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Peaa cceaecoo oopa eoc pax popa opo a pca, oo papao caapo ax popa, oa a ae cop aa opa o cyax eyoeopeo x eoc. Ccea oaaee peyaoc epaa eax ocec oex o aocx pco ae: ypoe epayex oox aocx oep; oooc epaa (coooee apa a ee ocyecee c paepo oox oep);

oey cooyoo pca eeoc aa c yeo epop o x epaa pye.

a, aec coa oece cce ypae pca, a pao, caac, c eoop pyoc. pee ceo o acaec opaoo-aaeco cy aa. coae, e ce a oa cee oe o, o oee cpyype e ypee cooyoc c e opao oe, eppoa apocpey. B o cyae, e apyaec ype e oe opa, caoc eoo oeppoa oxooc, oc pco, o eyeo ee apocy. Oo acyae ee cpee, oa opaoe oo e ya co cpaeec e, c ope aa x oce.

yceoo eeea eoxo a eye ae, a ccea aaecx oaaee, paccax a ocoe cac a opeee epo, oox coca poo a ay, cpee- oocpoy epcey.

pya poea, c oopo caac a poecce coa cce aocoo opo a pca, oa, pepeoc aoy-o ooy eoy, aacy e caoy popeccoy. poe oo, eoope ooc cox pyax caa pepeoc a aae "oee" eoa, papaoa ao, yopyx epexo epo pa oo. Oao oo oee coe coco oe pco, peaaee aoco pao coopax cpa. Moy oece oee paocopo opa o opaeax c coco eex po, o ocoeo ao ycox oeo ecaoc pocccoo aocoo ceopa. a a ee co cey, cay c cocao eo, peocae ycya, oooc epca pco, aae aocoo epcoaa a aee, ceoaeo ccea ypae pca ao oeo ae aeoo ye oac o aoo oe. pepo oy cy papaoae coyee pocccx oepecx aax eo oe peococooc oeax aeo, yae apyey pay. Oao, cyecy yepcae coco oe pco, ax, apep, a poe, ecaacpoao oc , exooec oepao.

poe, cae c poecco ypae aoc pca, oxaa e oo opeeee aoee peoex peo a pco opex cyax, poopoae eopeeex pcoax cya, o oppoae paoo pacpyyp aocoo peypoa. B poccco aoco pae papaoaa ccea opao eeoc pex opaa, ycaoe opo aopa a coee x opao ee ca aco ocpea, apya ycaoee oaae. Ccea opao, coepaac cpy P. ec a cpyeo pyax aa Pocc oepa ycooo pa, aeoc oc pocccx oepecx ao, oao, oa opepoaa oo a opaee peoo pca, pca oc cooa aeoo aaa, oppye pye pca. poe oo, eoa, peoea aec oeo, e ya oppe pco o pa pya ao, e peycapa eoxooc epea yco peoa pax py aocx aeo, e ya eee ypo pca acoc o aeop eo o aocx oepa. Papaoaoe a ocoe peoe aecoo oea ooee "O opaa ypeeo opo oepecx aax" ae ee p cyecex eocao. Ta opao, aa e coe paeco eeoc opaac oo coee oaex ooecx opao ex a aocx pco, eoxoo pacp oac cceoa, ec oe oaae oe pca.

Ceoaeo, ocoe poecca ypae eopeeeoc aoco cepe oa yao papaaaea aa cocea ccea oe pax o pco, ocoaa a apyex eoax oopeeo yaa cey apoooeco cpe ocyece coe eeoc, aaeoo ao ceea pa aocx ycy eco a oex oepa, paepa coceoo aaa ao aa. Oae ycoe yceoo ypae pca ec yopoae ae oea opo pco.

4.4 Ceae (eee) eo ypae aoc pca B ccee aocx pco ocooe eco aae poe pc (ypaee papo). O a epooc oep, oope oy oy p pe aa a pox poex caax o pee paee pecypca, x epeeo ee peyae ecooec cpoo epecopa eox yco. B cyae peoo ooapaeoo ee poex cao yee poeoo cpa a aa oy oep ac coe cooc, cooc acco oe opac, a apa copac.

poe pc, coaco pa acca, opaeec a ao, pc peeoo papa, oo, cpyyp p.

ao poe pc ca c eopeeeoc ee poex cao pee cpec eo ocox cao paee.

Pc peeoo papa oa a peae paeae pecypc o ocoo aoo cae, o c pee papo a x epecopa.

oo pc pc o ao-o o o poey a ope oe.

Cpyyp pc pc eo o aacy peo opaa, a ee a eeo pe c c oea poex cao.

Ceoaeo, poe pc e a a p, oyey o poeo, a a aac peo opaa eo. p poeoo pca:

- eo op paooce poeo ca;

- eoye peo ooope oox ee poex cao;

- ee poeo oe P;

- ycaoa eoo poea a ec cpo ooa peo;

- ocyce peo opaa papaoao cpae poeo o;

- eooe opeeee e poeo ca.

Cy poeoo pca ocae a aaea oe epa i = s + f, e i poa caa poea; s peaa poea caa; f oaee e .

Peao poeo cao ec aa ee ea, oopa eoxoa oo, o aepecoa opee cepea ac eo oxoo.

poe oo, o oe pc, ey poeo ap (ocooo aopa poeoo pca) oppepy a ey pca, aepaoaoo e oep o ccya RAM = (Dp Ps) : A, e RAM apa, coppepoaa a pc; Dp c poe oxo; Ps oep o ccya; A a).

Oaoe aee oaae peeax 3 3,5 %.

Hecaoc e yeo ca P, peype oe ca ey oy, o oeecex ao aee poeoo pca ocaec cao co.

aoce pc aoca ey coo. o oocc poeoy pcy, oop ca c pca ax accx oepa, ecaacpoaoc oc, eocaoo epca oepa, pe o pca. Ta, pc eocaoo epca oepa (o cy, pc aoco ceaa) oe peca coo coeae peoo, poeoo, peacpoa pyx. Ec paccapa pe pc, o ey coycye poe pc. Mey cyecye eca aoc aooycoeoc. Hapep, p opaca e peoo pca oep o ey oa ac oecpoa ye yee poeoo papa, a a, oe poeoo pca. Poc e peoo pca cococye opaca pca ecaacpoaoc oc. Xapaep aoc pco oaae e a op cocoo ypae .

Cyecye ecoo cocoo ypae poe pco:

- apeee ooope oooc epoecoo epecopa ca o pey acoc o ee poo ca;

- poeee poex coo;

- coacoae ao acco o cpoa x opaa- y poaa epco ooo;

- aee opapx coae.

B pee ocaoo coo poe ypae aoc pca, a opao, oc poe, aece cpyea, oop oeceae paecy oo ay, oo cooa ceae (eee) eo, oop oocc oe a.

oe a o oe "papa", o oaae pacxoee, ecaacpoaoc, ao acco aa c oeec cpoao cao. o oe aocoo ope, oopa paaec cyo pee (eocaa) ao c eec (cpoao) cao a (epe) acca c cpoao (eec) cao oycoe epo pee.

paee o oo opee a ypaee oycoe ypo ao acco, ycex ee poeo ca, opee aa, a cpae aca poeo ap eee a ee poeo ca.

Peyao aaa a ocoe oe a ec pe pee o ee cpyyp ax accx oepa oepecoo aa. paee o ( paax aaeo oe) o ocoo o ypae aa acca aa a ocoe papa o oea ey yce ee poea aa yce aoy ee acca (a. 12).

(ee ) = A ;

(poe , yceoc a) = A : , e A ycee ee poea a; ycee ee poea acc).

12 Coca oepa ycy o yce aa acca aa cy oepa o cy oepa o A Bae pe peee eo aoco eype aoco eyp popeee ao cc cocex ee ya ooe ex ya oox oaeca, opaaec a oaec opae a pe pe Bae peee eaoce pe eaoce pe poaa ao oya ao poox cpyeo poox cpyeo pa ex ya pa ex ya (poee epc, (poee epc, oo, opa co, oo, opa co, peo) peo) Co pe ypae ceye paa p acca cya:

1 Hyeo n:

A = 0 A / = 1.

Cya xapaepyec oooc poa (ce) poeoo pca. p oe poea oeceaec poc oaeoo oea p, p oe poea cee oaeoo oea p.

2 ooume n:

(A ) > 0 (A / ) > 1.

Cya xapaepyec oooc epeoe ao pae acco.

3 Ompuame n:

(A ) < 0 (A / ) < 1.

Cya xapaepyec oooc epeoe acco pae ao.

paee o ee co paa:

1 He poee ca. Ec e poee ca (oaec poc), o ceye:

ye cpo aex cpec;

copa pe c cpoao cao;

copa cpo peo-ecooo ope;

poa ee ya;

oy oocpoe a;

ap pee .

2 Pacye poee ca. Ec poee ca pacy (oaec ocee ep ae yye), o ceye:

copa cpo aex cpec;

y cpo ec;

ye o peo c cpoao cao;

ye o ec ee ya;

ocpoo oac aoeoc c cpoa poeo.

3 Bcoe poee ca. p cox poex caax (oaec x cee oopo yye) ceye:

copa cpo aex cpec;

ye o peo c cpoao cao;

ye cpo ope ec;

ye paep ope ec (c cpoao poeo cao);

coa oe pee eo.

4 aae poee ca. Ec aae poee ca (oaec ocee ya ae yye), o ceye:

y cpo aex cpec;

ye oocpoy aoeoc (c cpoao cao);

copa cpo ec;

ye o peo c epeeo cao;

copa ec ee ya;

opoo poa a c cpoao cao oxoo.

Cya o y oo accpoa. apaepa, opee cya, c:

- xapaep ee poea: poc, aee;

- : opae, ooe, yeo;

- A: paocpoe A; oocpoe A;

- : paocpoe ; oocpoe .

Moe cyaooo ypae o (a. 2,3) peoaa ooe cpae a:

- oepae epcpoaoo o caa, cpoa, apae oe ope ao;

- papaoa ceax ao oepa ao aeop ao acco aoo epoa eooo a;

- e poo aoc ee apae e poex cao acox aopo pa c aao ooo a poex cao.

peaaea oe a oe e (a. 13):

- aec oe A = VA, poe, o. ta, epo n;

- aec oe = V, poe, o. t, epo n;

- aec o oy = | VA V |;

- oae oxo o A = VA(1+tA)n = D;

- oae pacxo o = Vn(1+tn) n = Z.

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