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Ope Mococoo yepcea opa p e. Opaa yepceco ae "Mococe eooc", ee xapaep eaa.

Booee acx ypao, x ap, oeca epaypa apaeoc.

"Tpyoa ea" A.. Cyapooa, ypa p Mococo yepcee o pyooco M. M. Xepacoa.

Tea 4 ypaca 1770 - 1780-x . (2 aca) Oeceo-oeca ocaoa cpae opo oo XVIII . copece co oecee acpoe.

Peoe ooaee yx apae yce: oxpaeoo ("Bca ca") ooooo ("Tpye", "oce" p.). epaypo-yceca eeoc H. . Hooa. poceeca eeoc Hooa 1880-e . "pe ce", "Mococe eooc", "ooec aa". Ceapoae a. "pe poccca oa". aee epaypo-aeco eeoc Hooa ee yypoo pa cpa. Poc ooox acpoe paecea pea.

Capeca yca ..oa.

Tea 5 Pycca ypaca oe XVIII . (2 aca) cee paaa ypace epaype. A. H. Pae a ce, peooep, cae yc.

Tpa pycco capeco ypac; ypa . A. poa "oa yxo", "pe". c poa-ypaca.

H. M. apa - cop, ce, yc; eo oeceo-oece pyee poee. Ceea a ccecoe apaee epaype.

"Mococ ypa" apaa, eo yepeo-ocepaa o. "Ca-eepypc ypa". Pyooe a - A. . ecye, .. . epeoa epaypa epoe. oee eypx ypee. o pa pycco ypac XVIII .

oee poao epo. Opacea ea.

Tea 6 ypaca aaa XIX . (2 aca) Oece oe aaa ea oee pycco ypac. "Bec Epo"(1802 - 1830), cpyypa a, eo oeca o. Bopoc opaa epaypoo a x opaee epoeco ea. "Ceeca oa" copeco aye, M. T. aeoc; "Bec Epo" o eo peae.

Booe oeco ee coecoc, ay xyoec, e eo coa oeca apaeoc. paecee ep po oooo ypac epayp. eyp yca 1804 . a o "oya ea".

Oeecea oa 1812 ., oe aoaoo caocoa o ae. ypa H. . pea "C Oeeca". eeoc oxoo opa M. . yyoa. aea "Pycc a".

Tea 7 eapccoe ee ypaca (2 aca) copeca ocaoa cpae oce o 1812 - 1815 . Oooe opce oeca x po eao ypace eeoc epaypx oee.

Booe oeco ee pycco coecoc - a "Coa aoec". ypa "Copeoae pocee aoope".

ace eapco x yco ypae "C Oeeca" "Hec pe" (1820 - 1821) yace e . . Peea pyx eapco.

"opa ea" (1823 - 1825) - aaax eapco. Papaoa eapcco oopax ypaa. Poa. A. C. y "opa ea".

oea eapccx a c ocepao pecco. Heeaa yca.

Aaoa epaypa coa. "paoca aexc" C. Mypaea-Aocoa, "Pycca paa". ece. Boccae eapco, eo copecoe aee.

Tea 8 Pycca ypaca oxy Hoa 1 (4 aca) "Hoaeca pea": oeca ocaoa cocoe oeceo c.

Cya eapco. Coae peeo oee Coceo E..B. aep. "yy" eyp yca 1826 . Ooa ea e ee opaa.

"Ceepa ea" ee ae. eee ypca ypaa "C Oeeca". H. A.

oeo - cop yc. "Mococ eepa" - y popecc ypa 20-x ., eo popaa poceec xapaep. aee ypaa a oeecoo a cop pycco ypac.

A. C. y - ae yc. "epaypa aea" (1830 - 1831) ee apooe paoopae. Opaa ypaa "Copee". Xapaep coepae ypaa, py copyo. "Teeco" "Moa" H. . Haea. Haao ypacco eeoc B..

ecoo. oea c oxpaeo pecco (yap, pe, Ceoc) opco ypaco ("Mococ aae" epo pea). "ococoe co". .

aaaea "Teecoe".

Ocoeoc ocox ex ee 40-x . aaeco caoco, x coa cc. Opaee ypace epax eopaecx ee.

"Oeecee ac" A. paecoo. "Copee" Hepacoa aaea. aaeca caoca ypaca opo oo XIX . eeoc epaee. Peo 1848 . Epoe x e a oecey Pocc.

Tea 9 Boa pycca pecca a pyeo "opa ea" "ooo" (2 aca) Oe A. . epea a pay; aa coco epoecoo oeca "cax c ae Map". a "Coo epea" - ea coe epea. Coae oo pycco pecc a pae. "opa ea" ee popaa. Cop "ooca Pocc". "ooo" eo pyooe ae copy - epe Oape. popaa eaa a.

Opaee epax e epea eo cax. poe "oooy". pecca peopa 1861 . ee oea. epaypo-ycecoe acepco epea ap eo yc.

Tea 10 Pycca ypaca aaye peop 1860-x.

O oop (2 aca) oeca ocaoa Pocc oce opae pco oe. cee ooox acpoe. ypc paeca a epaa oeceo-oeco . Ocaee eyp. oee ox ypao, x paa xapaepca. Poc opaceo ypac. Pae aeoo ea.

II PCCA PHACTA 1861-1917 .

(OPEOPMEHHA PHACTA) Tea 11 ypa "Copee" (2 aca) o "Copeea" aae 50-x . epec "Copeee". opoo - epayp p "Copeea". epee pa apooc a oco peacecoo cycca. Apapa popaa "Copeea". Bypeee oopee ypae.

poaaa aepaa. Capec oe "Copeea" - "Cco".

oece poaa 1860-x . pocaoa oooee "Copeea".

Hoa pea ypaa. Ca M. Aooa,. Eceea, M. Caoa-epa po oeco pea, oeeca caoca. Poa "o ea" "Copeee". Ocaee oecoo paaa ypae. ape a (1866).

Tea 12 ypa . M. M. M. ocoecx "Bpe" "oxa" (2 aca) Meco a pae ocoecx pycco ypace XIX . o ocoecx o opoca oeceoo pa eye epayp. Teop "oeeca". Po H.

H. Cpaxoa ypae "Bpe". Cyeo-yooa ea, epaypa pa. "oxa" pooee pa "Bpee".

"Pycc ec". Oocoae e cyecye oeco cce. Oe eepc. yca eoea, aoa.

Tea 13 Capeca ypaca 1860 - 1870-x. (2 aca).

oee oe 1850-x. capecx a ("Becea", ye c p.) "cpa" a capecoo ypaa. opeope opeope epo cop a. C c poe, ce oppecoeo. Ocoa po apo apayp.

"yo" o peae . Maea. ypa "y". paa xapaepca eyx ae 60-x . Meca aoaa ea.

Tea 14 ypaca 1870 - 1880-x. O oop (2 aca) ee oeceo oeco cpa oce oe peocoo paa.

Hapoeco 1870-x. Bpeee paa ea 1865 1882 . ooee pecc 70-x .

cee po ae.

Tea 15 eopaeca ypaca oa opeopeoe pe.

(2 aca) "Oeecee ac" (1868 - 1884). eo-oecoe apaee ypaa p Hepacoe Caoe-epe. Capeca yca Caoa-epa, ee eaa. pya eepco-apoo.. cec "Oeecex acax". Hayooype ca.

"eo" (1866 - 1888). H. eyo - ey yc ypaa.

aea "Hee"; yace e eo Pycco ce 1 epaoaa. ya "copecx ce". . apoa. eee xapaepa ae oce 1874 .

Tea 16 eceypa ea peoooo apoeca (2 aca) Oeceoe ee 1870-. "Xoee apo".

Pycca peooa ea a pyeo. ypa "Hapooe eo" - opa Pycco ce 1 epaoaa. "Bepe!". apoa, "Haa". Taea. ayce a.

Heeaa apoeca ypaca Pocc: "Haao", "Hapoa o", "ep epee". Opaee eeao ypace oecx paoac ey pypoa apoeca. Ca. B. exaoa "ee oe" "epo epeee".

Papo ap "Hapoa o". o apoeca. pya "Ocooee pya" exaoa ee a.

Tea 17 epaa ypaca (4 aca) Pae epao ypac opeopeo Pocc. Xapaep oecx peoa. Opaee epao eoo yce.

"Bec Epo" (c 1866), eo yepea ooooc. copece aepa ypae. Ooee ypaa apcy. Beye copy ypaa - . Apcee, M.

oaec p.

"Pycca c" (c 1880) a epa opa. eepca "Pycco c":.

cec, A. exo, H. eco, B. ap, B. opoeo p. Oop eco ea ypae.

Oe ay "Pycco c" "Bece Epo".

"Ceep ec" - pya pyccoo oepa.

a epao oo a pyeo: "Copeeoc", "Oee eo", "Caoypaee" p.

Tea 18. Pae aeoo ea Pocc (2 aca) pecoe ooee ea. ae epaoo apae. ocyoe e. Copyeco "Pyccx eoocx" M. Caoa-epa,. cecoo, B.

pocoo, B. opoeo, . Tocoo.

ocepae ae: "Mococe eooc" M. aoa, "paa" . B.

Meepcoo, "Hooe pe".

Maccoe opoce ae. epoe a. Peaa aea. Oopee ae.

pya . aoea ee opa "Pao".

poaa pecca. Oeceoe paooe ooee poaoo oppecoea.

ace A.. exoa epoeco ea 80-x . epaypoe acepco exoaypaca.

Tea 19 ypaca 1890-x. (4 aca) Oa xapaepca cce ea 90-x . Ocoe epoecx a.

"Toce" ypa. Eeee. Eeee ae. pypoa eyx ae ypao o apae. Poee accoo epao pecc. Pae apa peopaa eeoa.

"Pyccoe oaco". ypa o peae C. peo H. Mxaocoo (c 1892) - opa epaoo eoapoeca. Oe ypaa. ace B.. opoeo "Pycco oace". opoeo o poecc ypaca.

ae poc poao pecc. Haao ypacco eeoc opoo.

Bopoc cycca epayp eo pae yce.

pooee apca Pocc. epe cye pyccx apcco eao ea. "ea apc".. Cpye, H. epe p. Haao oeco yceco eeoc B. oa-ea.

Tea 20 ypaca aaa XX . (4 aca) copeca apa Pocc aaa ea. Coae opeoc oeca coepecoae cce ea. eee po ae, x oece poc, oee ox o epo. o "ocoo" ypaa ("Bec Epo", "Pyccoe oaco", "Pycca c", "Mp o", "ypa cex"). "Toe" eeeee ypa, ypao ceeoo e ("Ha", "Poa"). Hayo-oype a, ypa o epeca. Teapaa epoa, capece ypa.

Ocoe oece apae ypace o 1905 .: ocepaoe, epaoe coacecoe. epao-oooe peooe a a pyeo.

Peo 1905 - 1907 . Maec 17 op. Booee oecx ap Pocc. oppoae eao apo pecc. ecape ae ypa.

Aoe yace pecce pyx ocoo oecex eee: Cpye, epea, yaoa, exaoa p. Pycce cae aeax ypaax: . Toco, B.

opoeo, . Apee, M. op, . Mepeoc p. ae, peaop, yc:

. C, H. Aec, . Apcee, A. Aeapo p.

Ocoe e, oceaee pecco: ooecoe ooee Pocc, poe eopaecx coo c c 200-ee pycco ypac 1903 . Pycco-oca oa, peo, eeoc y, coce peop, yxoe ca pycco ee ("Bex") p. Pycca ea pa.

Tea 21 oxa ex opce oeecea ypaca (2 aca) epa poa oa ea. Ccea pecc epae 1917 . ape oapxecx ae. Hooe oae coo ea. Oceee oecx co, ocoa po ae oepao oae opa.

Opc epeopo cy pycco ypac.

PATECE CEMHAPCE AHT, X COEPAHE OEMB ACAX ae 1. cop pycco ypac a aya ca. epe oeecee epoece a (2 aca).

ae 2. ypaca XVIII . ypac pocee eaepco ox (aca).

ae 3. ypaca aaa XIX ea, ox Oeeceo o 1812 . pee eapccoo e (2 aca).

ae 4. Pycca ypaca opo eep XIX . Haao yceco eeoc cee-eopao (ec, epe, Hepaco, aae p.). aa cao. Boa pycca pecca a pae. "opa ea" "ooo" (2 aca).

ae 5. yca ox peop Aecapa II. Capeca ypaca 1860 1870-x . (2 aca).

ae 6. eopaeca ypaca Pocc oa 1860 - 1870-x . eceypa ea peoooo apoeca (2 aca).

ae 7. epaa ypaca. Pae aeoo ea Pocc (2 aca).

ae 8. ypaca a pyee eo. Ocoe epoecx a.

"Toce" ypa. pypoa eyx ae ypao o e apae (aca).

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