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oeceoe e aopo a eee 1, 2, paccaec eoo ex ocaoo.

yee oaae ocaec a ce:

oepeaeo poca acoo e coceoo aaa aa;

cpyypx ee py ao c oe pco oy ao c e oeo pca oep;

cee oea oa.

Moe a p aae cpyyp acca paa cocee cpeca-pyo cocee cpeca-eo.

Cocee cpeca-pyo oo aecoo ocaa cpec-eo, oop oe cooa peoa, a oeee ooae cpeca. Cocee cpeca-pyo aa coco oo aa, cocex coo acpoa aax oe, p, cocex cpec paceax, cpaxox peepo oepecoo aa.

Cya oa ae aapoae cocee cpeca (cooc ocox cpec a yco oca, oeee cpeca a ce p, cocee cpeca, epecee py opaa yac x eeoc, cocee cpeca, oee oocpoe ee ya, cocee cpeca, oeee pace, eopcy aoeoc). Cocee cpeca eo opeec a paoc ey eo cocex pecypco-pyo cyo oa. o oaae pae ey po p poee cpyypoo aaa aaca. oa cocex cpec cae oc oxooc aocx oepa, ooy x paep o axoc o oco opoe pyooca aa.

eecoopao ccee oea oa cocex cpec, a ooee cy ooax cpec aay, copaee oopoo ee pocy oc oxooc.

aecea oea cocex pecypco oe oea c oo pacea yex eco x eeo:

oo aa, epacpeeeo p, cpec paceax.

Coceo ac cpyypoo aaa cocex cpec ec aa cocaa ao (aoepo) aa. cxo a oo c ee cea o aacooy cey "ca o", a ae ae o yce poae cocex a aa. oo aa cpyyp ao ooe pope epeco ya eo paoe aa.

C o pe ocaooc cocex cpec aa epec ec aa apae cooa aoepoo aaa. Oepo, o ac acox oe eaeo acpoa oo aoepoo aaa. a oe oocc oe a coopye, oya xoceoo eap, oe ee ya c e popee opo a opaa .. poe oo, ac aec oaex pacxoo, cy ocoeoce yxaepcoo yea, a opaae a cee pacxoo aa e cpay, a epe aoe-o pe (aacoe ae, pacxo yyx epoo). Ta, ec aaa aa, opaeoo paee I aaca, c oooo a ca, o oo ooey ( opaey) ey. Opaea ea coppepoaoo aaa oaae paep ecx cpec, apaex a acpoae ao p eocae cocex coo op.

opo a ao aoo oaae, yxyee eo e cya cao p ep copae e pocx oxo oepa, ocy ye yee oxooc aa.

aaa cpyyp peex cpec peapeo opeeec oa x cya, ec ceye opy:

eo o ocpeoa (cpeca a pacex, eyx ceax pep opaa, cpeca ex ypee oxo ea, ecooae cocee cpeca pep, peaaee aax oe);

cpeca a oppecoecx ceax pyx ao;

cpoe eo;

eaoce pe (pe, oyee o pyx ao);

cpeca eo, ocyae a oyy ocyapcex ex ya, a;

cpeca paceax (ecooae oca a apex ceax, op o apa, cpeca a ceax ceax p paceax o aa oe ..).

Opeeee yeoo eca ao opy oe cye peex pecypco xapaepye ee po oppoa pex pecypco.

B poecce aaa accx oepa oo cooa pae oe oe o aa.

Ta, oe cooa eoo oe pacca a ooee cpee aoeoc o pea cpeey ocay o ce pee pecypca. O oaae, ao poe o oeo oea peex pecypco oee pe. oe ce 75 % ( apyeo pae) ceecye o pcoao (apecco) oe aa. oe e 65 % ceecye o opao, .e. o acco peo oe.

Amu. Aa ax oepa aa pooc c o pe e x oxooc, cee pca oc. B x ex opeeec o ao, pocx e pocx oxo ay. ae oee eao aapyc a, poce oxo, pee ceo x cpyypa o coca eea. p o opeeec o oe peo c eee paocpox, cpee- oocpox ccy, a ae eaocx peo, ao, oex poeee aopox ox oepa. Ocoeo aeo ceye aapoa pee oe c o pe x pca oxooc. Co pe peoo pca eecoopao xoe aaa poee pe. Co e oy cooa pae oaae. Ta, oe oxooc ao paccaec a ooee ao, pocx oxo, oe cye ao. o ooee ooe o ao, oeceay oyee p ay, ao, e pocx oxo (acca, oppecoec ce, ocoe cpeca pye ca).

aee oo oe pcoe a oe cye ao. Bpyy pcox ao a o oe peocaex peo, a ae cooc popeex ex ya, oee aopoe oe oepa. B xoe aaa aop, e a oxo aa, coooc x c aa. Pace oy oaa, acoo po ocyecc ae oepa. oyee ae cpaac c a aaox ao.

Cyecy pae eo oe peoo ope. B cooec c peoa P ccy opaec a aeop. cooae pea ceye ooc pe, peocaee epoacc aea o ep ao, acpaxoae a 80 % ccy o apa aa paeca. cpeeae pea ceye ooc ccy, peocaee aea II acca o apa peococooo pep, opyeco aa, acpaxoaoo a 50 %. pco pea oocc ccy aea III acca peococooc o apa opyeco pep ooepaa c eco peococooc, acpaxoae a 30 %. coopco oocc ccy, peocaee aea c eeco peococooc o opyeco acoo a, acpaxoaoo eee e a 30 %, aoe ccy.

Ec ooee cy pcox coopcox ccy oe ee pex oe e peae 20 %, o aeoc opaa ec opao.

Aa epca pex oe ocyecec a ocoe oaaee peeo cy ccy, acaoo paepa pca a ooo aea pyy aocax aeo o pea, yeoo eca pyx peo oe cye aoeoc, oeca pyx peo cpeeo paepa pea.

yee epca xapaepyec yeee oeca pyx peo p ce x o oe cye pex oe yee cpeeo paepa pyoo pea. eee oeca pyx peo p eeo opacae oe aeco e, a ae cpeeo paepa oop o eocaoo paoe aa o epca pex oe, yeae pc eopaa ccy oooc ooe ea x cpec.

B aece opo a aa oy cooa ceye oaae:

Ooee oxox ao oe cye ao xapaepye ye ec oxooopayx ao cocae ao. Oaoe aee 0,75 0,Ooee oxox ao a acca. Oaoe aee 1.

Ooee cy ax ccy oe cye cex oaec xapaepye pey oy aa. p apecco oe (aee ooe > 0,7) epx pee 0,78, aee eopaao oaca eeoc; p ocopoo peo oe (aee ooe < 0,6) pee 0,53, e oooc ooe yo. Hoe aee aoo ooe oe ceecoa o epca cpyyp ao a ce pacpe oepa e cax c peoae.

Ooee aocx ao aoc ccya xapaepye eeoc aa eaoco eeoc. p ae 1 a ec aeo, a p ae 1 peopo.

Ooee cy ax ccy aay xapaepye pcoaoc ccyo o aee e 8,ceecye o eocaooc aaa o apecco peo oe.

Ooee cy pocpoex ccy cye ax ccy xapaepye ye ec pocpoex ccy ccyo opee. Oaoe aee eee 0,04.

Haoee ao aae ypae ao ec oeceee cooecyeo ypo oc.

o oc oaec cocooc aa o co oaeca epe ea c yeo pecoeo cooe cpec, oex ae oepa, oox acoa a eeo pe. Heocao ypoe oc aco ec ep pao a y aa cepex acox apye. Pc oc ca c oo eoee ao cox oaec eoeceee peyeoo poca ao. oa y aa eocaoa oc, y eo aco oa pyoc c ope ea ye yee oaec o ye cpo peaa e aex oep o peeo ee ac cox ao. B peyae apaaec oxooc aa.

B pax apaax eocao oc po eaeecocooc aa.

oecee oc a apy capac oepa ay cpyypy aaca, p oopo:

1) oc ooece opa oc aaca, yepee P;

2) oc peoa, peee opa oc, ycaoee copo opaa apepa p ae c ao coae ooopo. Ta opaa oy a, peocae cpoae pe: Epoec a peocpy pa, Mpoo a peocpy pa;

3) oeceaec cooece o cpoa oae ocpeoa ax accx oepa.

p oee opeoc aa x cpecax pec pae oecee aecee eo ooecoo aaa: eo cpae, pypo, ocpoe aecx po, pace cpex e, eo oe pax oeo oaaee. Ocoe oe coyee p aae aoco oc: opa oc, yepee P; oaae oopaaeoc peo, oe ee ya cpec a pacex eyx ceax; oaae cpeeo cpoa cooa eoo;

oe ecaoc eoo; oaae oopaaeoc pocpoeo aoeoc; oe pacopa paocpox pecypco.

uuocm. Oco apae ye oc aaca c aa oex o accx ax oepa c o oc, oea epca ao acco, coacoaoc ax accx oepa o cpoa.

P ycaaae ao opa oc pex o: opa eye oc; opa oeo oc opa oocpoo oc.

ee aecx oeo oc pocxo o e yx aopo: aaa oaec. ep oaae poe e a oaae, opo opaoe. xyee oaae (yeee coooe) pocxo p yee oaec oee cp ea, e aaa. B cyae yxye oeo cya opoa oa poaapoa caee e a o oaae pax py oaec. o oo peee op oec a copaee oaec eecoopaoc aoo copae. p poce coooe eoxoo y cpyypy oaec, o ey peepo pee cpec e yepa oc aaca aa. B peyae aaa ax o :

- cea o o oe oe cye peex pecypco cpox oaec oaec o ocpeoa;

- e ee pa oex o oaec;

- opeee ee acox e cpeee aee a oe epo;

- e poca oaaee.

C o oc aa peoe c co ye ec e poca ypaex pecypco (eaoce a cpoe a eo), a a o oae caoc pecypco a aa, ee ypaeoc , ceoaeo, oc aaca aa. B o e pe oea (oee 30 %) o eaocx ao yeae pc ecaacpoao oc, a a ycaec acoc aa o ex aopo.

Bcoa o e poca ocao a ceax eo pox peex pecypco ca caoc pecypco aa, yea opeoc coox aax, ya a yea oocpoe oe a ce paocpox pecypco, o oocpe poey oc. oe oc aaca aa eoxoo capoa pecypcy ay.

Aa oex o peex pecypco ooe opepoa y ypee oc aa.

ae ye ec eoo o ocpeoa opaeo caaec a coco oc aaca, yxyaec coooee x ao oaeca o ocpeoa, xapaepy eyy oc; caec caoc pecypco a aa.

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