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2. Teop epxoec p ope ocyo C A.

3. Aep c eep : eop, p , ee p .

4. ocy C A pe ocoe yco ep coo o ec.

5. ocyoo-p ooe pe ee oe ececex p e oe C A.

6. Bepxo cy C A: ocoeoc p ooo c yc.

T A 6. OTECE HCTTT OHCTTOHHOE PABO BEOPTAH a e 1. o ec cce.

2. ocy Be op , ee ocoe ep ocoeoc.

3. p ooe o o ee oc.

4. p e oe p o p e cce.

5. ep e op ocy pceo c.

6. oo e c.

7. co e c.

8. Cye c.

9. Op c ec x. Op eco c.

Be op ocy pco o poe p cx ocpo x. e poecoo Co. pee p coo Copy ec. Co . oo.

Coc e c Be op : A , c, o , Ceep p (O cep). B c ocoe e cp e e e e o. Hop ce ocpo epeo p po e - .

A c e c p c opo -p c, o o c, Ceep p opy.

c o ocy Be op e. Hec ocy, co co p , pe p eo c y; co ocyooo p ooc e cyee peee, ocyoe o op e co . C yoe p o coc p e o opoc ocyooo p , pe 1215 ., o poo e Be x p o oce. o ee op c yoo p oocc e , X e c opyc (1679 .), o p x (1689 .), o o peco o c e (1701 .), o o p ee (1911 .), A o p x (1963 .), A o e o (1978 .), A o poo pec e ce (1949,1969,1974,1983 .), A o eco p e (1972 1985 .) p.

op p e ocyo o px. C 1952 .

opo eo ec e II c Bopo. ocy pc opo (opo e ) op o o e o o oo : co pocyc p e, ee ce ee peep-cp eo p e c, pyx cx o ocx cye, e cx epox ep pxo, p o eo p e, opee ee ocox p e ypee ee o poo pe p op p e, o ee o p, ee e y pox ooopo ..

p ec e ce oe pye o oo opo (opo e) ocy ec c p e co, oopoe ece oeceoc ee o pxo , ooy ce op ccyc peep-cpo.

c o p coo Copy ec (49 ocy pc), p c o px p ec o 18 ocy pc Copy ec ( , Acp , Ho e , cp pcoo cce, eoope ocy pc A p Oe ). o p o ec e o co pecep co ep.

o px pee cy p coo ocy pc, c 1649 o 1660 . cy eco pecy poe .

p e Be op e o peex pe. H o p ec cpoo e ceo o oco e ocoe op po cce ooce oo o c coc e 659 ey o. Bepx opo e p ec, eco e pope ec o o c ecy, o o e opo e. B co ee pe ee xo o ee opo, poo, po.

B e y p e oo e , pe yec ocoo epe ocoe peee oe p e. p o oo e o o yc e p e, e p e c (oope o e o o ey oo ), p e oopoe p e c e pope oy ece oe pe. oopoe poxo p e. yy oope o o pee e, o p ec y opo.

peycope e ce e oo e e poeyp: e epo oe oo e co (oc o e, ee p e co oco oo), p ccopee cox oopoeo o eo coo poeype p ccopee cx oopoeo, o x ope e.

py e y p coo p e opo p e co. Co co p ocyo co e, p e co oppyec p eo oeceo epe . pooc o e pe o o e p e c e ex pe o e, ocx o o ooe, e e p o ope oooo ocy e, oopoe e ec 20 e cecc. poo p yc p ece opoc p e cy cee, yce ( c opoco p c pyec o e ee). p ec poep p cxoo p e co y e yep ex p eo ee x cpec pooc oeo o y o o eoc (15 eo), oopoy o e coece peoc e eoxoy op H o oe peooe eoco (o ee 900 peopo).

o oe e eoo ocy c o o .

p e co oppyec oc e p ecx opo epo p, o y e p ecoe o co e o . o peoe peep-cp opo e e oc x eo p e c. peepcp ocoe cp xo e (18-25 eo p e c ), coc p e c pe o e oxo o 100 e oe, ocy pcex cpo p ecx cepe pe.

P p oo ocox oopoeo, ee oc ocy pceoo p , opee ee ee ypee o pyoo e. p e co poo o yec e o o co p o oo e o , o p o o oe e epo oo oo e c.

Cye cce ece cee e eox p ocoeoce p co p oo cce. Bce cyeo c e Coeeoo opo ec ec opo, o e oopo e p cc p c cyo opo, coco o eo eo op - ep, op px opo o e po, x po o cyee o oc. opo p e p ccope e oc o e o p c yo o e ( o o o o p c).

Bepxo cy A c e ce: Ae o cy (c p c yo o oe e), Bco cy (c eco ce po oe e coc c), Cy opo (cy pc x o ee cepex pecy e, e e poop eco x cyo). cy , oopx p cc p ec oco cc e, oocc cy p c ( oopx p cc p c p ce e ) cp ce cy ( oopx p cc p c e pc x yo oe e ).

Cy ecy e ce po e cy (py ): po ee py , e oe cy o pyo cop .

Cye cce o , pcoeeo Coeeoy opo ecy 1707 ., o ec o co.

Bce c e o yo o e oc ec Bco cy c pe ype. Bce cyeo c e o p c e ec Cecco cy. Ccey x cyo op y ep ce cy opy e cy.

Bce cyeo c e Ceepo p ec Bepxo cy Ceepo p , ce Bco cy, Ae o cy Cy opo c y, o y cx cyo Coeeoo opo ec.

cyo o o, ooo p x cyepee p co opo cp p coo Copy ec ce e oo c e c Cye oe T oo coe, pee o cop opoc oc peoe e x p ep.

Cye cce Be op peepe e eoope ee: , 1967 . co C y p ecoo yo oo eoo o e cp , c 1983 . co c c y p oo oo e .

opoe opoc 1. o ocoeoc ocyooo p Be op 2. o co ocyooo p Be op x p ecoe ee 3. B e coco oe o eo p 4. o ocyoo-p oo c yc e oe p Be op e eo p 5. o oe o co 6. o o ec cce Be op 7. o p cce o ece p Be op 8. e x p epyec p e cce Be op o oe oe ccoe p e oe p o, o x ocoeoc Be op 9. o p e e opy cce p cpee e o 10. o oe pe epey o opo eo poee 11. o cpyyp p e Be op 12. o o oo , ype op oooe 13. o ocoeoc oo e oo poecc Be op 14. o pepo opo ee ec o ec po 15. o opo peco o c e Be op 16. o ocoeoc cpyyp p e c e 17. o opo oppo o oeceoc p e c e 18. o p oo c yc po peep-cp 19. o cpyyp p e ceoo p 20. oo o o- cp oe ycpoco eppop 21. o ocoeoc ecoo c oyp e Be op 22. o coc e oco cyeo cce Be op Peoeyea epaypa 1. A po T.B. Cy cye poecc Be op : A . c. o . ., 1996.

2. o oc .. o co p e. .:

H y, 1987.

3. o oc .. peeeoe p o. ., 1993.

4. poxe. o p co ocy. ., 1987.

5. poxe ep. o p co ocy. .: p. ., 1978.

6. pep . Be op . ep oe ecoe yp ee. .: popecc, 1984.

7. o . o ec cce Be op . .: ocp. ., 1965.

8. opoe .. Be op : p e , op, p. .: H y, 1974.

9. o B.A. O p e o ccee Be op // yp pocccoo p . 1998. 1.

10. ocp oe ocyooe p o / o pe. po.

B.B. o. .: pc, 1996.

11. ocy ocy pc poecoo Co. ., 1997.

12. ocyoe Be op cope:

ocy pye x ocy pc. .: , 1996.

13. pocc P. peee co p e. .: p.

., 1985.

14. p o H.C. A coe ocy pco. .: H y, 1981.

15. p o H.C. p e Be op // p e p. ., 1991.

16. p o H.C. ep e ocy pcee op Be op . .: p. ., 1965.

17. co A.A. peee o co o coo p // ocy pco p o. 1995. 2.

18. o ec cce Be op . epeo c eeoo/ o pe. H.C. p oo. .: p. ., 1984.

19. C B.B. Acp c Be op // Coecoe ocy pco p o. 1983. 12.

20. Ce B.A. Bopoc oo p // Coecoe ocy pco p o. 1981. 10.

21. Cco A. Ho o p . .: popecc, 1975.

22. o ep P. A c cye cce. .: p.

., 1980.

23. X pe ., Xy . p coe ocy pco. .:

ocp. ., 1961.

24. o B.H. p c ocy. o o-p oo . e: ocp. ., 1961.

Teaa peepax oao 1. ocyooe p o Be op eo ocoeoc.

2. o ocy Be op .

3. oe o eo p Be op .

4. o co Be op : eope ece po e p .

5. pepo opo ee ec o ec po .

T A 7. OTECE HCTTT OHCTTOHHOE PABO PAH a e 1. ocy ocyooe p e p .

2. ocyoe p coo p .

3. o ece p p cce.

4. p e oe p o p e cce.

5. Pe epey.

6. Cce ocy pcex op o p .

7. ep e op ocy pceo c.

8. Op ocyooo opo .

9. ocy e opo e ep e op .

10. Acp o-eppop oe e ee ecoe c oyp ee.

11. Cye cce.

p ocy pco o poe. e-y pee O eo p, poecx Coo ec (e poec Co), oco e Coe eo coc Op Oeex H . Co . p.

Acp oe e ee: 96 e p eo, opce e p e ( e y, p, , Peo) opce eppop (Ocpo o c yy, Ho eo, p yc o e, Ce-ep e o) ocoy eppop o- cp y ey opcy. e p e e c oy.

C e o ee p o oo yp e eppop ocoe o o eep (1982 .) co o o c (peo ). co e op peoo c peo e coe, e p eo eep e coe. poe oo, cy ecye e ee cp cop ece po (Ayy, A y, Apy, e p, epp, pe , ypoe, ypy, Becce, e co, o e, -e-p c, opc, eo, ye, oe, o p, p, Hepe, Hop , Oep, O, Op e e, p, popce A (c 1860 .), po c, y y, Pycc o, C o (c 1860 .), Ceo, Type, p, p -oe,y, , c).

op p e pecy (e eyec o Pecy o). ecy ocy p pe epeyo 28 cep 1958 . Boc ec po eco o op o, e oopx o p pee ceo o oco e p 1962 .

ocy pc pee, p ec ceo p o oco e o py co oo o c o oco epo ype ooce oo o c o opo. Cpo o oo 7 e.

pee ep yp cyo c o Pecy . y oc e oe p e ocy 1958 . C 5 ocy c: pee Pecy c e co ee ocy. O oece e co pp e op oe yopo e y x ce, e peeceoc ocy pc .

pee e peep-cp pep e eo o oo o e oc eeo o oc e p e c. O e e pyx eo p e c o pec e peep-cp pep e x o oo . pee pece e cye Coee cpo.

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