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Pc. 4 p x aco Boee oeo y oo peca e aeaeco oe, opaae eee eopa xoa y acoc o ee eopa xoa x. Oo oe peca oopaee a = x y (2) Hapep, eoo yce oopae (2) cooecye ypaee y = kx, x X, e k oe yce.

Oaeoy oca oea ce y oea. Baoece oea c py ac cce aaec ae oace ee x y.

pocx epecx cxe epepoo ec oe oe acac e cce epeax ypae epeaoo y. Hanpuep, py x aco (pc. 4) cooecye ceya ccea pex epeax ypae, acaa apo e:

uc a c c uc t b R a u b ux t uc = - c - c + c t + c R d d uL d L J L d =, J = J t, L L dt e d = C C + C C + C C ;

1 1 + = - - +, = -, =, =, 11 1 1 1 1 ec, ux t apee cooeceo a oecaope, i = a xoe oe pee ; o epe yoc L.

Maeaeca oe oea, acaa e ooo ecox aaecx pae, aaec aaumueco oe. Oao papaoa aaecx oee e cea ooa eecoopaa cy x cooc. B o cyae coyc aeaece oe, oope peayc e eoopo oceoaeoc opeeex ec. Tae oe oy aae aopumuecux uumauox oee.

Maeaeca oe oea oe peaoaa c oo ceax oepyx ycaoo. Bo cyae ee eco annapamoe oeupoaue. B aece ax oepyx ycaoo aco coy popoeccope cce, cocae oopx eec oec caapx aapax oee, peayx pae aeaecx acoce. Bo cyae aeaeca oe pecaec e cooyoc cxe, peayx aae aeaece acoc.

oep oo pea e p aa oepoa. peyeco aaoooo oepoa ec peee aa oepoa peao acae pee pocoa opaa poecca oepoa.

Oao o oo peaoa oo aaece oe, oaa ecoo ooc eocaoo yepcaoc.

Haoee e cpeco peaa aeaecx oee o cee cooc cy BM.

Me o c c e o a c o x c c e Oo ax poe oac papao coa copeex cox execx cce ec cceoae a x yopoa a pax aax poepoa, ca cyaa. Cou cucmeau aac cce, cocoe ooo ca aocax aoecyx ey coo eeo. p cceoa cox cce oa aa cceoa a oex o oopyoa aapayp, xox ccey, a cce eo.

papy cox cce oocc pye exece, exooece, epeece poocee oec.

p poepoa cox cce cac aaa papao cce, yoeopx aa exec xapaepca. ocaea aaa oe peea o ceyx eoo:

eoo cea oao cpyyp cce c aa xapaepca;

eoo aaa pax apao cpyyp cce oecee peyex execx xapaepc.

Oa ce cce oce cyae paec eooe cy cooc ocaeo aa ecoepeca copeex eoo cea cox cce. Meo aaa cox cce, ae ce ee cea, acoee pe ocaoo pa oy pooe pacpocpaee.

a cepoaa opeeea a-o py opao cpyypa coo cce oe ee oaaee oa oepya ca. poeee ca cce ec aae aaa ee xapaepc. Ta opao, oe ao poepoa coo cce, ocyeceoo a eoo cea cpyyp, a eoo aaa apao cpyyp, ec aa oaaee eoc poepyeo cce.

Cpe ecx eoo aaa oaaee eoc cce cceoa a x yopoa ceye oe:

aaec eo;

eo aypx ca;

eo oyaypoo oepoa;

oepoae poecca yopoa cce a BM.

Cpooe aaecoe cceoae poecca yopoa cox cce paec eooo. Opeeee aaeco oe coo cce apyec oeco yco, opeeex ocoeoc pao cce, aoece ee cocax ace, e ee cpe ..

Haype ca cox cce ca c o apaa pee cpec. poeee ca peoaae ae oooo opaa cce ee eco oe, o cae apye cooae oo eoa a ae poepoa cce.

pooe peee cceoa xapaepc cox cce axo eo oyaypoo oepoa. p o coyec ac peax ycpoc cce. Bea ay oyaypy oe BM pye pao ocax ycpoc cce, oopaex aeaec oe. Oao oce cyae o eo ae ca co ae apaa pyoc, acoc, aapao co aypx oee cBM.

cceoae yopoa cox cce c oo oepoa x pao a BM ooae copa pe cpeca a papaoy.

apa paoeo pee aepax cpec a peaa eoa aooo oepoa oaac eae o cpae c apaa, ca c ayp cepeo. Peya oepoa o coe eoc paecoo pee aa aco peyaa aypoo cepea.

Me o a o o o o e p o a Ocoa a cooa aopecx (aox) oee, peayex a BM, cceoa poecca yopoa cox cce. peaa eoa eoxoo papaoa cea oeupyu aopum. B cooec c aopo BM paaaec opa, ocaa eeape poecc cceyeo cce c yeo aoce ax . p o oepy aop cpoc cooec c oeco cpyypo cce c coxpaee oceoaeoc poeaex e poecco oopaee ocox coco cce.

Oco aa eoa aooo oepoa c:

- oepoae xox ex oec;

- ocpoeee pao oepyeo cce (oepy aop);

- eppea opaoa peyao oepoa.

Oa cxea eoa aooo oepoa peea a pc. 5.

PC. 5 OA CXEMA METOA MTAOHHOO MOEPOBAH epecee e a eoa oopao oopc pax aopo xox ex oec, opay ype oepoa. Bo ee e ( II) opayec pocop aax apao oepyeo cce. poeypa opa oaoo apaa ypae pocopo apao, oc cooecye oppe aoy oe oe xox ex oec.

poeypa ocpoe oe cce, opo ooc oppepo oe o peyaa aoo cepea aae ae ee o ypeeo a acoc o aecx peyao oepoa. Ta opao, a cxee oae e ( III), opaa eeoc cceoae o oppoa, opo oppepoe oe.

Meo aooo oepoa ooe pea aa ceo cooc. cceyea ccea oe oopeeo coepa ee epepoo cpeoo ec, oepeo oocex cyax aopo coo ppo, ocac eca poo coooe . . Meo e peye coa ceao aapayp ao oo aa ooe eo e ae apaepo cceyex cce aax yco. eoc eoa aooo oepoa e oee coa, e a oee pax aax poepoa cce o aae cooac.

Ceye, oao, o, o eo aooo oepoa ec ce eoo. Eo oo ca pacpocpaee eoa Moe-apo a cya cox cce. a o ce eo, o oaae cyece eocao eo peee cea oc ac xapaep. Peee cooecye cpoa ae apaepo cce aax yco. aaa cce pxoc oopao oepoa poecc ee yopoa, appy cxoe ae oe.

Ta opao, peaa aox oee cox cce eoxoo ae BM coo pooeoc.

oepoa cce a BM eoxoo aca oepy aop a oo xox o BM. B aece xox o pee aa oepoa oy c ycexo cooa yepcae aopece cooo ypo, C, aca p.

A a p a o-p o p a o e o e p o a e c o x c c e Aa pa aoee cox execx cce ooe cea o o ce oee yoo pooe BM x cpyypy. Bcee a caoc eoeeo, a aacy ocoo ac ax cce. pee ceo o oocc co paoepo ccea. Cpe x pae aoaece cce, o ce cce aoaeco oya (epoe ATC), cce paoc, paoeeepece cce, cce paooa paoaa, pae cce ypae.

p ocpoe ax cce aeo cee coyc p cpyyp opaa cex a cex cce (BC). Xapaepo ocoeoc ec ae cceax ecox poeccopo, oeex pa cocoa ceapoay BC. p o ocyecec epexo o "eco" o yopoa execx cce yepcao "popao" oe. B cy oo ce oee aey po ax cceax, apy c aapa cpeca, pae cneuauupoaoe cceoe paoe npopaoe oecneeue (CO).

Ha aax papao poepoa, oa ca cox cce c co ye eco aapao-popax cpec ceo ex cac aaa aaa cea apao opaa cpyyp aapax cpec, a ae papao oa CO ooo oea. a aaa oe peea c oo aapaopopaoo oepoa c cooae yepcax oepyx oeco, ocpoex a ae oopox BC c popapyeo cpyypo.

Aapaopopaoe oepoae oo ca ac cyae oyaypoo oepoa.

Ha epo ae papaaaec oeyaa oe aaoo acca cce a ocoe aaa ox poecco, cpyyp aapax oo. oeyaa oe peayec a aapao-popax cpecax oepyeo oeca. p o oepy oec oe acpaac a cooecyy cpyypy cce popa ye a ce oooc popapoa cpyyp coyeo popoeccopo BC. ac aapax popax cpec popoeccopo BC oepyeo oeca eocpeceo opaae aapao-popae cpeca, xoe cceyey ccey (annapamoe oeupoaue), pya ac peaye aoy oe yoax cpec cceyeo cce, ee ocao, oex .. (npopaoe oeupoaue).

Papaoa aapao-popax oepyx oeco ec coo execo aae.

Hecop a o, peee ax oeco axo ce oee pacpocpaee. p ocaoo pooeoc cex cpec oeca poecc cceoa cce oe ecc peao acae pee. B cocae oeca oy cooac a yepcae poBM oeo aae, a cee cpeca, eocpeceo xoe cceyey ccey. ooe oepye oec c yepca cea papao oa aapaopopax cpec, poepyex cce aaoo acca. O oy cooac aece peaepo o oye ocyaeo epcoaa.

4 A OP T M A P O P AMMP OB AHE o e a o p a e o c o c a B ocoe pee o aa e oe aopa. o aopo po oa ooe pecae, opeeee ce poecc y o appyex aax ax cxooy peyay (OCT19.781-74 opeeee aopa). p cocae aopa ceye ya p peoa, oee oopx po oppoa eoxox coc.

1 Aop oe ooa, ca poooc ooa oo peca aaoo opa coe. o coco aopa aaec onpeeeocm.

2 Peaa ceoo poecca, peycopeoo aopo oa epe opeeeoe oeco ao pec a peyao cooe o eoooc pee aa. o coco aaec peymamuocm.

3 Peee oox aa c pa cxo a oo ocyec o ooy oy e aopy, o ae oooc ca oe popa, pee aa p pax apaax aa ae cxox ax. o coco aaec accoocm.

4 peopeee aopo ce poecc pace a oee a (eeape oepa). o coco aopa aaec ucpemocm.

C O C O O C A H A O P T M O B opae cpeca oca aopo oocc ceye coco x pecae:

1) coec ac a ececex ax;

2) cpyypo-coa ac a aopeco e ceooa;

3) paec opaee cxe paecx coo;

4) popa ec a e popapoa.

Cpyypo-coa coco ac aopo ocoa a opaoao pecae peca, aaaex ye cooa opaeoo aopa ox cacecx ocpy, pecaex ox papaoa coax. Tae cpeca oca aopa aco aa nceooau.

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