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Opaa pao pea Moce ea a. Bo ae a co ca ep I. O peaopo oppecoeo coe ae. Oece a yc c . oapo - peop eaoo opa. ap oee ce paa (cepca) cooa ooc aee. paa, o aco yoc o x oaoce. Tpa "Beooce" oeac o 30 o 4 c. epo. epooc ae a eopeeeo: 36 oepo o, 46, a oa - ceo o oep a o (1718).

Heeco ooo, e a poaac "Beooc". aco aea paaaac "eeeo". Ec ae eea, o epaop pya pacpocpa aey papax aaax, oop eax oa ee ecao o. A ycex oex oepo opeec aoc oyoax cooe. Ta, ocoo oypoc ooac oep, oce oaco oee, oe o oopo aca ca epo I.

"Beooc" pocyecoa o 1727 ., y x o cpay ecoo peeo: c 1728 . ca xo "Ca-eepypce eooc", a 1755 ., oce op Mococoo yepcea, oc "Mococe eooc".

PHACTA CTA BTOPO OOBH XVIII .

Bopa ooa XVIII . xapaepyec oeo pycco yyp, o ce ypac. 1755 . - aeaea aa. pee ceo, oy oy oocc ope o ae M. B. ooocoa Mococoo yepcea p e - a, yo oe, opa, o a ae "Mococe eooc". B o e o ep Pocc oeocy ypa "Eeece coe".

Coca pycco ee aeo pacpc. B o cpee axo aoay oy e paycx poceee, epe oop peoac yya epapa Eaepa Bea. B Pocc ca pacpocpac coe Boepa a opae, a pyccx epeoax. ooe oee oeceooecy eca "occ cocae ooo oe" (coa aoo), coaa Eaepo II 1767 .

Bo opo ooe XVIII . poo paepyac aya paoa, ocoeo cpee Aae ay. pocac pycce yee: acpoo C. . Pyoc, oo C..

paeo, . . eex, H.. Oepeoc p. yepeo 1765 . M. B.

ooocoa, aaea-oeca, ooaoc epoeco ecoc. poe Aae ay, oy ayy paecy paoy oac oo eo Booe ooecoe oeco, ypeeoe 1765 . opaoaee ep ooec ypa Pocc - "Tpy Booo ooecoo oeca". Ha co ypoe oc o epo pyccoe cycco , oeo, epaypa.

B c c yyp oeo ypo paaoc oeaae. a epe 20 e apcoa Eaep o opo 12 ox opa, o ce e ace. A ce a yao o ox opax 1783 . oo ee 20 acx opa eepype, Moce po ( oex ycaax).

C 1861 o 1900 . ooc 110 epoecx a, oa a a peecoae 60 e, co pee coa epo pycco ae, o oo e.

1759 . oocc epa oa a acoo ypaa "Tpyoa ea" A..

Cyapooa, ooac, paa, eyae (ypa pepac a epo e oy cyecoa). B oe 60-aae 70-x . XVIII . eoay oypoc opeae capeca ypaca, a ope oopo pyc Eaepa II, aaa ypa "Bca ca", , ocoeo, H. . Hoo.

Hoa ao Hoo - o eax pyccx poceee, oae, yc. Eo capece ypa "Tpye" (1769 - 1770), "ycoe" (1770), "oce" (1772) "oee" (1774) ooac o yaee oypoc. poe capecx ypao Hoo yca aye, ayooype ypa "ooec aa" (peaop A. T. ooo), "pe poccca oa"; 1779 . o apey opa aey Mococoo yepcea "Mococe eooc". p Hooe "Mococe eooc" oacoey o. Hapy c opaoo xpoo aee eep oo eca oooc epaype cyccy, ec eca, eaaoc oopee "poaa ", oeco cae ayo-copecoo, eaoecoo coepa. B 1785 . Hoo aa aa ecaoe poee aee - ep ypa oooo ooe "ecoe ee cepa paya". Opae o ypa "aopooy pocccoy oecy". O aa ocyoe oo opaca ee, "opae pae pye ec", a oea Hoo oe o aae a. e ececeoaye, copece ca. Hoo aoc o oca apoa, yae pyy, o ce peccoy. Booe, coyce peoc peca - oa ocox e ypac, o ce capeco, opo oo XVIII .

yaecoe occae 1773 - 1775 . ocoeo payca peo 1789 - . e pee epaoe ooee capee epap oo, "ooycy". ocee ae ae ee epe cao "yeece eepypa Mocy" A. H. Paea. Haac peceoa paee yaaex ape poceee.

He ea o yac H. . Hoo. B 1789 . o Bcoaey oee a pepaea apea "Mococx eooce". aea caa peapoac ococ poeccopa. B 1792 . Hoo apecoa. opa ooo apeca o "ae poaa apeex acocx , ae acoce copa".

pocee poope 15-eey ae cceypco peoc. C pxoo ac aa I Hoo ocooe, o ye e co epyc pee eeoc.

PCCA PHACTA EPBO OOBH XIX .

AH EBPOECOO TA pee e paccope aoee peaee a opeopeo ox, pee acca epoecx opao epo oo XIX .

PHA pex o: oe epaypo-oecee, oaoeocee aye ceae (opacee).

1 Oue umepamypo-oecmee ypa. B epe ece XIX . oo oe ypa Booo oeca ee coecoc, ay xyoec, ocoeo "Copeoae pocee aoope" (1815 - 1820), "C Oeeca". Boe eco pae eapcc ypaa aaaxa ("Copeoae", "Hec pe", "opa ea").

Haoee e oa o coepa epaypo-oece ypaa 30 - 50-x . XIX . "Mococ eepa", "Oeecee ac", "Copee". oce pco o ycecy oey cy oe ypa - aaec "Pycc ec" (1856 - 1906), ocoa M. H. ao, caoca "Pycca ecea"(1856 - 1860) A. . oeea. ocepae o cee ceo pae oapxec-apoec "Pycc eco"(1808 - 1820) C. H. , a oee - oe oyp ypao O. . Ceocoo "oea e" (1836 - 1854) "Moco" (1841 - 1856) M.. ooa.

2 Ouuao-eocmee ypa. a oco, yco pycco epo aa oppoac c epx e XIX .., oa ypee cepca, oy aeoe pacpocpaee c 30 - 50-x . aac o cepca, eapaea, a ypae oea pax epax eoc. Peaopa x aaac cooocaee o cooecyx eoc ca e, pocoex aye epaype.

a pao, oao-eocee ypa coco yx oeo:

oaoo eoaoo. B epo eaac coae ya, paecee yaoe, eocee opao-pacopee oye peca, cepce pyp, yca ypee, cpy, peae, eye ec o aoy eocy o aaex, poocax , apaex p. oo, o oaa ac cocoa aepao, peaaex oyoa, - ce cepee, oeae ya ea e .

Heoae oe opao paoopaee, oae o coey coepa.

B x eaac aye ca, eaece oop ea, pae cacoopaoe aepa, oca oex ecoce, oop cao, yaae epayp. oae ypa pacpocpac a opao eoce y oaeo ope o ypee, oe cooecyey eocy. Tpa eoopx x ooo ae.

Ta, "ypa Mcepca ypex e" e 1829 . 2500, a 1860 . - oco; "ypa e ocaa oeo-yex aee" e pa o 2000 . Haoee oa aepaa paoopa coa a MB - "Ca-eepypc ypa", "ypa MB". Opa cepca pocee:

"epoecoe coee o ycexax apooo pocee", "ypa Mcepca apooo pocee", "ypa eapaea apooo pocee". Ca e ooeco cop Pocc c "ypa ayayp opo", "ypa Mcepca ocyapcex yec", "ypa Mcepca ye cooe" p.

3 Haye u cneuae, ompacee ypa. O ae c a oec ypee, o o coepa ee oee ceapoa.

aac ae ypa aco ope oe ye, cpe x peaopoaee , apep, poeccopa Mococoo yepcea . A. yc, M..

ao, . . Pye. co o ao epo c 30-x . XIX . ca "Bec", "ee ac", "ac" cx yex aee .. Oa opaa c ae ceapoae ypa, a "eepe ac" (1826 - 1856), "Boe ypa" (1827 - 1859), "Mopco cop" (1847 - 1917).

acx ypao oo e "Cec e", "ooec aa", "Ho aa ececeo cop, , x cee ooecx", "ac cecx xoe, aoo apao" p.

e c ocee eep XVIII . apy c o ypaa oyae pae opacea ypaca: eca, eapaa, yaa, eaoeca, apecoaa ceao ea e.

AETHA EAT. oco ae Pocc c oa a.

Bxo ae o 1, 2, 3 paa ee. Eeex ae paccapae epo o pae ao. epa eeea aea Moce - "Mococ opoco co" oac 1847 . Tpa ee. ae pecae opeopeo aeo pecc - "yepce eooc" - eaac, apep, ceo ecox cox epo. Pacpocpac ae o oce; poa poaa a peo.

ae ae e ooaa ey oeoo oepa.

o coey coepa ae peyeceo c "eooc" - coco oo oeco (ypee apyeo) opa. Cooe (caaa ypee, oo apyee) eaac c yaa aa a eca co.

epaypo-xyoecee poee aeax o e oc. ae xo peypee ypao, a pao, yaae cpo, e aepe ox ooa.

o ooe ocyce oepao eye opa ypaax oceeo peao ae aee aea.

a ec XVIII . ypoc ceo e ae: "Ca-eepypce eooc" "Mococe eooc". Oe o o 1861 . pooa ocaac a, aoee yco ae ooa. C aaa XX . co ae opacao, ocoeo c 1830-x . a ce a poax "yepcx eooce". 1861 . ae "Beooc" aac ye o o cex yepx epoeco Pocc, a ae Cp.

Pycce ae 20 - 40-x . XIX . oo accpoa a o:

epaype; oeceo-oece; coe poae; ceae, ocee poeoc, opoe, eee, ooocy, ee; cpaoe.

Oe eo a opeopeo Pocc pecae ace ae oecoo coepa: "e pee" (1807 - 1809), "Pycc a" (cope ca oa opao), "Ceepa ea" (1825 - 1864), oopa ocec caa paeceo. acx ooecx ae oo oe ceye: "ye" (1832 - 1835), "Ceep ypae" (1830), "ocpe" (1840 - 1855, 1857 - 1863).

Coepeo ceoe eco cpe aeo ea aae "ooo" (1857 1867) epea Oapea - aea cooa, eceypa.

cop pycco ypac XIX . opae "Bec Epo" H. M.

apaa - ypao aaa ea ca aeae. O paea cy ox epaypo-oecex ypao. "Bec Epo" o 1802 . o o ye e epoe ee apaa, popeeo oy pee cay pocee, peopaopa pyccoo a, cae p. B aae 1790-x . H. M. apa aa "Mococ ypa", e, poe eo cocex poee, eaac coe epaa, pea, Xepacoa. A epe apa oa a pae (o o o e peea peoc, ooy o Eaepa opaa e a pee Pocc ae op c co "cyo" o pa), e oaoc c epoeco pecco. Ta o, pcya a "Beca Epo", apa ye e coce o a opa apyeo ypac. Bce o opaoc a eo ypae. Cao aae oopo oo, o ae ye ao oeco c epoecoo oea.

"Bec Epo" oac o cex peyx acx ypao "Mococoo ypaa" pee ceo e, o apy c epaypo, cycco e a poo pecaea oa. o epaypo-oec ypa. ae opaoc oeo "epaypa cec". Bopo oe e aooo "oa", epoaao oe ypaa coca ooo 100 cpa aoo opaa. Bxo o Moce a paa ec, xo cac eeeco; ao xo oecea oy ooeoc.

Bceo o 696 oepo.

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