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Pap oeco ypex ox papo ec o aex aopo pooeoc popoeccopa.

mepec c cucmeo uo. oeco papo epeca c o ax e a eoc oea ax c e ycpoca. O papoc apecoo epeca apy ac aca oe apecyeo oepao a.

Tamoa acmoma. Heoxoa cxpoa pao ycpoc oepa. Be a copoc pao popoeccopa.

Apecau namu. oeco apecyeo a paec 2- cee papoc apeco .

O e p a a a a IBM PC coco : O(RAM) (ROM). RAM ocya a e, a ac. peec xpae oex ey oe popa coyex ax. Ha copeex epcoax oepax oo e eee 16 Mb RAM, ae epcoa oep co cpo ycapee. ISA eooo ycao oee 16 Mb a. Bao xapaepco oepao a ec pe op. a ea epec aoceyax ooaae a poeyo pee, epe oop popoeccop oe opac oepao a. (a. 2).

2 poeccop p Intel Moe Pap epec Taoa Apeca acoa, MHz a apec ae 8086 16 20 16 5, 8, 10 1M 8086 16 20 8 5, 8 1M 80 286 16 24 16 8, 10, 12 16M 80 386 DX 32 32 32 10, 20, 25, 33 4M 80 386 SX 32 24 16 25, 33, 50 16M 486 DX 32 32 32 16, 20, 25, 33 4M 486 SX 32 32 32 50, 66 4M 486 DX2 32 32 32 75, 100 4M 486 DX4 32 32 32 60, 66, 50, 100 4M Pentium 64 32 32 60... 200 4M Pentium Pro 64 32 32 150... 4M Pentium II 64 32 32 233... 450 4M Pentium III 64 32 32 450... 4M A M T , y oopx acoa oe 28 M, eoxoo oece cp ocy oepao a, o e pocaa popoeccop. oo oep oy ocaac cepx cpo a ooceo eooo oea (oo o 64 256 ), oopo xpac aoee aco coyee yac oepao a. a pacoaaec ey popoeccopo oepao a. p opae popoeccopa a c aaa pooc oc yx ax a.

Mo o p peaae oa a pa ecoo paeco opa. Moy paoa yx peax:

ecoo paeco.

Tecmo peu: pa oopa ycoo paaec a oee yac aoeca. ae ceo o 25 cpo o 80 coo. Ha ex oopax, aoy aoecy cooecye co e oa co e coa. Cpyypa aa apya coa peea a pc. 3. ec ae 4 a (0-3) opee e coa, pe 0-2 e, a 3 ecoc ea. Cape epe a (4-7) opee e oa: 4-6 e oa, a 7 pa epa.

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Pc. 3 Cpyypa aa apya coa ocoy eo ce ee p ocox ea (pac, ee c), o opeee ea ooc p a:

000 ep e (010); 1000 eo-cep (810);

001 c e (110); 1001 po-c (910);

010 ee e (210); 1010 po-ee (1010);

011 oyo e (310); 1011 po-oyo (1110);

100 pac e (410); 1100 poo (1210);

101 oeo e (510); 1101 cpee (1310);

110 ope e (610); 1110 e (1410);

111 ceo-cep e (710); 1111 e (1510).

pauecu peu peaae oa a pa pao pcyo .. Hac ec oy e poo paep y. B paeco pee pa oopa coco oe cee, oop oe e.

oeco cee ac o a oopa. B paeco pee pecae ce oe cooao paoe oeco eoa acoc o a aaepa paoo eopea. ce oe pecae o, y, ep oce a.

paec pe oopa ac o a aaepa, paoa oopoo oepaec ceao popao, aaeo paepo. T aaepo cooecyx paepo pee a. 3.

3 paep aaep oopo MAX Aaep paep MAX papeee o-o eo IBM CGA, MCGA CGA.BGI 640 480 IBM EGA, VGA EGAVGA.BGI 640 480 Hercules ooxpo HERC.BGI 720 348 AT&T 6300 (400 cpo) ATT.BGI 640 400 IBM 8514 IBM8514.BGI 1024 868 Ma e o c e a o e Oco oce opa IBM PC-coecx oepo c ae c.

Haoee poo coyc ece c (hard disk drive HDD), ecep, e oopx pyo peca copee . ece c oo a ece.

ec ec c pecae coo ecoo co epoo aepaa (a , oceee pe, epe cea) c oe oc pae, a oope aece a co. ao copoe aoo ca cooecye aa ooa, oopa oe epeeac o paycy ca. Copoa aoo ca paeea a oepece opo p (o 1024 opoe a ay ooy). aa opoa paeea a ceopa (a capx 17 ceopo, a ox 63 ceopa). oe aeoc ece c o opoa o ee cpe.

B oceee pe -a yee ooc ac pooe ecx ax co cao ea opaee 1024 opo a ooy. B peyae oo coa caap LBA, oop "oaae" , epeo e opo a ecyecye copo. B peyae x ec cae, o c ee oe ooo.

Oe cyece oe oaac epeca ecoo ca. B acoee pe poo pacpocpae a a epeco:

IDE-Integrated Drive Electronics (o e ATA) SCSI (Small Computer System Interface).

accec IDE ee a ocox opae o oey ca (0,5 a) o oecy ycaaaex co (2 ca).

B acoee pe coyec caap EIDE (ATA-2), oopo epoe opaee ycpaeo ye p caapa LBA, a oeco co, oope oo o, yeeo o epex. a ococo epeca IDE ec eo ecoa cooc, a co, a opoepo ( ocex oex opoep ycaaaec po a aepco ae).

SCSI ec yepca coopooe epeco ycpoc paoo a. Eo oa oc aa SCSI-2, Wide SCSI. c c epeca SCSI e coy copoc, o x cooc opao e, e y co c epeco IDE.

ec pooe ecx co c ae p, a Seagate, Quantum, Conner, Western Digital.

epeoca eox oeo opa c ooo a pyo coyc e c. ooy oe e, o ee epe, o coo pao c cea.

coyc ce yx paepo: 5,25 a (oceeo xo yopee), oee pacpocpaea cea 3,5 a.

DS/DD DS/HD 5,25 360 Kb 1,2 Mb 3,5 720 Kb 1,44 Mb 2,88 Mb e-ac x co cya ee ae aoe, aaee cooa. coo coo ooc oy paoa c cea oo ooc.

c o o CD-ROM Haoee pacpocpae coo "oo e" -CD-ROM, coye exoo poo ac, eco o ayo-CD (c oo aepoo ya). aoap oy CD oaa oo copoc pao peao eoc ooo 600 Ma.

B oceee pe CD-ROM oe oyp a x ocac popa ae, ee oo oe.

poe oo, CD-coo oo popa oe ayo-CD.

Maa copoc epea ax CD-cooo 150 /c. Byca coo c 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 pa yeee copoc. CD-coo coy epec Enhanced IDE SCSI.

CMOS a p o p a a Setup xpae opa o oopyoa, a ae o eye ae pee coyec ceapoaa pocxea, coepaa aep 64 aa a c opeee ep. B eo coco , CMOS a aec o ayyopa, ycaoeoo a aepco ae.

pao c coep CMOS a, .e. ee opa o oopyoa, cyecye acaa , ceaa popaa Setup. popay Setup oo a aae a p epeapye .

p e p a pao, pec pep ceyx o: ape, aepe, cpye.

Mampue. p ea: eaaa ooa coep p ox eaecx cepe oo. B eex pepax 9 oo. B oee opox apx pepax 24 48 oo. aeca ea oo ocy yeee oeca poxoo. oee cpa ea oeceaec pepo c 24- 48- oa.

Cmpye. opaee oppyec po a ceax ep, yaex a yay coe.

aepe. o cepopa, opaee epeocc a yay co ceaoo apaaa, oopoy epec pac ac pac. apaa epyec c oo aepa o oaa oepa.

p o p a o e o e c e e e e p c o a o o o e p a popa, paoae a oo pae a 3 aeop:

1 pae popa (oeceae oee ooaee pax pao, o ec peapoae eco, ocpoee epee, a aee).

2 Ccee popa, oe pae y (poepa paoococooc yo oepa).

3 cpyeaa ccea (oeceaa coae ox popa ).

Bopa ac oco ocea opooy oca aoo paea.

O e p a o e c c e cce popaa oocc oepaoe cce. o ccea popaa, oopa apyaec p e oepa. Oa ocyece ao c ooaee, ypaee , eo pecypca, aycae popa a oee, oeceae ooae yo epec. Haoee oyp oepao ccea ceo c: MS DOS; PC DOS; DR DOS ooooaece cce, cpe ooooaecx aoee oyp: UNIX; OS/2; WINDOWS; WINDOWS NT; LINUX. Ocae ooooaecx cce paoa x pee o opo ac oco.

Oc o e a c DOS.

1 aoa ccea oa-oa (BIOS) axoc , ec cpoeo oep.

Haaee: epcae ycy oa-oa. Tecpoae yopoa oepa. poepa pao a ycpoc oepa p eo e. Bo apya oepao cce.

2 apy oepaoo cce o opoa popaa axoac epo ceope apyoo ce.

Haaee: Cae a a oy oepaoo cce.

3 coe a: IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, IBMBIO.COM, IBMDOS.COM, DRBIO.SYS, DRDOS.SYS apyac a ocac a ocoo.

Haaee: IO.SYS ooee aoo ccee oa-oa. MSDOS.SYS- peaye ocoe cooypoee ycy DOS.

4 oa poeccop DOS axoc coo ae COMMAND.COM.

Haaee: Opaaae oa oe ooaee.

5 Bee oa DOS popa ocaee c oepaoo cceo.

6 paep ycpoc.

Haaee: Oecea ocyae ox ecaapoe cooae exc ycpoc. paep, apyaee a oepa, yaac ae CONFIG.SYS.

a p y a DOS 1 Caec apy oepaoo cce, axoc BOOT ceope.

2 O cae a oy oepaoo cce epeae ypaee.

3 Caec oypa cce aa CONFIG.SYS. B cooec c yaa, coepac o ae, apyac paep ycpoc ycaaac apaep oepaoo cce.

4 aec oa poeccop COMMAND.COM epeaec ey ypaee.

5 oa poeccop oe oa a AUTOEXEC.BAT. B ae yaaec oa popa, oee p ao ayce oepa.

6 poecc apy aaaec ccea ae paee, cooa oaa, o oa ooa pey.

Pa o a c a a DOS Coae ecox ao:

oaa C:\ copy.con aa (ec e ooo (NC, VC, DN...)).

AEHE AOB: OMAHA DEL *.BAK epeeoae ao: ren (rename) capoe aa poe ooe aa.

opoae ao: copy, copy.prn aa.

Boccaoee yaex ao: unerase.

Pa o a c a a o a :

cd eee eyeo aaoa.

dir pocop aaoa.

md coae aaoa.

rd yoee aaoa.

3 MOE PEEH HOHAHX BCTEHX AA Oc o e o o p e e e Moeupoaue o aoee pacpocpaex eoo ye pax poecco e. B acoee pe oocee eo pe oepoa poo coyc ayx cceoax eepo pae.

o oepoae oa poecc cceoa coc oea (cce) c oo eo oe. p o papea uuecoe oepoae ameamuecoe oepoae.

Moe aaec oe, axoc ooe oo oepyeoy oey. o ooe oaec ao ooaoe cooece ey y oea, p oopo y epexoa o apaepo, xapaepyx o oeo apaepa pyoo oea ec, a aeaece oca x oeo oy peopaoa oecee. Cooeceo eca oe axoc ooe ecoo oo oepyeoy oey, a aeaeca oe ooe aeaecoo oo.

Ceye o, o a oe cea ocoaec a eoopo ypoe eaa oea. Moe e oecea oey, oa ec eo pe oopaee.

ecoe oepoae cy cooc papao ecx oee ee opaeoe peee.

aeo oee po oooc oaae aeaecoe oepoae. o aeaec oepoae oaec cceoae pax poecco e, ex pay ecy ocoy, c oo x aeaecoo oca. C aeaec oe ee eo ocoo. Ta, apep, opeee ae oa epeco e oyec aeaeco oe, ocaeo aoo Oa: 1 = U/R.

pee npuep oe pa x aco.

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