet. L., 1937.. 171.

Della Penna. Brief Account of the Kingdom of Tibet // Narratives of the Mission of George Bogle to Tibet. L., 1876. P. 322.

Narratives of the Mission of George Bogle to Tibet. L., 1876.. 151.

Turner S. An Account of an Embassy to the Court of the Teshoo Lama in Tibet. L., 1800. P. 366.

Turner S. Op. cit. P. 463464.

Kirkpatrick W. Op. cit. P. 348.

.., VIII. //.. 26.. 3.., 1989.. 123.

.. -.., 1918.

... C., 1904.

.. XVII XVIII.., 1978.

. 39.

.. //. 1972. 5.. 74.

...... 38.

.

...... 80.

.. //. -.., 1974.. 344.

...... 39.

...... 81.

...... 46.

.. //. 1979. 1.. 31.

...... 3435.

.. 35.

.. 39.

.. 30.

.. 36.

.. 28.

. :.. XVII.., 1976,. 154.

XVII.., 1977.. 57.

...., 1987.

. 14.

.. XIVXVI.

., 1968.. 36.

.

.. 3842.

.., 1974.

. 133135.

Rossabi M. China and Inner Asia. L., 1975. P. 71.

Ibid. P. 72.

Ibid. P.71.

.., 1983.. 183.

.., 1975.. 72.

.. XVII.., 1980.. 47.

.. 51.

.. 52.

...., 1986.. 16.

..., 1980.. 127 128.

..... 16.

.... 129.

..... 170.

. :..,.. //.., 1974.

. 113.

..,.. //.., 1982.. 129.

.., 1986.. 415.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 87.

Ibid. P. 189.

Lamb A. The Sino-Indian and Sino-Russian Borders: Some Comparisons and Contrasts // Studies in the Social History of China and South-East Asia. Cambridge, 1970. P. 145147.

..,...

., 1975.. 29.

...., 1962.

. 42.

.

.. 249.

.. 250.

., 1959.. 206.

.,.., 1994.. 19.

.., 1974.. 78.

..,..... 47.

.., 1970.. 73.

Steiger G.N. A History of the Far East. L., 1936. P. 174.

Ibid.

..,..... 43.

.. 49.

.. 251.

.

.. 253.

..,..... 48.

..,..... 4843.

Shakabpa W.D. Tibet. A Political History. New Haven, 1967. P. 4041.

.. ()..., 1833.. 1.. 169.

..,..... 54.

.. 5455.

..... 159.

.. 171.

..... 158159.

.. 44.

..... 133.

.. 208.

..,..... 49.

-..1920.

..,..... 37.

..... 47.

.. 55.

..,.....35.

.. 207.

.. 207208.

..... 167.

..,..... 59.

-.. 43.

..., 1998.. 99.

-.. 45.

.. -.. 58.

.. XVII.., 1974.. 121.

Diskalkar D.B. Bogles Embassy to Tibet // The Indian Historical Quarterly. V. IX. Delhi, 1933. P. 420.

...

-, 1999.. 2425.

...., 1960.. 122.

The New Enciclopedia Brittanica. V. 3. Chicago, 1994. P. 58.

Petech L. Central Tibet and the Mongols. The Yuan Sa-skya Period of Tibetan History. Rome, 1990. P. 9.

Ibid.

Ibid. P. 11.

Ibid. P. 1011.

.,.. 20.

-.. 35.

. XIIIXIV.., 1983.. 163.

..,..... 71.

.,.. 20.

.

.. - XIII XIV. //.., 1958. C. 338.

..,..... 69.

., - -., 1983.. 15.

.... 165.

.,.. 21.

Petech L. Central Tibet and the Mongols. P. 4950.

. :... XVI XX., 1988.. 12.

..,..... 6970.

-.. 36.

Cassinelli C.W., Ekvall R.B.A Tibetan Principality.The Political Sistem of Sa-skya. N.Y., 1969. P. 18.

.. - //.,.., 1994.. 111.

.. 255.

Snellgrove D., Richardson H. A Cultural History of Tibet. L., 1968.

P. 180.

-.. 40.

...., 1968.. 12125.

...., 1983.. 350.

- IV.,.., 1993.. 245.

.. T. 1.., 1994.. III.

-.. 41.

.. 41.

. - II.., 1998.. 182.

. //.... 5.., 1996.. 528.

-.. 42.

.... 532.

-.. 42.

.,.. 22.

.. 211.

.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 6.

Ibid. P. 565.

.. 212.

.,.. 22.

.,...

., 1998.. 5758.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 84.

.. 212.

.,.. 2.

. :.. VIIVIII.. 60.

----..., 1895.

. 425.

.. //,,.

., 1970.. 80.

..., 1960.. 129130.

...

. 86.

.. 86.

.

.. 65.

.. 214.

.. 136.

.. 63.

.. 137.

.. 78.

.. 72.

...... 83.

.. 155.

.. 74.

.. 72.

.. 76.

.... 130.

.,.. 22.

.. () VI VIII. -, 1999.. 8.

..,1983.. 169.

.. VVIII. -, 1999.. 13.

...... 2.., 1976.. 376.

.

..,..... 79.

-. C. 43.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 91.

..,..... 78.

.. - VI VII. //.., 1959.. 194.

.. - -., 1983.. 54.

.

.. 54.

-., 1969.. 127.

.. - VI VII.. 196197.

.. -.. 55.

... 197.

.. -.. 66.

-.. 129.

.... C. 198.

.. 199.

.. 193.

. :...... 61.

Snellgrove D., Richardson H. Op. cit. P. 134.

..... 197.

.. -. C. 55.

..... 197198.

.

-.. 43.

.

Shakabpa M.D. Op. cit. P. 9899.

Ibid.

Shakabpa W.D. O. cit. P. 99.

.. //,. 2., 1981.. 22.

Ya Hanghang. Op. cit. P. 33.

Ibid. P. 26.

-.. 44.

Snellgrove., Richardson H. A Cultural History of Tibet. L., 1468.

P. 193.

Ya Hanzhang. O. cit. P. 32.

-.. 44.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 100.

.. -.. 5758.

-.., 1991.. 45.

.H. -. C. 58.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 100.

Ibid. P. 102.

.. -.. 56.

. //.... 5..., 1966. C. 539.

P.. -.. 58.

.... 539540.

.. 539540.

. VII..;., 1957.

. 149.

.. -.. 59.

( ) //.. -.. 3.., 1883. C. 312.

.. -.. 59.

.. - (15711637) //., 1980.. 16.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 35.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 103.

.. - //. 1927. 34.. 238;..

... 16.

., M.... 78.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 35.

.... 549.

-.. 46.

.. - //., 1977.. 22.

.H. -.. 60.

.. 61.

.. 6061.

.. 61.

.. .., 1990.. 75.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 105.

-., .., 1972.. 65.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 105.

.,.... 78.

-.... 65.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 105.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 106.

Ibid. P. 106107.

-.... 6566.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit.. 108.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 40.

P.. -.. 62.

.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 110.

Ibid.

Ibid.

.. -.. 62.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 40.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 110.

.,.... 79.

-.. 47.

.., 1898.. 188.

.. -.. 63.

-.... 6768.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit.. 123.

Malik L.L. Op. cit. P. 25.

.,.... 79.

Ya Hanzhang.. it. P. 42.

Shakabpa W.D.. cit. P. 111112.

Ibid.. 113.

-..., 1895.. 48.

.,.... 81.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 123.

Li Ung Bing. Outlines of Chinese History. Shanghai, 1914.. 439.

..,..... 87.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 42.

Petech L. The Dalai-Lamas and Regents of Tibet: a Chronological Study // Selected Papers on Asian History. Roma, 1988. P. 134.

..,..... 87.

. C. 257.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 123.

Shakabpa W.D. O. cit.. 113.

Ibid. P. 122.

Malik I.L. Op. cit. P. 25.

Ibid. P. 24.

Ibid. P. 122.

B.C. //.

, 1974.. 277.

-.... 67.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 112.

.... 2..1., 1908.

. 89.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit. P. 112.

Ibid. P. 113.

Ya Hanzhanp. Op. cit. P. 4445.

Shakabpa W.D. p. cit. P. 119122.

Ibid. P. 122.

Ibid. P. 118.

Ibid. P. 118119.

Shakabpa W.D. p. cit. P. 118.

Petech L. The Tibetan-Ladakhi-Moghul War (16791683) // Selected Papers on Asian History. Rom, 1988.. 25.

Francke A.H. History of Western Tibet. L., 1907. P. 112114.

.. //.., 1982.. 235.

.. XVIIXVIII.., 1978.

. 8486.

.. -, -.., 1880.

. 168.

.,.., I994.. 23.

Rockhill W.W. The Dalai Lamas of Lhasa and their Relations with Manchu Emperors of China. Leiden, 1910. P. 1415.

.. 1.. 126.

.. 127.

.

..... 110111.

.. : - //. 1996. 4.. 43.

Ya Hanzhang. Op. cit. P. 51.

Shakabpa W.D. Op. cit.. 116.

.,.. 24.

.... 331.

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