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Pacxo ao o oepa c e yaa opaec a pacxo, cae c ocyae epepoae yex aa ex ya, pacxo o ocya ex ya, yex py pec a opaa ocyapceo ac.

Bycaee aa ooe oaeca e oa, eox cepeaex cepao, ecee pyx acox cpyeo peaae ooeoo pee pecypco. B xoe aaa eoxoo opee ye ec yaex poeo o aoy y x ex ya, a o cy opaeo pa (coa) ey eo peaa epecex ya x oao cooc; aoee opoe aoee eee pecypco; oe e oax p epepoae (oae) ex ya pacxoo a oy ey pacxoo aa o ye e yaa.

ocoy ocee ecoo e po ex ya Pocc epeae ocpe pc, pacxoax aa o oepa c e yaa cooeceo ocaec o o pacxoo, cax c opaae yco aa a, oa, eox cepeaex cepao, pyx oox oaec pox ex ya, opaaxc a acoo pe. Ta pacxoa c pacxo o oooe pocea cc, popee ao ex ya, opace pacxo, occoe oapae a pacpocpaee ex ya ..

epecee e py pacxoo o ye ao oaeca ac ceecooc oaaex ao ycy, oe o pacxoo o aa eo aoepa aa, a ae o yaa aoa a oepa c e yaa, popeae coceoc aa, oope ocyecc oo a ce p, ocac pacope aa oce ya aoo pyx oaex aee.

B pacxoax, oope ecy a o ye py pec a opaa ocyapceo ac e yaa, eoxoo e pacxo, oae p epeoee x ex ya. Taa epeoea oa pooc oce pao e aoo eca o oo oaeca a cyeo Poccco eepa ecx opao ac, ao, ocpax ocyapc, ao-epeeo, o po oo oe oaeca. p o epeoee o oepy oe e ee ya, oope popee epepoa ecpoa, o e o oepa PEO.

p aae yaax pacxoo eoxoo cxo oo, o epeoea oe ee ya po coa ox peepo o x oeceee, o e eae aacoo cooc x ex ya.

Ec pacxo o coa peepo o oeceee ex ya pe yee aoooaaeo a aa, eoxoo poaapoa, oo epe coe ao ceye peoa:

ee ya oye opae a ooo pe;

oopo o a oe ec a eyaao ooo pe epe opaaopa opo cocae e eee cy, aeo 20 c. (c 01.01.99 . epo);

opa o poo ee oeocya, .e. oe pacp cooec c poccc apye aooaeco o pe ex ya ocy e e peye a y ooae ceax pa.

Ceo -a oe acoo ecaoc pacxo ao o epeoe ex ya peca coo aey ooo ecay ey. o oocc oe cee opopa e yaa. ooe e oaeca ocyapca (O, O-, O- p.) yee ae capx eoaex eo oo, e y ey. O coyc aa aece oecee aaex epa ao P peo. p o poa cooc x x ee oppepyec c oo ceax opaox (oax) oeo.

Bco ye ec apaax paoo aa pacxo o coepa aapaa ypae ao. o coe ee o, a pao, axoc a opo ece oce pacxoo, cax c popeee pecypco.

aae pacxo p aae, epy oepe, yo pae a aee ceecooc oaaex aa ycy pooe p. e ec ao x ox pacxoax o oae pya epcoaa oaae o x coo a pacxoax aa a yaae e.

B xoe ye ypaeecx pacxoo eoxoo c, ao cee o cococy peaa apoo o aa eo; ay po pae cyecya ccea oa pya oce ee aa; ao epe oa oeceae coeee aepax epeco paoo co cpaeec aaa aa; oo coae o pe oxo paeo opoao oae pya aoo ceaca c o cex.

poo oey oocoaoc paoc ace pao, e eycoe, yaex ao, yo opee, ae ex apye eeoc aa oycac ae ceo. oy :

ecoepeeoe, epaoe ocyecee oepa aa co cea o cea eo; apye, oycaee p coe pex eox ooopo; apye p coepe paceo c eo, ee oa; apye opa oaeoo peeppoa. p o eoxoo pa o ae o, o opeeex cyax, apep ooe oepa o cea eo aa, yaae apye aco ocyecc aa coaeo, ocoy oxo, oyae peyae apye, epeo peocxo paep pao e, yaaex a x.

ocoy peep a ooe oep o ccya oppyec a ce oce, oocx ocoo a pacxo ao, p aae ocex pee ceo eoxoo c, ae cy ccyo aoeoc aa, eaee pae epea ca, ca oeo epoe -a eocaa cpec peepa a ooe oep o ccya a ce "pye pacxo", a ae a ce cpec caoo peepa. poeee aoo aaa ooe oee oeo oea ey coppoao oeo epoe p.

B xoe aaa ao y p, ae oacee ao peepa o ccyo aoeoc yeee cy aec coaoo peepa. Ta pa oy : eee aeca peoo ope, eo e (apep, p oae ccy, ae ox peo peyae a aaeo cepa ao, .e. y-poa ccy, aoeoc o oop pepaea ae ex ya), a ae p cooa peepa a ccae eaex ccy.

o acaec cepa ao, o eeoc oeecex oepecx ao oa oa ee e aa pooo paecoo pee c c eocaoo paoc Pocc pa opopax ex ya , acoc, pa poox acox cpyeo, a aaex epao.

Tpee apaee aaa pacxoo aa ae co coca yee apa, cax c oppoae eo acco, apa, oax xoe oppoa ocya ao. p o apa o pee acco yac cooc peex cpec.

Ocoy ac pacxoo aa coca pacxo o oppoa eo pecypco a, oope, co oepe, ac o oea, cpyyp cpee e pee acco.

Paeee acco aa a cocee aee ooe opee, ao poop axoc eo ae ecae pecypc, ycao coca oe pacxoo, poox c c peee cpec.

Haxoec cocae cocex cpec o, peep p c aa eca, o cce, o a x ye o aaeo paee, oeo epoe a e ece o ax apa. oee oo, p eoxooc o oe poo pacxo a x ce.

p o ceye ya, o oa cocex cpec aa (oe ee ya;

aae oe; epece ocaa o aopo oepa, py opaa; oee pace eopcy aoeoc; cooae p) oe po cye ce pecypco a aa , a cece oooy oe apa a ee ooee.

Bea epe o pee pecypco ac ocoo o o cpoo x pee, ypo aocoo eeea, coco poo oyp. ooy p poee aaa ceye oe e op eoo pee pecypco a ey poeex ao pacxoo; o aoo a peex aex cpec (ceo o ocpeoa, cpox eoo, eaocx ao, yex ao oox oaec p.) x oe oee; opee ye ec aoee opox pecypco; cooca ey pacxoo aoo a c cooecy cya pee.

Ec oop o cooc coceo pex pecypco, o oa caaec o e ax aopo (poe yaax e), a: cpyypa pex pecypco aa; apyee apa p o opeoy pey; eo cpo; cee pca; oeceeoc; aea eo acooe cocoe; peaeoc ecooo poea; paep pea pye aop.

apoooec aopa, oppy cooc pex pecypco, oo oec: caoc eeoo opae cpae; cay peacpoa epaoo aa; ca eaocx peo (MIBOR, MIBID, INSTAR); cpoc a pe pye aop.

Oea o aoee eex ecax cpec oa pooc c yeo peoa aoco oc, ocoy yaae pecypc, a pao, c ao. B o e pe yeee o cpox oaec ee oe pacxoo aa. ooy ao ocoo oea epy cooa peaex pecypco aa, cpaa x c eo oeo oea paeex cpec.

Cpe ea pee pecypco ec ao cocae x cooc, oopa, co oepe, coyec opeee ceecooc cooyoo poya oex oepa aa.

a ey poeex ao pacxoo, oo opee cpe oay ey peex paccapaeo epoe pecypco (n) a x cooyoc, a o oe a o aa o ocpeoa, o cpo eoa, o eo cepaa:

n = (P/H Q/t)100 %, e P aa a ooae pee cpeca oo a aapyeo epoe (poe yae); H cooecya ea cooax aex cpec o e epoe; Q paceoe oeco e oy; T cpo x. B eee oopoo a cooae cy cpec H a aea aa paepe P.

Aapy eee oaae cpee ca o aoy y peex cpec ae oo ycao oy ee yopoa yeee pecypco aa, aoee opoe co pecypco, ooe apa o oe a pecypco o x cpee cooc.

Peaa cooc acoa cpec oepec aa opeeec ee e po pyx aopo, aco e cax c popeee pecypco: cee oee cpec pace, peepa, eopco aoeoc; opo oece poex pacxoo a ceecooc aocoo poya ( peeax op, peae yey cay a p ya); ecy opo aooooe p ao (peycapa ope poex pacxoo, peax yaay e opy, p aa, ec co oepe oeo aooooe); o oae. aae aop ey aeoy yopoa peao cooc pecypco aa.

Cpe peaa ea peex ao pecypco () oe opeeea a t = KnF/H, e F oa cya peex ao a paccapae epo eex cpec; H ea cooax ao epoe eex cpec (ea ao).

Cpe peaa cooc cex pecypco aa paccaec o opye cpeeeeo cxo peao e aoo a pecypco eo yeoo eca oe x oee, a cocee ecae pecypc aa K = Rcbq + Rmbk q + Rdvq + Rdepq, e Rcb cpe ea pecypco epaoo aa; Rmbk cpe peaa ea eaocoo pea; Rdv cpe pea poe o aa o ocpeoa; Rdep cpe pea poe o cpo eoa; q yee eca cooecyx o pecypco.

p o cpe ea pecypco, a a, pacxo aa yy e e, e oee ae yco c acc, .e. e e cpo cya eoo.

Pacxo, cae c ocyecee ax oepa oa xoe x oope, ee cooecye oyea, epea opao opa, ocya peo (p epeoee cooc aoa, eo xpae, pacoppoe). o yaax pacxoo cooyx apaax aa, a pao, ooceo ecoa.

Te e eee oa a e, a oaae peao cooc pecypco aa, ec coca eeo pacea ceecooc ax oepa aa.

Ba apaee aaa pacxoo oepecoo aa ec aa apa a pooco cooyoo aocoo poya ceecooc oex poyo oepa.

Aaoo ceecooc poeo poy aax, xo ocaoo yco, ec ype cooc aocx oepa, oopa pecae coo eoeey ac exaa eoopaoa pex ypeex. Ee oo aapoa a o ypyeo ce cooyoc ax oepa aa, a o y x pya e oepa. p ypyeo oepaoo-cooco aae cooy oe ypee cooc aocx oepa (vs) paccaec o opye:

vs = (R Dd) / (A An), e R cooye pacxo aa; Dd ooee oxo, e cae c ocoo eeoc aa, o ye a acoe ope eo pacxoo; A oa cya aa aaca aa a paccapae epo; An cya cae aa, e pocx oxoo.

a oe pecae coo ay, e pocy p ey cooyoo aocoo poya ec o ocox ooax oaaee eoo cooa ao eo pecypco.

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