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B oee epayp oeac ycee ceeae oec caoo apaa, M. ac pyx aopo, cx eecoo coepa. ec e eaac ep apoecx cye ocyapcex eee, c, aeo, epeeee paycx ypao, copece aepa, o opaao yeee peaopa o ayo. B oee "oa" aoe eco aaa pa o ae c Haoeoo, ee ooe c Ae Pocce. apa oe acopoeo oocc oceoc oaapa paa oeae, o pycc ap cococoa ycaoe px ooe Epoe.

apa apaa poe ypee Pocc. O copoo poceeoo oapxa opca, ocya "ecoocepoe" ooee oeo peca, xo oaa, o o ca poccc aoa ac oeo a peca e ec paca eopaea. Opaoae, poceee o oaopaa op, o cay op oa cox oax. apa cya a aaoe poceee pecca.

cex "Beca Epo" ecoee. oca oxoa o 1800 poyepao.

Xo 1804 . H. M. apa oca ypa, ac acae "cop ocyapca Pocccoo", ae ocaaoc o yx Pocc o 1830 . oce apaa peaopa "Beca Epo" .. Cyapoo (1804), M. T. aeoc (1805 1807, 1811 - 1813, 1815 - 1830), B. A. yoc (1808 - 1809, 1810 - 1811 coeco c aeoc), B. B. ao (1814).

Ceye oa, o "Bec Epo" o ypao, e aa eaa co epe cx ooo y.

aoee ypaa ocee o cyyo ay aepaa, copa o copec poea, o o xapaepo aeocoo - pecae "ceeco o" oeeceo cop, - ocao epec a, 1830 ., pacep oy ac oco, ypa apc.

oce eyaoo occa eapco o epaop Hoa I eo cp ye yc aee a ypaco epaypo. eypoe aooaeco caoc oee cpo.

ec eoxoo epyc eoo aa, o poce a pa eypoo aooaeca Pocc.

Pacope o ac eyp epaopco Pocc opac yaa 20-x .

XVIII ., oope o cyecoae oe opa eype yxoo oe. Baae eypa ycaoa opo oo a coe "oococoo ca". B ceyee ecee pacope ye peca eypoae cecx coe, acoc ypao. oceeo eypoe eo cocpeoooc Aae ay. Oao oeo eoo ycpoca aooaeca eypa o-peey e ea e aac pae ypee.

ep Pocc "ca o eype" a 9 1804 . ca yao peapey eypy cex a. aeoae eypo o opyeo Mcepcy apooo pocee. B o epax aa aecapocoo apcoa ooee ea o ocaoo coo. B oe c 1801 o 1811 .

oo 84 ox epoecx a (co, o a ec XVIII . Pocc ao 119 eax opao). Ho aoe aooye oc e co oo. e . p Mcepce o ypee Oco oe "eypo pe" ycaex epoecx a cpooo aopa a eopa. Te ca eypa Mcepca apooo pocee a oea aopy Mcepca o. B 1815 - 1825 . cpooc opaca. oceeo coc ceye eyp: oa, ceca, paaca, yxoa, ocpaa, oea, eapaa.

p Hoae I eyp yca 1804 . cee o cao o eype 10 1826 ., poa "yy" a eo cypooc eoecoc. Bcope o yca ce pe ca o eype 22 ape 1828 ., oee ca, ycaaa ypoee eypoo aapaa poxoee epe eo pyoce, o o yxy ooo ocepa. ca 1828 . e cyecex ee ecoa o o 1861 .

Cepx ycaa o ao oeco peca pacope. Heoopao eype peaaoc paccapa epoece a c oco ae poyce aaaex x cae coa pa ocopeoc ocopooc, o oacee cpoo oeceoc eopa, oopo ece c oepac o peaop a coe ypoe apaee x a ("Cop ocaoe pacope o eype c 1720 o 1862 ." C., 1862).

Oco ocaoe apee ace epoece a:

"epaypa aea" (1830), ypa "Epoee" (1832), "Mococ eepa" (1834), "Teeco" (1836), aea "Moa" (1835). 1 op 1835 . o ocaoeo:

"pecae o ooe ox epoecx a a eoopoe pe ocpeac". ocaoee o ocaaoc ce 20 e. Too c 1856 . aa o oc oe a.

Bo opo eep XIX ., o e copeeo cceoaee, epo popecco o-acoey epeco ypac caa Moca. B eepype ope H. . pe . B. yap co coe aeo oxpaeoo apae "Ceepa ea". a ocooe aopacooee ac "Ceepa ea" y e ecea Pocc yocoac coaeo papee eaa oepoa oece ooc. H. . pe, oo poeo, yacoa cocae peeo eypoo ycaa.

ao Moce oc "ooe" a: "Mococ eepa" H. A.

oeoo (1825 - 1834), "Mococ ec" p yac oa . B. Beeoa (1828 1839), "Epoee" . B. peecoo (1832), "Teeco" H. . Haea (1831 1836) p. Ca ae x "Mococ eepa" oeoo. Be oo o a ce: oe poee yx epaopo, x pecy oey, apy, ooc eyapoo , opa-epoo eoo eoea, eopaec oep, ca o pa poeoc, cae, A, opa apce o. oeo ep ca eaa pepoy c ap cyyp ex xyoo, oepoa x. O opoo paccaa o ycaoe aa My oapcoy Moce a paco oa.

Cao coo "eepa" aa ypaa oepao cpoy cooe e.

ay y ypaa peaop oo aeo, c yy aa ae, e ae pacxoo. oeo ce cpeca cpec oc aoeo oaa c ae, o ey oe yaoc. ypa peaaac " cex" oeec o coey xapaep coepa. oeo oepa poaecoe apaee epaype, cya copoo pacpe opaoa pycco oece, e opy c yap pee, ca yap x yc ee oee yapo x caopeay.

"Mococ eepa" oype e oo Pocc, o a ee peea, eo eac epeea ypaa epoecx cpa. Ca ococ ypa oa cya oey c ocpa a.

B 1829 . ypae oc oe "Ho oce oeca epayp", e oeo poa opo opca: ooco, eyee ec xoco, poee, oop. B cax peex oeo opaac coe eo ee: yeeco oo oae a - "eeece aao", yypo a ocyapce eco po c opa. Eo pcpace o ee ocec poco. oeo xoe yeeco ce, o oy eoxoe opaoae (eo pecae yeecoo coco oca oa oe peo). O paoe cec capac oaa, o ooo ocyapca oo e oo opco, o ocooe yeeco. Hoa Aecee oeo opooa ce a cop, aca py "cop pyccoo apoa" ( y apaco "cop ocyapca Pocccoo"), oao o c aeca ac a oacoaa y apaa.

Mcp pocee pa apo, oopoy oc eypa ea, yc aee a ypao oeoo.

B 1834 . oeo aca pee a apoecy pay H. B. yoa "Pya Bceeo Oeeco caca". a eca a oopea ca epaopo.

oeo e poa ee a epaype eoca, oyac xopo peo ee y eepypco y coa poo c oo, o Oeeco 1612 . o pe oco epe cac e ope, a eopoc ye M. Bcope "Mococ eepa" ap, a oeoy o apeeo eaac o co ee. o oy ooy oece xoa paa:

Pya Bceeo p ya coepa:

Oeeco caca, oy xo aa oeoo yya.

H. A. oeo cope oce ap "Teepaa" epeexa eepyp, e c pooa cpaa eaopoa. py oae epeca eo yaa: ceoo, poeo oae aope yca ae o pepac yeoo, aoo, pecaeoc eoea. ocee 10 e peaop "Mococoo eepaa" yoac coe ae peapoa ypa "C Oeeca", o o ye coce e o oeo Ee o epec ae ococ ypa "Teeco", oop aac poeccopo H. . Hae. ypa ae oeec, o oac oee cepe ay oo, capac cceao pocea aee, yxc cepeoy e. eyx epaypx ooce, oe, o p "Teecoe" aaac ae "Moa".

ypa Haea pocac e, o pecaa epexo pycco epayp o poaa peay. Hae o epx Pocc ca eaa poa oec O. aaa, oepa ya, oa o epee peacecoy c, oo. Hae oxoo pea copyecy ypae cyeecy ooe aece aopo cxoope epeoo. B "Teecoe" eaac, yy cyea, . Acao, . oapo, H. Oape pye. ocoo eaac ca poeccopo: ooo, copo, pco. ooe eco oooc epeoa paycx ypao. B 1833 . Hae pac copyecy ypae B..

ecoo, ceoo yepcea. Paoa "Teecoe" "Moe" a aao cao eeoc yyeo eoo pa.

"Teeco" cya po yapa pea a "epaypx oeo, acaax yape yc epaype oece". ypa poa aec xapaep opeca eaax aopo. o peo ya, oop oyoa "Teecoe" e ca po epcx epaopo, ce x a eo, coyx co a ao pea.

ceoe ae "Teecoa" oopaoc oce oo, a 15 a 1836 . o oeeo "ocoecoe co". . aaaea, poeee, oopoe, o coa A. .

epea, "opco c cy Pocc". Topee aaaea coepao cee opy py Pocc, opao paocae, o poyo pa ecco. aaae opa copecy po Pocc cpe pyx apoo, opa oeoe pooe pyccoo apoa, cea ae xapaepe pyccx ep ayp. "H oo oeo c e poco a ecoo ae oe", - yepa aaae. Bxo oo ooe aop e poe oee coo, o eo e, aaoepoeco yype aoecoy xpcacy. Coo, aaae pooeco aaeca.

Coee aaaea opeo po-a caay ecoc. opao (a , pe, o cyecy) oo ocopo e oo caoepae, poccce ac, o cex pecaee pycco a, ocee pycco yyp. a, ypa, aeaa "paoy", ap. Hae coca c-Ccoc, a aaae oe cyace.

oce ap "Teecoa" ococa ypaca ycya eco coo. B Moce "paepyc" cao, ycae ypa "Pycca ecea", "Moc", ae "Pyc", "e", "Moca" p. eepypca e ypaca 1840-e . oce epeaa opoe poee. B "Oeecee ac" A. paecoo p ec, aae, Hepaco; ae o oypoc coepao c cao "oeo e" O. . Ceocoo, ooe aao "opooy apae" pycco ypace. A c 1847 . a epeoe pye oeeceo ypac e "Copee" - oceee ee ya, ypa, oop epee H. A.

Hepacoy . . aaey. B 1847 - 1848 . e pyooee a ec; oce eo cep "o" ypaa peca, poe Hepacoa, . C.

Typee, A. B. py, oe - H.. epec, H. A. opoo. "Copee" "Pyccoe coo" . . capea y eopaec a coeo pee. O ap 1866 . oce oye a Aecapa II . B.

apaooa. oce ap x ypao ey cpe ooox a ca "Oeecee ac", oaee Hepaco Cao-ep (pocyecoa o 1884 .) Pycco eopaeco ypace ocea opa epaypa.

PCCA PHACTA B OPEOPMEHHOE BPEM.

O OOP epoeca ea opeopeoe pe aaa opao oee oe aoe ooee, e o 1861 .

ypa ae - oe cpeca opa opaa oeceoo coa, oec a e acpoe oeca eo, oex coax coe, py, acco.

ae pacpocpaee ypao ae opeopeo Pocc oyo xapaepe ep pepaeca. ypaca caa poecce, eoope pecae ee aa e apaaa co xe acy, e aac e py.

Bee yco epo cpae c opeope ca oee aop. Bpoco co opa ( 1864 . - 181, 1894 . - 1315) aec, aeo yeoc pooco ya.

poe oo, eyoo opaca ye ec paooo acee Pocc. Bece c poc acco cpoc a epoece a - oee ocye o ee o cpae c a. Bo aoa a aa poca eax a opeopeo Pocc: 1859 . cpae acaoc 1220 ypao ae, 1894 . - 1804, a 1913 . - 2787.

ae coca ecoo eee oo ce epo - x 1913 . o 1131.

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