Equally indicative is the dynamic of growth in the numbers of sergeants serving under contracts, presented in Table 1. By comparison with the previous FTP, the Frontier Service of the FSS is omitted, and there are new entries: the Federal Agency for Special Construction (Spetsstroi), the Federal Protection Service (FPS), the Main Directorate for Special Programs (MDSP), and the External Intelligence Service (EIS). It is precisely in these services, as well as in the Ministry of Defense and the internal service troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, that the mixed system of recruitment and the draft will be preserved for the next few years. According to the list of departments, there will be no conscription to the civil defense units of the Ministry for Emergency Situations.
Table The planned dynamic of manning the corps of NCOs and other ranks by contractees under the new FTP, number of persons 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Ministry of Defense 42,483 44,590 44,590 44,590 44,590 44,590 65,296 87,Including sergeants, 23,517 23,517 23,517 23,517 23,517 23,517 44,223 66,ships’ crews (petty officers and sailors) of Navy 18,966 21,073 21,073 21,073 21,073 21,073 21,073 21,Ministry of Internal 964 964 3,432 7,932 13,432 17,032 19,125 19,Affairs Spetsstroi 100 100 100 485 789 789 789 FPS 0 0 0 497 497 497 497 MDSP 0 0 0 25 55 55 55 EIS 1 1 1 35 35 35 35 Total 43,548 45,655 48,123 53,564 59,398 62,998 85,797 107,It follows from the FTP that the RF Armed Forces are planning to man the ships’ crew of the Navy by contractees, while simultaneously bringing to full strength their military units of permanent readiness (in accordance with the plans of the previous FTP), and to begin replacing all draftee sergeants by contract personnel only in 2014.
The data on the dynamic of providing contract personnel with housing are no less indicative. Presented in Table 2, they characterize the growth in the number of contractees provided with housing.
An analysis of these data shows that until 2014 the Ministry of Defense will be solving the housing problems of only the already recruited contractees and personnel of ships’ crews, while sergeants will be provided with housing in 2014-15 as they are enlisted. We are left to guess how all this can be called “an accelerated recruitment of contractee sergeants” and how the title of such a program can begin with the word “improvement”.
Table The planned dynamic of growth in the number of NCOs and other ranks provided with housing Departments\ years 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Provision of housing to the NCOs and other ranks switched over to service under contracts in 2004-07 (under previous FTP or outside it) not provided with housing before Ministry of Defense 0 1,230 8,438 16,793 28,293 38,236 38,236 38,Ministry of Internal 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,247 2,Affairs FSS (under FTP) 0 0 0 1,090 1,090 1,090 1,090 1,FSS (in excess of 0 0 1,798 1,798 1,798 5,478 16,759 26,FTP) Provision of housing to the NCOs and other ranks being switched over to service under contracts within the framework of the new FTP Ministry of Defense 0 15,208 15,208 15,208 15,208 15,208 31,952 47,Ministry of Internal 0 0 2,468 6,968 12,468 16,068 19,125 19,Affairs Spetsstroi 0 0 485 789 789 789 789 FPS 0 0 497 497 497 497 497 MDSP 0 0 0 55 55 55 55 EIS 1 1 1 35 35 35 35 7. The planned total expenditures on the new FTP amount to 243,437.64 million rubles in current years’ prices.
8. A lot of questions have risen as to the socio-economic efficiency of both FTPs and their significance to society and citizens, which in a sense is an issue broader than that of housing provision.
As regards the expected results of the previous FTP, it was stated that it would make it possible to 1) reduce society’s dissatisfaction with the existing system of manning the RF Armed Forces and other troops, military formations and organs by conscripts, and with these servicemen being dispatched for military service in the “hot spots”; 2) to create preconditions for reducing, from the year 2008, the term of compulsory military service to one year. But even with that FTP completed, the said dissatisfaction remains. As we have already mentioned, conscripts are still being sent to the “hot spots” and are taking part in combat actions.
The new FTP contains a lot of statements of intentions expressed in trivial words, such as “the rising of the prestige of military service and the strengthening of the positive image of the RF Armed Forces and other troops, military formations and organs”; “the improvement of the moral and psychological climate by heightening the status and authority of junior commanders”, etc.
Many questions remain unanswered in the FTP. Why are the authors of the Program so sure that it would be sufficient for the stated intentions to be fulfilled by merely providing housing to sergeants and petty officers, as well as to sailors on ships’ crews Who has assessed the moral and psychological consequences of a situation when a sergeant without higher education and with no money allowance worth mentioning is put in charge of a graduate of a higher educational establishment, who is a young father and is deprived of his average salary for the duration of one year (in the RF, the average salary is twice as large as the money allowance of a sergeant), and whose wife receives a compensation in the amount of 6 thousand roubles per month What relations can we expect to develop between these two hapless servicemen And how eagerly those two are going perform their service duties as a tandem 9. Some concerns also arise with regard to the organizational and administrative aspect of the FTP.
Judging from the text of the new FTP, it still contains all the main systemic drawbacks of the previous Program, which actually resulted in its failure in 2007. Non-departmental control, let alone public control, is totally missing. Bearing in mind that under the “control” which existed under the previous FTP, the funds allocated to its implementation, including to financing capital construction, were all spent, and contractees have nowhere to live, and so the situation has to be improved within the framework of the new FTP, who can guarantee that administering and fund spending will be efficient at the new stage Conclusions 1. If the FTP remains in its present form, no improvement of the recruitment system can be expected. The FTP is designed to provide solution to a single important and burning issue - that of improving the living conditions of contract military personnel and their families. And so it must be named accordingly. The FTP is useful only in this sense (see Table 3).
Table Major material indicators of the FTP’s results Objects under construction Number of Floor space, Designed for objects sq. meters Hostels for unmarried persons 710 96,608 66,621 persons Hostels for married persons 1,258 3,679,663 69,475 families Apartment-type hostels 11 14140 532 families Kindergartens 293 307,773 25,755 persons Schools 110 201,585 24,900 persons Recreational and cultural centers 59 42,712 ----- 2. As the only issue contemplated in the FTP is capital construction, and the title chosen for this undertaking is “the improvement of the recruiting system”, this means that the title serves as a cover for the unwillingness of some military leaders to get rid of the drawbacks of the existing recruitment system and to change the character of military service in our army, apparently because these deficiencies are very lucrative for the corruptioners.
3. The new FTP must be revised without delay so as to eradicate this shortcoming of the whole project. It is advisable that independent experts and representatives of non-governmental organizations should take part in revising the FTP.
In this conditions, it is very important for the non-governmental organization to recruit such influential allies as the former and the current RF Presidents, by making the situation with both FTPs clear to them, and then to push for an efficient and rapid solution of the army recruitment problem.
It should be remembered that it is V. V. Putin who confirmed a concept which contains an absolutely correct assessment of the necessity for RF regular forces to be switched entirely to contract service, and of the undesirability of keeping the current system of mixed recruitment. And it is D. A. Medvedev who has demanded that all the military units of the RF Armed Forces should be made permanently ready for action, which would be absolutely impossible without rapidly switching them to volunteer service under contracts and making military service highly attractive in the eyes of the public.
It is more likely than not, that the administrative command to revise the recently adopted FTP has already been given, as is attested to by one apparently sponsored publication19. This publication keeps silent of the fact of the new FTP having been approved, as well as of any decision to revise it. Instead, it is said that “the preparation of such FTP is in its final stage”. Also, the previous title of the program stated an absolutely different, and much closer, end-date for the program’s implementation: 2012 instead of 2015. But the former deadline was included not only in the FTP, but also in the Main Directions of the Activity of the RF Government until 2012. This means that the Main Directions should be adjusted as well.
A good thing is that the new FTP is being corrected not after but prior to the beginning of its implementation. A bad thing is that this is being done behind closed doors. And it will be extremely bad if all the “improvement of the recruitment system” is limited to merely accelerating the planned measures in the sphere of construction, which are actually incapable of providing a final solution to the existing problem, no matter how useful they might be.
Meetings of the Government of the Russian Federation in December M. Goldin In December at the meetings of the Government of the Russian Federation an important issue of making amendments to the federal laws, considerably changing the budget legislation, including the rules for budget funds allocation and the procedure regulating interbudgetary relations aimed at the overcome of the crisis aftermaths in the budget sphere was considered among other issues.
On December, 10 At the meeting of the Government of the Russian Federation the report of Kudrin A.L., deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian federation, Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation on the draft of the Federal Law “on making changes to the Budget Code of the Russian Federation and the Federal Law “On making amendments in the Budget Code of the Russian Federation concerning the regulation of the budget process and bringing some legislative acts of the Russian Federation into compliance with the budget legislation of the Russian Federation”.
The draft of the law envisages fulfilling a number of measures, including:
1. Compensation of the falling incomes of the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation as a result of the changes in the tax legislation.
Such a compensation is caused by the following tax novations of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, Putin V. V.: decrease from 6.5 to 2.5% of the rate of the company’s profit tax to be paid to the federal budget, increase of the amortization premium up to 30% as well as the increase of the limiting property deduction for the natural persons’ incomes tax, given at the sum the tax-payer spent on new construction or purchase of the housing in the territory of the Russian Federation from RUR 1 mln to RUR 2 mln that considerably decreased the tax load on the natural persons.
At the same time the falling profits of the consolidated budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation according to the estimation regarding the company’s profit tax (increase in the amortization premium) will make approximately RUR 44.5 bln, regarding natural persons incomes tax (increase in property deduction) – RUR 39.3 bln. In order to compensate for the falling incomes of the regions the share of excises on the car petrol, virgin petrol, diesel fuel, motor oils for diesel and carburetor (injector) engines, paid to the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation, according to the draft of the law, is increased from 60% to 100%. According to the estimation, in 2009 additional expenses of the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation will make RUR 59.4 bln.
S. Prokop’ev. K novomu obliku armii i flota. Zavershaetsa razrabotka novoi FTsP po komplektovaniiu dolznostei serzhantskogo sostava kontraktnikami (Towards the new image of the Army and the Navy. The development of the new FTP concerning the filling of sergeant positions by contract personnel). VPK, No 49, of 17 - December 2008.
2. Liberalization of the conditions for the subsidies provision from the federal budget and the budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation to the economic entities At the moment according to point 2 article 78 of the Budget Code of the Russian Federation the subsidies to the economic entities can be granted only in cases and according to the procedure stated in the Federal Law on the federal budget and by the laws of the subject of the Russian Federation on the budget of the Russian Federation. At the same time according to part 6 article 25 of the Federal Law “On the federal budget for 2009 and for the planning period of 2010 and 2011” in 2009 the Government of the Russian Federation has the right to direct the means of the federal budget at the amount of up to RUR 175 bln to fulfill the measures supporting the financial market of the Russian Federation.
Moreover, on 20 December 2008 the Government adopted the Decree No 964 “On the procedure for allocating subsidies to commercial banks to compensate for the costs and short-received profits concerning the credit deals with the airline companies to the part that is not compensated by the earnings from the sale of the property given to secure the credit according to the crediting agreement”. In order to avoid collision between the norms mentioned the draft of the law in fact introduces moratorium concerning the effect of the first norm up to January, 1 2010.
3. Increase of the construction budget of the state property of the Russian Federation, decision on preparation and realization of the budget investments in which the superintendants of the federal budget funds have the right to get, from RUR 600 mln to RUR 2.5 bln, which, according to the authors of the project, will allow more effective use of the federal budget funds.
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