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ya poo peoac, oo pe oe ooc eox py, coca oopx xo "peopye" poo. Meo MP ooe ya opeeee ypoeypoo e eax. Ta, eepaype epe pee T copooo aye oapya pae ex py c peea 9 = 10-10 c p 100 aac oee ec ee e 9 = 10-8 c (ooo, oc oeo c e). o pee T poooo peoaca yaec opee p xapaepx aaoa pee 9 : eeoe paee oy a ec oo (9 = 10-5 c), ypee e (9 = 10-5 10-6 c), ee c c ex aoee ox py ea (9 = 10-10 c). Meo MP ae c ay opa o xeco cpyype oey. Oa poec peyae paoo oax oe cocex ep a ooee ooc peoaca oex pooo, aax pae eca cpyype oey. Bcece oo y pax pooo peoac oec a pax acoax. o ee aaec xec co. poe oo, cpyypa ooc MP a e, a cyae P, opaae oe e ax oeo ep, epeaec epe epoe c oeye.

Pc. 9.4. Cep MP aeaea CH CH. Maoe oe yeaec cea apao. I ea cepxooo pacee Ha pc. 9.4 pee cep poooo peoaca aeaea CH B e py o pex pooo eo o 3-CHO.

ooo pooa aeo xecx py oeye. e py paee xec co. poe oo, o paceee ao py a oee cece py a pya ax oeo cocex ep. Ceye ae, o ooa pacpoa cepo MP o eox oey apyec x co xapaepo epepae ocoo acc peoacx o pooo. Ceac poo coyc ae o peoacy a 31P, a ae a C, oopoo axoc copoe o ocoo acc epepaxc .

ae ay opa o ae eo. B oe o eoo P MP o ae e oo peee, o aye xapaepc e ee. Meo ooe opee cpee e cee aoo cpyype ea, oope pocxo eee opox pee 10-7 10-9 c. Meo ocoa a peoaco ooe ao e po aoa, apep po ooa 57Fe, oop coepc ppox coeex oece 2,2%. ep -aa, ooeoo po ooa 57Fe, cocae E = 0,0144 B, a pe pa 57Fe oyeo coco * 10-7 c. Oca, oyc coooee eopeeeoce ep (9.4), ae, o ececea pa ooe -ao oe aa:

10-8 B. Oao peax ycox peoaca acoa ooe -ao po e coaae c acoo caoo -aa. eo o, o p ooe -aa po 57Fe ac ep aa pepaaec eecy ep oa, . e. ocyaey ep e caoo pa. o a, o a cao ee ep -aa, coyea eocpeceoo oye pa Fe, ye yeea a ey, pay ep oa. B peyae peoaca acoa ooe cecc o cpae c cxoo acoo caoo -aa. ocoy ececea pa oe aa ( 10-8 B), a ep oa coooo 57Fe aoo oe 2 10-B, o o c ye oe aee. Peaa ea ep oa ac o cocooc pa aoa 57Fe ocp yc oa, a o co oepe opeeec eo coceo ooc. B epx eax ooo ooee -ao e oa, oa ep oa epe a ce ec pca eo, a cee pa Fe ooe e pocxo. o e ooe -ao e oa aaec eo Meccaypa. B o cyae cepax ooe -ao oc , e ceee o ep -a ocyc oa. C poco cpeeapaoo cee x, eccaypocoo pa 57Fe epooc f ooe e oa -aa aae. Haoox po, p ax e pocxo epea ep py, eco caoy c opyee, epooc f paec ee.

acoc epooc ooe e oa o x oc coea xapaep:

f = e-x, (9.7) e =, a o -aa ( =0,13 57Fe).

ep epooc ooe e oa pax ycox eepayp aoc, oo oe ey cee pa eccaypocoo aoa, . e. oy ayy xapaepcy eo ooc. Hopa eo oaae xapaepo eepaypo acoc f (T) c oo, o oop o ooepao xapaepe paopaa ypee ooc p eepaypax oa.

Cyxo eo a coca e oaae, a copee aoae ooe epoe eo, e yeee x c eepaypo oc ooo xapaep. p eepaypax 77 200 eccaypoce pa oec c a aya (0,1 ), a p cox eepaypax oc oee pyoacae cee (0,3 0,6 ). eee ypee ooc ea o cyae oppepye c cooecy poco eo yoao aoc (pc. 9.5). Bpeeoe papeee eoe P pyec peee * oyeoo coco pa Fe ( * 10-7 c). aec c oo eoa P epec ceee eccaypocoo pa, oopoe ao yceae po a pe 10-7 c. co, o a pyx peeax pecpa ay cee ye py.

Oa acca ooc eeo cpyyp ea o xapaep peea oex o Pc. 9.5. Teepaypa acoc e peea a epooc ea Meccaypa pc. 9.6.

( - ln f = x ): 1 cyxo eo;

2 a eo; 3 yoaa aoc o epeocy epoa aepax peaox epax Pc. 9.6. Cxea xapaepcecx pee ooc eo

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