WWW.DISSERS.RU


...
    !

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 || 7 |

Ha ape coeco ac coa e aapa ocyapceo opa. B cepe 1918 . B p ocaoee o coa epaoo opaooo aeca - POCTA (Pocccoe eepaoe aeco). POCTA o poao ., eo y epea TACC. POCTA coaoc a ae epopacoo eepaoo aeca. B e 1925 . o ocoao TACC (Teepaoe aeco Coecoo Coa). aa aaa TACC aaac o, o copa pacpocpa opa oae oye o Coeco Coe apyex cpaax. TACC pyoo eeoc pecyacx eepax aec. Oco coo opa TACC cy cocex oppecoeo ooope ooe co o eepa aeca apyex cpa. epe ooxpoy TACC caa coecy ea apyee cpa ca oo e. B e 1941 . o opaoao Coecoe oppo; . - paee paoopa p Mcepce yyp CCCP; apee 1961 . Aeco ea "Hooc" (AH) - opao opa coecx oecex opaa. o aeco eo oppecoecy ce CCCP, opy coax pyex ocyapc pa. poe TACC AH, ae oya opa o cocex oppecoeo a CCCP, a a pyeo.

B epee o ea o 10 op 1917 . o caao, o "ypyaa pecca ec oo oyecex opy ypya", o o coe ce oo "e eee oaco ac paox pec, oopa oo o ypoaec, e o yee".

Heocpeceo oce Opcoo epeopoa ap ce epae opa paex oea ap, ocoe ape eoecce a, a eco - eo ceyeo, 1918 ., poa eape ae ypa, oope oo o aoop cax "pao" ap. B eee 1918 - . eoecce a ee o xo oacx Pocc, e cyecoa eoapece paeca, a aaea "eopaeca oppeo": a e - Pocoe, Oecce, Eaepoape; a ceepe - Apxaece; Caape, e, Oce p. C o opaee eoapecoo e oooe a Pocc epeca cyecoa. O epeecc a pay, co Beo pycco pa - ap, ep, pay pye opoa.

Oop ocox py apo-coeco ea Oco ae apo-coeco ea cya CC, coece opa ac ypae, oecee opaa, aye ypee pae oeca. B CCCP e o ea, aaec ac ae.

Cay oy pyy apo-coeco pecc coca epoece a CC. ap aaa a oe, a opacee, ceapoae a, paccae a pae aeop aee. Bec aepa, yye a cpaax o py ea, oe oo e: c pax copo oce opoc eop, o pa CC, apo p. B ea o py aco yoac py ea, Caa, oye aepa pyoox opao ap (ceo, oepe, eyo ), aepa o eyapoo oyceco paoe e. Beepao apo ea ac "paa", O ap, xoa c 1912 . oycece ap cox pecy CCCP e co epae opa ea, poy ce epoecx a. Ta, O oap pa a aea "paa pa"; O oap ecaa ac aea "paa Bocoa" .. eycoo, o eae aepao, ocooy apae ya pecyace a opepoac a cox "capx pae", ycaex Moce. epeco, o oyceco ap PCCP ooa aea a ocoaa oo 1956 . - "Coeca Pocc".

O epx ypao P () ypa "ec P(), coa o pee ocoo cea ap. ep eo oep e 1919 . B ypae eaac a opao aepa oye o opoca apoo cpoeca. C 1929 . eco oo ypaa ca xo ypa "apoe cpoeco", oopo eaac ca, ae poe aepa o opoca eop, cpae a oea. C op 1946 . ae "apoo cpoeca" xo ypa "apa ", oop pooa coeo peecea.

Cpe ypao CC eoxoo e ypa "oyc", oca a oop eo ap a co e oaea, a oca a aey "paa". B cox pecyax xo a-cae "oyc pa", "oyc eopycc", "oyc co" ..

Cyecoaa a aaea pecca ea, oopa ce e oe cee ae a apo. Cpe oox a ec ae "eoa", "pecca aea", "Ceca ". Eeea pecca aea "eoa" xoa c 27 apa 1918 . o 31 ap 1931 . C 1 epa 1931 . "eoa" cac c aeo "Coacecoe eeee". Cape 1953 o ape 1960 . a aea oca aae "Cecoe xoco". Bapee 1960 . oa a peopaoaa aey CC "Ceca ". Cpe aepao oo a peoaa ca o opoca oea (oa oa pooac), eeoc cecx coeo, pa cecoxoceoo pooca ..

C op 1923 o epa 1939 . aaac eeeea ocya ee cea "pecca aea". e, pooaaea ae, yaa a: "c, cpo pec c ape, coeco ac, pao acco" .. p aee aac p ypao: "Ceop", "Ca cee apoo", "peca", "Ceca ooe". o y "pecco ae" aac yepce (oace) yee (paoe) "pecce" ae.

Paoy ea pecaa eeea aea P() "Paoa aea", oopa xoa c apa 1922 o ap 1932 . C 1960 . Coeco Coe oec "ooeca aea", caaa eeea, a c 1961 . caa eeeeo. ao aae ae o pooe oceee ooecx, xocex poe. C 1969 .

xoa aea "Coaceca ycp".

ea coecx opao ac ypae aa e ea oo a - pacpa po, y, aa, aoee xapaepe ep ocoeoc Coeo a opao ocyapceo ac, x eeoc, cc coepae ypee ee o Coecoo ocyapca.

B epax pecyacx epoecx ax Coeo yoac oye aepa cx opao ac, peyo pax occ, ocaoe pacope coecoo paeca, aooaee a pye opae oye.

Ocoeoe aee o ae pope "ec" ecx Coeo. oee oco x ae ca oee opaa apx oeo coeo.

Hapep, "Mococa paa" a opao M CC Moccoea. A "ec" ca epa opao Coeco ac.

Bopoc poeoc opo oceaa "Topoo-poea aea" (c apa 1922 .; c 1930 oa aaac "a ycpaa", c 1937 - "ycp").

coec a ooc "pacy ey" - ae oeocyax, xoy c 1924 ., aey "Coeca yypa", eaecoe apaee oopo opaae ee aae.

o ce cepca eoca ece c opace pocoa ae aa co ceapoae ae. poe ae, opa Coeco ac ypae yca ooe oeco eee, eco, ec pyx a ypaoo a. Hapep, ypa "Bac Coeo" (1917 - 1938), "Coecoe cpoeco" (1926 - 1937), "Coe eyao pyxc" (1957- 1978) p.

Cpe a coecx pocoo ec aea "Tpy" - opa BCC (c epa 1921), epa ypa BCC - "Coece poco".

Cyecoa a ooe. Ca p x c aea "ocooca paa" - opa BCM, xoa c a 1925 ., capee ocooce ae - "Mococ ocooe" "Cea" (opa epacoo ooa CM). Oe ae xo c eap 1919 . poe oo, ocoo aa ooo ypao ooe ee. Cpe x: "Mooo oyc", "Cea", "Ceca ooe", "Poec", "Bopy cea", "oep" p.

B CCCP a pax oecex opaa: caecx, ayx, epaypx opaa, copx oec. poo ec a Coa caee CCCP - "epaypa aea", ypa "pya apoo", "a", "Ho p", "Op" p. OCAA CCCP yca aey "Coec apo". Aae ay ocoo yoaa "Bec", "Tpy", "ee ac", oopx oceaac aya paoa yepceo pyx yex aee, ayo-cceoaecx cyo, cocoe pax opace ay, eye ayae aye poe.

COBPEMEHHE OTEECTBEHHE CM Oe aooepoc pa a oceee ecee XX . ooeca apa cpec accoo opa Pocc eac eca ocoaeo. o ocec e yx ocox aopo: epeea coao cpyype pocccoo oeca (oecoe coae cao ec aeo pae) o exooec oea, oope pey ee oo e oo oeecex, o pox CM.

Pocc coecy oxy, oopoc o pa "ee aaeco", o ooc axoac e oeo ooa pa CM. B acoee pe Pocc ao ac o oo, ca oopa eo pooo cooeca, o ce oac ypac.

B coec epo cpyypa CM a epao apo. C ceoee CC ceo oaee oco apx a. Ha x ae oa eace ypacce oe. Pacaac acpao-oaa ccea ypae, oopa opeea oe ee oo ae, ypao, paoea, eee. Beco epao - o "pa" o paoo ae - oya pae opoaa cpyypa CM (yopoae caocoex, aoox oopeeo aoecyx opaox opaa).

Cae eac a, paee xoe cpyypy epao pecc, apep, "Tpy", "ec", "ocooca paa", pacpocpac o ce eppop Pocc, o opao e paa, e coecoe pe ae aae 90-x . poe oo, ee eco ea a: ocy a, xo Moce ( e oee Ca-eepype, pyo pyee yypo-copeco epe Pocc), pae opae, o opaeo caaec a eoc pocccoo opaooo pocpaca. Ocooyc a opao y ac ao peoae ece a, yee aeo ee a oepoccc po poea.

A oy eacoc aea ypaa eoo oeoc ocaac pyax ypaccx oeo. O oce coe ca coceoc ao opopa. Ha cey apo pecce pa pecca oepeca, o co oepe peo oe ox o o a.

Opaoaoc ooe eee pecc, oopoo e o coece peea e oo y aeaoc: pecca apa, pee ceo acoo-ooeca, pecca accoa, oopa epea o cyecy aeop yapo. ee e oe cooecy e, aae poo ea. M, a epeo o o, ecoo oca pa ye ceac epea o, o aae ( eoope ocoe!) cpa epe ece aa. Ta, oce cpa e yeaec e accoo, yapo pecc (ocoeo eeex ae). oe caoc aecex a, paccax a opaoae co acee. (Bce opaaec a py co. Bco, o oopa coe aa Pocc caaac o aa e apa). Boe pe aecea pecca eec, pacp py cox epeco oxaaex poe: apy c pao paea, oce cyccy, eaac aepa o oooc popee poee cycca, oope oy peca epec oax aee, oc oocee ya o cope, ye, o. To ec pocxo eopaa, "opoee" apx a.

o acaec yapo pecc, o oa apapyec o ox cpaax.

cee coca A (ecoo ae a "Cap") epa ("ay").

Bo pa, CA yapa pecca ce paec a ee ae "yce" "ece" ypa pya paeaea eaeca pecca. Ha aae aaec o cx op aoe ycee ae, paee caxc ceapoa, pacca a peo cepo-aao eoo cepe. a aa y aeceo pecc - ypae .

Pocc ceac epeae y acox ae, eoope x pac o coey ypo ap a aaa. Too poccco pecc paaec pepo o e apae, o ocao pe. o e oaae, o poccca pecca ypyec o aae oe, e oee, o aae oe cyeceo pac ey coo. Aca, payca, eea, eca oe co oac py o pya ee oee oac o aepaco. Poccca oe paec epoeco, ac oopo oa ec. a oceee ecee peo poc opao ooe pocccx CM, o aee ac ae ypac ocac aaa, eppea co, yca oe o aepaco aeo aopaoc.

B pe oeeceo pecc, ee oo apy c eoop yeee ca aecex a aaec poecc yapa, "oee" ox ae, ae ax, a "ocooca paa" "ec". yapo oo cce oo coa eeeo ae Pocc e, ao cyecye p yapx eeeeo, pe eca poo ypo ("Meaoc cpecc" ..).

Ocooe eco aa a, oee cee ecoo o, - ae, ae a cepee opaoe aaece o, a pae, paae c yapo, paccae a ecaeoo ae, o ooe ocya cae poe co acee e pea peay peaoaee. aoy y ae paoepo oec "Mococ ocooe", oypoc oopoo o ce e peao ea.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 || 7 |



2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .